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Legal Bases of the Teaching Profession

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Legal Bases of the Teaching Profession

  1. 1. Prepared by: Sugador, Alhamir Menting, Halimodin Nooh, Muslima Dimalilay, Almiera Dingkot, Rohanie Ishak, Nor-aima Jumawan, Brithney TEACHING PROFESSION 1st Semester 2019-2020 Prof. Ombra Imam
  2. 2. LEGAL BASES OF THE TEACHING PROFESSION Article VIX of the 1987 Republic of the Philippines Constitution Republic Act 4670 Republic Act 7836 and R.A 9293 Batas Pambansa 232 Republic Act 10533 The Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  3. 3. LEGAL BASES OF THE TEACHING PROFESSION  Article VIX of the 1987 Republic of the Philippines Constitution  Batas Pambansa 232  Republic Act 7836 and R.A 9293  Republic Act 10533  Republic Act 4670  The Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  4. 4. Article XIV of the 1987 Republic of the Philippines Constitution  Section 1. A commitment to build a nation with functionally literate, educated, and productive citizens.  Section 2. It elucidates the function of the state to develop an education system that focuses on formal education, non-formal education, alternative learning system, and indigenous learning system. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  5. 5.  Section 3 of provides a framework for enduring values, knowledge, and skill that need to be emphasized in all the content of the curriculum.  Section 4 Provides guidelines in the establishment and management of educational institutions in the country.  Section 5 It enshrines the spirit of academic freedom for tertiary education, the right of citizens to chose their professional advancement, and putting highest budgetary support to education. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  6. 6.  Section 6 to Section 9 focuses on the development and promotion of Filipino as the national language and as medium of instruction. These section also recognize the importance of other local and foreign languages.  Section 10 to Section 13 focuses on the importance and promotion of science and technology in the Philippines.  Section 14 to Section 18 discuss the development and promotion of Filipino culture that includes various cultural practices, traditions, beliefs, and indigenous knowledge of the different cultural groups and religion in the country. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  7. 7.  Section 19 provides the framework for promoting and developing sports programs for the wellbeing of the Filipino people. Batas Pambansa 232  Batas Pambansa 232, known as the Education Act of 1982. It was signed into law by President Ferdinand E. Marcos. Section 10,11,and 16 of this law are helpful understanding the rights and duties of teachers. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  8. 8.  Section 10. Rights of all School Personnel. In addition to other rights provided for by law, all school personnel shall enjoy the following rights: 1. The right to free expression of opinion and suggestions, and to effective channels of communication with appropriate academic and administrative bodies of the school or institution. 2. The right to provided with free legal service by the appropriate government office in the case of public school personnel, and through the school Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  9. 9. authorities concerned in the case of private school personnel, when charged in an administrative, civil and/or criminal proceedings by parties other than the school or regulatory authorities concerned for action committed directly in the lawful discharge of professional duties and/or in defense of school policies. 3. The right to establish, join and maintain labor organizations and/or professional and self- regulating organizations of their choice to promote their welfare and defend their interest. 4.The right to be free from involuntary contribution except those imposed by their own organization. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  10. 10.  Section 11. Special Rights and/or privileges of teaching or Academic Staff. Every member of teaching or academic staff shall enjoy the following rights and/or privileges: 1. The right to be free from compulsory assignments not related to their duties as defined in their appointments or employment contract, unless compensated therefore, conformably existing law. 2. The right to intellectual property with applicable laws. 3. Teachers shall be deemed person in authority when in the discharge of lawful duties and responsibilities, and shall, therefore, be accorded due respect and protection. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  11. 11. 4. Teachers shall be accorded the opportunity to choose alternative career line either in school administration, in classroom teaching, or others, for purposes of career advancement. Section 16. Teachers Obligation. Every teacher shall: 1. Performing his duties to the school by discharging his responsibilities in accordance with the philosophy, goals, and objective of the school. 2. Be accountable for the efficient and effective attainment of specified learning objectives in pursuance of national development goals within the limits of available school resources. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  12. 12. 3. Render regular reports on performance of each students and to the latter and the latter’s parents and guardians with specific suggestion for improvement. 4. Assume the responsibility to maintain and sustain his professional growth and advancement and maintain professionalism in his behavior at all times. 