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Ballpoint Pen Planner.pptx

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Ballpoint Pen Planner.pptx

  1. 1. BALLPOINT PEN
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 01 Project Plan LCA 02 Impact Assessment Conclusion & Solutions 03 04 05
  3. 3. 67 years
  4. 4. 01 INTRODUCTION
  5. 5. “A pen is a common writing instrument that applies ink to a surface, usually paper, for writing or drawing. Early pens such as reed pens, quill pens, dip pens and ruling pens held a small amount of ink on a nib or in a small void or cavity which had to be periodically recharged by dipping the tip of the pen into an inkwell..”
  6. 6. BALLPOINT PEN Writes for 2 kilometres
  7. 7. FACTS ABOUT BALLPOINTS PEN Each second of every day, 125 ballpoint pens are sold Sales A ballpoint pen will write approximately 50,000 words Words The first ballpoint pens sold in New York (1945) cost $12 The first 4.3 pens are used, on average, by each person in USA Uses by year The range is from about 7-cents each, to over $730,000! Price ranges Before the ballpoint pen, RAF flyers used feather pens And before?
  8. 8. ANATOMY OF A BALLPOINT PEN BRASS Ballpoint tip DYES, RESINS , PIGMENTS SURFACTANTS, THICKENERS PRESERVATIVES INK (PP)POLYPROPYLENE Cap (HDPE) HIGH DENSITY POLYETHYLENE Barrel
  9. 9. Content of each pen Effects on Environment Each pen contains 5g of plastic, brass and 6.8 ml of crude oil Waste Some of pen factories annual waste productions is 21,179 Tons Raw Material Some of Pen factory attributes 88% of its environmental footprint and pollution to the extraction/production phase of the pen’s life
  10. 10. 02 Project Plan
  11. 11. Project Plan Solutions Manufacturing Process Environmental Impact Assessment Life Cycle Assessment 1 3 2 4
  12. 12. Manufacturing Process Making the ink Stamping and forming Molding the housing Ink filling and assembly Final assembly, packaging, and shipping https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hPcnvp8LasA&ab_channel=QualityLogoProducts
  13. 13. Life Cycle Assessment Life cycle assessment is a technique for assessing the environmental aspects associated with a product over its life cycle.
  14. 14. Life Cycle Assessment Production Use Raw Materials End Of Life 1 3 2 4
  15. 15. Environmental Impact Assessment ● Ballpoint pens are usually thrown in the trash and end up in landfills. But recycling and reusing is always an option. ● A study shows that Americans toss 1.6 billion disposable pens annually. These plastic pens end up in landfills and as litter. Some of this plastic waste makes its way to our waterways, where it breaks down into microplastics, polluting our water and harming ocean life. 74% recycled material by weight.
  16. 16. Conclusion In our project we study the life cycle assessment, and the environmental impact assessment of our project product BALLPOINT PEN.
  17. 17. LCA When we buy something, we have keep in mind that the raw material of the product is not harmful to the environment because, in these last decades have gone much flora and fauna due to poaching and illegal logging. For example, if you buy fruit other than seasonal, seasonal fruit should be stored and they defile because you need several things: fuel from the truck that transports it, obtaining the resources used to make a store, electricity . Because believe it or not a simple product can leave a lot of pollution. This presentation will describe the life of an everyday product: Bic ballpoint pen
  18. 18. 1ªSTAGE: OBTANING RAW MATERIAL • Bic pen body is made of polyethylene and the cap is made of polypropylene. • The load and tip are made of wolfram or tungsten, a rare metal that costs 38,529.927 US dollars / tone. • The ink is composed of hydrochloric acid tannic, gallic and diluted with phenol (iron sulfate) and a blue tint, all these components are in tiny amounts that a mixture in large quantities can become deadly for the living beings
  19. 19. 2ªSTAGE: MANUFACTURING • The first step is make the body, that it make polyethylene factory in molds, the same process with the cap but with liquid polypropylene. • After you do the tip cutting with precise machine, the ball tip must to have a diameter of 1 mm, at • the same time the ink’s container and the ink are doing, later the ink is injected then it centrifuged • to remove any air bubble. Next assembled everything an d do a test of quality • Finally you do the details as the name of trade.
  20. 20. 3ªSTAGE: TRANSPORTING TO A HOUSE OR A BUSSINES • In Spain, the Bic’s Factory of pen is in Tarragona, from there is distributed the pen for many stores an the stores sell to the business and the business sell our. It do many pollution when is transporting.
  21. 21. 4ªSTAGE: USE Y REUSE • When we have the pen it has the ability to do a line of 4km, you can recharge it, if is possible. When the pen not wok is because there are a air bubble or because the tip is break
  22. 22. • All of the remains are recyclable, normally is use to do an other pen but it isn´t always. Normally when it do a new pen the only work that do is to inject ink. 5ªSTAGE: RECICLE
  23. 23. 6ªSTAGE: DISPOSAL IN A LANDFILL OR BURNING • There are occasions that the user doesn´t recycle the pen and it dispose of in the equivocate container. Hardly never the pen burn
  24. 24. Environmental Impact Assesment • Every industry has a bad impact on environment. • We use underground water & it causes water crisis. • Manufacturing plant pollute air, soil, water. • It emit Carbone di oxide that increase temperature.
  25. 25. Conclusion and Solutions • The goal is to develop a Bic-style writing instrument that, during its entire useful lifespan, produces far less harmful emissions. • This document details the product's enhancements, the rationale behind the objectives selected, and the resulting reduction in environmental effect. • Open LCA assessed ethanol emissions using ethene and tungsten emissions using steel owing to data restrictions. Because glass containers are included in the shipping containers that hold the pens, they are not the primary focus of our investigation.
  26. 26. I propose a replacement cap, body, and refills made of the following materials. Developed from modified corn starch as well as other renewable resources, Plastarch Material (PSM) is a biodegradable polymer plastic featuring stiffness, hardness, and elasticity. Features such as these, as well as being non- toxic, resistant to extreme temperatures, and so on, are standard. In addition, the production method generates zero wastewater, zero emissions, and zero trash. PSM trash may be broken down into water, energy, and biological carbon in as little as 80 days, making it a truly biodegradable material. Recommendations
  27. 27. I propose a replacement cap, body, and refills made of the following materials. Developed from modified corn starch as well as other renewable resources, Plastarch Material (PSM) is a biodegradable polymer plastic featuring stiffness, hardness, and elasticity. Features such as these, as well as being non- toxic, resistant to extreme temperatures, and so on, are standard. In addition, the production method generates zero wastewater, zero emissions, and zero trash. PSM trash may be broken down into water, energy, and biological carbon in as little as 80 days, making it a truly biodegradable material. Recommendations

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