Leenard Bass

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Leenard Bass

  1. 1. Symcity Conference October 13-14, 2011, Norrköping Leo Baas, Linköping UniversityWhere Cities and Industry Meet 1
  2. 2. Industrial Ecology definitionIndustrial ecology is described as:An integrated system, in which theconsumption of energy and materials isoptimised and the effluents of one processserve as the raw material(s) or energy foranother process (Frosch & Gallopoulos, Scientific American:1989) 2
  3. 3. Industrial Ecology: Interconnectedness of Physical & Social SystemsPhysical Systems:Technology, Material and Energy Flows interconnectednessSocial Systems:Individuals, Organisations, Culture,Values, Institutions 3
  4. 4. Industrial SymbiosisIndustrial Symbiosis is seen as aprocess whereby materials, water,energy in the techno-sphere andinformational, organizational andmanagement flows at the institutionallevel between and among companiesare investigated with the objective ofdeveloping and improving co-operative links between/among them 4
  5. 5. Why Eco-Industrial Parks? EIPs are being promoted as one of the means of achieving sustainable development: Community Partnerships leading to better economic development & quality of life Higher resource &economic efficiency Ecological site planning & green buildings Expanded use of renewable energy 5
  6. 6. From regional efficiency to a sustainable region Sustainable Östergötland Regional learningRegionalefficiency 6
  7. 7. Sustainable Regional DevelopmentMetabolism Governance andmaterial and institutions energy Sustainable Regional Development Social and Technical systems business and infrastructure dynamics 7
  8. 8. Through an industrial ecology approach…•The urban environment is treated as an interconnectedsystem, not isolated subsystems• Linear behaviours are transformed into circular ones• Energy and material waste is minimized• New links between different sectors are established• Products/materials are converted to another use whentheir initial use is completed 8
  9. 9. Circularization of energy and material flows Organic portion (Biogas production) Gaseous fossil fuels Combustible portion CH4 (Electricity or (Upgrading) CO2, NOx, SOx heating/cooling) Liquid fossil fuels Water Metals and other minerals Food Ashes from incinerationConstruction materials (Construction material) Wastewater, liquid Used cooking oil waste (Biogas production) (Biodiesel production) Organic Fertilizer (Urban agriculture) 9
  10. 10. Programme Presentation Session 13 October 2011: kl. 11.15 – 12.30 Introduction Leo Baas, Linköping University Urban Industrial Symbiosis Stefan Anderberg, Lund University Critical Steps When Developing Industrial Symbiosis Murat Mirata, MirataM Sustainability Services The Händelö Experience Michael Martin, Linköping University Questions and Discussion 10

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