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Smart School Concept


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Smart School Concept

  1. 1. Smart School in MalaysiaIntroduction Since independence, the country has undergone rapid changes in the educationalsystem. To improve the quality of education, the education policies are constantly reviewedand improved to ensure the effectiveness of the curriculum implementation. The changing ofeducation system requires a change in practice and culture in primary and secondaryschools. The education system has to be changed to the thinking and creativity learning,taking into account the range of abilities and learning styles of students and to ensure that allstudents have the opportunity to build self-concept. So, the establishment of the SmartSchool is one of the seven flagship Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) Malaysia. Smart School is a learning institution that has been systematically reinvented in termsof teaching and learning practices and school management in order to prepare children forthe information age. The objectives of the Smart School Curriculum are to help studentsachieve overall balanced development which is to integrate knowledge, skills, values, andcorrect use of language, to state explicitly intended learning outcomes for different abilitylevels, to offer multidisciplinary, thematic, and continuous learning and to foster theknowledge, skills, and attitudes appropriate for success in the Information Age. TheCurriculum was introduced in stages since 1999. Smart School project has practices fiveconcepts in teaching and learning materials, rating system, school management system,technology infrastructure and integration system. These were launched simultaneously inJuly 1997.Smart School Initiatives Focusing On the Teaching and Learning Component Smart School had differ from national school based on their characteristics. There arefour main areas that we need to concern in order to create a conducive and interestingteaching and learning environment and to prepare student for Information Age in SmartSchool. The four areas are curriculum, pedagogy, assessment and teaching-learningmaterials. The first aspect is curriculum. Curriculum in Smart School will be created based onother Smart School best practices that had being succeeded. This curriculum will be able tomake the education to achieve the goals of the National Philosophy of Education. Thiscurriculum system is designed to help the student achieved balanced and overalldevelopment. There are four domains under the all-round development which are cognitive,physical or social, communication and affective or emotional. In cognitive domain, it will focuson acquiring knowledge. It is also focus on searching, generating and using knowledge with
  2. 2. Smart School in Malaysiaan emphasis on problem-solving and creativity. In physical or social domain, it will focus oninstil social responsibility and consciousness of health and environmental issues. Emphasisea global orientation and inculcate work place skills and attitudes also included in this domain.In communication domain, it will focus on effective oral and written communication in Malayand also not to forget, use English as a second communication language. In this domain,multiple languages, interpersonal skills and networking will also be emphasised. Lastly, inaffective or emotional domain, it will focus on Instil moral, religious values and emphasiseadaptability, team-player characteristics, emotional balance and emotional intelligence. This curriculum system will also help in the integration of skills, attitudes andknowledge suitable for the Information Age. The IT literacy will be emphasised in order toprepare students for the challenges of the Information Age. IT Literacy is the ability to use ITtools and IT sources to collect, analyse, process and present information, support meaningfullearning in a variety of contexts and prepare for working life. Other than that, curriculum willalso provide intended learning outcomes explicitly stated for different levels of abilities,allowing for self-paced learning across grades and also ensure that all the students acceptan equal access for the best quality learning. The curriculum will reflect vertical integration toallow high fliers to surf through their schooling years, without being kept apart from theirpeers, in virtual express classes. Each subject is divided into learning areas. For example,learning area in the English languages can divided into three which are level 1, level 2 and 3.Level 1 is for mastery level. At this level, the student listen to selected texts and respond to ‘1husband 4 wife’ question, retell a story viewed or read or, read and describe events innarrative. At level 2, students listen and respond to a variety of texts, talk about ideas,information and events in texts heard or read or, read and respond to a variety of texts. Atthe last level which is level 3, student listen for cause-effect relationships, express personalviews and comments constructively on others opinions and views or reads a variety of textsand discuss ideas, information and events. Curriculum will help in the integration of values, skills, correct use of language acrossthe curriculum and also help in the integration of knowledge. Example of values arecompassion, love, freedom, physical and mental cleanliness, diligence, rationality andgratitude. Compassion related sympathetic, considerate, generous, understanding andconsidering while love related to the love for environment, country, peace and harmony.Freedom related to freedom as granted by the law and freedom in the democratic systemwhile physical and mental cleanliness related to cleanliness of the self and environment,courteous conduct and speech and the development of a healthy and constructive mind.
