Cluster basics: Learning Clusters

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By Madeline Smith at the 12th TCI Global Conference, Jyväskylä 2009

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
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Cluster basics: Learning Clusters

  1. 1. Madeline SmithHead of Innovation, EKOSLearning ClustersTCI 2009
  2. 2. What do we mean by Learning Clusters How can Clusters Learn? Why should they learn? Challenges to overcome?o External Environmento Internal behaviours Focus for this weekDoing(sensing)Reflecting(perceiving)Linking(intuition)Planning(judging)KOLB D A (1984) Experiential Learning: experience as the source oflearning and development
  3. 3. Why are we here? TCIo Share experienceso Learn from otherso Take something back Good intentions failo Real world interveneso “Day job”o Difficult to change what we do
  4. 4. Cluster’s EnvironmentIs it a good environment for growth?• Money – Financial Capital• Skills – Human Capital• Knowledge – Intellectual capital• Access to Markets – Market Capital• Things – Physical Capital• Networks – Social Capital
  5. 5. Clusters are ... Subject to changes in external environment Affected by changing customer expectations Must learn to adapt and evolve Listen to those at the edge – early signals Learning organisations By nature open and collaborative Share knowledge Learn from each other Learning to work in different way
  6. 6. Clusters – Innovative Communities Communities are driven by(one or more): Innovation Communitiesexhibit cohesion in some +diversity in others Innovation is often expressedat a communities’ ‘edges’PurposePassionPlacePerspectiveTrustBeyond Open Innovation, Dames, Robson, Smith & Tumulty, 2007
  7. 7. Building Trust Very important Very difficult Trust is necessary precondition for collaboration – inpractice the suspicion rather than trust is the startingpoint. Difficulties in collaboration“Seeking collaborative advantage is a seriouslyresource-consuming activity, so is only to be consideredwhen the stakes are really worth pursuing…don’t do itunless you have to” (Huxham and Vangen, 2005)
  8. 8. Stimulation andAcquisition ofrelevantresearch anddevelopmentL5 FUTURE FOCUSLOOPPerformance ofindividual firmsOverallperformance ofall firms in thezoneIntensity ofdifferentiatedcompetitiveperformanceMotivation forcompetitiveinnovationDegree ofenhancement ofcompetitiveinnovationCompetitivelevel ofplatform forinnovationSharing ofcritical sectoralknowledgeExtent ofcollaborativeinitiativesExtent of sharedresponse tocommonchallengesL1 INTER-FIRM RIVALRY LOOPL2 INTER-FIRM CO-OPERATIONLOOPGlobal competitionand external marketpressureType of culturalcontextL3 COLLABORATIVEADVANTAGELOOP L4 VENTUREATTRACTIVENESSLOOPCollection – Cooperation - CollaborationCompetitivepower of clusterSmith and Brown, Local Economy, June 2009The Cluster Dynamic Loops
  9. 9. Proactive not Reactive Look further ahead Anticipate dips Catch and ride the nextwave Speed of change everfaster Challenging our ability to learn fast enough Innovation neededo When speed of change > Ability to learn
  10. 10. Activity+Horizon 2Horizon 1 Horizon 3Innovation . . . 3 HorizonsImprove thecurrentEnvision thepossibleNurture theemergentSustaining innovation Transformative innovationDisruptive InnovationDavid Robson, Head of Energy and Environment Foresight
  11. 11. Learning to change Insanity = doing the same thing over and over again andexpecting different results. Insanity = doing the same thing over and over again andexpecting different results. Insanity = doing the same thing over and over again andexpecting different results. Insanity = doing the same thing over and over again andexpecting different results.Albert Einstein
  12. 12. How do we recognise good ideas Our current “world view” restricts our ability to learn Cognitive Bias / Cognitive FrameworksVisibleChallengeableFluidHiddenUn-challengeableRigidIntelligence & InformationAnalysis HypothesesMental models AssertionsBeliefs AssumptionsTimeCognitiveFrameworkBarriers to Learning
  13. 13. Points of view
  14. 14. You do not have the full picture Diverse groups learn quicker Diverse groups perform better
  15. 15. Learning clustersWe need to Be open and collaborative Value external input Collective learning is more effective Look for other perspectives – to complete the picture Challenge our cognitive barriers – “same as usual” is notgood enough Be ready to do things differently
  16. 16. Revisit on Friday
  17. 17. Madeline SmithHead of InnovationEKOS LtdEmail: madeline.smith@ekos.co.ukTel: +44 141 353 1994www.ekos-consultants.co.uk

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