Man Machine Interface Presentation For Industrial Apps


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Man Machine Interface Presentation For Industrial Apps

  1. 1. Advancing Man-Machine Interfaces Through Embedded Force Measurement Technology
  2. 2. Man-Machine Interface Requirements <ul><li>Electronically controlled interfaces and control-by-wire becoming standard in industrial, agricultural and mining equipment applications. </li></ul><ul><li>Robustness and survivability requirements are driven by need to minimize warranty repairs and equipment down time. </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability requirements present in these environmentally challenging applications are significantly higher then those found in commercial and light industrial applications </li></ul>
  3. 3. Man-Machine Interface Applications <ul><li>Drive by Wire Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Control of various equipment appendages </li></ul><ul><li>Remote Operations </li></ul><ul><li>Computer input for mobile computing and communications systems </li></ul><ul><li>Operation of Automation in explosive environment operations </li></ul>
  4. 4. Three District Approaches <ul><li>Position Proportional </li></ul><ul><li>Force Proportional </li></ul><ul><li>Non-proportional </li></ul>
  5. 5. Position Proportional Approach <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easier for untrained people to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More intuitive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has easily definable end conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires extra space for movement of handle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More complex internal mechanism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More prone to wear and degradation in conventional joysticks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower precision </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Force Proportional Approach <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly precise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller Space requirements in system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less complexity in input device </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not intuitive for untrained operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over-force potential </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Non-Proportional Approach <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No over-force protection required </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can only control on-off functionality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Switches are unreliable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No precision </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Approaches to Man-Machine Interface <ul><li>Standard Position Proportional Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potentiometer based joysticks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optical joysticks and input devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hall-effect input devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial high-rel switches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Force Proportional Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strain Gages based systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-Proportional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Switches are activated when levers are moved </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Conventional Man-Machine Interface Solutions
  10. 10. The Bokam Approach <ul><li>Adapt High Reliability Sensor Technology to Input Devices to create systems that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High reliability and extreme live </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have no moving or rubbing parts that can wear over time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide Both a force proportional and a position proportional configuration in the same basic package size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop an input device product line based on building blocks that can be combined to solve the most obscure application requirements without substantial NRE effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a cost sensitive product line. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Base Technology <ul><li>Application and firing of strain sensitive materials directly into the diaphragm or substrate. </li></ul><ul><li>Resulting element contains an imbedded set of strain gauges that do not rely on bond lines or epoxy for adherence to the substrate. </li></ul><ul><li>Elements are deposited onto the substrate in a full whetstone bridge configuration. </li></ul><ul><li>New proprietary processing techniques have been developed to allow for the deposition of strain gauge materials onto stainless steels and pin-corrosion resistive steels while maintaining dielectric isolation between the gauge and the base material. </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary barrier creation materials and processes are used to limit ion migration and create extreme temp solder joints. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Base Technology
  13. 13. The Base Technology