  3. 3. Smart School in MalaysiaDiligence related to effort, dedication, perseverance, determination and steadfastness whilerationality related to the ability to reason, the development of a healthy and constructivemind, having open and logical minds, courteous conduct and speech and prudence. The lastvalue is gratitude. Gratitude is related to thankful, thoughtful and appreciation. The examplesof skills are general skill, mathematical skill, knowledge acquisition skill, informationtechnology skill and creative and critical thinking skill. One of the examples of general skills ishome management skills, safety or first aid skills and health management. The examples ofmathematical skills are skills in using calculator, skills in estimation and spatial skills and theirapplications while for the example of knowledge acquisition skills are information seeking,organizing, analysis and synthesis. Example of information technology skills is skills inselecting and using IT tools while example of creative and critical thinking skills are artisticskills and appreciation, musical skills and appreciation and dramatic skills and appreciation.In the context of correct use of language across the curriculum included reading, writing andoral communication, there are a few elements needed to be infuse into Smart Schoolcurriculum which are integration of process and content from areas of study for reading andwriting, wide variety of genre, construction of meaning with and from written text and manymore. In the context of helping in the integration of knowledge, the integration of knowledgewill included the content knowledge, inquiry knowledge, problem solving knowledge andepistemic knowledge. Contents knowledge related to facts, concepts, principles andgeneralizations. This is knowledge and know-how concerning the facts and routineprocedures of a subject matter. Inquiry knowledge is a knowledge and know-how concerningthe way results are challenged and new knowledge constructed in the subject matter.Problem solving knowledge is a knowledge and know-how concerning the solutions ofcharacteristics problems in the subject matter. The last one is the epistemic knowledge.Epistemic knowledge is a knowledge and know-how concerning justification and explanationin the subject matter. The curriculum will also be thematic, multidisciplinary and continuous across learningareas. The curriculum will reflect horizontal integration which features multidisciplinary andinterdisciplinary approaches. A multidisciplinary approach is one in which two or threesubjects area are combined in a single learning area that focuses on a theme, topic,problem, issue or concept. An interdisciplinary approach combines all subject areas to focusthe full array of disciples on a theme, concept, problem, issue or topic. Furthermore, the co-curriculum programmed of Smart School will provide activities that will reinforce classroomlearning and not to forget to make the school interesting and amazing. The examples of theactivities are sports and games, religious activities, social activities, community service and
  4. 4. Smart School in Malaysiamany more. This kind of curriculum will gives lots of benefits to the student. Student will beeducate with critical and creative thinking skills, encouraged to improve language proficiencyand inculcated with values. Other than that, they will also be allowed to progress at their ownpace. Holistic learning will also be encouraged to fulfill the needs of students who vary interms of capabilities, interests and needs. The Malaysian Smart School Vision of Curriculum has 9 aspects in it which aremeaningful, socially responsible, multicultural, reflective, holistic, global, open-ended, goal-based and technological. Meaningful means the curriculum emphasizes the activeconstruction of meaning, so that all students find purpose in their study. Socially responsiblemeans the curriculum develops in students a sense of social responsibility, so that theybecome aware of their obligations and duties as citizens in a democracy and are especiallysensitive to the needs of the poor and the aged. Multicultural means the curriculum reflectsand is responsive to the cultural diversity of this nation and our community, so that studentsdevelop a sense of pride in their own heritage and a respect for that of others. Reflectivemeans the curriculum fosters in students the skills and attitudes of reflection so that they areable to think critically, creatively and affirmatively. Holistic means the curriculum givesappropriate emphasis to all the significant aspects of growth and all the types of humanintelligence helping students see the connections between the separate subjects. Globalmeans the curriculum develops in students an awareness of global interdependence in allaspects of life, including the environment and the economy. Open-Ended means thecurriculum is open-ended in two ways: it is open to revision and continued refinement and itprovides open access to all students, allowing them to go beyond explicitly stated learningoutcomes in curriculum documents. Goal-Based means the curriculum focuses on significantgoals, so that all