5. Refrain from making deductions in students’ scholastic rating for acts that are clearly not manifestations of poor scholarship. 6. Participate as an agent of constructive social, economic, moral; intellectual, cultural and political change in his school and the community within the context of national policies. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  13. 13. Republic Act 7836  President Ferdinand E. Marcos Issued Presidential Decree 1006 on September 22, 1976 that formally organized the National Board for Teachers. All teachers then have to take the Professional Board Exam for teachers otherwise known as PBET. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  14. 14. On December 16, 1994, through the enacted of Republic Act 7836, a law entitled An act to Strengthen the Regulation and supervision of the Practice of Teaching in the Philippines and Prescribing a Licensure Examination for Other Purposes otherwise known as Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  15. 15. Republic Act 7836  Includes the supervision and regulation of the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET)  It covers all teachers in all levels of education from preschool to secondary.  Article I provides the statement of policy, objectives, and definition of important term used in the law.  Article II discusses the composition and functions of the board for professional teachers. It also includes necessary qualification of the members of the board. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  16. 16.  Article III explains the examination and registration rules and procedures. It provides information on the following areas: 1. Scope of Examination 2. Qualification Requirements of Application 3. Report of the Results of the Examination 4. Issuance of Certificate of Registration and Professional License Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  17. 17. 5. Oath Before Practice 6. Periodic Merit Examination of Teacher 7. Failure to Pass the Merit Examination 8. Incentives for Passing the LET 9. Integration of the Teaching Profession 10. Revocation of the Certificate of Registration, Suspension from the Practice of the Teaching Profession, an Cancellation of Temporary or Special permit. 11. Registration Procedures Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  18. 18. Republic Act 9293 This law is amendment of the certain section or RA 7836 otherwise known as the “Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994.” The congress enacted this amendment on April 21, 2004. The following amendments done: 1. Section 15,(e) (3) of republic Act of 7836 2. SEC 2. Section 26 of the same Acts 3. SEC 3. Section 31 of the same Acts 4. SEC 4. Reference to the term Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  19. 19.  Section 15. Qualification Requirements of Applicants. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  20. 20. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  21. 21.  Section 2. Section 26 of the same Act is hereby amended to read as follows:  Section 26. Registration and Exception.  No person shall engage in teaching and/ or act as a Professional teacher as defined in this Act.  Upon approval of the application and payments of the prescribed fees, the certificate of registration and professional license as a professional teacher shall be issued without examination as required in this Act qualified applicant, who is Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  22. 22. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  23. 23. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  24. 24. Republic Act 10533 Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  25. 25. The Department of Education and all private schools may hire:  Graduates of Science, Mathematics, Statistics, Engineering, Music and other degree courses with shortages in qualified Licensure Examination for teacher (LET) applicants to teach in their specialized subject in the elementary and secondary education. Qualified LET applicants shall also include graduates admitted by foundation duly recognized for their expertise in the education sector and who satisfactorily complete the requirements set by these organization: Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  26. 26. That if such graduates are willing to teach on part time basis, the provisions of LET shall no longer be required; Graduates of technical-vocational courses to teach in their specialized subject in the secondary education. Faculty of HEIs be allowed to teach in their general education or subject specialties in the secondary education. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  27. 27. The DEPED and private education institutions my hire practitioners, with expertise in the specialized learning areas offered by the Basic Education Curriculum, to teach in the secondary level. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  28. 28. The Magna Carta for Public School Teachers  President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed Republic Act 4670 during the first part of his term as the President of the Philippines. This law is very important in the history of the teaching profession in the Philippines. As stipulated in Section 1 of this law, this Act aims: Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  29. 29. Special provisions in this Act include the following:  SECTION 5 TENURE OF OFFICE Stability on employment and security of tenure shall be assured the teachers as provided under existing laws. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  30. 