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Fernando Gonzalez Saiffe, Counselor, Political and Multilateral Affairs

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Mexico's Actions to Combat Climate Change and its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution

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Fernando Gonzalez Saiffe, Counselor, Political and Multilateral Affairs

  1. 1. MEXICO’S ACTIONS TO COMBAT CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION 2020-2030 MEXICO’S ACTIONS TO COMBAT CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION 2020-2030 “North American Climate Policy Forum”  Ottawa, June 22, 2016 “North American Climate Policy Forum”  Ottawa, June 22, 2016 MÉXICO GOBIERNO DE LA REPÚBLICA
  2. 2. General Law on Climate Change Approved on April 19, 2012 Published on June 6, 2012 In force from October 10, 2012
  3. 3. Objectives of the Law • Low-carbon development Moving towards a competitive, sustainable and low-carbon emissions economy • Resilient Mexico Reduce vulnerability of people and ecosystems from adverse effects of climate change. • Inclusive National Climate Change Policy Ensure coordination and mainstreaming among all levels of government and agencies of the Federal Government, with transparency and responsible participation of society.
  4. 4. National Policy on Climate  Change Institutional Evaluation Inspection and  Surveillance Instruments  Planning Financing National Policy on Climate  Change Institutional Evaluation Inspection and  Surveillance Instruments  Planning Financing National Strategy on Climate Change:  10, 20 and 40 years PECCC Special Program on Climate Change State programs INECC National Institute of  Ecology and Climate  Change NATIONAL SYSTEM OF CLIMATE CHANGENATIONAL SYSTEM OF CLIMATE CHANGE CCC Advisory Council for Climate Change Sanctions Coordination of  Evaluation by INECC State Governments CICC Interministerial  Commission on Climate Change Local  Goverments Congress • National Inventory of GHG • National Registry of Emissions • Official Mexican Standars (NOMs) • Economic instruments (fiscal,  financial, market) • Information System on CC • Risk Atlas • State Risk Atlas  Climate Change Fund Grant a privilige on adatation and most vulnerable municipalities
  5. 5. ICC Organization Mexican Committee for projects of emission reduction and capture of GHG Working Group on International Negotiations Working Group on Adaptaion Policies Working Group on Emissions Reduction from Deforestation and Degradation Working Group on Mitigation Working Group on Civil Society Participation Interministerial Commission on Climate ChangeInterministerial Commission on Climate Change Working Group for the Special Program on Climate Change Working Groups Secretaría Técnica DGPCC/SPPA/SEMARNAT Presidencia: SEGOB ECONOMÍA SEMAR SENER SEP SHCP SRE SAGARPA SECTUR SEMARNAT SALUD SEDESOLSCT SEGOB SEDATU
  6. 6. MEXICO’S INDC • Submitted on March 27th to the UNFCCC -first developing country-. • Includes mitigation of Greenhouse Gases and Black Carbon, as well as adaptation actions for 2020 - 2030 • Commitment with a Conditional and an Unconditional component, strictly aligned to the objectives and priorities established in the General Climate Change Law [2012] • Economy-wide, Business As Usual scenario, based on an updated inventory for 2013 with a bottom-up approach
  7. 7. 2030 GOAL BAU baseline Unconditional 2013 2020 2025 2030 2030 Δ TRANSPORTATION 174 214 237 266 218 -18% ELECTRICITY GENERATION 127 143 181 202 139 -31% RESIDENTIAL & COMMERCIAL 26 27 27 28 23 -18% OIL & GAS 80 123 132 137 118 -14% INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES 115 125 144 165 157 -5% AGRICULTURE & LIVESTOCK 80 88 90 93 86 -8% WASTE 31 40 45 49 35 -28% SubTOTAL 633 760 856 941 776 -18% FORESTRY AND LAND USE 32 32 32 32 -14 -144% TOTAL 665 792 888 973 762 -22% -36% CONDITIONAL GOAL Greenhouse Gases MITIGATION GOAL -22% UNCONDITIONAL AND CONDITIONAL MITIGATION OF GHG Tg CO2e
  8. 8. 2030 GOAL BAU baseline UNCONDITIONAL 2013 2020 2025 2030 2030 Δ TRANSPORT 47 47 52 58 10 -83% ELECTRICITY GENERATION 8 4 4 3 2 -33% RESIDENTIAL & COMMERCIAL 19 16 15 15 6 -60% OIL & GAS 2 3 3 3 <3 -1% INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES 35 43 49 56 41 -16% AGRICULTURE & LIVESTOCK 9 11 12 13 10 -23% WASTES <1 <1 <1 <1 <1 -88% FORESTRY & LAND USE 4 4 4 4 4 0% TOTAL 125 127 138 152 75 -51% -70% CONDITIONAL Black Carbon MITIGATION GOAL -51% With a WGP 900 for BC, unconditional mitigation increases to 25% and conditional to 40%   UNCONDITIONAL AND CONDITIONAL MITIGATION OF BLACK CARBON GWP 100y = 900
  9. 9. HIGHLIGHTS This INDC implies that MEXICO will reach a net emissions peak starting in 2026. Emissions intensity per unit of GDP will reduce by around 40% ADAPTATION commitment with these priorities to increase resilient capacity of communities to increment in the resilience of strategic infrastructure and of the ecosystems that host national biodiversity [ecosystem-based adaptation] In order to achieve rapid and cost efficient mitigation robust global market based mechanisms are essential. Achieving our conditional goal will require functional bilateral, regional and international market mechanisms. For the first time Mexico translates previous aspirational commitments (GCCL) into mandatory goals
  10. 10. CHALLENGES • To detail the actions that support our INDC [sectoral approach, cost analysis, etc.] • To develop the Mitigation-Reporting-Verification (MRV) framework • To strengthen policies and measures that support economy-wide actions Carbon tax Phase-out subsidies Carbon pricing • To define finance, technology transfer and capacity building support measures
  11. 11. GRACIAS MÉXICO GOBIERNO DE LA REPÚBLICA

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