Sheosar LakeSheosar Lake is a fresh water lake situated in Deosai Plains (Deosai National Park) GilgitBaltistan, Pakistan. With an average depth of around 40 m. the lake is surrounded by grasslandof Deosai National Park. The name “Sheosar” is derived from two Shina (local language) wordsSheo; meaning blind and sar; meaning lake. It is called “Blind Lake” because the source of waterto the lake is unknown. It has been discovered after some research that the glacial water is thesource to the lake but still it is a mystery and needs to be explored.Sheosar Lake lies at an elevation of 4,142 m. and occupies a distance of 2.3 km. in length and 1.8km. in width. The depth of the lake varies in different parts, which is calculated 40 m. asaverage. The coordinates of the lake are 34°59’30.35″ N, 75°14’43.42″ E. Sheosar Lake is one ofthe highest elevated lakes found in the world.The lake is situated some 74 km. away from the main Astore city towards east. Sheosar Lake provides the opportunities for outdoor recreation as it supports a small fishery. Despite of its cold and clean water, the lake doesn’t contain much fish species. Government fishery department tried several times to introduce the trout fish in the lake, but unfortunately, snow cab fish (found in the lake) hindered the growth of the specie by eating it. Thus trout couldn’t be introduced in the lake, regardless of presence of its favorite habitat. Habitats and Biodiversityaround Sheosar Lake: Sheosar Lake is surrounded by the treeless plateau of Deosai NationalPark. The plains are home to enormous plant species (only herbs) and some wild animal speciesmost of which are vulnerable and endangered. Following habitats are found around the lake.Wetlands: Due to its extreme high-altitude location, Deosai Plains remain covered with snowthroughout the year and the snow disappears for only a few months in late spring and summer.When snow melts, water density increases in the whole landscape, forming it a wetland. Thiswater is vital for the growth of herbaceous plants which are the essential component of area’sbiodiversity.Ponds: Small ponds are also found throughout the plains which are occasionally flooded. Theseponds are habitat to several aquatic plants found in the plains. Some plant species, which arefound in this habitat type, are Potamogeton pectinatus, P. nodosus and Hippuris vulgaris.
The whole landscape remains covered by snow for the most part of the year and sometimes forwhole year due to unusual climatic conditions. Due to the extreme height of the area,biodiversity found here is unique and mostly endemic.Fish Species in Sheosar Lake: Desi fish (Snow cab) is found abundantly in the lake and nearbystreams. The streams emerging from the lake also house three other fish species which are thehigh-altitude loach, slate-colored snow trout and fleshy mouthed snow trout.Floral Diversity around Sheosar Lake: Floral diversity around Sheosar Lake mostly comprisesSalix caesius, Corydalis sp., Carex divisia, Pedicularis panctata, Hylotelephium ewersii,Minuartia biflora, Lactuca lessertiana, Cremanthodium decaisnei, Oxyria digyna, C. pamarica,Poa alpina and Saxifraga species.Faunal Diversity around Sheosar Lake: The plains of Deosai National Park around the lakeare home to various animals including endangered and threatened species such as the Himalayanbrown bear and snow leopard. Golden marmots and other rodents are also found here.Furthermore, many migratory and native bird species including rare snow partridge and snowcock are also found in these plains. Sheosar Lake is the major source of drinking water for theseorganisms.Exploration Status: Although the biodiversity around the lake is almost completely explored,still research and studies are needed to know about the lake in detail.How to Reach Sheosar Lake: Sheosar Lake can be reached from both Skardu and Astore. Thelake and surrounding plains of the park snow-bound for around six months and for much longertime sometimes. Snow melts in the month of May and the lake and park can be visited in themonths between May and October.Read this and more here: http://heavengb.com/index.php/sheosar-lake-deosai-plains/