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NCTE 2009 Dr. Wegmann Care In Literature


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This presentation was delivered on Nov. 20, 2009 in Philadelphia, PA at the NCTE Annual Conference. Dr. Wegmann presented with other Commission on Literature members.

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NCTE 2009 Dr. Wegmann Care In Literature

  1. 1. Caring in Literature<br />Dr. Susan Wegmann<br />University of Central Florida<br />Slideshare:<br />Twitter: DocWegmann<br />National Council of Teachers of English <br />Annual Conference<br />November 20, 2009<br />
  2. 2. 11/18/2009<br />2<br />“Care”<br />“a state of being in relation, characterized by receptivity, relatedness, and engrossment.” (Noddings, 2002)<br />
  3. 3. 11/18/2009<br />3<br />Sympathy: “the affective state of attention in caring”<br />Robert cares for Ernesto.<br />Robert acts on his care for Ernesto.<br />Ernesto recognizes that Robert cares for him.<br />
  4. 4. 11/18/2009<br />4<br />Caring for: face-to-face, nurturing relationships in which one cares directly for another.<br />Caring about: involves a benign neglect, unless personal relationships are established. <br />
  5. 5. How can teachers nurture a “caring for” attitude?<br />11/18/2009<br />5<br />
  6. 6. 11/18/2009<br />6<br />Nurturing Care in classrooms:<br />I Poems, (Kucan, 2007) <br />Social narrative writing (Heffernan & Lewison, 2003)<br />Writing (Nelson, 2000) <br />Social awareness can be found in the nexus of developmental theory and classroom practice. <br />
  7. 7. 11/18/2009<br />7<br />A decision:<br />to care/not care.<br />
  8. 8. Roser, N., Martinez, M., Fuhrken, C., & McDonald, K. (2007). Characters as guides to meaning. The Reading Teacher, 60, (6). 548-559<br />11/18/2009<br />8<br />
  9. 9. 11/18/2009<br />9<br />Character feelings<br />Oliver Button Is a Sissy by TomiedePaola. (1979, Harcourt Brace).<br />Wemberley Worried by Kevin Henkes. (2000, Greenwillow).<br />Coming on Home Soon by Jacquelyn Woodson. E.B. Lewis. (2004, Putnam).<br />Yoko by Rosemary Wells. (1998, Hyperion).<br />The Day of Ahmed’s Secret by Florence Parry Heide & Judith Heide Gilliland. T. Lewis. (1990, Lothrop, Lee & Shepard).<br />Too Many Tamales by Gary Soto. E. Martinez. (1993, Putnam).<br />
  10. 10. 11/18/2009<br />10<br />Character motives<br />Eloise by Kay Thompson. Ill. H. Knight. (1955/1983, Simon & Schuster).<br />The Old Woman Who Named Things by Cynthia Rylant. Ill. K. Brown. (1996,<br /> Harcourt Brace).<br />Harry and the Terrible Whatzitby Dick Gackenbach. (1977, Clarion).<br />Miss Rumphiusby Barbara Cooney. (1982, Viking).<br />The Mysterious Tadpole by Steven Kellogg. (1977, Dial).<br />Doctor Desoto by William Steig. (1982, Farrar, Straus and Giroux).<br />Saving Sweetness by Diane Stanley. Ill. G.B. Karas. (1996, Putnam).<br />
  11. 11. 11/18/2009<br />11<br />Character-rich picture books<br />Character relationships<br />Freedom Summer by Deborah Wiles. Ill. J. Lagarrigue. (2001, Atheneum).<br />Ticoand the Golden Wings by Leo Lionni. (1964, Pantheon).<br />Mrs. Katz and Tushby Patricia Polacco. (1992, Bantam).<br />Now One Foot, Now the Other by TomiedePaola. (1981, Putnam).<br />Amazing Grace by Mary Hoffman. Ill. C. Binch. (1991, Dial).<br />Chicken Sunday by Patricia Polacco. (1992, Philomel).<br />Amos and Boris by William Steig. (1971, Farrar, Straus and Giroux).<br />(Roser, Martinez, Fuhrken, McDonnold, 2007)<br />
  12. 12. 11/18/2009<br />12<br />Genuine discussion<br />Members <br />join together in addressing a question of common concern, <br />exchanging and examining different views to inform their answer, <br />enhancing their knowledge or understanding, their appreciation or judgment, their decision, resolution, or action over the matter at issue. . . <br />People do not discuss experiences whose meaning is plain to them, nor their indisputable feelings or incontestable values. <br />When they do discuss these things, they have some question about them and they join with others to form an answer. (Dillon, 1994, p. 8) <br />
  13. 13. A Connected Stance<br />11/18/2009<br />13<br />
  14. 14. 11/18/2009<br />14<br />Moves found in a connected stance:<br />Challenging the text <br />Questioning <br />Wondering<br />Speculating<br />Humor<br />Giving information<br />Building rapport<br />Intertextuality<br />
  15. 15. 11/18/2009<br />15<br />Buchanan, L. (2009). The Fat Boy Chronicles. Cleveland, TN: Tin Roof Films.<br />Gratz, A. (2009). The Brooklyn Nine: A Novel in Nine Innings. New York: Dial.<br />Levine, E. (2007). Henry’s Freedom Box. New York: Scholastic. (Ill. Kadir Nelson)<br />
  16. 16. Caring in Literature<br />Dr. Susan Wegmann<br />University of Central Florida<br /><br />Slideshare:<br />Twitter: DocWegmann<br />National Council of Teachers of English <br />Annual Conference<br />November 20, 2009<br />
  17. 17. 11/18/2009<br />17<br />References<br />Bercaw, L.A., & Wegmann, S. J. (2001) Literature discussions, Participant stance, and the discussion filter. American Reading Forum Yearbook. Retrieved May 3, 2007:<br />Dillon, M. (1994). Using discussion in classrooms. Philadelphia: Open University Press. <br />Heffernan, L., & Lewison, M. (2003) Social Narrative Writing: (Re)Constructing Kid Culture in the Writer’s Workshop. Language Arts 80 (6). 435–443.<br />Hebert, T. P., & Kent, R. (2000) Nurturing Social and Emotional Development in Gifted Teenagers through Young Adult Literature. Roeper Review, 22 (3). 167-71. (EJ606610)<br />Kucan, L. (2007) “I” poems: Invitations for students to deepen literary understanding The Reading Teacher,60 (6). 518–525.<br />Kurkjian, C., & Livingston, N. (2007) The importance of children’s literature in a global society. The Reading Teacher, 60 (6). 594–602.<br />Lobron, A., Selman, R. (2007) The interdependence of social awareness and literacy instruction. The Reading Teacher, 60 (6). 528–537<br />Nelson, G. Lynn. (2000) Warriors with Words: Toward a Post-Columbine Writing Curriculum. English Journal 89 (5), 42–46.<br />Noddings, N. (2002). Starting at Home: Caring and social policy. Berkeley, CA: University of California press.<br />Probst, R. E. (2001) Difficult Days and Difficult Texts. Voices from the Middle, 9 (2). 50–53.<br />Roser, N., Martinez, M., Fuhrken, C., McDonnold, K. (2007). Characters as guides to meaning. The Reading Teacher, 60 (6). 548–559.<br />Selman, R.L. (2003). The promotion of social awareness: Powerful lessons from the partnership of developmental theory and classroom practice. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.<br />