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Purchasing Managers' Index Services - March 2012

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Purchasing Managers' Index Services - March 2012:Services PMI falls to 52.6 in March: service economy cools somewhat as business activity slows down

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Purchasing Managers' Index Services - March 2012

  1. 1. Purchasing Managers’ Index – Services April 4, 2012Services PMI falls to 52.6 in March: service economy coolssomewhat as business activity slows down The purchasing managers’ index for services (Services PMI) dropped 1.5 points from 54.1 in February to 52.6 in March. The downward trend thus continues, though the index remains within the growth zone. All of the component indices except for supplier delivery times fell in March. Business activity made the largest negative contribution, followed by new orders. The increase in supplier delivery times may indicate that service companies are still working to get through the spike in orders that came in at the beginning of the year. Service companies’ demand for new employees decreased in March. Meanwhile, these companies ratcheted up planned business activity for the fourth consecutive month and they have a positive outlook for the next six months. In addition, the index for order backlogs, which has a tendency to fluctuate, was higher for Q1 2012 than for Q4 2011. The index for supplier intermediate goods prices dropped marginally in March. Many purchasing managers reported unchanged or rising price pressure, though the index remains far below its March 2011 level. Services PMI (Purchasing Managers’ Index - Services) Seasonally Adjusted 2012 Mar. 52.6 Feb. 54.1 Jan. 54.4 Dec. 51.1 Nov. 49.0 Oct. 49.1 Sep. 51.2 Aug. 53.5 Jul. 54.1 Jun. 53.3 May 56.4 Apr. 60.8 Mar. 60.4 Next publication of Services PMI: Friday, May 4, 2012 Magnus Alvesson Swedbank, Economic Research Department, +46 (0)8-5859 3341 Administration, +46 (0)8-5859 7740, ek.sekr@swedbank.se Sebastian Bergfelt, Silf, +46 (0)73-944 6450, professionals@silf.se 1 (4)
  2. 2. Silf/Swedbank’s Purchasing Managers’ Index Service Sector, seasonally adjusted Components of PMI Other indicies Forecast Total index Business Delivery New Employ- Back -log Prices Planned activity times orders ment of orders business activity 2006 okt 61.8 68.1 55.3 62.9 58.5 56.7 55.0 68.3 nov 64.4 65.8 62.1 63.7 66.0 60.6 55.9 73.6 dec 67.5 72.0 59.9 68.4 68.0 58.8 53.3 75.4 2007 jan 65.7 70.5 61.0 66.8 62.7 62.2 57.8 73.8 feb 62.3 69.9 60.0 62.0 55.4 61.7 60.1 69.7 mar 58.9 59.9 54.4 61.1 58.2 56.2 55.8 68.0 apr 65.9 72.9 59.8 69.3 57.2 64.5 57.7 66.4 maj 60.6 61.9 59.4 61.6 58.2 65.9 59.9 66.4 jun 62.5 62.5 57.3 65.0 63.4 62.5 55.3 63.7 