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Yehoshua Gleitman - National Policy for Innovation: Israel Approach

Do Technologické agentury ČR zavítál v rámci své dvoudenní návštěvy České republiky Dr. Yehoshua Gleitman, zakladatel a následně inovátor izraelského high-tech průmyslu a bývalý Hlavní vědec Státu Izrael. Jeho přednáška s názevm National Policy for Innovation: Israel Approach se uskutečnila 29. dubna 2015.

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National Policy of Innovation
National Policy
for Innovation
Dr. Yehoshua (Shuki) Gleitman
Prague 4/2015
National Policy of Innovation
Presentation Intakes
• Innovation Ecosystem
• National Policy for Innovation
Approach, Principles
• Key Instruments
• Some Cases
National Policy of Innovation
Innovation
Critical Success Factor
Important and Sustainable “Tool” of Nations
for: Job creation, GDP Growth
• Improve Productivity and Competence
• Best Position in the World Competition
• The Factor Behind the Success of
Singapore, Finland, Chile, Israel and US!
National Policy of Innovation
“If you don’t get better, you get worse”
(My Mom)
National Policy of Innovation
…. So how can we
generate
innovation?
Or, at least,
influence its
creation?
National Policy of Innovation
Why focusing on Innovation
Ecosystems?
The linear model of innovation is dead!

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Yehoshua Gleitman - National Policy for Innovation: Israel Approach

