Sentence and its types


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Sentence and its types

  2. 2. WHAT IS A SENTENCE? Read the following sentences: 1. Car I my love green colour there book went gone. 2. Stay do you where was done alas. Do these groups of words make sense? Do they suggest something about a person, place or thing?
  3. 3. WHAT IS A SENTENCE? Read the following sentences: 3. Reni is a nice girl. 4. Neeraj likes writing poems. Do these groups of words make sense? What kind of a girl is Reni? What does Neeraj like doing?
  4. 4. WHAT IS A SENTENCE? A group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence. A sentence expresses a complete thought. A sentence must contain a subject and a verb. We can categorize sentences based on their purpose and their structure. 
  5. 5. TYPES OF SENTENCES-PURPOSE Read the following sentences: They are having fun. All the children are in school uniform.
  6. 6. TYPES OF SENTENCES-PURPOSE A declarative sentence states a fact and ends with a full stop. It is so called because it states or declares something. It is also known as a ‘Statement’ Any statement that is positive and not negative is known as affirmative or assertive sentence. For eg. Ricky has completed his work.
  7. 7. TYPES OF SENTENCES-PURPOSE Read the following sentences: Where are they going? What is the colour of the girl’s bag? Is the boy smiling or crying?
  8. 8. TYPES OF SENTENCES-PURPOSE An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark.  These types of sentences have a helping verb before the subject.
  9. 9. TYPES OF SENTENCES-PURPOSE Read the following sentences: Wow, what a sunny day! Oh, the flowers are so beautiful!
  10. 10. TYPES OF SENTENCES-PURPOSE  An exclamatory sentence expresses excitement, strong feelings or emotions. It ends with an exclamation mark. Exclamatory words are words that generate a strong emotional response. For eg.  Wow!  Awesome!  Alas!  Oh!  Hurrah!
  11. 11. TYPES OF SENTENCES-PURPOSE Read the following sentences: Please keep quiet. Please listen to me. Be quiet!
  12. 12. TYPES OF SENTENCES-PURPOSE An imperative sentence is a command, a polite request or an entreaty. It ends with an exclamation mark or a full stop depending on the way the sentence is spoken. Usually the subject is hidden in an imperative sentence.
  13. 13. TYPES OF SENTENCES-STRUCTURE A sentence can consist of a single clause or several clauses. A sentence must contain at least one independent clause. There are the four types of sentence structures:
  14. 14. TYPES OF SENTENCES-STRUCTURE A simple sentence has just one independent clause. For example- The children are happy. They love dancing.
  15. 15. TYPES OF SENTENCES-STRUCTURE  A complex sentence contains an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence and makes a complete thought and a dependent clause cannot stand alone, even though it has a subject and a verb. For eg-  I always make friends quickly wherever I live.  Some people tell me that money can’t buy happiness.
  16. 16. TYPES OF SENTENCES-STRUCTURE  A compound sentence has two independent clauses or sentences. The independent clauses can be joined by a coordinating conjunction (such as "and," "for" and "but") or a semicolon. For example-  He ran out of money, so he had to come back home.  The sky is clear; the moon is shining.
  17. 17. TYPES OF SENTENCES-STRUCTURE  A compound-complex sentence has at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. For example:  We decided that we would read the book together, but Tom, who is very selfish, did not share the book with me.
  18. 18. REFERENCES  sentence-examples.html  http://www.english-grammar-  http://www.grammar- Jgt84M.99  IMAGES - ;; ; ;