30.  SECTION 6 CONSENT FOR TRANFER TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Except for causes and as herein otherwise provided, no teacher shall be transferred without his consent from one station to another. Where the exigencies of the service require the transfer of a teacher from one station to another, the school superintendent who shall previously notify the teacher concerned of the transfer and the reason therefore may affect such transfer. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  31. 31.  SECTION 7 CODE OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT FOR TEACHERS Within six months from the approval of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall formulate and prepare a Code of Professional Conduct for Public School Teachers.  SECTION 8 SAFEGUARDS IN DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURE Every teachers shall enjoy equitable safeguards at each stage of any disciplinary procedure and shall have: Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  32. 32. a. The right to be informed, in writing, of the charges b. The right to full access to the evidence in the case c. The right to defend himself and to be defended by representative of his choice and/or by his organization, adequate time being given to the teacher for the preparation of his defense d. The right to appeal to clearly designated authorities. No publicity shall be given to any disciplinary action being taken against a teacher during pendency of his case. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  33. 33.  SECTION 9 ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES Administrative Charges against a teacher shall be heard initially by a committee composed of the corresponding school Superintendent of the Division or a duly authorized representative who should at least have the rank of the division supervisor, where the teacher belongs, as chairman, a representative of the local or, in its absence, any existing provincial or national teacher’s organization and a Supervisor of the Division, the last two to be designated by the Director of Public Schools. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  34. 34.  SECTION 10 NO DISCRIMINATION There shall be no discrimination whatsoever in entrance to the teaching profession, on during its exercise, or in the termination of services, based on other than professional consideration.  SECTION 11 MARRIED TEACHERS Whenever possible, the proper authorities shall take all steps to enable married couples, both of whom are public school teachers, to be employed in the same locality. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  35. 35.  SECTION 12 ACADEMIC FREEDOM Teachers shall enjoy academic freedom in the discharge of their professional duties, particularly with regard to teaching and classroom methods.  SECTION 13 TEACHING HOURS Any teacher engaged in actual classroom instruction shall not be required to render more than six hours of actual classroom teaching a day, which shall be so scheduled as to give him time for the preparation and correction of exercises and other work incidental to his normal teaching students. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  36. 36.  SECTION 14 ADDITIONAL COMPENSATION Notwithstanding any provision of existing law to the contrary, co-curricula and out of school activities and other activities outside of what is defined as normal duties of any teacher shall be paid an additional compensation of at least twenty-five percent of his regular remuneration after the teacher has completed at least six hours of actual classroom teaching a day. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  37. 37.  SECTION 15 up to SECTION 19 discuss the criteria for salaries and other benefits or allowances for teachers. These allowances include Cost of Living Allowance or COLA to help teachers augment their income to cope with the increasing cost of living, and a Special Hardship Allowances for teachers assigned in areas in which teachers are exposed to hardship such as difficulty in commuting to the place of work or other hazards peculiar to the place of employment. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  38. 38.  In SECTION 22 of this act, a compulsory annual medical examination is required and it shall be provided free of charge for all teachers before they take up teaching, and once a year during the teacher’s professional life. An important provision was also stipulated in Section 23 whereby all teachers are protected against the consequences of employment injuries that includes the effects of the physical and nervous strain on the teacher’s health. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  39. 39.  R.A 4670 always provides opportunities for teachers to avail and enjoy study leave for those who wish to pursue graduate studies and special training in the country or abroad [ Section 24] .  The law also provides indefinite leave for teachers who maybe required to take long treatment for some serious illness [section 25]. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  40. 40.  The law also stipulate that all public school teachers having fulfilled the age and service requirements of the applicable retirement laws shall be given one rage salary raise upon retirement, which shall be the basis of the computation of the lamp sum of the retirement pay and the monthly benefits thereafter [ section 26].  As professionals, teachers are either to form an organization or to join any local, national, or international organizations [section 27]. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  41. 