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Radar glossary: culture and race

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The document was created for Project RADAR (Regulating AntiDiscrimination and Racism). Project number: JUST/2013/FRAC/AG/6271

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Radar glossary: culture and race

  1. 1. CULTURE AND RACE GLOSSARY English-Finnish Project number: JUST/2013/FRAC/AG/6271
  2. 2. Anti-black racism Anti-racism Antisemitism Assimilation Bigot Bilingualism Mustien vastainen rasismi Rasisminvastaisuus Antisemitismi Assimilaatio Kiihkoilija Kaksikielisyys The racial prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination that is directed at people of African descent, rooted in their unique history and experience of enslavement An active and consistent process of change to eliminate individual, institutional and systemic racism as well as the oppression and injustice racism causes Latent or overt hostility or hatred directed towards individual Jews or the Jewish people (not to all Semitic peoples), leading to social, economic, institutional, religious, cultural or political discrimination The full adoption by an individual or group of the culture, values and patterns of a different social, religious, linguistic or national group One stubbornly or intolerantly devoted to one’s biased opinions and prejudices The ability to utilize two languages with equal fluency General Terms 2 RADAR Project Glossary English-Finnish Culture and Race
  3. 3. 3RADAR Project GlossaryEnglish-FinnishCulture and Race Cultural group Culture Discrimination Diversity Ethnicity Ethnic group Ethnocentrism Kulttuuriryhmä Kulttuuri Syrjintä Monimuotoisuus Etnisyys Etninen ryhmä Etnosentrismi Members of a group having the same beliefs, behavioural norms, values, language, ways of thinking about and view- ing the world The sum total of ways of living built up by a group of hu- man beings, which is transmitted from one generation to another The denial of equal treatment, civil liberties and oppor- tunity to individuals or groups with respect to education, accommodation, health care, employment and access to services, goods and facilities A term used to encompass all the various differences among people – including race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, disability, socio-economic status, etc The identity of groups based on shared characteristics such as language, culture, history or geographic origin A group of people, racially or historically related, having a common and distinctive culture The tendency to judge all other cultures by the norms and standards of one’s own culture
  4. 4. Emigration Eurocentrism Genocide Immigrant Indigenous Integration Individual racism Maastamuutto Eurosentrismi Kansanmurha Maahanmuuttaja Alkuperäiskansalainen Integraatio Yksilöllinen rasismi The process of leaving one’s home or country in order to settle in another home, place or country, for personal, economic, political, religious or social reasons Presupposes the supremacy of Europe and Europeans in world culture, and relates history according to a European perception and experience The planned extermination of a national or racial group One who moves from his/her native country to another with the intention of settling for the purpose of forging a better life or for better opportunities The term used by the United Nations in its recognition of the special or unique rights of ‘first peoples’ or ‘first nations’ The process of amalgamating diverse groups within a single context, usually applied to inter-racial interaction in housing, education, political and socio-economic spheres or activity The prejudiced individual, direct, or one-to-one action(s) against other individuals because of their group membership 4 RADAR Project Glossary English-Finnish Culture and Race
  5. 5. 5RADAR Project GlossaryEnglish-FinnishCulture and Race Intolerance Harassment Marginalization Mediation Melting pot Suvaitsemattomuus Häirintä Marginalisaatio Mediaatio Sulatusuuni and skin colour to deprive them of some right (employ- ment, housing) Bigotry or narrow mindedness resulting in refusal to re- spect or acknowledge persons of different racial back- grounds Persistent, on-going communication (in any form) of negative attitudes, beliefs or actions towards an individual or group, with the intention of placing that person(s) in a disparaging role With reference to race and culture, the experience of persons who do not speak the majority group’s language, cannot find work or gain access to social services and therefore, cannot become full and equal participating members of society The intervention into a dispute or negotiation of an acceptable impartial and neutral third party, who has no authoritative decision-making power, to reach voluntarily and acceptable settlement of issues in dispute Term usually used to refer to the American monocultural society in which there is a conscious attempt to assimilate