jul 60.2 63.7 61.2 61.0 53.5 60.0 58.5 64.9 aug 57.1 58.1 58.9 55.1 57.6 53.2 58.5 61.3 sep 58.6 59.7 57.5 55.9 63.3 57.7 52.9 62.9 okt 57.8 56.7 57.0 57.3 60.5 53.9 57.6 70.1 nov 61.3 67.5 55.4 61.8 58.5 59.4 61.6 55.3 dec 62.3 67.1 57.2 61.3 63.0 64.9 62.2 60.4 2008 jan 57.3 59.6 52.7 55.8 61.8 55.1 63.2 67.4 feb 55.9 56.4 54.2 57.9 53.5 58.8 61.2 63.9 mar 54.1 53.3 52.0 53.3 58.3 52.0 59.2 70.7 apr 52.4 53.1 49.0 49.3 60.5 53.0 55.9 61.6 maj 60.4 68.3 50.4 57.1 66.3 55.5 56.2 63.7 jun 52.5 56.0 49.7 47.9 58.8 45.8 63.8 63.8 jul 53.2 57.4 45.4 49.3 62.5 44.8 66.3 59.6 aug 50.6 53.1 49.4 45.6 57.4 49.3 57.4 61.1 sep 52.6 56.9 47.9 47.8 60.2 39.3 58.2 57.2 okt 43.0 44.9 46.0 36.1 49.8 45.0 58.3 49.2 nov 44.4 44.3 50.1 37.7 50.4 36.5 53.7 43.4 dec 38.3 37.9 40.0 36.8 39.6 37.2 45.3 40.5 2009 jan 34.9 32.9 42.4 34.6 30.2 27.2 48.6 33.8 feb 37.7 36.5 38.7 35.3 42.4 34.8 47.4 40.5 mar 40.2 43.3 41.1 41.8 32.5 38.6 48.1 36.0 apr 39.9 40.9 38.8 39.7 40.0 38.9 42.4 46.2 maj 40.4 44.0 42.4 43.3 28.9 38.0 40.6 43.9 juni 41.8 43.5 40.1 46.4 33.5 44.2 35.3 51.4 juli 42.6 44.9 38.2 47.2 36.1 42.6 40.2 54.9 aug 45.8 51.4 40.8 50.6 35.3 47.6 45.7 56.1 sep 49.1 53.3 46.0 56.1 34.9 54.8 49.4 59.6 okt 55.7 62.8 47.5 63.4 41.4 63.4 45.3 62.3 nov 51.9 57.1 48.3 57.5 38.9 57.7 44.8 68.3 dec 47.6 52.7 46.9 49.7 38.5 48.7 52.5 61.5 2010 jan 54.8 59.1 50.8 58.3 47.1 55.1 48.6 61.7 feb 60.4 63.2 53.9 66.9 52.1 60.9 46.4 74.9 mar 61.0 64.4 58.0 63.2 55.7 59.8 55.8 71.1 apr 62.2 66.1 60.7 64.2 55.2 61.0 60.1 73.8 maj 59.1 60.1 59.4 60.2 55.6 58.6 62.4 68.9 juni 59.7 61.4 62.1 61.2 52.7 61.3 62.0 69.0 juli 63.0 66.4 61.1 65.9 55.4 63.0 63.1 71.3 aug 64.0 66.4 61.9 67.8 56.6 64.0 62.2 70.8 sep 61.5 60.1 64.7 64.5 54.7 60.7 63.7 74.3 okt 64.4 65.9 62.0 68.2 58.0 62.1 60.6 77.5 nov 64.7 65.5 59.2 68.3 62.6 64.6 65.9 78.6 dec 66.0 69.9 64.7 65.7 62.9 60.9 63.7 77.1 2011 jan 65.1 70.3 61.3 65.1 62.6 63.6 67.1 77.8 feb 61.5 61.8 62.5 60.6 61.7 58.5 69.0 69.2 mar 60.4 63.8 60.1 58.4 60.0 55.2 64.5 68.9 apr 60.8 62.7 60.0 61.1 58.9 58.1 65.0 67.3 maj 56.4 55.9 58.1 55.1 57.7 50.2 59.9 67.0 juni 53.3 58.5 54.6 47.9 55.1 48.0 57.5 62.1 juli 54.1 54.9 55.6 52.3 54.7 53.2 54.1 62.1 aug 53.5 53.7 55.4 53.3 51.7 49.3 55.0 59.6 sep 51.2 52.3 51.6 48.2 54.7 47.8 54.2 57.4 okt 49.1 48.8 51.0 45.4 53.7 45.8 52.9 53.7 nov 49.0 50.0 49.2 46.9 51.0 45.8 53.7 54.4 dec 51.1 50.8 50.6 50.7 52.9 47.7 54.4 57.8 2012 jan 54.4 54.4 50.8 56.5 54.5 55.6 55.1 58.9 feb 54.1 57.3 50.0 54.1 54.0 48.2 53.9 60.7 mar 52.6 54.2 52.5 52.4 51.1 51.4 53.8 61.2 2 (4)