students, including those with special needs, develop the critical skills andacquire the knowledge they need for effective lifelong learning and full functioning as citizensin a changing society and lastly technology. It means that the curriculum uses technology asone delivery system, examines the influence of technology on students’ lives, and givesstudents the skills they need to use technology. Second area in teaching and learning process is pedagogy. The pedagogy of SmartSchool will be student-centered. Pedagogy is an appropriate mix of strategies of learning toensure the mastery of basic competencies and promotion of holistic development. It is alsoan encouragement of learning activities to promote creativity and experimentation withcontent-independent subjects while maintaining sufficient rigor in content-dependentsubjects. As an overall, it is trend towards student-centered learning activities with increase
  5. 5. Smart School in Malaysiain age and maturity. Pedagogy also allowing for individual differences in learning styles toboast performance. The classroom atmosphere is compatible with different teaching-learningstrategies. The benefits comes from pedagogy are learning process becomes moreinteresting, motivating, stimulating and meaningful. Other than that, the mind, spirit and bodyof the child is involved in the learning process and it provides basic skills to prepare thechildren for greater challenges over time. Lastly, the benefit of pedagogy is a range ofdiversities in needs and capabilities catered for. In Smart School, through innovativemethods of teaching, different learning experiences will be experienced. The process willinvolving the specific learning goals such as active learning process where learner constructsmeaning, personalized and continuous. The modes can be either alone, in pairs or in a smallteams. An expert such as teacher, a facilitator such as volunteer and non-human resourcessuch as computer-based sources will be provided. The situation can be either at a site in thecommunity or a meeting room. The tasks in Smart School will be authentic, often related to the real life situation withreal world challenges interdisciplinary. Specific knowledge and general skill such as decisionmaking skills is needed. In Smart School, in order to ensure mastery of basic competenciesand promotion of holistic development, appropriate mix of learning strategies is introduced.There are a few strategies that can be used during class session which are directivestrategies, meditative strategies, generative strategies and many more. Directive strategiesfocus on drill, practice, mastery learning and direct instruction. Meditative strategies focus ondirest assisting of students in learning how to apply knowledge to solve problems and acombination of reasoning, coaching and open-ended discussions. Generative strategies helpthe students to learn how to behave in appropriate situations and use their differentintelligences and also included tools like brainstorming, lateral thinking and creativity bydesign. Actually there a hierarchy for every learning process. The basic learning strategies isdirective strategies, followed by observation strategies, meditative strategies, generativestrategies, collaborative strategies, outside context learning strategies, and the final learningstrategies is metacognitive learning strategies. From the basic learning strategies that areteacher-centered, down the hierarchy the roles of teachers and students will slowly changefrom teacher as a mentor and model to teacher as coach or facilitator and lastly student-centered. The content will also start with content dependent subjects and slowly changed tocontent independent subjects. Another key factor in choosing the classroom environment isthe need with diversity of abilities, skills and enthusiasm levels in every group of students.The possible roles of teacher and students can be divided into four which are teacher-centered, teacher as mentor and model, teacher as coach or facilitator and lastly student
  6. 6. Smart School in Malaysiacentered. There are three differentiating factors related to these four possible roles which areestablishment of learning objectives, determination of instructional tasks and selection ofresources for tasks. In order to provide a conducive classroom atmosphere, atmosphere ofrespect and rapport had to be created. Other than that, a culture of learning has to beestablish. The teacher and students should also managing the classroom procedures andstudent behavior and lastly, organizing physical space. Third area is assessment. Assessment help to realize the National Philosophy ofEducation, assure quality flexible and learner-friendly and provide more accurate picture ofstudent’s achievement, readiness, progress, attitude, learning styles and abilities.Assessment is holistic, element-based, criterion-referenced, on-line, learner-centered,conducted in various forms, using multiple approaches and instrument and lastly on-going.Holistic is not only to cover the achievement but also readiness, progress, achievement andattitude. Element-based assessment focuses on the elements that the students