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Session8 02 Vineeta Hoon

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Presentation made at the Sustainable Tourism in Small Island Developing States conference, 23-24 November 2017, Seychelles. A partnership of the Seychelles Sustainable Tourism Foundation, IUCN WCPA Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group, University of Seychelles, Paris Tourism Sorbonne (IREST), and Global Sustainable Tourism Council.

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Session8 02 Vineeta Hoon

  1. 1. Using SOCMON as a Tool to Involve Islanders in Develop- ing Community Based Tourism and provide need based training to foster product Enhancement • Vineeta Hoon • Centre for Action Research on Environment Science & Society
  2. 2. SOCMON SASOCMON SA SMI Sundarbans Gulf of Mannar Gulf of Kutch Chilika Andaman Islands Lakshadweep Islands
  3. 3. India Maldives Sri Lanka Bangladesh SOCMON STUDIES in South Asia
  4. 4. • Live in Biodiversity Hotspots - Coral reefs, Seagrass Mangroves ecosystems. • Anthropogenic pressures: High level of dependence on coastal and Marine resources. • Poverty and Limited employment opportunities • Low social resilience • The divide between local peoples knowledge of marine resources and ecology and formal management • issues related to climate change, ocean acidification and global warming • Issues related to garbage disposal and bad fishing practices in some areas Key Learnings Island Communities
  5. 5. • Once a potential for tourism is speculated well established Hotel international chains move in develop the product and take over the market • Local community who do not have the wherewithal of developing and marketing a product or capital to invest are left behind and treated as nuisances that have to be dealt with. • The only jobs they can get are the ones lowest in the resort hierarchy. • Land speculation and land grabbing which leads to the islanders losing their only valuable resource for the next generations. • They have to deal with the disposal of tons of plastic garbage that tourism inevitably brings. The issue
  6. 6. The issue • The resort owners hoteliers usually from outside do not understand or care about the needs of the local community. • For tourism to flourish equitably and sustainably an interface is needed to provide a level playing field where both parties that are needed to develop tourism can complement and work with each other
  7. 7. • SocMon is a set of guidelines for establishing a socioeconomic monitoring programme at a coastal management site Level. • The guidelines provide a prioritized list of socioeconomic variables useful to coastal managers and other developers • They are not rigid and can be tailored to each sites needs and purposes. SOCMON as the interface
  8. 8. How SOCMON is used to Involve community
  9. 9. Discovery Phase: Understanding how the Community uses Coastal and Marine Resources for Livelihood Subsistence/Commerce, Recreation
  10. 10. Discovery- learning about marine resources and fishing practices
  11. 11. Dreaming: Visioning Better futures
  12. 12. • listing whats needed to reach the goal • listing whats needed to change to achieve the goal and articulating what needs to be done to bring that change • Listing training needs The Way Forward Doing: Once a livelihood is chosen Goal: Tourism to protect Natural and Cultural Heritage • Strengths & Opportunities: man power, own land, marine area knowledge, cultural practices • Threats & Weakness: Pollution, Marketing , Financial capital, Conservation, Education, Enterprise, Livelihood Suggested Solutions • Govt Enabling Agency improve transportation services, agree to co- management of marine areas, support LLMAs, protect land ownership/sales • Outside expert: Marketing, Management Training by doing, licences, certification • Islanders Build capacity as owners, hosts, guides and managers over time Together deciding on the eco-solutions for architecture, building materials for resort
  13. 13. www.socmon.org Thank you

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