41.  Section 28 protects public school teachers from any form of discrimination such as the following: a. Make the employment of a teacher subject to the condition that he or she shall not join an organization, or shall relinquish membership in an organization; Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  42. 42. b. Cause the dismissal or otherwise prejudice a teacher by reason of his membership in an organization or because of participation in organization activities outside school hours, or with consent of the proper school authorities, within school hours; and c. Prevent him or her from carrying out the duties laid upon him or her by his or her position in the organization, or to penalize him or her for an action undertaken in the capacity. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  43. 43. The Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  44. 44. Article I: Scope and Limitation  Section 1. The Philippine constitution provides that all educational institution shall offer quality education for all competent teacher. Committed to its full realization, the provision of this code shall apply, therefore, to all teachers in schools in the Philippines.  Section 2. The code covers all public and private school teachers in all educational institutions at the preschool, primary, elementary and secondary levels whether academic, vocational special, technical or non formal. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  45. 45. Article II: The Teacher and the State  Section 1. The schools are the nurseries of the future citizen of the state, each teacher is a trustee of the cultural and educational heritage of the nation and is under obligation to transmit to learners such heritage as well as to elevate national morality, promote national pride, cultivate love of country, instill allegiance to the constitution and for all duly constituted authorities and promote obedience to laws of the state. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  46. 46.  Section 2. Every teacher or school official shall actively help carry out the declared policies of the state, and shall take an oath the this effect.  Section 3. In the interest of the state an off the Filipino people as much as of his own, every teacher shall be physically, mentally and morality fit.  Section 4. Every teacher shall possess and actualize a full commitment and devotion to duty. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  47. 47.  Section 5. A teacher shall not engage in the promotion of any political, religious, or other partisan interest, and shall not directly or indirectly solicit, require, collect, or receive any money or service or other valuable material from any person or entity for such purposes.  Section 6. Every teacher shall vote and shall exercise all other constitutional rights and responsibility. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  48. 48.  Section 7. A teacher shall not use his position or official authority or influence to coerce any other person to follow any political course of action.  Section 8. Every teacher shall enjoy academic freedom and shall have privilege of expounding the product of his researches and investigation provide that, if the results are inimical to the declared policies of the state, they shall be brought to the proper authorities for appropriate remedial action. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  49. 49. Article III: The Teacher and the Community  Section 1. A teacher is a facilitator of learning and of the development of the youth he shall, therefore, render the best service by providing an environment conducive to such learning and growth.  Section 2. Every teacher shall provide leadership and initiative to actively participate in community movements for moral, social, educational, economic, and civic betterment. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  50. 50.  Section 3. Every teacher shall merit reasonable social recognition for which purpose he shall behave with honor and dignity at all times and refrain from such activities as gambling, smoking, drunkenness, and other excesses, much less illicit relation.  Section 4. Every teacher shall live for and with the community and shall, therefore, study and understand local customs and traditions in order to have sympathetic attitude, therefore, refrain from disparaging the community. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  51. 51.  Section 5. Every teacher shall help the school keep the people in the community informed about the school's work and accomplishments as well as its needs and problems.  Section 6. Every teacher is intellectual leader in the community, especially in the barangay, and shall welcome the opportunity to provide such leadership when needed, to extend counseling services, as appropriate, and to actively be involved and matters affecting the welfare of the people. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  52. 52.  Section 7. Every teacher shall maintain harmonious and pleasant personal and official relations with other professional, with government officials, and with other people, individually or collectively.  Section 8. A teacher posses freedom to attend church and worships as appropriate, but shall not use his position and influence to proselyte others. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  53. 53. Article IV: A Teacher and the Profession  Section 1. Every teacher shall actively insure that teaching is the noblest profession, and shall manifest genuine enthusiasm and pride in teaching as a noble calling.  