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# Sfcc forklift training final

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• Load center = center of gravity of any object you are trying to lift Yard Stick Demonstration = Do you see the center of gravity? 18 inches Talk about counterweight – how important it is to keep the back of the forklift off of unstable surfaces, e.g. dirt, potholes, as it can get stuck and requires heavy machinery (in many cases) to become unstuck.
• Load center = center of gravity of any object you are trying to lift Yard Stick Demonstration = Do you see the center of gravity? 18 inches
• Load center = center of gravity of any object you are trying to lift Yard Stick Demonstration = Do you see the center of gravity? 18 inches
• Load center = center of gravity of any object you are trying to lift Yard Stick Demonstration = Do you see the center of gravity? 18 inches
• Distance from max weight = load center rating
• Load center = center of gravity of any object you are trying to lift Yard Stick Demonstration = Do you see the center of gravity? 18 inches
• Distance from max weight = load center rating
• Distance from max weight = load center rating
• Load center = center of gravity of any object you are trying to lift Yard Stick Demonstration = Do you see the center of gravity? 18 inches
• ### Sfcc forklift training final

1. 1. SFCCSFCCForklift TrainingForklift Training
2. 2. Goals of TrainingGoals of TrainingTo provide you the info you need to operate aTo provide you the info you need to operate aforklift SAFELY.forklift SAFELY.To provide you with a chance to practice yourTo provide you with a chance to practice yourforklift skills while being observed by aforklift skills while being observed by acertified forklift instructor.certified forklift instructor.For you to receive your forklift certification!For you to receive your forklift certification!
3. 3. What to ExpectWhat to Expect 4 Parts to Your training4 Parts to Your trainingFormalFormal (Classroom Instruction)(Classroom Instruction)PracticalPractical (Hands On Training)(Hands On Training)DemonstrationDemonstration (Watching(Watching INSTRUCTORINSTRUCTORShow you what to do)Show you what to do)EvaluationEvaluation (Watching(Watching YOUYOU show what youshow what youhave learned)have learned)
4. 4. Classroom TopicsClassroom Topics Inspecting the forkliftInspecting the forklift Becoming aware of the area where youBecoming aware of the area where youwill be operating the forkliftwill be operating the forklift FuelingFueling Safety ConcernsSafety ConcernsLoad CenterLoad CenterStability TriangleStability TriangleStability DynamicsStability Dynamics
5. 5. Practical or “Hands On” TrainingPractical or “Hands On” Training Important because it allows the trainer seeImportant because it allows the trainer seewhat you can do on the forklift.what you can do on the forklift. Obstacle CourseObstacle CourseMoving forward & backwardsMoving forward & backwardsGetting comfortable with the “rear end swing”Getting comfortable with the “rear end swing”Practicing correct eye direction when drivingPracticing correct eye direction when driving
6. 6. DemonstrationsDemonstrations In order to reduce the chances of injury,In order to reduce the chances of injury,the instructors will point out commonthe instructors will point out commonpractices that are responsible for many ofpractices that are responsible for many ofthe injuries that can occur on the forklift.the injuries that can occur on the forklift. There are two important demonstrationsThere are two important demonstrationsyou will be watching during trainingyou will be watching during trainingTip Over PreventionTip Over PreventionProper Eye DirectionProper Eye DirectionWhy important?Why important?
7. 7. HELP ME I AM TIPPINGHELP ME I AM TIPPINGOVER!!!OVER!!! You need to stay in your seat with yourYou need to stay in your seat with yourseat belt on and “ride it out”seat belt on and “ride it out” Push body into the seat and lean thePush body into the seat and lean theopposite direction of the tip overopposite direction of the tip over Why do you think it is important to stay inWhy do you think it is important to stay inyour seat?your seat?
8. 8. Proper Eye DirectionProper Eye Direction Turn from the waist when goingTurn from the waist when goingbackwardsbackwards Eyes in the direction of travel!!!Eyes in the direction of travel!!! Don’t rely on peripheral vision.Don’t rely on peripheral vision.
