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  2. 2. DETERMINERS An important role in English grammar is played by determiners. These are words that precede a noun and serve to express its reference in the context. A determiner is used to modify a noun.
  3. 3. DETERMINERS It indicates reference to something specific or something of a particular type. The determiner is used in every case to clarify the noun.
  4. 4. DETERMINERS The most common of these are the definite and indefinite articles –the, a and an. Other determiners in English include demonstratives such as this and that, possessives such as my and quantifiers such
  5. 5. DETERMINERS Subject pronouns like I , you , he , etc. and possessive pronouns-mine, yours, his, etc. cannot be determiners because they can never be followed by a noun.
  6. 6. DETERMINERS Determiners are followed by a noun. For example The car This dress Some men
  7. 7. TYPES OF DETERMINERS DEFINITE ARTICLE A definite article indicates that its noun is a particular one (or ones) identifiable to the listener. It may be something that the speaker has already mentioned, or it may be something uniquely specified.
  9. 9. TYPES OF DETERMINERS DEFINITE ARTICLE The definite article in English, for both singular and plural nouns, is ‘the’. For example- A baby was playing with his toys in his room. The toys were scattered all over the room.
  10. 10. TYPES OF DETERMINERS INDEFINITE ARTICLE An indefinite article indicates that its noun is not a particular one (or ones) identifiable to the listener. It may be something that the speaker is mentioning for the first time.
  11. 11. TYPES OF DETERMINERS INDEFINITE ARTICLE Its precise identity may be irrelevant or hypothetical. The speaker may be making a general statement about any such thing.
  12. 12. TYPES OF DETERMINERS INDEFINITE ARTICLE English uses a/an, from the Old English forms of the number 'one', as its primary indefinite article. The form ‘an’ is used before words that begin with a vowel sound (even if spelled with an initial consonant, as in an hour).
  13. 13. TYPES OF DETERMINERS INDEFINITE ARTICLE ‘A’ is used before words that begin with a consonant sound (even if spelled with a vowel, as in a European). For example -She had a house so large that an elephant would get lost without a map.
  14. 14. TYPES OF DETERMINERS DEMONSTRATIVE DETERMINERS A demonstrative determiner modifies a noun: These flowers are beautiful. I like those houses.
  15. 15. TYPES OF DETERMINERS A demonstrative pronoun stan ds on its own, replacing rather than modifying a noun: This is good. I like those.
  16. 16. TYPES OF DETERMINERS QUANTIFIERS A quantifier, as the name signifies, expresses how much / how many of something exists/exist. Quantifiers are followed by nouns which they modify. Examples of quantifiers include: some, any, few, little, more, much, many, each, every, both, all, enough, half, little, whole, less etc.
  18. 18. TYPES OF DETERMINERS QUANTIFIERS Some quantifiers work with countable nouns but not with uncountable nouns. For example- “many horses,” but not “many water”. Others are used only with mass nouns. For example-“little water”
  20. 20. TYPES OF DETERMINERS POSSESSIVES Possessive determiners modify the noun following it in order to show possession. For example- my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their etc. This is my house. (my is a possessive determiner. It is followed by the noun house which
  21. 21. REFERENCES is-a-determiner/ php_files/grammar-lesson- determiners.php#.U7rG_pSSySo s-of-speech/nouns/what/what-is-a- determiner.html terminers