must developthrough the subjects in the curriculum. The examples of element-based assessment areability to formulate hypothesis, ability to work co-operatively in a group and ability todemonstrate ideas. These examples of element can be gain by the students when they studyScience and Technology, social-emotional development and communication. Criterion-referenced assessment is a form of assessment that evaluates an individual performancebased on a predetermined set of criteria. In order to realize the National Philosophy ofEducation, education standard need to be established. National criteria and nationalperformance indicator are the two things that related to education standard. National criteria are the statements on the characteristics and levels of quality ofelements that needs to be developed within an individual. National performance indicatorsare statements on the type and features of evidence that can be observed while makingjudgements on the mastery of an element by an individual. Therefore assessment of thedevelopment of elements must be based on the set of criteria. On-line assessment meansthat the items for smart assessment will be stored in a computerized item bank and be madeavailable to users on terminals through networking. The integration technology as a tool tofacilitate assessment will create a climate where assessment can be provided for eachstudent virtually on demand. With item banks and networking, teachers, students,assessment workers can engage in assessment activities whenever they are ready. Learner-centered assessment is a flexible system of assessment which is administered on anindividual basis. All the students will be assessed when they are ready and all theassessment results will be recorded and the reports done accordingly. Various form ofassessment that will be conducted are classroom-assessment, school-based assessment
  7. 7. Smart School in Malaysiaand centralized assessment. Multiple approaches and instruments will be used to performAuthentic, Alternative and Performance Assessments. Authentic, Alternative andPerformance Assessments actively involves students in a process that combines what istaught, how it is taught and how it is evaluated. For classroom assessment, it is by means ofanecdotal records, calendar records, checklists, work samples and exhibitions. For school-based assessment, it is by means of checklist, criterion-referenced tests, projects and worksamples and exhibitions. For centralised assessment, it is by means of criterion-referenced,standardized tests and Multiple Intelligence tests. Assessment is part of the teaching andlearning process and must therefore be on-going in nature. Hence, certification is a livingprocess. To ensure that assessment is on-going, a living certification system will beintroduced. Living certification is based on the belief that given the opportunity. Thereforecertification, a record of student’s accomplishment, should be a living process whereby dataon educational accomplishment is continuously gathered. When the individual improveshimself, data on his performance is updated accordingly with the using of Lifetime Database(LTDB) where each learner is identified by a Single ID. A Patching System which allowsstudents to make improvements on his weaknesses would ensure that certification becomesa living process. Third area is teaching-learning materials. Teaching and learning materialsaccommodate student different needs and abilities resulting in the fuller realization ofstudents capabilities and potential. Other than that, the benefit of teaching-learning materialsis students take responsibility for managing and directing their own learning. There are threecharacteristics related to teaching-learning materials which are meets curricular andinstructional needs, is cost effective, as well as cosmetically and technically adequate,cognitively challenging, attractive, motivates students to learn, and encourages activeparticipation and third, combines the best of network-based, teacher-based and coursewarematerials. For the first characteristic which is meets curricular and instructional needs, is costeffective, as well as cosmetically and technically adequate, there are five components ofquality which are cosmetic adequacy, technical adequacy, instruction adequacy, curriculumadequacy and lastly, coat effectiveness. Second characteristic is cognitively challenging, attractive, motivates students tolearn, and encourages active participation. Smart School teachers will be enabled, throughthe use of technology, to consider students’ individual learning preferences in designing andrecommending instructional methods and materials. However, because children havedifferent learning styles, they will need a variety of materials to maximise their learning