  14. 14. The Base Technology Capabilities <ul><li>Un-amplified outputs of full bridge sensor with 10V applied can be as high as 150-200mV (with 100mV as typical output with high safety margin) </li></ul><ul><li>Operating temperatures from cryogenic to 500F </li></ul><ul><li>Output stable over time and temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and processes adaptable to low cost high volume OEM applications </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Bokam Approach - Notable Achievements <ul><li>Aurora product line named EDN Magazine Innovation of 1997 Finalist </li></ul><ul><li>DX-300 Series of Sensors named Editors Choice for </li></ul><ul><li>outstanding sensor development by Electronic Products Magazine </li></ul><ul><li>DX-300 Series named EDN Magazine Innovation of the year for 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>DX-400 Series named Best of Sensors Show by Editors of Sensors Magazine for 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>DX-300M Series named in best 100 new products for 1998/1999 by leading European Medical Design Magazine </li></ul><ul><li>The Smart Washer™ Named Best of Sensors Expo 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Developed an engine embedded, production bearing thrust measurement system </li></ul><ul><li>Developed a direct percent aeration, foam measurement and direct pump cavitation detection system and technology </li></ul>
  16. 16. Technology Advantages <ul><li>Strain measurement circuitry embedded in the steel or ceramic surface. </li></ul><ul><li>No organic materials </li></ul><ul><li>High gage factor and sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Increased stability and reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Increased survivability and life expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>Process highly automated and repeatable </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing processes lend themselves to high volume production </li></ul>
  17. 17. Technology Advantages - Thermal Stability
  18. 18. Technology Advantages - Repeatability and Stability
  19. 19. Technology Advantages - Signal Integrity
  20. 20. Mechanical Interface Innovations <ul><li>Addition of compliant elements to force sensor create a position proportional device without degradation in sensor configuration or performance </li></ul>
  21. 21. Modular System Approach
  22. 22. Signal Processing
  23. 23. Signal Processing <ul><li>Embedded Series electronics can be used both as alone packages and embedded in higher level assemblies </li></ul><ul><li>Both standards and custom packaging of various features are available </li></ul><ul><li>Various building block feature packages can be combined into multi-purpose signal conditioning boards </li></ul><ul><li>Building block configurations and electronics options include: </li></ul><ul><li>Cursor Control – PS2 or RS232 </li></ul><ul><li>CAN Bus </li></ul><ul><li>USB based Human Interface Model Computer Interface with 12bit resolutions </li></ul><ul><li>USB based Joystick Controller Model Computer Interface with 8 bit resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Single and Multi-Channel Input Current Solid State Switching </li></ul><ul><li>Single and Multi-Axis Analog output amplifiers with manual adjustments </li></ul><ul><li>Single and Multi-Axis Analog output amplifiers with digitally programmable outputs </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-Axis and Multi-input CAN Bus output signal conditioners/amplifiers </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Valve control PWM output Signal Conditioners </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Position Proportional Gadol Joystick Fully assembled Joystick Sensor/Spring/Post Travel Restriction Plate And Mounting Flange Signal Conditioning Electronics Electronics Enclosure
  25. 25. The Gadol Joysticks
  26. 26. The M&I Joysticks <ul><li>No moving or rubbing parts </li></ul><ul><li>Position and Force proportional configurations with the </li></ul><ul><li>same interface package </li></ul><ul><li>Meets/exceeds Automotive EMI/RFI susceptibility </li></ul><ul><li>requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Modular design through hole design allows addition of any </li></ul><ul><li>industrial grip and grip mounted feature throughput </li></ul><ul><li>Increased reliability and substantially longer life capability </li></ul><ul><li>than potentiometric and optical joysticks </li></ul><ul><li>Meets the most stringent environmental requirements </li></ul>
  27. 27. Customized Military Controls
  28. 28. Force Proportional Joystick Module (P/N: GD-09000) Standard Gadol Mounting Flange Through hole to feed various grip feature option cables Customer specified length standard diameter post for grip interface
  29. 29. High Precision Ball Style Input Device Force proportional Ball Style Palm Interface Square Mounting Flange Signal Conditioning Enclosure Cable Strain Relief USB Cable Interface <ul><li>Two Independent Axis of Control </li></ul><ul><li>Force Proportional Device </li></ul><ul><li>12 Bit output with 11 th bit stability - </li></ul><ul><li>Human Interface Model USB interface </li></ul><ul><li>8 Bit output – </li></ul><ul><li>Game controller USB interface </li></ul><ul><li>Low Profile Package Available with </li></ul><ul><li>horizontal wire egress and manual </li></ul><ul><li>re-set button </li></ul><ul><li>Package available with analog output </li></ul><ul><li>electronics </li></ul><ul><li>Factory programmable dead-band </li></ul><ul><li>or safety band </li></ul><ul><li>Factory programmable sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Custom adjustable sensitivity adjustment </li></ul><ul><li>available on customized units </li></ul>3633 W. MacArthur Blvd., Santa Ana, CA 92704 * Phone: 714-513-2200 * Fax: 714-513-2204 * e-mail: [email_address]
  30. 30. Military Grade Metal Grip With Thumb Controls 3633 W. MacArthur Blvd., Santa Ana, CA 92704 * Phone: 714-513-2200 * Fax: 714-513-2204 * e-mail: [email_address] Additional Top Mounted Guarded Input (Shown w/as On-Off Option) One-Axis (Two Direction) Input (proportional or digital options) Two Axis (Four Direction) Input (proportional or digital options) Sealed Electronic Compartment Optional Trigger (not shown) Shaped Ergonomic Handle Modular Two Part Box/Grip Interface Locking Military Grade Connector Output Options: Analog/RS232/RS422/USB/PS2/Digital Grip Can be Used with umbilical, flange mounted or mounted onto a Gadol Joystick Three Momentary Push-Buttons
