The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development(UNCSD), also known as Rio 2012, Rio+20 , or Earth Summit 2012 was the third international conference on sustainable developmentaimed at reconciling the economic and environmental goals of the global community.
Enormous progress has been made on the MDGs, showing the value of a unifying agenda underpinned by goals and targets.
Despite this success, the indignity of poverty has not been ended for all.
All 17 SDGs are connected to UNDP’s Strategic Plan focus areas: sustainable development, democratic governance and peacebuilding, and climate and disaster resilience. Goals Number 1 on poverty, Number 10 on inequality and Number 16 on governance are particularly central to UNDP’s current work and long-term plans.
Having an integrated approach to supporting progress across the multiple goals is crucial to achieving the SDGs, and UNDP is uniquely placed to support that process.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) - Conference 2015 with Philippine Goals
WHAT IS SDG ALL ABOUT?
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), officially known as
Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
is a set of seventeen aspirational "Global Goals" with 169 targets
Spearheaded by the United Nations, through a deliberative process
involving its 193 Member States, as well as global civil society, the goals
are contained in paragraph 54 United Nations Resolution A/RES/70/1 of
25 September 2015.
WHAT IS SDG ALL ABOUT?
The Resolution is a broader intergovernmental agreement that, while
acting as the Post 2015 Development Agenda (successor to the
Millennium Development Goals), builds on the Principles agreed upon
under Resolution A/RES/66/288, popularly known as The Future We
The SDGs were in large measure informed by the oft quoted assertion
by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon that "there can be
no Plan B, because there is no Planet B."
HISTORY OF SDG
The history of the SDGs can be traced to 1972 when governments met
under in Stockholm, Sweden, for the United Nations Conference on the
Human Environment , to consider the rights of the human family to a
healthy and productive environment.
It was not until 1983 that the United Nations decided to create the
World Commission on Environment and Development which defined
sustainable development as "meeting the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future generations to meet
their own needs."
HISTORY OF SDG
In 1992 the first United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development was held in Rio.
It was here that the first agenda for Environment and Development was
developed and adopted, also known as Agenda 21.
Twenty years later, at the Rio+20 Conference, a resolution, known
as The Future We Want was reached by member states.
"WE RECOGNIZE THAT THE DEVELOPMENT OF GOALS COULD ALSO BE USEFUL
FOR PURSUING FOCUSED AND COHERENT ACTION ON SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT. THE GOALS SHOULD ADDRESS AND INCORPORATE IN A
BALANCED WAY ALL THREE DIMENSIONS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
(ENVIRONMENT, ECONOMICS, AND SOCIETY) AND THEIR INTERLINKAGES. THE
DEVELOPMENT OF THESE GOALS SHOULD NOT DIVERT FOCUS OR EFFORT
FROM THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS"
Link of agreement by Rio+20 and the Millennium Development Goals
Among the key themes agreed on were poverty eradication, energy, water
and sanitation, health, and human settlement.
WHAT IS THE 2030 AGENDA FOR
At the Sustainable Development Summit on 25 September, 2015, UN
Member States will adopt the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
Development, which includes a set of 17 Sustainable Development
Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle
climate change by 2030.
The SDGs, otherwise known as the Global Goals, build on
the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), eight anti-poverty targets
that the world committed to achieving by 2015.
The MDGs, adopted in 2000, aimed at an array of issues that included
slashing poverty, hunger, disease, gender inequality, and access to
water and sanitation.
The new Global Goals, and the broader sustainability agenda, go much
further than the MDGs, addressing the root causes of poverty and the
universal need for development that works for all people.
"THIS AGREEMENT MARKS AN IMPORTANT
MILESTONE IN PUTTING OUR WORLD ON AN
INCLUSIVE AND SUSTAINABLE COURSE. IF WE ALL
WORK TOGETHER, WE HAVE A CHANCE OF MEETING
CITIZENS’ ASPIRATIONS FOR PEACE, PROSPERITY,
AND WELLBEING, AND TO PRESERVE OUR PLANET."
