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Session6 05 video Marissa_Altmann


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Presentation made at the Sustainable Tourism in Small Island Developing States conference, 23-24 November 2017, Seychelles. A partnership of the Seychelles Sustainable Tourism Foundation, IUCN WCPA Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group, University of Seychelles, Paris Tourism Sorbonne (IREST), and Global Sustainable Tourism Council.

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Session6 05 video Marissa_Altmann

  1. 1. Wildlife Friendly™ Tourism Certification as a Conservation Tool for Small Island Developing States and Protected Areas • Marissa Altmann & Julie Stein • Wildlife Friendly Enterprise Network
  2. 2. • “As tourism continues to grow and expand, more pressures on the environment and wildlife are inevitable. Without proper and effective management and protection, these pressures will destroy the very things that people value, and which are key assets for tourism.” - Klaus Töpfer, Former Executive Director, UNEP The Problem: Photo courtesy Rob Currer
  3. 3. • Key species are critical to the ecological integrity and marketing of tourism destinations. • While tourism may result in financial and other benefits for conservation, it may also result in negative ecological effects. • How frequently does wildlife-based ecotourism (WBE) result in positive and negative effects for key species? The Problem: Photo courtesy Walt Anderson
  4. 4. • 1. Targeted word searches on Web of Science, ProQuest and EBSCOhost • Ecotourism • Wildlife tourism • Sustainable tourism • Tourism AND conservation • Others • 2. Selection of case studies according to criteria. • Primary literature • Research focused on WBE activities and wildlife impacts • Specific locality • 1+ vertebrate species • Published January 2000 – April 2016 n = 221 publications, 208 unique case studies selected. Methods: • 3. Coding of indicators: • Species • CITES and IUCN Red List status • Flagship status • Locality • Type of tourism activity • Types of impacts on wildlife (any altered effect on wildlife = negative effect unless result was an increase in abundance, reproductive success, or species richness) • Mitigation of tourism and non-tourism threats • Management recommendations • Others • 4. Analysis
  5. 5. • Data were analyzed for all coded indicators. • There is a lack of longitudinal data Description of Data: n = 221 studies 29 studies < 1 year • Studies published across all vertebrate classes except amphibia 160 species involved Study distribution
  6. 6. Key Findings: • Finding #1 – WBE was only successful in mitigating non-tourism threats to key species in some situations. Findings also vary by species, locality, and other factors
  7. 7. • Finding #2 – The majority of effects reported were negative (85.5%). Prevalence varied by species and activity. Key Findings:
  8. 8. • Finding #3 – Analysis revealed expert insight into the effectiveness of mitigation actions to reduce negative impacts, and provided clear recommendations for the industry. Key Findings: General Specific
  9. 9. Contribution -The Need: • Wildlife Friendly™ Tourism: • “travel that maximizes opportunities for travelers, communities, and businesses to not only engage tourists as partners in conservation but to advance the on-the-ground conservation of Key Species while minimizing negative impacts of tourists and tourism infrastructure on wildlife.” The Solution:• Many species and contexts are vulnerable to negative impacts related to WBE • There is a need for: • Science-based guidelines for key species in local contexts • Education for consumers (tourists), providers, and managers • Ongoing review of services and outcomes • Engagement with local communities • Well-rounded supply chains to diversify tourism economies • Market incentives for responsible mgmt.
  10. 10. Relevance for SIDS: Caribbean, Philippines & beyond Problem: All 7 species of sea turtles face human-caused threats, including impacts related to tourism. Solution: Sea Turtle Friendly™ Tourism • Partnering with local communities, the travel and hospitality industry, & groups like the Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Conservation Network (WIDECAST). • Provide sustainable livelihood opportunities in tourism and other sectors. The Sea Turtle Friendly™ standards were developed with leading experts and address: • Beachfront lighting • In-water and on-land sea turtle encounters • Strandings and entanglement response • Conservation action (monitoring, research) • Habitat protection • Plastics and marine debris • New development And more
  11. 11. Relevance for Protected Areas Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo Problem: Mountain Gorillas are vulnerable to armed conflict, poaching, illegal trade, habitat degradation, and tourism-related disease transmission. Solution: Gorilla Friendly™ Tourism • Based on the IUCN Best Practice Guidelines for Great Ape Tourism. • Close partnership with the International Gorilla Conservation Programme (IGCP – a coalition programme of Fauna & Flora International and WWF). • Piloting a first-of-its kind species-focused tourism certification. • Providing economic opportunities for Park Edge communities. • Encouraging tourists to take the Gorilla Friendly™ Pledge.
  12. 12. Marissa Altmann Strategic Partnerships Coordinator Wildlife Friendly Enterprise Network Julie Stein Executive Director Wildlife Friendly Enterprise Network Instagram: @wildlifefriendly Twitter: @wfen Thank you! Special thanks to Walt Anderson, Prescott College