It is the act of raising and
breeding cattle for the
production of something or
for a certain use.
Cattle farming is done for two
2.Draught labour for agricultural
purposes such as tilling,
irrigation and carting.
Indian cattle belongs to 2 different species:
1. Bos Indicus (Cows)
2. Bos Bubalis (Buffaloes)
• Milk producing animals are called milch animals.
• They are also called diary animals.
• They are generally cows (female).
• The animals used for farm labour are called
• They are generally buffaloes (male).
•Milk production, to some extent,
depends on the duration of the
lactation period which is the milk
production after a calf is born.
•Milk production can be increased
by increasing lactation period.
For cattle to be healthy, proper food should be
The food requirement of diary animals are divided
1. Maintenance requirement- As the name suggests,
this food is given to suit the animals needs. It is
to support the animal to live a healthy life.
2. Milk producing requirement: This is the food
given to milch animals during their lactation
Animal feeds include:
1. Roughage (largely fibre)
2. Concentrates (contains proteins and other
Cattles need food containing the proper nutrients
in proper amounts.
Certain feed additives containing micronutrients
promote to the health and milk output of dairy
•Cattle suffer from many diseases (eg. Foot and mouth disease).
•These diseases may reduce milk production.
•They may even cause death.
•A healthy animal usually feeds regularly and has a normal
•There are external and internal parasites.
•External parasites live on the skin and mainly cause skin
•The internal parasites (eg.worms) affect the internal organs ie.
•Infectious diseases are also caused by bacterias and viruses.
•Vaccinations are given to animals to prevent them from
bacterial and viral diseases.