Gerund

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About Gerund

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Gerund

  1. 1. Gerund By: Syed Ibrahim Shams
  2. 2. Greund It is derived from a Latin word Gerere. Which Means to Do or to Perform something. It is a word Ending with the “ing” from of a verb that the force of a verb & a noun. So it is also classed verbal noun. It is basically a verb in its ing form, but function as a noun. It is a noun that shows an action or name an action.
  3. 3. Gerund It is most often singular so it requires the pronoun It. Example: • She likes swimming, it is good exercise. But sometimes Gerund has a pural form so it requires the pronoun They. Example: • I like writings of Shakespeare.
  4. 4. Structures of Gerund • Verb-ing + Noun/Adverb/Preposition phase. • Driving fast is risky. • Singular gerund phase + Singular Verb. • Smoking is a bad habit. • Plural gerund phase + Singular Verb. • Washing clothes is your duty.
  5. 5. Usage of Gerund • As a subject of verb. • Smoking is a bad habit. • As the object of a verb. • He loves swimming in the river. • As the complement of Be. • My desire is helping my nation. • After the Adverb :NO: to indicate prohibition. • No smoking.
  6. 6. Usage of Gerund • As the object of a preposition. • a) As object of preposition it can be used in three structures. Verb + Preposition + Gerund. • b) Our Teacher insists on coming to class late. Adjective + Preposition + Gerund. • c) I am tired of teaching English. Noun + Preposition + Gerund. • My father of head of hiring people.
  7. 7. Reference list of followed only by Gerund We have 34 or more then 34 words that can be followed by Gerund. Example: Admit Advice Avoid Complete
  8. 8. THE END

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