By UNDP Administrator Helen Clark
The Global Goals will now finish the job of the MDGs, and ensure that no
one is left behind.
1. NO POVERTY
End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people
everywhere, currently measured as people living on less
than $1.25 a day 1.2.
By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men,
women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its
dimensions according to national definitions.
2. ZERO HUNGER
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition
and promote sustainable agriculture
By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people,
in particular the poor and people in vulnerable
situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and
sufficient food all year round.
3. GOOD HEALTH & WELL-BEING
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all
By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to
less than 70 per 100,000 live births.
By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths
and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water
and soil pollution and contamination.
4. QUALITY EDUCATION
Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and
promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free,
equitable and quality primary and secondary education
leading to relevant and Goal-4 effective learning
By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to
affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary
education, including university.
5. GENDER EQUALITY
Achieve gender equality and empower all women and
End all forms of discrimination against all women and
Ensure women’s full and effective participation and
equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of
decision making in political, economic and public life.
6. CLEAN WATER & SANITATION
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and
sanitation for all.
By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe
and affordable drinking water for all.
By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution,
eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous
chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of
untreated wastewater and substantially increasing
recycling and safe reuse globally.
7. AFFORDABLE & CLEAN ENERGY
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and
modern energy for all.
By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable
and modern energy services.
By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable
energy in the global energy mix.
By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in
8. DECENT WORK & ECONOMIC
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth,
full and productive employment and decent work for all.
Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through
diversification, technological upgrading and innovation,
including through a focus on high-value added and labor-
Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to
encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and
financial services for all
9. INDUSTRY, INNOVATION &
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and
sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient
infrastructure, including regional and trans border
infrastructure, to support economic development and
human well-being, with a focus on affordable and
equitable access for all.
10. REDUCED INEQUALITIES
Reduce inequality within and among countries.
By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income
growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at
a rate higher than the national average.
By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic
and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex,
disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic
or other status.
11. SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and
By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and
sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety,
notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to
the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children,
persons with disabilities and older persons.
12. RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION &
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on
sustainable consumption and production, all countries
taking action, with developed countries taking the
lead, taking into account the development and
capabilities of developing countries.
13. CLIMATE ACTION
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related
hazards and natural disasters in all countries
Integrate climate change measures into national policies,
strategies and planning
Improve education, awareness-raising and human and
institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation,
impact reduction and early warning
14. LIFE BELOW WATER
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and
marine resources for sustainable development.
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine
pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based
activities, including marine debris and nutrient
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean
acidification, including through enhanced scientific
cooperation at all levels.
15. LIFE ON LAND
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial
ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat
desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and
halt biodiversity loss.
Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits
arising from the utilization of genetic resources and
promote appropriate access to such resources, as
16. PEACE, JUSTICE AND STRONG
Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable
development, provide access to justice for all and build
effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all
Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related
death rates everywhere.
End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of
violence against and torture of children.
17. PARTNERSHIPS FOR THE GOALS
Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the
global partnership for sustainable development.
YOUTH CHANGING THE WORLD
Youth Service America (YSA) invites youth activists, leaders, problem solvers,
schools, NGOs, and other youth-focused organizations to explore a great new
tool in support of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Youth
Action Mapper (YAM).
While Global Youth Service Day (GYSD) takes place in April, the work to
achieve the SDGs, or Global Goals, continues year-round. YAM uses a free,
state-of-the-art mobile GIS platform that allows youth (or Mappers) to use
their phone and map youth action opportunities in their community.
YOUTH CHANGING THE WORLD
Mappers will be part of a global network of youth, adult allies, and
organizations locating opportunities for youth action.
The Mappers will provide the organization, contact information, and
description of the volunteer opportunity.
Through the YAM, community members and leaders will have access to
easily retrievable and sustainable data opportunities for youth.