9. 9. The ROT EnvironmentThe ROT Environment What areas are safety concerns?What areas are safety concerns?Where people are walkingWhere people are walkingRoadways where vehicle could beRoadways where vehicle could beOverhead clearances?Overhead clearances?Uneven surfacesUneven surfacesLoading dockLoading dockSpeed limitSpeed limit
10. 10. Preparing to Drive the ForkliftPreparing to Drive the Forklift What do you need to beginWhat do you need to beginReceive approval from a Supervisor orReceive approval from a Supervisor orManagerManagerHave your forklift certifcation card with you!Have your forklift certifcation card with you!Conduct a forklift inspection – formalConduct a forklift inspection – formaldocumentation due once per weekdocumentation due once per week
11. 11. Safety is the TOP PRIORITYSafety is the TOP PRIORITY You are expected to ALWAYS operate theYou are expected to ALWAYS operate theforklift with safety as your top priority.forklift with safety as your top priority. This means doing at least a visualThis means doing at least a visualinspection, having your hard hat on andinspection, having your hard hat on andseat belt on, driving slowly with your forksseat belt on, driving slowly with your forksdown and looking around you before youdown and looking around you before youmove.move.
12. 12. TAKE IT SERIOUSLY!TAKE IT SERIOUSLY! Each year nearly 100 workers are killedEach year nearly 100 workers are killedand almost 95,000 injured in forkliftand almost 95,000 injured in forkliftaccidentsaccidents OSHA requires that all forklift operatorsOSHA requires that all forklift operatorsare properly trainedare properly trained Listen and learn, the more you know theListen and learn, the more you know thesafer you will be while driving the forklift.safer you will be while driving the forklift.
13. 13. Fork lift = Powered Industrial TruckFork lift = Powered Industrial Truck What is it used for?What is it used for?To carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materialsTo carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials 4 Types of Forklifts4 Types of ForkliftsCounterbalance - ROTCounterbalance - ROTNarrow AisleNarrow AisleStock PickerStock PickerRider or Walkie TruckRider or Walkie Truck
14. 14. Height RestrictionsHeight Restrictions Height Definition Terms:Height Definition Terms:Collapsed HeightCollapsed Height• Distance from the floor to the highest point on theDistance from the floor to the highest point on thetruck when the mast is fully loweredtruck when the mast is fully loweredFree LiftFree Lift• Height you can lift the forks before the mast beginsHeight you can lift the forks before the mast beginsto rise, or the load guard rises above the collapsedto rise, or the load guard rises above the collapsedmast height. Important when lifting materials inmast height. Important when lifting materials intrailers.trailers.
15. 15. Height RestrictionsHeight Restrictions Height Definition Terms:Height Definition Terms:Maximum Fork HeightMaximum Fork Height• Maximum height that your truck can lift a load.Maximum height that your truck can lift a load.• It is measured from the floor to the top of forks.It is measured from the floor to the top of forks.Overall Extended HeightOverall Extended Height• Distance from the floor to the top most part of theDistance from the floor to the top most part of thetruck when the mast and forks are fully raised.truck when the mast and forks are fully raised.• What are height clearances unique to ROT?What are height clearances unique to ROT?
16. 16. How Does a Forklift Work?How Does a Forklift Work? Works as a lever.Works as a lever. This “leverage” needs to be in constantThis “leverage” needs to be in constantbalance in order for the truck to safely liftbalance in order for the truck to safely liftand move loads.and move loads. It’s like a “Teeter Totter”It’s like a “Teeter Totter”““Balance”Balance”
17. 17. How Does a Forklift Work?How Does a Forklift Work? When two boxes of equal weight sit at anWhen two boxes of equal weight sit at anequal distance from the center pivot of aequal distance from the center pivot of ateeter totter, then we have a balancedteeter totter, then we have a balancedpoint.point. The balance point = Center of Gravity orThe balance point = Center of Gravity orthe FULCRUM.the FULCRUM. As long as the FULCRUM remains withinAs long as the FULCRUM remains withinthis center of gravity, the teeter totter isthis center of gravity, the teeter totter isconsidered balanced.considered balanced.
18. 18. How Does a Forklift Work?How Does a Forklift Work? But if one box is heavier than the other, orBut if one box is heavier than the other, orif one box slides away from the centerif one box slides away from the centerpoint it creates an imbalance.point it creates an imbalance. Most forklifts rely on theirMost forklifts rely on theirCOUNTERWEIGHT as leverage to pickCOUNTERWEIGHT as leverage to pickup loads.up loads.What do we mean when we sayWhat do we mean when we saycounterweight?counterweight?
19. 19. CounterweightCounterweight IF the load weighs more than the forkliftsIF the load weighs more than the forkliftscounterweight can handle or if a lightercounterweight can handle or if a lighterload is not centered within a certainload is not centered within a certaindistance to this counterweight, the forkliftdistance to this counterweight, the forkliftcan tip over.can tip over. A load needs to be centered properly.A load needs to be centered properly.The LOAD CENTER is very important forThe LOAD CENTER is very important forthe stability of both the forklift and thethe stability of both the forklift and theload.load.
