This is The Cool Magazine! In this magazine, we’ve tried to combine a selection of writings which we believe will be most interesting. Children, Teenagers, adults – there’s something here for everyone!
Written by:Julia Bizoń,Konrad Deka,Tomek Kleiner,Gosia Szymańska.
This is The Cool Magazine! In this magazine, we’ve tried tocombine a selection of writings which we believe will be mostinteresting. Children, Teenagers, adults – there’s somethinghere for everyone!Contents:Page 3: Minority and majority groups in Poland – find out about majority andminority groups in our country. A very interesting read about the differences in ourcultures).Page 4: How to prevent social exclusion in schools? – an essay written to help peopleunderstand what exactly social exclusion is and what can we do to stop it.Page 5 and 6: Ever needed to talk to someone? Ever felt like just giving up! Know thatyou’re not alone! Psychologist Gosia Szymanska talks about self-harm incidents withteens.Page 7 and 8: Local foods in the UK – have you ever wondered what is eaten inEngland? How about Scotland? And Wales and Ireland? In this article you will findout!Page 9 and 10: Haggis, a special Scottish dish – Here’s a brilliant recipe so you canmake this traditional meal at home!Page 11: Ahmed’s story – terrorism from the other point of view.Page 12: Religious diversity – advantage or disadvantage of todays world?Page 14 and 15: “Mysterious Universe” – interview with Piotr Bizoń, an astrophysicistfrom Jagiellonian University.Page 16 and 17: Are there other universes? – Find out about theories and lateststudies about multiverse!
Minority and majority groups in PolandEthnic groups thousand of citizens. They mostly live in Podlaskie Voivodship.Poland is inhabited by variousnational minorities: Belorussians, ReligionsCzechs, Lithuanians, Germans, There are 138 officially registeredArmenians, Russians, Slovaks, religious associations in Poland. TheUkrainians and Jews. In addition, in biggest religion in Poland is thethe Pomorskie there are Kashubians Catholic Church, which collectsa community speaking their own about 30 million of believers. Theregional language. Polish Orthodox Church counts half Germans are the largest a million believers, most of them national minority in Poland. Nearly being Belorussians. Lutheran Church200 thousand citizens claimed their has about 85,000 believers. Othernationality as German, most of them groups are not too relevant, as theyliving in Opolskie Voivodship. As are smaller than 10,000 people.theyre the largest minority in It is estimated that about 10%Poland, two deputies represent of Polish citizens are atheists, andthem in the Parliament, as well as that number is constantlythere are over 300 schools where increasing.approximately 40,000 students canlearn in German language. Mostmembers of the German minorityare Catholic and some of them areProtestant (the Evangelical-Augsburg Church). Belorussians are the secondlargest minority, with about 50 Written by Konrad Deka
How to prevent social exclusion?Social exclusion is a very big Disabled people are also aproblem which is becoming more group that is socially excluded. It isand more common. It is extremely much harder for them to find workhurtful and can cause a lot of pain – than for ordinary people. Luckily,for adults and for children. People the amount of organizations helpingare usually excluded for their: race, the disabled is increasing.gender, sexuality. There are also The last group of people beingexamples of people being excluded socially excluded that I want tobecause of their appearance. mention are women. Although the I think the best way to situation for woman is way betterprevent social exclusion is to make than it was before the war it stillsure that the bullies realize how isn’t good. It’s harder for women tomuch damage they are making. find jobs and they are usually paidMaybe they do not know how less than men for the same job.hurtful they are. Summing up, I think we all Most social exclusion happens have to try and remember howin schools. Teenagers quickly hurtful social exclusion is. Weassume things about other people. should all try and stop it as best asUsually, they think that something we can and do what we can to help“different” is equivalent to people that are socially excluded.something “wrong” or “bad”. Thechildren being socially excludedhave to know that they can alwaysgo to the school psychologist, whowill try with all their might and helpthem. Of course, the best option areschools, with a no bullying policy. Written by Gosia Szymanska