  8. 8. Smart School in Malaysiapotential. Conventional media, commonly used in today’s educational settings, will stillfeature in Smart Schools. They can be divided into three main categories which are printedor paper based, 3D objects and audio or visual. Third characteristic is combines the best ofnetwork-based, teacher-based and courseware materials. Conventional media will be used inan integrated manner with high-technology media, for example, computer-based teaching-learning materials and software that fulfil the various needs and capabilities of students. Theteaching-learning materials will be acquired from a wide range of sources, and will no longerbe limited by resources within schools. In addition to libraries, businesses, homes,government departments, other sources include edunet, internet and classified printeddirectories.Use Of Technology As Enablers Contained In Smart School Concept The Smart School Project was launched in July 1997 by our late Prime Minister, TunDr. Mahathir Mohamad as one of the Multimedia Super Corridor’s Flagship Applications. Theaim was to utilise the advance technologies and the rapid development of the MSC’sinfrastructure to enhance the development of enabling technology to school. Technology isused as an enabler for Smart School practices in teaching and learning, school managementand communications with external constituencies. The Smart School Pilot Project involvesthe browser-based Teaching-Learning Materials and related print materials for BahasaMalaysia, English Language, Science and Mathematics, a computerised Smart SchoolManagement System, a Smart School Technology Infrastructure involving the use of IT andnon-IT equipment, Local Area Networks for the pilot schools, and a virtual private networkthat connects the pilot schools, the Ministry’s Data Centre and the Ministry’s Help Desk,support services in the form of a centralised Help Desk, and service centres throughout thecountry to provide maintenance and support and specialised services such as systemsintegration, project management, business process reengineering, and change management. In teaching and learning process, all coursewares were launched through thenetworked computer system provided to all Smart Schools. A variety of teaching and learningmethods will be used in Smart Schools. Among them are innovative, technology-basedstrategies such as discussions with my remote, distance learning, the use of data as asource of information, process information and linking the findings by using electronicreference encyclopedia. By applying the use of technology in teaching and learning processfor Smart School Concept will enhance a smart learning and smart teaching which it involvescreating a teaching and learning environment that makes learning interesting, motivating,
  9. 9. Smart School in Malaysiastimulating and meaningful. Besides, they had used a multi-modal approach combining thebest of network-based and course materials. Coursewares are developed to improvestudent’s understanding of fundamental concepts and their application in daily life to improvecritical and creative thinking skills and to enhance cooperative learning in a web-basedlearning environment. Other than that, in teaching and learning process they also will usevideo conferencing, e-mail, video on demand and broadcasting technology to communicatewith outside community in distance learning. For experiential learning, the simulationsoftware and virtual reality is used to stimulate learning process. Besides, they also usedLocal Area Network (LAN) , local server or database, stand alone computer, audio visual andmany more for the other learning like coollaborative, self-explotary, research, drill andpractice, electronic assesement and inclusive education. In school management, by using computing online school management, theadministrators will be able to plan, manage and utilize human and physical resourceseffectively. Crawl will facilitate parental and community involvement in school programs andmake them effective partners in their childs education. With the availability of a database,information about students and teachers more easily available to the legitimate. Needs of thestudents and teachers are more easily taken into account with frequent monitoring.Systematic monitoring of student progress will remind schools to when the need for follow-upaction for bright students and the less intelligent. Evaluation based on specific criteria andreference elements to give a holistic and accurate picture of student performance in thestudent affair aspect. They also use computer communication like video conferencing to linkthe school to the Ministry of Education for administration and policy implementationpurposes. By using computer, they also can link the school’s database to facilitatebudgetting, accounting and reporting in the financial management aspect. Instead offinancial management, technology in Smart School has been used in facilities matter. Theywill use computer communication to link the schools database to plan facility scheduling,maintenance and inventory so that it would be more easier for the management in handlingthe facilities in school. They also used computer communication to link the school to externalconstituencies like network resources such as Internet for the purpose of research, to link theschools database to central resource database to regulate and organise educationalresources, for the purpose of acquiring centralised IT support for the school in technologymanagement and many more.