21. 21. Handling Your LoadHandling Your Load Always use caution when you are handlingAlways use caution when you are handlingloads with the forkliftloads with the forklift An unbalanced forklift can lean andAn unbalanced forklift can lean andsuddenly tip causing serious injuries orsuddenly tip causing serious injuries oreven death.even death. KNOW THE FORKLIFT!KNOW THE FORKLIFT! KEEP IT STABLE!KEEP IT STABLE!
22. 22. Understanding the ROT ForkliftUnderstanding the ROT Forklift A TIP OVER EVENTA TIP OVER EVENTTwo typesTwo types• Lateral (sideways)Lateral (sideways)• Longitudinal (usually forward)Longitudinal (usually forward)• What do you do if you start to tip over?What do you do if you start to tip over?Stay in the seatStay in the seatBrace yourself for impactBrace yourself for impactLean in the opposite direction of the tip overLean in the opposite direction of the tip overRIDE IT OUTRIDE IT OUT
23. 23. Why is it important to stay in theWhy is it important to stay in theforklift if it is tipping over?forklift if it is tipping over? Serious injury or even death can be theSerious injury or even death can be theresult of mixing split second judgment,result of mixing split second judgment,which could lead you to jump in thewhich could lead you to jump in thedirection of the tip and being pinned in bydirection of the tip and being pinned in bythe forklift or crushed.the forklift or crushed.
25. 25. The Data PlateThe Data Plate HeightHeightThe plate shows reduced capacities atThe plate shows reduced capacities atelevated lift heights. A common height whereelevated lift heights. A common height whereyour capacity becomes affected is 156 inches.your capacity becomes affected is 156 inches.Tilting back enough to stabilize the load andTilting back enough to stabilize the load andnever driving with the load elevated (raised)never driving with the load elevated (raised)are ways to prevent making the forklift andare ways to prevent making the forklift andload unstable.load unstable.
26. 26. Load CenterLoad Center Load center = center of gravity of objectLoad center = center of gravity of object Load center of gravity = ½ length of loadLoad center of gravity = ½ length of load½load length
27. 27. Load CenterLoad CenterLoad center rating = center of gravity of objectLoad center rating = center of gravity of object48”24”MostMostforkliftsforkliftshavehaveloadloadcentercenterratingratingof 24”of 24”
28. 28. Why is load center so important?Why is load center so important? Each forklift has RATED CAPACITYEach forklift has RATED CAPACITYmaximum weight capable of liftingmaximum weight capable of liftingbased on load’s CENTER OF GRAVITYbased on load’s CENTER OF GRAVITYLoad Center Rating = Max Weight LiftedLoad Center Rating = Max Weight LiftedMust beMust be within 24” when picking upwithin 24” when picking upcapacity loadcapacity loadStamped on the data plateStamped on the data plate
31. 31. Examples of Load CentersExamples of Load Centers Info needed from our data plate.Info needed from our data plate.
33. 33. Forklift & Load Moments: ExampleForklift & Load Moments: ExampleLoad center rating = 24”Load center rating = 24”Load capacity = 3,000 lbs.Load capacity = 3,000 lbs.Load weight = 3,000 lbs.Load weight = 3,000 lbs.24”3,000 lbs
34. 34. Forklift MomentForklift MomentLoad capacity (pounds)Load capacity (pounds)ForkliftForkliftMomentMomentLoad center rating (inches)Load center rating (inches)XLoad Center Rating = 24”Load Center Rating = 24”Load Capacity = 3,000 lbs.Load Capacity = 3,000 lbs.3,000 pounds3,000 pounds24 inches24 inchesXinch poundsinch pounds==ForkliftForkliftMomentMoment==72,000
36. 36. Forklift & Load Moments: ExampleForklift & Load Moments: ExampleForklift Moment = 72,000 inch poundsForklift Moment = 72,000 inch poundsLoad Moment = 72,000 inch poundsLoad Moment = 72,000 inch poundsCan the load be lifted?Can the load be lifted?24”3,000 lbs
37. 37. More ExamplesMore Examples Data plate lists a capacity of 5,000 lbs andData plate lists a capacity of 5,000 lbs anda load center of 24 inches.a load center of 24 inches. Forklift Moment ?Forklift Moment ? 24” X 5000 lbs = 120,000 inch lbs24” X 5000 lbs = 120,000 inch lbs If the load is 4,000 lbs and the load centerIf the load is 4,000 lbs and the load centeris 33 inches.is 33 inches. Load Moment ?Load Moment ? 33” X 4000 lbs = 132,000 inch lbs33” X 4000 lbs = 132,000 inch lbs
38. 38. More ExamplesMore Examples Can you pick up this load?Can you pick up this load? NO,The forklift will tip over!NO,The forklift will tip over! Why will it tip over?Why will it tip over?The load moment is greater than the forkliftThe load moment is greater than the forkliftmoment.moment.