  3. 3. Silf/Swedbank’s Purchasing Managers’ Index Service Sector, orginal Components of PMI Other indicies Forecast Total index Business Delivery New Employ- Back -log Prices Planned activity times orders ment of orders business activity2006 okt 60.8 67.0 56.1 61.2 57.1 55.0 53.0 66.0 nov 62.2 64.1 62.0 59.8 64.1 56.5 52.2 69.6 dec 63.6 67.4 57.4 64.9 62.8 56.4 48.9 71.32007 jan 60.9 63.3 58.3 62.2 58.2 57.1 59.2 71.4 feb 61.7 68.9 60.0 62.2 53.3 64.0 61.1 71.1 mar 60.6 63.4 52.4 64.6 58.5 59.8 56.1 69.5 apr 68.7 76.2 59.5 73.8 59.5 67.9 59.5 70.2 maj 63.8 66.3 60.5 65.1 61.6 69.8 62.8 70.9 jun 68.0 69.0 60.7 70.2 70.2 66.7 57.1 67.1 jul 56.1 56.3 64.1 53.1 53.1 53.1 59.4 65.6 aug 58.8 60.0 57.8 57.8 60.2 55.6 57.8 60.2 sep 60.4 63.1 58.1 58.1 63.4 58.1 53.5 61.6 okt 56.7 55.6 57.8 55.6 59.1 52.2 55.6 67.8 nov 59.1 65.8 55.3 57.9 56.6 55.3 57.9 51.3 dec 58.4 62.5 54.7 57.8 57.8 62.5 57.8 56.32008 jan 52.5 52.4 50.0 51.2 57.3 50.0 64.6 65.0 feb 55.3 55.4 54.2 58.1 51.4 61.1 62.2 65.3 mar 55.8 56.8 50.0 56.8 58.6 55.6 59.5 72.2 apr 55.2 56.4 48.7 53.8 62.8 56.4 57.7 65.4 maj 63.6 72.7 51.5 60.6 69.7 59.4 59.1 68.2 jun 58.0 62.5 53.1 53.1 65.6 50.0 65.6 67.2 jul 49.1 50.0 48.3 41.4 62.1 37.9 67.2 60.3 aug 52.3 55.0 48.3 48.3 60.0 51.7 56.7 60.0 sep 54.3 60.3 48.5 50.0 60.3 39.7 58.8 55.9 okt 42.0 43.8 46.8 34.4 48.4 43.3 56.3 46.9 nov 42.2 42.6 50.0 33.8 48.5 32.4 50.0 39.4 dec 34.4 33.3 37.5 33.3 34.4 34.8 40.9 36.42009 jan 30.0 25.7 39.7 30.0 25.7 22.1 50.0 31.4 feb 37.1 35.5 38.7 35.5 40.3 37.1 48.4 41.9 mar 41.9 46.8 39.1 45.3 32.8 42.2 48.4 37.5 apr 42.7 44.2 38.5 44.2 42.3 42.3 44.2 50.0 maj 43.6 48.4 43.5 46.8 32.3 41.9 43.5 48.4 juni 47.3 50.0 43.5 51.6 40.3 48.4 37.1 54.8 juli 38.5 37.5 41.1 39.3 35.7 35.7 41.1 55.6 aug 47.5 53.3 39.7 53.3 37.9 50.0 45.0 55.0 sep 50.9 56.7 46.6 58.3 35.0 55.2 50.0 58.3 okt 54.7 61.7 48.3 61.7 40.0 61.7 43.3 60.0 nov 49.7 55.4 48.2 53.6 37.0 53.6 41.1 64.3 dec 43.7 48.1 44.4 46.2 33.3 46.3 48.1 57.42010 jan 49.9 51.9 48.1 53.7 42.6 50.0 50.0 59.3 feb 59.8 62.2 53.9 67.1 50.0 63.2 47.4 76.3 mar 62.7 67.9 56.0 66.7 56.0 63.4 56.1 72.6 apr 65.0 69.4 60.4 68.7 57.5 64.4 61.9 77.6 maj 62.3 64.5 60.5 63.7 59.0 62.5 65.3 73.4 juni 65.2 67.9 65.5 66.4 59.5 65.5 63.8 72.4 juli 58.9 59.0 64.0 58.0 55.0 56.1 64.0 72.0 aug 65.8 68.3 60.8 70.5 59.2 66.4 61.5 69.7 sep 63.2 63.5 65.3 66.7 54.8 61.1 64.3 73.0 okt 63.4 64.8 62.8 66.5 56.6 60.4 58.6 75.2 nov 62.5 63.8 59.1 64.4 60.7 60.5 62.2 74.6 dec 62.1 65.3 62.2 62.2 57.7 58.5 59.3 73.02011 jan 60.3 63.1 58.6 60.5 58.1 58.5 68.5 75.4 feb 60.9 60.8 62.5 60.8 59.6 60.8 70.0 70.6 mar 62.2 67.3 58.1 61.9 60.3 58.8 64.8 70.4 apr 63.6 66.0 59.7 65.6 61.2 61.5 66.8 71.1 maj 59.6 60.3 59.2 58.6 61.1 54.1 62.8 71.5 juni 58.8 65.0 58.0 53.1 61.9 52.2 59.3 65.5 juli 50.0 47.5 58.5 44.4 54.3 46.3 55.0 62.8 aug 55.2 55.6 54.3 56.0 54.3 51.7 54.3 58.5 sep 53.0 55.7 52.2 50.4 54.8 48.2 54.8 56.1 okt 48.0 47.7 51.8 43.7 52.3 44.1 50.9 51.4 nov 46.8 48.3 49.1 43.0 49.1 41.7 50.0 50.4 dec 47.2 46.2 48.1 47.2 47.7 45.3 50.0 53.72012 jan 49.6 47.2 48.1 51.9 50.0 50.5 56.5 56.5 feb 53.5 56.3 50.0 54.3 51.9 50.5 54.9 62.1 mar 54.4 57.7 50.5 55.9 51.4 55.0 54.1 62.7 3 (4)
