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Economic guidelines

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Presented by Ms Barbara Engels of the IUCN WCPA Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group - at the Convention on Biological Diversity’s 14th Conference of the Parties, in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, on 27 November 2018

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Economic guidelines

  1. 1. Guidance on evaluation of economic impact of tourism in protected areas
  2. 2. Economic evaluation of tourism – CBD context Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD): Decision XII/11 (1c) “To monitor and review recreation, visits and other tourism activities in protected areas, as well as impacts and relevant management processes in ecologically sensitive areas, and to share results through the clearing-house mechanism and other relevant mechanisms;”
  3. 3. Why do we need (standardized) economic evaluation?  Allow for reporting/Bench marking on national/international level  Management of tourism: if you want to achieve benefits, you need the info what visitors are spending  Only when we know what the baseline is, we can see change and adapt management  Standardization is needed on international level to compare and consolidate data and results globally
  4. 4. How visitation supports jobs and business activity in local economies I
  5. 5. How visitation supports jobs and business activity in local economies II
  6. 6. How visitation supports jobs and business activity in local economies II
  7. 7. How does this work? Visitor Count Data (# of visitor days) Regional Economic Multipliers (e.g., jobs supported per € or $) Visitor Spending & Trip Characteristics Data (e.g., average daily expenditures, visitor segments) Visitor Spending Effects Model Visitor Spending (€ or $ spent in gateway economies) Economic Contributions (jobs, economic activity)
  8. 8. Economic impact of PA tourism Economic Analysis (Visitor Spending Effects Model) Secondary data Multipliers/I-O- Model/CGE- Model/Capture rates etc. Visitor counting/monitoring Visitor survey Expenditures PA affinity Short interviews Representative real random sample Long interviews weighting Visitor days/ visitors Nr. of PA visits Visitor type Origin of visitors Automatic/ Manual counting Visitor data in case of standardized monitoring systems Gross turnover - VAT/taxes Net turnover X Sociodemographics Length of stay
  9. 9. Source: Presentation University of Würzburg; 22.09.2014 Wilhelmshaven Waddensea Nationalpark (Germany)
  10. 10.  Methodology suitable for different categories of PAs  Finland: is applying the methodology for all their WH sites  Test in South Africa (WH iSmangaliso took place in a pilot project)  IUCN WCPA-TAPAS is currently developing a guidance document on the methodology to be published by UNESCO Outlook. Guidelines Development

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