Direct indirect (Assertive Sentences)

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Direct indirect (Assertive Sentences)

  1. 1. DIRECT & INDIRECT (ASSERTIVE SENTENCES) Presented By: Syed Ibrahim Shams 13 Jan, 2014 Direct & Indirect (Assertive Sentences) 1
  2. 2. CONTENT • Kinds of Sentence • Assertive Sentence • Direct & Indirect Sentences • Rules • Examples 13 Jan, 2014 Direct & Indirect (Assertive Sentences) 2
  3. 3. KINDS OF SENTENCES Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence Kinds of Sentence Imperative Sentence Exclamatory Sentence 13 Jan, 2014 Direct & Indirect (Assertive Sentences) 3
  4. 4. ASSERTIVE SENTENCES A simple statement can be called an Assertive Sentence. It is also known as Declarative, Statement or Affirmative Sentence. An assertive sentences denotes statements, declarations and facts. Example: – The Earth is round. – Fehmida is not our teacher Clue: These sentences ends with full stop (.) 13 Jan, 2014 Direct & Indirect (Assertive Sentences) 4
  5. 5. DIRECT & INDIRECT SPEECH There are two ways of making a report. If it consists of the actual words of the speaker it is in the Direct Speech, But if it does not consist of the actual words of the speaker – and only conveys the full sense of what he said – it is in the Indirect Speech. Example: – The doctor said to me, ‚I am too busy to test your eyes just now.‛ :Direct Sentence: – The doctor said to me that he was too busy to test my eyes just then. :Indirect Sentence: 13 Jan, 2014 Direct & Indirect (Assertive Sentences) 5
  6. 6. RULES (DIRECT & INDIRECT ASSERTIVE SENTENCES) • ‘This’ is changed into ‘That’ • ‘These’ into ‘Those’ • ‘Here’ into ‘There’ • ‘Now’ into ‘Then’ • ‘Today’ into ‘That Day’ • ‘Tonight’ into ‘That Night’ • ‘Yesterday’ into ‘The Previous Day’ • ‘Tomorrow’ into ‘The Next Day’ • ‘Sir/Madam’ into ‘Respectfully’ • ‘Respectfully/Good Morning/Good Evening’ into ‘Greeted’ etc 13 Jan, 2014 Direct & Indirect (Assertive Sentences) 6
  7. 7. EXAMPLES (DIRECT & INDIRECT ASSERTIVE SENTENCES) • I said to him, ‚These books are mine.‛ – I said to him that those books were mine. • He said to her, ‚I live here.‛ – He said to her that he lived here.‛ • She said to her teacher, ‚Sir, it is hot.‛ – She said to her teacher respectfully that it was hot. • The teacher said, ‚You are again late today, Yahya.‛ – The teacher said to Yahya that he was again late that day. 13 Jan, 2014 Direct & Indirect (Assertive Sentences) 7
  8. 8. THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME 13 Jan, 2014 Direct & Indirect (Assertive Sentences) 8

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