Section 2. Every teacher shall uphold the highest possible standards of quality education, shall make the best preparation for the career of teaching, and shall be at his best at all times and in the practice of his profession. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  54. 54.  Section 3. Every teacher shall participate in the Continuing Professional Education (CPE) program of the professional regulation commission, and shall pursue such other studies as will improve his efficiency, enhance the prestige of the profession, and strengthen his competence, virtues, and productivity in order be nationally and internationally competitive. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  55. 55.  Section 4. Every teacher shall help, if duly authorized, to seek support from the school but shall not make improper misrepresentations through personal advertisement and other questionable means.  Section 5. Every teacher shall use the teaching profession in a manner that makes it dignified means for earning descent living. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  56. 56. Article V: The Teachers and the Profession  Section 1. Teacher shall, at all times, be imbued with the spirit of professional loyalty, mutual confidence, and faith in one another, self - sacrifice for the common good, and full cooperation with colleagues.  Section 2. A teacher is not entitled to claim credit or work not of his own , and shall give due credit for the work of others which he may use. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  57. 57.  Section 3. Before living his position, a teacher shall organize for whoever assumes the position such records and other data as are necessary to carry on the work.  Section 4. A teacher shall hold inviolate all confidential information concerning associates and the school, and shall not divulge to anyone documents that has not been officially released, or remove records from files without permission. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  58. 58.  Section 5. It shall be the responsibility of every teacher to seek correctives for what may appear to be an unprofessional and unethical conduct of any associate.  Section 6. A teacher may submit to the proper authority any justifiable criticism against an associate, preferably in writing, without violating the right individual concerned. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  59. 59.  Section 7.A teacher may apply for a vacant position for which he is qualified; provided that he respects the system of selection on the basis of merit and competence; provided, further, that all qualified candidates are given the opportunity to be considered. Article VI: The Teacher and Higher Authority in the Profession  Section 1. Every teacher shall make it his duty to make an honest effort to understand and support the legitimate policies of the school and the administration regardless of personal feeling or private opinion and shall faithfully carry them out.  Section 2. A teacher shall not make any false accusations or charges against superiors, especially under anonymity. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  60. 60.  Section 3. A teacher shall transact all official business through channels except when special conditions warrant a different procedure, such as when special conditions are advocated but are opposed by immediate superiors in which case, the teacher shall appeal directly to the appropriate higher authority.  Section 4. Every teacher, individually or as part of a group, has a right to seek redress against injustice to the administration and to extend possible, shall raise grievances with acceptable democratic possesses. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  61. 61.  Section 5. Every teacher has a right to invoke the principle that appointments, promotions, and transfers of teachers are made only on the basis of merit and needed in the interest of deservice.  Section 6. A teacher who accepts a position assumes a contractual obligation to live up to his contract, assuming full knowledge of employment terms and conditions. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  62. 62. Article VII: School Officials, Teachers and other Personnel  Section 1. All school officials shall at all times show professional courtesy, helpfulness and sympathy towards teachers and other personnel, such practices being standards of effective schools supervision dignify administration, responsible leadership and enlightened directions.  Section 2. School officials, teachers, and other school personnel shall consider it their cooperative responsibility to formulate policies to introduce important changes in the system at all levels. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  63. 63.  Section 3. School officials, shall encourage and attend the professional growth of all teachers under them such as recommending them for promotion, giving them due recognition for meritorious performance, and allowing them to participate in conferences in training programs.  Section 4. No school officials shall dismiss or recommend for dismissal a teacher or other subordinates except for cause. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  64. 64.  Section 5. School authorities concern shall ensure that public school teachers are employed in accordance with pertinent civil service rules, and private school teachers are issued contracts specifying the terms and conditions of their works; provided that they are given, if qualified, subsequent permanent tenure, in accordance with existing laws. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  65. 