GLOBAL GOALS ARE NOT SUSTAINABLE
WITHOUT THE SDG GENERATION
To truly make the Global Goals sustainable, it is vital communities are well
informed about the goals and engaged in through the process of reaching
The UN’s “Major Groups” is a great place to start and includes women,
children and youth, indigenous peoples, NGOs and non-profit organizations,
local authorities, workers and trade unions, business and industry, and
The Global Goals require the inclusion of local groups like these to truly be
sustainable. Moreover, the very definition of sustainability must include a
focus on children and youth.
“THIS IS THE LARGEST GENERATION OF YOUNG
PEOPLE IN HISTORY—AND WITH THIS AGENDA, THEY
CAN SHAPE HISTORY. A CHILD WHO IS TEN TODAY
WILL COME OF AGE WITH THE SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT GOALS. I CALL TODAY’S YOUTH THE
By: UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon
YSA helps young people find their voice, take action, and make an impact on vital
community issues. In response to the release and call for action of the Global Goals
in September, YSA is reframing its focus from community issues to the Global Goals
in order to help educate young people and their communities about the goals to
achieve them by 2030.
PHILIPPINES TAKES FURTHER STEPS
TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT BY
On May 13, 2016 the Philippines is taking further steps to identify the country’s
roadmap towards sustainable development in the next 15 years.
The National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) and the Philippine
Statistics Authority (PSA), with support from the United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP), recently held the “2nd Technical Workshop on the
Sustainable Development Goals Indicators”
The activity is second in a series of multi-stakeholder consultations
spearheaded by the Philippine Government to pin down targets and
corresponding indicators to help the country achieve the Sustainable
Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.
The Philippines is one of the 193 member states that adopted the 2030
Agenda for Sustainable Development on 25 September last year during
the United Nations General Assembly in New York.
The Agenda, which consists of 17 Sustainable Development Goals with
169 targets and 230 indicators, is a plan of action for people, planet and
In adopting the SDGs, the Philippines pledged “to make the 2030
Agenda a reality and leave no one behind.
“THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 2030 AGENDA MUST BE
INCLUSIVE AND TRANSLATED INTO DATA-DRIVEN, EVIDENCE-
BASED AND TARGET-SPECIFIC POLICIES, PROGRAMS, AND
PROJECTS AT THE GRASSROOTS LEVEL. THE AVAILABILITY OF
DATA THAT ARE UPDATED AND WITH LOWER LEVELS OF
DISAGGREGATION WILL AID IN THE MONITORING,
PRIORITIZATION AND COMING-UP OF BETTER TARGETED
By NEDA Director General and Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Emmanuel Esguerra
The Philippines has been active in the global discussions on the SDGs
indicators, with National Statistician Dr Lisa Grace Bersales co-chairing the
Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators.
“WITHOUT INDICATORS, THE 2030 AGENDA REMAINS A LOFTY
AMBITION, INSPIRING AS THEY MAY BE. THE INDICATORS
PROVIDE THE FUNDAMENTAL TOOL TO ACTUALLY DEFINE THE
ACTIONS THAT NEED TO BE TAKEN, THE BUTTONS TO PUNCH
FOR PROGRESS TO BE DEFINED AND MEASURED, AND THE
ADJUSTMENTS THAT NEED TO BE MADE FOR THE TARGETS TO BE
ACHIEVED BY 2030”
By Ola Almgren, United Nations Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in
The Philippines Statistics Authority and NEDA are steering the Philippine
Government’s efforts to finalize its SDG indicators, which will inform the
country’s sustainable development roadmap through to 2030, including
the new Philippine Development Plan.
WHAT IS UNDP'S ROLE WITH THE
UNDP can support, and is already supporting, countries in three different ways,
through the MAPS approach: mainstreaming, acceleration and policy support.
Providing support to governments to reflect the new global agenda in national
development plans and policies. This work is already underway in many countries at
Supporting countries to accelerate progress on SDG targets. In this, we will make use of
our extensive experience over the past five years with the MDG Acceleration
Making the UN’s policy expertise on sustainable development and governance available
to governments at all stages of implementation.