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TCI 2015 Mixing the Worlds of Clustering and Agrifood, Experiences from the Netherlands

By Frank Eetgerink, presented at the 18th TCI Global Conference, Daegu, 2015.

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TCI 2015 Mixing the Worlds of Clustering and Agrifood, Experiences from the Netherlands

  1. 1. Mixing the Worlds of Clustering and Agrifood, Experiences from the Netherlands Frank Eetgerink Blue River Concepts The Netherlands Parallel Session 3.2: Clusters Promoting Cooperation and Effective Convergence between Industries
  2. 2. Collaboration in agrifood Historical roots • Often very old resilient traditions, conservative • Hardened by dependency on unpredictable external conditions (weather, diseases, war, etc.) • From local community collaboration to cooperatives and large farms • Strong individual / family entrepreneurship
  3. 3. Agriculture: from traditional production towards chain production Raw Materials Processing
  4. 4. Simplified Value Chain Raw materials Agriculture Food processing Retail Consumer Logistics Trade Innovation
  5. 5. Modern agrifood Competitive market driven entrepreneurship • Up scaling, intensification, industrialization • Long and complex (global) value chains • Global markets • Innovation driven (IT, Robotics, Gene Tech, light) • From farmer to industrial entrepreneur
  6. 6. Vertical integration in chains Example: Broiler Chain Primary Production Raw Materials Primary Processing Secondary Processing Trade & Logistics Retail Breeding Egg Production Broilers Slaughtering Trade & Logistics Retail Mother Animals Genetics CornandSoy Production Raw Materials Concentrates Production Processing
  7. 7. Horizontal integration between chains Primary Production Raw Materials Primary Processing Secondary Processing Trade & Logistics Retail Trade & Logistics Retail Primary Production Raw Materials Primary Processing Secondary Processing Primary Production Raw Materials Primary Processing Secondary Processing Primary Processing Secondary Processing
  8. 8. Future Agriculture: from chain production towards Food Clusters (Agropark) Raw Materials Processing Raw Materials Processing Raw Materials Processing Food Clusters
  9. 9. Clusters & Agrifood • Agrifood is changing into modern industrial business, process industry • Different roots/background • Special: spatial and environmental constraints • Quadruple helix essential – license to produce • Different but similar collaboration systems
  10. 10. Case Almelo, NL • Problem owner/client: local government • Challenge: turn unsalable land into profitable rural development • Goal: economic growth and employment and compensation for financial losses Process starts with concept design and stakeholder involvement
  11. 11. Verkenning Transitiestrategie Noordflank Almelo 27 juni 2013 9|© Twynstra Gudde | Agriculture: urban farming Agriculture: intensive livestock farming Care: care farmTourism: theme park Energy farming Education: institute Nature: village estate Agropark: Rondeel eggs Most suitable option Chosen option
  12. 12. Learning points • No entrepreneurs were willing to take the risks • Threat for more traditional farmers and local people • No consortium was organized to deliver the business case • Collaboration on closing loops and resource use efficiency was needed, complex task, too early • Clustering could have been a solution (Now: discussion re-emerges)
  13. 13. Case
  14. 14. Umbrella organization for 5 clusters • Mushroom Cluster • Avenue Trees Cluster • Fruit Cluster • Horticulture Bommelerwaard • Horticulture Arnhem-Nijmegen Greenport Gelderland
  15. 15. Good practice • Mature triple helix, 10th anniversary • Entrepreneurs strongly involved, project oriented • Umbrella organization facilitates clusters, interface for government • Every cluster a cluster manager, pact facilitator • Every cluster is different in goals, ambitions; locally grounded, regionally funded • Inspired by mature cluster organization Food Valley
  16. 16. Final remarks • From farmers to normal industrial entrepreneurs • Collaboration evolved from individual entrepreneur into cooperatives and now into clusters • Modern agrifood businesses can learn from clusters: ‘normal’ clusters • Cluster manager, common agenda, trust building, shared vision and goals, branding, managing external relations • Spatial element and license to produce differ
  17. 17. Join the discussions: TCI Working Group Metropolitan Food Clusters https://www.linkedin.com/grp/home?gid=8197201 Frank Eetgerink frank@eetgerink.com / +31 6 5342 0839
  18. 18. Q&A

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