Active Voice & Passive Voice
By: Syed Ibrahim Shams
Def: Voice, Active Voice & Passive Voice
Voice is the form of a Verb which shows whether the
Subject does something or has something done to it.
A Verb is in Active Voice, when its Subject does something.
A verb is in Passive Voice, when something is done to its
• I play hockey.
• She ate mangoes.
• He will buy this house.
• Hockey is played by me.
• Mangoes were eaten by her.
• The house will be bought by her.
Rules for changing from Active to Passive Voice
The Subject becomes the Object.
The principal Verb is changed into the Past Participle.
The Principal Verb is preceded by some form of the
The Preposition by is placed before the Object.
Change from Active to Passive Voice
I like mangoes.
My mother loves me.
They do not like her.
She bought a book.
We shall play hockey.
You will not beat her.
Mangoes are liked by me.
I am loved by my mother.
She is not liked by them.
A book was bought by her.
Hockey will b played by us.
She will not be beaten by you.
Only Transitive Verbs can be used in the Passive Voice.
When a Verb has tow Objects, only one of them can be
used as the Subject in the Passive Voice & the other
remains as it is.
I gave him a rupee. :Active Voice:
A rupee was given to him by me. :Passive Voice:
When an incomplete Transitive Verb is changed from the
Active into Passive Voice, it is the Object, and not the
Complement, which becomes the Subject.
We made him captain. :Active Voice:
He was made captain by us. :Passive Voice:
When a Verb in the Active Voice expresses a command, a
request or an advice, we use, in the Passive Voice, the
Verb “Let”, followed by the Passive Infinitive without “to”.
Polish my shoes. :Active Voice:
Let my shoes be polished. :Passive Voice: