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Brendan Haley, Post-Doctoral Research Associate, Sustainable Prosperity

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Accelerating Clean Innovation in Canada's Energy and Natural Resource Sectors - the Role of Public Policy and Institutions

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Brendan Haley, Post-Doctoral Research Associate, Sustainable Prosperity

  1. 1. Knowledge Synthesis Report Accelerating Clean Innovation in Canada’s Energy and Natural  Resource Sectors – the role of public policy and institutions Brendan Haley, Stewart Elgie, Geoff McCarney Research Supported by Canada’s Social Sciences and  Humanities Research Council
  2. 2. Innovation Perspectives Innovation  Perspective Sustainability Problem Type of Analysis Climate Policy Implications Innovation  Pipeline Market Failures Trade‐off / optimal policy mix  between demand‐pull and  supply‐push Promote R&D Create demand through smart  regulations, carbon pricing Systems of  Innovation Systems Failures Analyze evolution / transition Technology and sector specific  studies of innovation  processes and structural  barriers Create protected spaces for new  tech Promote diversity and  experimentation Long‐term visions Evolutionary Economic  Geography Regional Lock‐in Analyze regional assets Explore interactions within and  between sectors Promote strategic coupling  between local/global economies Promote “green linkages” with  traditional sectors 2
  3. 3. Canada in Global Cleantech Innovation Index (2014) General  Innovation  Drivers Emerging  Cleantech Innovation Commercialized  Cleantech Innovation Cleantech Specific  Innovation  Drivers Canada’s  Rank 3 10 14 18 Top 2  Countries in Index Sweden/ Switzerland Israel/ Finland Denmark/ Brazil Denmark/ United States 3 (Parad et al. 2014)
  4. 4. Canada’s Culture of Entrepreneurship (?) 4
  5. 5. Canada in Global Cleantech Innovation Index (2014) General  Innovation  Drivers Emerging  Cleantech Innovation Commercialized  Cleantech Innovation Cleantech Specific  Innovation  Drivers Canada’s  Rank 3 10 14 18 Top 2  Countries in Index Sweden/ Switzerland Israel/ Finland Denmark/ Brazil Denmark/ United States 5 (Parad et al. 2014)
  6. 6. Diagnostic Monitoring 6 SearchSearch ExperimentExperiment MonitorMonitorLearnLearn AdaptAdapt
  7. 7. Where are green inter‐sectoral linkages? 7 Forestry Natural Resource Sectors Bio‐plastics Light‐weight  components MedicineAuto Oil & Gas Geology &  Drilling Project  Management Geothermal Large‐scale  off‐grid  renewables ??
  8. 8. What institutional structures are required? ▣ Scale‐up support (financing, exports, procurement) ▣ Promoting experimentation and creating options  □ ARPA‐E in US ▣ Intermediary organizations to make connections between  sectors  8
  9. 9. Further Research  ▣ Create better publicly available firm‐level data. To inform  stakeholders and enable evaluation of government  programs ▣ How to make identification of Canadian strengths part of  an ongoing “diagnostic monitoring” process? ▣ Consider public administration challenges of promoting  experimentation/failure and evaluation of “soft” innovation  activities 9
  10. 10. Thanks!  10 Brendan Haley, PhD Research Associate Sustainable Prosperity bhaley@sustainableprosperity.ca

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