39. 39. Taking it a step further…Taking it a step further… How can you find out how much you could liftHow can you find out how much you could liftwith a 5,000 lbs rated forklift and a 4,000 lbswith a 5,000 lbs rated forklift and a 4,000 lbsload with a load center of 33 inchesload with a load center of 33 inches Divide the forklift’s inch pound moment by 33.Divide the forklift’s inch pound moment by 33. 120,000120,000 ÷ 33 = 3636 lbs÷ 33 = 3636 lbs SO can we lift 4,000 lbs?SO can we lift 4,000 lbs? How many lbs can you lift? 3636 lbsHow many lbs can you lift? 3636 lbs
40. 40. Rule of ThumbRule of Thumb If you think the load exceed the forklift’sIf you think the load exceed the forklift’scapacity, DON’T LIFT THE LOAD!capacity, DON’T LIFT THE LOAD! Go and speak to your supervisor or theGo and speak to your supervisor or theROT manager about the situation.ROT manager about the situation.
41. 41. The Stability TriangleThe Stability Triangle It’s there even though you can’t see it.It’s there even though you can’t see it. It is located between the forklifts fulcrumIt is located between the forklifts fulcrumand tapers back to the center point of theand tapers back to the center point of theforklifts rear axle.forklifts rear axle. The forklift has a three point suspension.The forklift has a three point suspension. The Center of gravity is a point within theThe Center of gravity is a point within thetriangletriangle See page 24.See page 24.
42. 42. The Stability TriangleThe Stability Triangle Example AExample A Shows the gravity point in the center of theShows the gravity point in the center of thestability trianglestability triangle It shows a forklift at rest without a loadIt shows a forklift at rest without a load
43. 43. Triangle Example BTriangle Example B When you add a load to the forklift, theWhen you add a load to the forklift, thecenter of gravity willcenter of gravity will move in the directionmove in the directionof the loadof the load Example B indicates by the position of theExample B indicates by the position of thepoint that a near capacity load has beenpoint that a near capacity load has beenraised.raised.
44. 44. Triangle Example CTriangle Example C Example C shows the reaction of theExample C shows the reaction of thestability point when the forklift slowly turnsstability point when the forklift slowly turnswhile transporting a near capacity load.while transporting a near capacity load. The stability point moves OPPOSITE theThe stability point moves OPPOSITE thedirection of the turndirection of the turn
45. 45. Triangle Example DTriangle Example D What will happen if your stability point is here?What will happen if your stability point is here? You will be tipping over!You will be tipping over! The gravity point could just as well be showingThe gravity point could just as well be showingthe results of sudden breaking with a heavythe results of sudden breaking with a heavyload.load. It could also show what happens when a load isIt could also show what happens when a load israised and tilted forward.raised and tilted forward. You DON’T need to be carrying a capacity loadYou DON’T need to be carrying a capacity loadfor a tip over to happen!for a tip over to happen!
46. 46. Forklift StabilityForklift StabilityInfluenced by:Influenced by:Load weightLoad weightdistance of load from pivot pointdistance of load from pivot pointSide to side balancingSide to side balancingRaising loadsRaising loadsMovement of any type by the forkliftMovement of any type by the forklift
47. 47. Stability DynamicsStability Dynamics Dynamics means “Movement”Dynamics means “Movement” Any type of movement will make theAny type of movement will make thestability point within the stability trianglestability point within the stability trianglemove in response.move in response. If the point breaks through the lines of theIf the point breaks through the lines of thetriangle, you will in most cases tip overtriangle, you will in most cases tip over
48. 48. Stability DynamicsStability Dynamics When is this likely to happen?When is this likely to happen?Driving up or down rampsDriving up or down rampsRough surfacesRough surfacesPotholesPotholesJust using your brakesJust using your brakesWhen you corner with a load raised.When you corner with a load raised.Tilting a capacity load forward when raisedTilting a capacity load forward when raised• This move is restricted by OSHAThis move is restricted by OSHA