20091127 Fr Kenya Group 6 4+5

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20091127 Fr Kenya Group 6 4+5

  1. 1. Droughts in Kenya A report of the recent droughts in Kenya, and their consequences for the population and the environnement
  2. 2. Sommary <ul><li>3.1 : Presentation of Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>4.1 : Causes of droughts </li></ul><ul><li>5.1 : Consequences for the fauna </li></ul><ul><li>6.1 : Consequences for the agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>7.1 : Mount Kenya </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Surface area: 583 544 km² </li></ul><ul><li>Capital: Nairobi </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 33 830 000 inh </li></ul><ul><li>GDP: 12,604 billions dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Currency: Kenya’s shilling </li></ul><ul><li>Official languages: English /Swahili </li></ul><ul><li>Politic system: Republic. Member of Commonwealth. </li></ul>3.1 : Kenya’s Identity sheet
  4. 4. 3.2: Map of Africa
  5. 5. 3.3 : Map of Kenya
  6. 6. 4.1:Causes of Droughts <ul><li>Deforestation plays a lot in the droughts of Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>In the last 10 years, 2% of the forests has disapeared </li></ul><ul><li>Global warming has a terrible impact on the climate </li></ul><ul><li>It hasn’t rained for 3 years </li></ul>
  7. 7. 5.1 : Consequences on the Fauna In 30 days, 80 elephants died The Kenyan government has put artificial springs to preserve flamingos 15 hippos have been found dead due to the lack of grass
  8. 8. 6.1 : Consequences for the population <ul><li>The farmers lost their harvest because of recent droughts </li></ul><ul><li>80% of the Kenyan population depends on agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>Nomads lose the environment they live in; they are forced to settle down. </li></ul><ul><li>The Kenyan population is growing rapidly. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 6.2 : Population growth <ul><li>6.5 million Kenyans in 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>27.8 in 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>31 million in 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>~36.8 million in 2015 </li></ul>
  10. 10. 7.1 :Mount Kenya <ul><li>2 nd largest mountain of Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>11 glaciers. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most important water sources for Kenya. </li></ul><ul><li>2 Million people depend on the rivers resulting of the natural melting of the ice caps. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 7 .2 : The Lewis Glacier, 2006
  12. 12. 7.3 : The Lewis Glacier, 2007
  13. 13. 7.4 : The shrinkage of the glaciers

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