  4. 4. Silf/Swedbank’sPurchasing Managers’ Index – Services- objectives and methodologyHistory Silf and Swedbank AB publ. made the first joint – internal – calculation of the “Purchasing Managers’ Index” for the service sector of the four indexes (PMI) during 2005. The model for PMI – Services is the U.S. based Non-Manufacturing Index and the Swedish PMI, which has been published since November 1994Participants About 200 purchasing managers in the service sector.Publication Third weekday of each month, 8:30 am.Analysis Period Comparison with previous month.Compositionof PMI – Services (%) New orders (within the company) 35 Business activity (within the company) 25 Employment (within the company) 20 Suppliers’ Delivery Times 20Other leading indicators(not included in PMI – Services) Backlog of Orders Suppliers’ intermediate goods prices Planned business activity next six monthsObjective Quick economic indicator Simple statistics Statistics with relatively short publication intervals Constant contact with a well-informed professional groupCalculation According to “diffusion index”. Positive changes are noted in percent for the four sub indexes. The percentage of unchanged replies, multiplied by 0.5, is added to this figure. Then the different sub indexes are weighted as described above to reach the total index. The Purchasing Managers’ Index – Services does not indicate activity levels but rather monthly changes in activity in the service sector.“Break-even” The dividing line between growth and decline – in line with US praxis – has been drawn at a total index of 50. However, this boundary or “neutral growth zone” should not be applied excessively. Rather, “Break-even” at 50 indicates a target value. We believe we have used reliable sources and procedures to generate and analyze the Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI – Services). However, Swedbank AB (publ) and SILF (earlier Organisationen för Inköp och Logistik, /I&L/ – The Organization for Purchasing and Logistics) cannot guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the analyses and cannot be responsible for any errors or omissions in the basic data or processing thereof. The reader should base any decisions on other background material as well. Swedbank AB (publ), SILF. their employees, and other coworkers accept no liability whatsoever for any direct or consequential loss or injury of any kind arising from any errors or omissions in the analyses presented in the Purchasing Managers’ Index – Services. 4 (4)

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