  10. 10. Smart School in Malaysia Technology in Smart School concept also had been used in communication withexternal constituencies. Distance learning enables students to keep track of school workeven when they are not physically in school. Their parents can access the school forfeedback on their children’s progress. Besides, the Smart School can be a community centreto enable community involvement in school activities. The community can also use the SmartSchool as an on-going learning centre. For local authorities, on-line information about localsocial and cultural events can be access by using computerized system to enable schoolparticipation. All these only can be done with the technology system provided in SmartSchool as stated before with having the facilities like stand alone computer, LAN, local serverdatabase, video conferencing, audio visual and so on. Smart School was selected among the 87 schools in the Malaysian Smart Schoolprogram which is one of seven Flagship Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC). Smart Schoolselected in category B level 1 computer lab facilities and one media room. The facility thatavailable in level B is the number of computers provided by 37 units of computers, 2notebooks and 2 LCD. Others is the first digital camera and 1 unit scanner. Ministry ofEducation in collaboration with Telekom Smart School (TSS) has helped in theimplementation of the Smart Schools by providing all facilities including physical facilitiessuch as laboratories, networking and many more in addition to developing the Smart SchoolManagement System (SSMS) and Teaching and Learning Materials (TLM) to make thisproject successful. School initiatives to increase the use of the technology is to upgrade thenetwork facilities to connect all stations from new staff room, counseling room, roomdiscipline, curriculum room, head room areas, operation room, cooperatives and hostels thatpreviously has no network facilities. The use of the wireless network has also beenimplemented by connecting all the PPSMI’s notebook (eTems) entered into SSMS and TLMmodule. The wireless network facilities can be accessed by the Smart School’s communityonly within in any school district. Smart School’s teachers also have taken their own initiativeto buy a personal notebook to access SSMS and TLM. The use of Online Teaching Recordhas been fully utilized by all teachers. Besides, the use Touch n Go system for staffattendance and student hostels outing will be used as soon as the system has beinginstalled. To ensure the success of the Smart School reform, teachers have been providedtraining and courses by the Ministry of Education to upgrade their knowledge, competenceand efficiency especially in managing the technology system. Training programs such asComputer in Education, Computerization, and Use of Computers in the Teaching and
  11. 11. Smart School in MalaysiaLearning of Malay Language were held at teacher training colleges and local universities toequip teachers with enough skills for teaching in a technology enriched environment and tominimize the teacher resistance to the change process. Smart Schools were also generallywell-equipped with computers and accompanying peripherals such as computer labs, LCDprojectors and WIFI hotspots.Overview Of Progress Made about Smart Schools Malaysian Smart School is defined as a learning institution that has beensystematically reinvented in terms of teaching-learning practice and school management inorder to prepare our children for the information age (Smart School Flagship ApplicationBlueprint). Smart School is one of the seven flagship application that one part of MalaysiaMultimedia Super Corridor (MSC). Malaysian Smart School project was launched in July1997. The purpose of the Smart School is to achieve the aim of our Education Philosophyand to enhance the development of workforce prepared to face the challenges of the 21century. Chan (2001) said that Smart School was done by creating a group of ninety schoolspilot projects in 1999 that served as the main person for the eventual nation-wide roll-out ofSmart School concepts, material, skills and technologies. In year 2002, this projected wascompleted and beginning on year 2004. The Smart School has been rolled out to another300 schools. The 90 schools that converted to Smart School can be comprised into six differentcategories of schools which are 9 new schools (5 primary schools and 4 secondary schools,four located at the Sri Bintang Complex, two located at Batu Permai Complex and three atPutra Jaya), 36 residential secondary schools, 14 Munshi Network schools, 14 state primaryschools, 14 state secondary schools and three remote schools without direct electricitysupply (two primary schools and 1 secondary school). 1997 1999 2002 2004 Progressing the Smart School’s Project Launched by A group of ninety Project was Smart Schools Prime minister. 1.1 schools project Progress of Smart Schoo completed beginning was created