  31. 31. Anodized Aluminum Grip With Thumb Control Pistol Grip Option False Activation Guard Four Directions of Activation Tether Cable or Connector Electrical Interface Other Thumb Interface Configurations Omni-Directional Two Axis One Axis <ul><li>Electrical Output Options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>0-5V </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current/Voltage Switching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Momentary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Latching </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Signal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USB </li></ul></ul>3633 W. MacArthur Blvd., Santa Ana, CA 92704 * Phone: 714-513-2200 * Fax: 714-513-2204 * e-mail:
  32. 32. Game Controller Man-Machine Interface Emergency Stop Dual Redundant Solid State Dead-Man Controls Redundant Solid State Triggers Spring Loaded Trigger Guards Solid State Four Direction Toggle Or Proportional Two Direction Solid State Toggle or Proportional Two axis (four direction) Proportional Inputs Solid State Redundant Trigger Safety 3633 W. MacArthur Blvd., Santa Ana, CA 92704 * Phone: 714-513-2200 * Fax: 714-513-2204 * e-mail: [email_address]
  33. 33. 3633 W. MacArthur Blvd., Santa Ana, CA 92704 * Phone: 714-513-2200 * Fax: 714-513-2204 * e-mail: [email_address] WRIST MOUSE Right and Left Click Solid State Two Axis Input Device Ergonomic, Concave, Thumb Interface Stable Two Position Velcro Strap and Ergonomic Base <ul><li>Water Tight Enclosure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All Welded Steel Construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sealed Anodized Aluminum </li></ul></ul>Input devices submersed inside the housing to prevent inadvertent activation <ul><li>Various Electrical Interface: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cursor or Game USB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PS2 Cursor </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Fully Submersible Position/Force Proportional Joystick Two Axis Secondary Input Rubberized Grip Position or Force Proportional Interface Force Proportional Two Axis Sensing Element Hermetically Sealed Signal Conditioning Compartment Water submersible connector 3633 W. MacArthur Blvd., Santa Ana, CA 92704 * Phone: 714-513-2200 * Fax: 714-513-2204 * e-mail: [email_address] All welded SS construction
  35. 35. Miniature Well Mounted Neptune Series Device <ul><li>Non-compliant Stiff Stick Interface </li></ul><ul><li>No contacting, rubbing or optical elements </li></ul><ul><li>Non-magnetic construction to minimize system detection </li></ul><ul><li>Fully submergible field tested and qualified by US NAVY for underwater use applications </li></ul><ul><li>Embedded strain sensor technology allows for incredible reliability and long life at continuous operation in an abusive environments </li></ul><ul><li>Works with all embedded series signal conditioning electronics </li></ul><ul><li>Applications Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cursor control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Motion control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-direction switching </li></ul></ul></ul>3633 W. MacArthur Blvd., Santa Ana, CA 92704 * Phone: 714-513-2200 * Fax: 714-513-2204 * e-mail: [email_address] Double o-ring configuration Standard post interfaces with all position or force proportional hand and finger interface packages Submersible connector or pig-tail cable outputs available
  36. 36. Miniature Flange Mounted Neptune Input Devices Palm Operation Human Interface in various material of construction and colors Hastelloy C22 or Stainless Steel Construction Options Available Fully welded package for high depth dive capability Standard bulkhead flange mount Two o-ring seal for deep dive capabilities Submersible connector or pig-tail cable output avaialble Input device works with all embedded series signal conditioning electronics (shown in picture with function cursor control electronics) Signal conditioners can be located remotely from the input device due to high signal to noise ration of sensing element 3633 W. MacArthur Blvd., Santa Ana, CA 92704 * Phone: 714-513-2200 * Fax: 714-513-2204 * e-mail: [email_address]
  37. 37. Products - The Neptune Series
  38. 38. Submersible Military Grade Cursor Control Assembly 3633 W. MacArthur Blvd., Santa Ana, CA 92704 * Phone: 714-513-2200 * Fax: 714-513-2204 * e-mail: [email_address] Hermitically Sealed Electronics Compartment Neptune Series Two Axis Input Device Neptune Series One Axis Input Device Left Click Right Click Cursor Control PS2 Output ( w/ or w/o Connector ) <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non Military Grade and/or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Submersible Packages Available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>with the same Functionality </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Neptune Series - Systems
  40. 40. Solid Steel Push Buttons
  41. 41. Pedals and Foot Operated Controls <ul><li>Position Proportional </li></ul><ul><li>Force Sensor Based </li></ul><ul><li>Redundant Springs </li></ul><ul><li>Fail-to-off configuration </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptable to standard pedals </li></ul>
  42. 42. The Bokam Advantage <ul><li>High Precision of movement </li></ul><ul><li>High reliability and life in excess of 10,000,000 cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance to environmental exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Modular system configurations and interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Force and position proportional interfaces in the same package size </li></ul><ul><li>Diver proven devices </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive Heritage of force sensors and input devices </li></ul><ul><li>Cost effective </li></ul>