Introduction Objectives Energy resource of Pakistan Cause of energy crisis Recommendation Conclusion
An energy crisis is any great short fall in the supply of energy to any economy. Energy crisis refer to the shortage of oil, electricity or any other natural resources. Energy crisis in Pakistan was expected and it is started in year 2007.
Why Pakistan facing such crisis? What are reason behind it? Why Pakistan is not utilizing it? Why Pakistan is importing coal if it has already a large amount of coal? Why half of population of Pakistan has no access to electricity?
Industrial Agriculture sector Domestic use of citizen
Energy type Potential SourceCrude oil 339 barrels recoverable Pak ECO survey 2007-08 reserves.Natural gas 31,266 trillion cubic feet Pak ECO survey 2007-08 recoverable reserves.Coal 185 billion tonnes Pak ECO survey 2007-08 recoverable reserves.Nuclear power 425 mw World nuclear association 2008Hydro energy 46,0000 mw identified Govt of pakistan 2005 potential
At present energy is generated by only three modes. Thermal energy 65 % Hydel 33% Nuclear 2%
Two electricity companies that produce in Pakistan. WAPDA KESC
Total power production capacity in country is 19,500MW. Country is falling short of 45,00MW. The demand of electricity is growing at the annual rate of 9%, while supply of electricity is at comparatively slower rate of 7%.
According to survey: Household 44.2% Industries 31.1% Agriculture 14.3% Government sector 7.4% Commercial 5.5% Street light 0.7%
Aging of the equipment High cost of fuel Unuse of coal Wastage of energy Unproductive efforts
Energy crisis badly effect Education. Great effect on industries. Effect on economy. Higher electricity prizes. Effect on agriculture. Unemployment increased
Short term plans: Continuous updating of equipment. Conservation of energy resources. Reactivate the closed power stations. Explorations of more oil, gas and coal reserves. Increase the number of IPPS (independent power producers)
Transformation of existing system to renewable energyresources.•Developing and installing biogas, solar, wind and microhydro based projects in villages.
Developing and installing coal based powerhouses Initiate agreements for mega projects with the energy extensive countries for sustainable energy resources Exploration of more oil, gas and coal reserves Provide incentive for up gradation and training to the engineers for new technology
Pakistan is blessed and rich in resources. Government of Pakistan should take step. Energy production from coal must be initiated. Government also should take step to utilize the coal reserves though it will give us energy for next 25 years.
Policies should be implemented now. Policiesshould not change with the change in government. Pakistan has the resources to meet its growing energy requirements.