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WCDMA optimization & Drive test analysis

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WCDMA optimization & Drive test analysis. WCDMA KPIs.

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WCDMA optimization & Drive test analysis

  1. 1. Drive Test & Analysis
  2. 2. Drive Test Equipment • Drive test Tools ,UE’s, Scanner and GPS can be used – The Scanner measures all used carriers/cells and their corresponding DL scrambling codes, – UE only measures SC signals from the cells that the system has informed/ordered the UE through the BCH (neighbour list) or via the “measurement control” msg. UE: • RSCP Active/Monitored Set • Carrier RSSI • Ec/No Active/Monitored Set • UL/DL Data Throughput • The BLER downlink • Random Access Initial Tx Power • Random Access Preamble Count & Step • SIR target (UE dependent) • UE Tx Power • Call Statistic: AMR, CS and PS data calls • CQI • Modulation techniques Scanner: • For low coverage areas • For Antenna Installation problems • For Missing neighbours • For Coverage optimisation • With Scanner you can get following info from the surrounding cells: – Different Scrambling codes – CPICH RSCP value (dbm) – CPICH Ec/No value (dbm) Important to drive with call logging equipment and 3G/2G scanner in the same van
  3. 3. Optimization Check needed before Starting Drive Test. • Parameter Consistency Check(site creation & default parameter values) • CELL/NODEB/RNC level Alarms check. • Prx noise(Uplink Interference or RTWP check) Ranges between -102dbm to -105 dbm. • Cell Availability Check(Site Down ). • Cell barred. • Proper neighbour definition. • Drive Test Route preparation for Cluster level Drive Test. • For cluster level Drive test 90% or above site should me On Air and Alarm Free.
  4. 4. Drive Test Window_TEMS Active Set Monitored Neighbor DetectedNeighbor
  5. 5. Drive Test Window_TEMS Active Set Monitored Neighbor DetectedNeighbor
  6. 6. What is the purpose of RF optimization?
  7. 7. Drive Test optimization Objective A B C D
  8. 8. Coverage and Dominance Problem
  9. 9. Coverage and Dominance Problem Block A:- The Area which is having bad RSCP <-95dbm and poor EC/no will be considered as poor coverage /problematic Area. Requirement for Analysis:- for optimizing this we require RSCP & EC/NO plot of best server. And RSCP Vs. EC/NO plot •Solution:- Antenna Tilting, change of Height of antenna •Increase CPICH power. •Antenna Type change( replace with High gain antenna) •Check any missing neighbor & Cross Feeder Block B:- Here the problematic Area is having RSCP >- 95dbm but EC/NO <-10dbm Requirement for Analysis:- for optimizing this we require RSCP & EC/NO plot of best server. EC/NO plot for each Scrambling code. •Solution:- Antenna Tilting, change of Height of antenna •Increase CPICH power of serving cell, Decrease CPICH of Interfering cell •Antenna Type change( replace with Low gain antenna) •Check any missing neighbor. •Check CO scrambling Code.
  10. 10. Coverage and Dominance Problem Block C:- Here the problem is the EC/NO of 4th best server is <6db as compared to best Server. Requirement for Analysis:- EC/NO plot for all serving cell in Active set and 4th and 5th best server from either monitoring /Detected set. Solution:- Antenna Tilting, change of Height of antenna •Increase CPICH power of serving cell, Decrease CPICH of Interfering cell •Antenna Type change( replace with Low gain antenna)
  11. 11. Missing Neighbor analysis Here we have checked Best serving cell as per scanner which is SC 485 but UE is latched to SC 504 and the neighbor from SC 504 to SC 485 is not defined so the call drop occur due to missing neighbor.
  12. 12. Cross feeder analysis In this Case in the Defined coverage area of SC 130 we are getting coverage of 128 and in the planned coverage of 128 we are getting coverage of 130. So we suspect Cross feeder between Sector 1 and sector 3. Problems Caused by cross feeder can be:- 1. High handover Failure. 2. High Call Drop. 3. Poor Dominance.
  13. 13. Optimization principal
  14. 14. Pilot pollution When the Number of Candidates eligible of Active set becomes greater than the active set size then Pilot pollution occurs.
  15. 15. Recommendation & Solution of Pilot pollution • perform scanning (via drive test) • Locate pollutant area • Do Neighbor list verification – Remove neighbors those are not measured but are in Neighbor list – Add missing neighbor • Check pollutant, whether it’s from overshooting site or site nearby • Check and Adjust physical configuration • Check and Adjust CPICH Power
  16. 16. RTWP(Received total wideband power) • RTWP can be caused by bad weather, feeder broken, port feeder broken, or traffic fluctuation (load).
  17. 17. Time Propagation (TP) • TP use for checking overshoot sites • 1 unit TP equals to 234m in distance. • In NSN system we check PRACH report.
  18. 18. 3G KPI FORMULAS AND COUNTERS
  19. 19. 3G KPI’s

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