  • 1. National Policy of Innovation National Policy for Innovation Dr. Yehoshua (Shuki) Gleitman Prague 4/2015
  • 2. National Policy of Innovation Presentation Intakes • Innovation Ecosystem • National Policy for Innovation Approach, Principles • Key Instruments • Some Cases
  • 3. National Policy of Innovation Innovation Critical Success Factor Important and Sustainable “Tool” of Nations for: Job creation, GDP Growth • Improve Productivity and Competence • Best Position in the World Competition • The Factor Behind the Success of Singapore, Finland, Chile, Israel and US!
  • 4. National Policy of Innovation “If you don’t get better, you get worse” (My Mom)
  • 5. National Policy of Innovation …. So how can we generate innovation? Or, at least, influence its creation?
  • 6. National Policy of Innovation Why focusing on Innovation Ecosystems? The linear model of innovation is dead!
  • 7. National Policy of Innovation Who are the Innovation Ecosystems’ principle actors? • There are many essential ingredients or elements of innovation ecosystem • The triple Helix: Government – Industry – Academia. In addition to fulfilling their traditional functions, each institutional sphere also “takes the role of the other” Government Industry Academia
  • 8. National Policy of Innovation Government
  • 9. National Policy of Innovation • Efficient Way of “Job Creation” • High Return on The Investment • Building Modern Flexible Economy • Market Failure • Best way to establish National Advantage • Effective Spillover • Looks Good Why spend tax payers money to support innovation?
  • 10. National Policy of Innovation Government Role infrastructure • Technology: education, basic/applied R&D • Financial: direct involvement, investment tools • Business: ease of doing business • Balanced Systems • Risk Mitigation
  • 11. National Policy of Innovation risk investment
  • 12. National Policy of Innovation Location of value added in the value chain Source: Gary Gereffi, presentation at OECD workshop, September 2010.
  • 13. National Policy of Innovation Key Instruments • First Step Support – Accelerators Incubation Centers • Matching Grants, Mini Grants • Academic / Business Cooperation • Financial Instruments • International Cooperation
  • 14. National Policy of Innovation Some Issues • Targeting / Neutrality • Intellectual Property • Level of Support • Government Equity • Large / SME • Ownership – local / foreign • IPO/Sell of the company out of country • National Agenda - less developed zones - minority groups
  • 15. National Policy of Innovation Practical Issues • Due Diligence • Attitude • Time To Decision • Schedule of Payment • Royalties Payments/Loans/Tax Exemption • Reporting System • Impact Evaluation
  • 16. National Policy of Innovation The innovation ecosystem is complex Entrepreneurs Researchers financing Research Facilities High skilled workers IP Protection Laws Industry
  • 17. National Policy of Innovation Government plays a key role in optimizing the ecosystem Infrastructure Risk sharingSocial goals
  • 18. National Policy of Innovation Government should enable and nurture • Actively encourage constant development of the ecosystem • Provide conditions for continuous growth of companies • Regulate and guard the “rules of the game” • But! It is not the government’s role to replace the private sector or to predict the “next big thing”
  • 19. National Policy of Innovation Even the brightest minds failed to predict the future “We do not have need of the futureelephone. We have plenty of messenger boys." -- Sir William Preece , Chief engineer, British Post Office "There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home.” -- Ken Olson, president, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corp. (DEC) "No one will need more than 637KB of memory for a personal computer." –(attributed to) Bill Gates
  • 20. National Policy of Innovation Even the best technology companies failed to understand their areas of activity IBM computers NOKIA cellular MOTOROLA cellular
  • 21. National Policy of Innovation Israel’s Approach • Support System for All Innovation Stages: • Entrepreneur Level • Incubation • Growth stage • Generic pre competition • Private Sector Financial Tools • International Cooperation
  • 22. National Policy of Innovation Generic R&D Magnet Magneton Competitive R&D Industrial R&D Pre-Seed Tnufa Nofar Technological Incubators Cooperative R&D Long-Range R&D Seed Fund Applied Academic Research Basic R&D Market Proximity EUREKA Bi-national Funds ISERD (Europe FP) International Global Enterprises R&D Cooperation Bi-national Agreements Galileo OCS Government Support Programs
  • 23. National Policy of Innovation Israel is a global leader in research and innovation Level of innovation QualityofScientificResearch Source: World economic forum, 2011 Israel
  • 24. National Policy of Innovation Israel is… • 1st in the world for scientific research • 1st in the world for entrepreneurship • 1st in the world for information technology skills • 1st in the world for expenditure on R&D (as % of GDP) • 2nd in the world for innovative capacity • 2nd in the world for venture capital IMD World Report 2011 The Global Competitiveness Report 2010- 2011 (World Economic Forum) VC Investment, $ per capita
  • 25. National Policy of Innovation 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 BillionsUSD IndustrialExports But this was not always the case ~25 B$ 10% of current GDP This change was led by the hi-tech sector
  • 26. National Policy of Innovation Jaffa Oranges vs. Software 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Citrus Software Source: Dept. Economic & Planning Admin., Ministry Industry, Trade and Labor, State of Israel Exports ($ millions)
  • 27. National Policy of Innovation Integrated Model – Total Returns to the Economy Return On Gov. Money Total Value Added Increment to the Economy Spillover Effect Derived Own Effect Technological Intensity 473%28.617.710.9Hi-Tech 751%42.625.317.3Mid-High Tech 1323%71.232.838.4Mid-Low Tech 828%46.47.339.1Low-Tech
  • 28. National Policy of Innovation Israel’s advantages • Human Capital • Scientific Base • Excellence in - IT, Life science • Government Support • Disruptive Perception • Supportive Environment National DNA
  • 29. National Policy of Innovation Achievements • High Tech - 35%+ of the Industrial Export • Start Up nation • 5X Direct Return on the Government Investment (5-7 years) • Major Tool of Job Creation • Substantial Additionality and Spill Over
  • 30. National Policy of Innovation Israel’s weak points • Financial - VC major investment tool, No Equity Funds, Institutional Investors are out of the game • Weak transition from Start Ups to Mature companies • Academic Infrastructure • Technology Absorption
  • 31. National Policy of Innovation Serbia Case • IF start operation 2011 • Operational Budget – over 1M euro • Support Budget – 6M euro • Two operational Programs – Mini Grants - Matching Grants • IF Organs – Management, IC, Board, DD org.
  • 32. National Policy of Innovation Serbia Case (2) • 100+ Applications at Last Call • Capacity Building • Positive Public Attitude • Government Commitment • Future Budget • Fund Governance Achievements To be Corrected Very Impressive Outcome
  • 33. National Policy of Innovation Serbia Case (3) The agency was on hold for 5 months Due to election and change of power – Late approval of Operational budget
  • 34. National Policy of Innovation Key Success Factors • Education • Basic Science Infrastructure • National “DNA” • High In National Priorities • Well Balanced System • Execution !!!!!!! • Long Term Commitment
  • 35. National Policy of Innovation THANK YOU Dr. Shuki Gleitman
  • 36. National Policy of Innovation R&D Centers In Israel Maps: Wikipedia Haifa Region Tel Aviv Region Jerusalem Region Southern Region Northern Region  Over 240 foreign companies have established R&D centers in Israel  Over 50,000 personnel are employed in these R&D centers in Israel
  • 37. National Policy of Innovation What were the most important Bottlenecks for self discovering new exports activities? What type of government intervention? Horizontal Vertical •IP Protection •Bankrupsy Laws •Contract •Enforcements • Ease of doing Business •Sanitary Protection for fruit and meet sector •Matching grants •Tax Credit on R&D •Subsidies on Training •Proof of Concept Labs For Specific Technology/sect •Technology Consortium in a sector/technolog y Public or semi Public goods Strong Intervention Appropriation Failures Lead to Horizontal Interventions Coordination Failures lead to Vertical Interventions
  • 38. National Policy of Innovation VC’s in Israel: from traditional banking to VC industry 1992 • The Israeli government understands that well- functioning venture capital markets are the key sources of finance for many innovative start-ups and therefore need to be developed • 1 VC
  • 39. National Policy of Innovation Yozma (Initiative in Hebrew) 1993 • A governmental initiated program “Yozma” was established to encourage venture capital in Israel • Began operation in 1993, privatized in 1997
  • 40. National Policy of Innovation The outcome “The solid availability of venture capital has further contributed to making Israel an innovation powerhouse” The Global Competitiveness Report 2011-2012 - World Economic Forum