  12. 12. Smart School in MalaysiaThe milestone proposed and the four waves of the Smart School implementation plan are thePilot (wave 1: implementation on 87 schools, year 199-2002), the post-pilot (wave 2: lessonslearnt from the pilot, year 2002-2005), making all Schools Smart (wave 3: extending thedigital transformation to all, year 2005-2010) and consolidate and stabilize (wave 4:technology becomes an integral part of the nation’s learning process, year 2010-2020).In June 2010, smart technologies announce SMART classroom suite 2010 interactivelearning software. SMART Classroom offers an integrated solution that enables teachers toeasily manage and assess the entire class while addressing the need a of individuals’students. The software combines classroom management, assessment, lesson andassignment tools. The latest version of SMART Classroom Suite features a number ofupgrades, including improved wireless capability, greater support for formative assessmentand enhancements to teachers’ tools.Challenges in Implementation of Smart School Smart School is good for our students because it form a conducive, interactivelearning but there are some challenges in implement Smart School. One of the challenges islimited ICT tools that teachers can use like computer labs and continuous limitations toaccess the network hamper the effectiveness of technology supported teaching and learningprocess. The ICT equipment at Smart School are limited due to the price that so expensive.Besides, the possibility for the tools like interactive white board screen, projector, and othersdamage are high because the ICT equipments very sensitive and easy to damage. It needs a
  13. 13. Smart School in Malaysiagood care. It is also easy to damage because there are some teachers do not know the wayto use it properly. If the equipments were damaged, it will take a long time to be repairedbecause of the cost to repair it too expensive and there is no an expert technician to repairthe equipments. So, the budgets for Smart School exceed the budget provided bygovernment. Other problem that becomes an obstacle in implement Smart School is a problem forteachers and staff competency to handle ICT devices. Teacher’s development will be criticalto the success of the Smart School. Teacher will need an intensive training in the use oftechnologies and in its integration into classroom activities in ways to enhance student’sthinking and creativity. Teachers also need to think and learn to facilitate and encouragestudents in taking charge of their own learning. So, teachers need improve their skills if theyare to stay the developments in their profession and remain confident in their application ofthe technologies. Teachers need to sacrifice their weekend for ongoing the training. Other challenges in implement Smart School in Malaysia is students nowadays arepassive. They hope all materials about education provide by teachers without show an effortto find it by themselves. Although the teachers is mainly responsible for what takes place inthe learning environment and in relation to technology applications, students should play animportant role in determine the direction of their learning by participation and activities. Toenhance the active construction and reconstruction of ideas and experiences of theirunderstanding of the lesson presented, software designed to facilitate students’ active,creative and critical engagement with the content. Besides, most of parent do not concern about this project due to busy with their workso that can upgrade their life and provide the better environment for their children. They thinkthat the Smart School education project is the responsible of government and teachers only.They do not care about it without thinking for their children sake. Most of people feel thatSmart School is same with normal school. They do not know much about Smart School.They think that Smart School is school for smart student only. They do not have any properdisclosure of Smart School. So, they have misunderstood about this. So, government needsto organize a carnival that promoted Smart School programs to dismiss the misconceptionsabout Smart School. In addition, teachers also were faced with the challenge of dealing with a learningenvironment, which is borderless, offers multi-modal learning pathways, and is resource rich.
  14. 14. Smart School in MalaysiaIt showed that the teachers need to understand how the environment of learning based onthe ICT as intended by the Smart School education concept affects the student training andlearning process.Conclusion The Smart School policy cycle has been planned and managed to prepare Malaysianstudents to become knowledgeable and skilled workers for the Information Age. This is inline with the country’s key goal of Vision 2020. Correspondingly, the main aim of thegovernment in establishing the Smart School policy was to democratize education byproviding efficient and sufficient facilities in order to enhance individual strengths andabilities. The implementing the Smart School policy needs continues monitoring andevaluation in terms of technology performance as well as teacher- student performance. Thisis because the Smart School system as a whole comprises two aspects whish are the factorsrelated to ICT and those related to technology use by humans. The opportunities given tostudents will help them to enhance and promote creative and critical thinking, self-directed aswell as self-managed learning. Lastly, although a lot has been done to achieve the goals,objectives, and values of the Smart School project since its establishment, there are stillopportunities to do more improvement in the implementation of the Smart School inMalaysia.
  15. 15. Smart School in MalaysiaReferencesAzian T. S. Abdullah (2006). Deconstructing Secondary Education: The Malaysian Smart School Initiative. Obtained on 12 October 2012 from http://www.seameo- Ghavifekr, Sufean Hussin, Muhammad Faizal A. Ghani (2011). Journal of Research and Reflections in Education : The Process of Malaysian Smart School Policy Cycle. Obtained on 12 October 2012 from Malaysian Smart School Project. (2004). Case Study One on ICT Integration into Education in Malaysia. UNESCOBKK. Obtained on 14 October 2012 from Smart School Project Team (1997). Smart School Conceptual Blueprint. Obtained on 14 October 2012 from