65. Article VIII: The Teacher and Learners  Section 1. A teacher has a right and duty to determine the academic marks and the promotions of learners in the subject or grades he handles, provided that such determination shall be in accordance with generally accepted producers of evaluation and measurement. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  66. 66.  Section 2. A teacher shall recognize that the interest and welfare of learners are of first and foremost concern, and shall deal justifiably and impartially with each of them.  Section 3. Under no circumstance shall a teacher be prejudiced or discriminate against a learner Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  67. 67.  Section 4. A teacher shall not accept favor or gifts from learners, their parents or others in their behalf in exchange for requested concessions, especially if undeserved.  Section 5. A teacher shall not accept, directly or indirectly, any remuneration from tutorials other what authorized for such service. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  68. 68.  Section 6. A teacher shall base the evaluation of the learner's work only in merit and quality of academic performance.  Section 7. In a situation where mutual attraction and subsequent love develop between teacher and learner, the teacher shall exercise utmost professional discretion to avoid scandal, gossip and preferential treatment of the learner. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  69. 69.  Section 8. A teacher shall not inflict corporal punishment on offending learners nor make deductions from their Scholastic ratings as a punishment for acts, which are clearly not manifestation of poor scholarship.  Section 9. A teacher shall insure that conditions contribute to the maximum development of learners are adequate, and shall extend needed assistance in preventing or solving learner's problems and difficulties. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  70. 70. Article IX: The Teachers and Parents  Section 1. Every teacher shall establish and maintain cordial relations with parents, and shall conduct himself to merit their confidence and respect.  Section 2. Every teacher shall inform parents, through proper authorities, of the progress and deficiencies of learner under him, exercising utmost candor and tact in pointing out the learner's deficiencies in seeking parental cooperation for the Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  71. 71. proper guidance and improvement of the learners.  Section 3. A teacher shall here parents complaints with sympathy and understanding, and shall discourage unfair criticism. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  72. 72. Article X: The Teacher and Business  Section 1. A teacher has the right to engage, directly or indirectly, in legitimate income generation; provided that it does not relate to or adversely affect his work as a teacher.  Section 2. A teacher shall maintain a good reputation with respect to the financial matters such as in the settlement of his debts and loans in arranging satisfactorily his private financial affair. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  73. 73.  Section 3. No teacher shall act, directly or indirectly as agent of, or be financially interested in, any commercial ventures which furnish textbooks and other school commodities in the purchase and disposal of which he can exercise official influence, except only when his assignments is inherently, related to such purchase and disposal; provided they shall be in accordance with existing regulations; provided, further, that members of duly recognized teachers cooperatives may participate in the distribution and sale of such commodities. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  74. 74. Article XI: The Teacher as a Person  Section 1. A teacher is, above all, a human being endowed with life for which it is the highest obligation to live with dignity at all times whether in school, in the home, or elsewhere.  Section 2. A teacher shall place premium upon self-discipline as the primary principle of personal behavior in all relationship with others and in all situations. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  75. 75.  Section 3. A teacher shall maintain at all times a dignified personality, which could serve as a model worthy of emulation by learners, peers and all others.  Section 4. A teacher shall always recognize the almighty god as guide of his own destiny and of the destinies of men and nations. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  76. 76. Article XII: Disciplinary Actions  Section 1. Any violation of any provision of this code shall be sufficient ground for the imposition against the erring teacher of the disciplinary action consisting of revocation of his Certification of Registration and License as a professional Teacher, suspension from the practice of teaching profession, or reprimand or cancellation if his temporary/special permit under causes specified in section 23, Article III or R.A No. 7836, and under rule 31, Article VIII, of the rules and regulations implementing R.A 7836. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.
  77. 77. Article XIII: Effectivity  Section 1. this Code shall take effect upon approval by the Professional Regulation Commission and after 60 days following its publication in the official Gazette or any newspaper of general circulation, whichever is earlier. Sugador, A. Menting, H. Nooh, M. Dimalilay, A. Dingkot, R. Ishak, N. Jumawan, B.

Editor's Notes

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