  6. 6. Minority group Multiculturalism Native Prejudice Race Racial discrimination Vähemmistöryhmä Monikulttuurisuus Alkuperäisasukas/natiivi Ennakkoluulo Rotu Rotusyrjintä diverse peoples into a homogeneous culture Term used to describe any group of people which is disad- vantaged, underprivileged, excluded, discriminated against or exploited. Sociologically, the concept does not refer to demo- graphic numbers but to subordinate status in society. The existence within one society or nation of two or more non-homogeneous but equally recognized ethnic, racial, cultural, linguistic or religious groups People born in the place to which reference is being made A body of unfounded opinions or attitudes relating to an indi- vidual or group that represent them in an unfavourable light Refers to a group of people of common ancestry, distinguished from others by physical characteristics such as colour of skin, shape of eyes, hair texture or facial features Racial discrimination is any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or 6 RADAR Project Glossary English-Finnish Culture and Race
  7. 7. 7RADAR Project GlossaryEnglish-FinnishCulture and Race Racism Racial hatred Refugee Segregation Rasismi Rotuviha Pakolainen Rotuerottelu ethnic origin, which nullifies or impairs the recognition, enjoyment or exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life A mix of prejudice and power leading to domination and exploitation of one group (the dominant or majority group) over another (the non-dominant, minority or racial- ized group). It asserts that the one group is supreme and superior while the other is inferior. Racism is any individ- ual action, or institutional practice backed by institutional power, which subordinates people because of their colour or ethnicity A public act based on the race, colour, national or ethnic origin of a person or group of people which is likely to offend, insult, humiliate or intimidate. It can include racist graffiti, speeches, posters or abuse in public A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster The social, physical, political and economic separation of diverse groups of people, particularly referring to ideological and structural barriers to civil liberties, equal
  8. 8. Stereotype Tolerance Xenophobia Stereotyyppi Suvaitsevaisuus Muukalaisviha opportunity and participation by minorities within a majority racial, ethnic, religious, linguistic or social group A fixed mental picture or image of a group of people, ascribing the same characteristic(s) to all members of the group, regardless of their individual differences, an overgen- eralization Usually meant as a liberal attitude toward those whose race, religion, nationality, etc. is different from one’s own. Since it has the connotation of ‘put up with’, today the term acceptance is preferred An unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers, their cultures and their customs 8 RADAR Project Glossary English-Finnish Culture and Race
  9. 9. 9RADAR Project GlossaryEnglish-FinnishCulture and Race Political terms regarding race/ethnicity/immigration Immigrant Islamisation Anti-immigration Immigration criticism Asylum Asylum-seeker Returning migrant Work and residence permit Immigration policy Reception centre A quota refugee The True Finns Native Finn Foreign-language speakers Social isolation Minority language Minority rights Minority language area Integration EU immigrants Non-EU immigrants White immigrants Non-white immigrants Maahanmuuttaja Islamisaatio Maahanmuuttovastaisuus Maahanmuuttokriittisyys Turvapaikka Turvapaikanhakija Paluumuuttaja Työ- ja oleskelulupa Maahanmuuttopolitiikka Vastaanottokeskus Kiintiöpakolainen Perussuomalaiset Kantasuomalainen Vieraskieliset Sosiaalinen eriytyminen Vähemmistökieli Vähemmistöoikeudet Vähemmistökielialue Kotoutuminen EU:n alueelta tulevat maahanmuuttajat EU:n ulkopuolelta tulevat maahanmuuttajat Valkoiset maahanmuuttajat Ei-valkoiset maahanmuuttajat
  10. 10. Derogative racial terms in Finnish “Estonian” “Finnish-speaking Swede” “Russian” “Immigrant” “Gypsy” “Gook” “Chink” “Nigger” “Paleface” “Arab” “Yank” (American) “Dirtface” Eestiläinen Hurri Ryssä Mamu Mustalainen Vinosilmä Kinukki Neekeri Kalpeanaama Arabi Jenkki Mutis/mutakuono Work-based immigration Welfare state Global responsibility Labour shortage Labour market Newly arrived Finns / New Finns Living-standard refugees Työperäinen maahanmuutto Hyvinvointivaltio Globaali vastuullisuus Työvoimapula Työmarkkinat Uussuomalaiset Elintasopakolaiset 10 RADAR Project Glossary English-Finnish Culture and Race
  11. 11. 11RADAR Project GlossaryEnglish-FinnishCulture and Race Neutral racial terms in Finnish Black Dark Somali Immigrant Foreigner Newly arrived Finn White Asian Estonian Finnish-speaking Swede American Musta(ihoinen) Tumma(ihoinen) Somalialainen Maahanmuuttaja Ulkomaalainen Uussuomalainen Valkoihoinen Aasialainen Virolainen Suomenruotsalainen Amerikkalainen

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