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Presented By:
Supta Sarkar
HHM/2013/10
M.Sc Foods & Nutrition
PROBLEM TREE
&
CONSEQUENCES OF INNOVATION DECISION
Problem Tree:
-Problem Tree Analysis
-Constructing of a Problem tree
-Advantages
Consequences of Innovation Decision:
-Categories of Consequences
PROBLEM TREE
A problem tree
provides an overview
of all the known causes
and effects or
consequences to an
identified problem.
CONSTRUCTING A PROBLEM TREE
1. The problem or issue is written in
the centre and becomes the 'trunk'
of the tree or the ‘focal problem’ or
‘core problem’.
2. Identify the causes of the focal
problem - these become the roots.
3. Identify the consequences, which
become the branches.
PROBLEM TREE ANALYSIS
Also called Situational analysis or just Problem
analysis
Helps to find solutions by mapping out the
anatomy of cause and effect around an issue
EXAMPLE OF A PROBLEM TREE:
ANAEMIA
Anaemia
Deficient
nutrient
Interfering
factors
Infections
Increased
blood loss
Inadequate
diet
Poor
environment
Poor health
care
Trauma,
parasitism, child
birth, parasitism,
menstruation
Lack of
awareness
Poverty Inadequate health
policy/ programme
Reduced O2
carrying capacity
Heart failure Premature/
LBW baby
Prone to
infection
Other
complications
Low iron
EFFECT
CORE
PROBLEM
CAUSES
ADVANTAGES OF PROBLEM TREE:
• The problem can be broken down into
manageable and definable chunks.
• More understanding of the problem.
• Establish whether further information,
evidence or resources are needed.
• Present issues - rather than apparent,
future or past issues - are dealt with
and identified
• Build a shared sense of
understanding, purpose and action.
The changes that occur to an individual or to
a social system as a result of the adoption or
rejection of an innovation
1. Desirable Vs. Undesirable consequences
2. Direct Vs. Indirect Consequences
3. Anticipated Vs. Unanticipated Consequences
3 CATEGORIES OF CONSEQUENCES:
 Depends on whether the effects of an
innovation in a social system are functional
or dysfunctional.
Desirable Vs. Undesirable Consequences
 Depends on whether the changes to an
individual or to a social system occur in
immediate response to an innovation or as
a second- order result of the direct
consequences of an innovation.
Direct Vs. Indirect consequences
 Depends on whether the changes are
recognized & intended by the members of a
social system or not.
Anticipated Vs. Unanticipated consequences
OThe undesirable, indirect, and
unanticipated consequences of an
innovation usually go together, as
do the desirable, direct, and
anticipated consequences.
*****
Problem tree & cosequesces of innovation decision

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Problem tree & cosequesces of innovation decision

  • 1. Presented By: Supta Sarkar HHM/2013/10 M.Sc Foods & Nutrition PROBLEM TREE & CONSEQUENCES OF INNOVATION DECISION
  • 2. Problem Tree: -Problem Tree Analysis -Constructing of a Problem tree -Advantages Consequences of Innovation Decision: -Categories of Consequences
  • 3. PROBLEM TREE A problem tree provides an overview of all the known causes and effects or consequences to an identified problem.
  • 4. CONSTRUCTING A PROBLEM TREE 1. The problem or issue is written in the centre and becomes the 'trunk' of the tree or the ‘focal problem’ or ‘core problem’. 2. Identify the causes of the focal problem - these become the roots. 3. Identify the consequences, which become the branches.
  • 5. PROBLEM TREE ANALYSIS Also called Situational analysis or just Problem analysis Helps to find solutions by mapping out the anatomy of cause and effect around an issue
  • 6. EXAMPLE OF A PROBLEM TREE: ANAEMIA
  • 7. Anaemia Deficient nutrient Interfering factors Infections Increased blood loss Inadequate diet Poor environment Poor health care Trauma, parasitism, child birth, parasitism, menstruation Lack of awareness Poverty Inadequate health policy/ programme Reduced O2 carrying capacity Heart failure Premature/ LBW baby Prone to infection Other complications Low iron EFFECT CORE PROBLEM CAUSES
  • 8. ADVANTAGES OF PROBLEM TREE: • The problem can be broken down into manageable and definable chunks. • More understanding of the problem. • Establish whether further information, evidence or resources are needed. • Present issues - rather than apparent, future or past issues - are dealt with and identified • Build a shared sense of understanding, purpose and action.
  • 9. The changes that occur to an individual or to a social system as a result of the adoption or rejection of an innovation
  • 10. 1. Desirable Vs. Undesirable consequences 2. Direct Vs. Indirect Consequences 3. Anticipated Vs. Unanticipated Consequences 3 CATEGORIES OF CONSEQUENCES:
  • 11.  Depends on whether the effects of an innovation in a social system are functional or dysfunctional. Desirable Vs. Undesirable Consequences
  • 12.  Depends on whether the changes to an individual or to a social system occur in immediate response to an innovation or as a second- order result of the direct consequences of an innovation. Direct Vs. Indirect consequences
  • 13.  Depends on whether the changes are recognized & intended by the members of a social system or not. Anticipated Vs. Unanticipated consequences
  • 14. OThe undesirable, indirect, and unanticipated consequences of an innovation usually go together, as do the desirable, direct, and anticipated consequences. *****