A more and more common problem. Nowadays, we are hearing more and more information about childrenand teens self-harming themselves. This is a very terrifying thought, for parentsas well as other kids, who are worried about their friends. Maybe I should start by saying why people start harming themselves.Most of the time, it is a way of dealing with feelings such as: helplessness,despair, low self-esteem, loneliness, shame. People also start self-harmingbecause they don’t have control over their own life or because the only timethey feel “real” is when they cause physical pain to themselves. Some self-harmis related to huge emotional pain. When people have experienced abuse orviolence. Self-harming people sometimes say that when they hurt themselvesphysically, it helps take away the emotional pain. Why do people keep harming themselves? – is the question that comesto mind. A lot of people claim that self-harming is addicting and after a while itgets just as hard to stop as it does to stop smoking or taking drugs. And now the most important – How can you help a friend or familymember? First of all, stay calm. When you find out that someone is self-harming themselves it’s usually very distressing. It’s important to educateyourself – find out as much information as you can and then try and talk to aprofessional about what you can do to help the person. An important thing isalso to make sure your friend knows you are there for them. If currently a self-harmer is reading this, know that there are people outthere always ready to help. Here is a list of the most important homenumbers/websites: • Depression Hotline: 1-630-482-9696 (UK: Depression Alliance, 0845 123 2320) • Suicide Hotline: 1-800-784-8433 (UK: Samaritans, 08457 90 90 90) • LifeLine: 1-800-273-8255
• Trevor Project: 1-866-488-7386 • Sexuality Support: 1-800-246-7743 (UK: London Lesbian & Gay Switchboard (serves all LGBTQ people), 0300 330 0630) • Eating Disorders Hotline: 1-847-831-3438 (UK: National Centre for Eating Disorders, 01372 469 493) • Rape and Sexual Assault: 1-800-656-4673 (UK: SupportLine, 01708 765 200) • Grief Support: 1-650-321-5272 (UK: The Bereavement Trust, 0800 435 455) • Runaway: 1-800-843-5200, 1-800-843-5678, 1-800-621-4000 (UK: Homeless UK, 0808 800 70 70) • Crisis Chat Online: www.crisischat.org • Domestic Violence: 1-800-799-7233 (UK: National Domestic Violence Helpline, 0808 2000 247, Broken Rainbow (for same-sex relationships), 020 8359 9507) • http://www.selfinjury.com/Get Connected (puts you in touch with appropriate hotline (UK only)):0808 8084994. Written by Gosia Szymanska
Local UK foods!Every country is famous for some of their traditional foods and dishes.Here is a list of some of the most famous dishes in England, Wales, Soctlandand Ireland. Some of them are really yummy! You should try them!England: • Yorkshire Pudding (even though the name might state otherwise, this isn’t eaten as a dessert but as art of the main course), • Toad-in-the-Hole (similar to Yorkshire Pudding but with sausages), • Roast beef and Yorkshire pudding (a traditional Sunday lunch), • Fish and chips (I think this doesn’t really need explaining, does it? ) • Ploughman’s Lunch (a dish served in Pubs, which consists of cheese, pickles, onions and a piece of bread), • Shephards’ Pie, • English Breakfast (we definitely can’t forget about this! Eggs, bacon, sausages, fried bread, mushrooms and baked beans)Ireland: • Irish Potato Soup, • Irish Farm House Broth, • Irish Wheaten Bread,
• • Irish Spiced Beef.Wales: • Laverbread (boiled seaweed), • Bara Brith (a rich cake) • Welsh Rarebit (melted cheese on toast) • Cawl (a rich stew made with bacon, Welsh lamb and vegetables), • Welsh Cakes, also known as Griddle Scones.Scotland: • Haggis (the best known Scottish delicacy), • Scotch Pies, • Black Bun (a very rich fruit cake) • Porridge (even though a lot of people don’t like this dish, it is still eaten in loads of houses because it’s cheap and easy to make), Written by Gosia Szymanska
Haggis!As I said before, Haggis is the most popular and traditional dish in Scotland.Here is an easy recipe how to make this food.Ingredients • 1 sheeps stomach or ox secum, cleaned and thoroughly, scalded, turned inside out and soaked overnight in cold salted water • heart and lungs of one lamb • 450g/1lb beef or lamb trimmings, fat and lean • 2 onions, finely chopped • 225g/8oz oatmeal • 1 tbsp salt • 1 tsp ground black pepper • 1 tsp ground dried coriander • 1 tsp mace • 1 tsp nutmeg • water, enough to cook the haggis
• stock from lungs and trimmingsPreparation method1. Wash the lungs, heart and liver (if using). Place in large pan of cold waterwith the meat trimmings and bring to the boil. Cook for about 2 hours.2. When cooked, strain off the stock and set the stock aside.3. Mince the lungs, heart and trimmings.4. Put the minced mixture in a bowl and add the finely chopped onions,oatmeal and seasoning. Mix well and add enough stock to moisten the mixture.It should have a soft crumbly consistency.5. Spoon the mixture into the sheeps stomach, so its just over half full.Sew up the stomach with strong thread and prick a couple of times so it doesntexplode while cooking.6. Put the haggis in a pan of boiling water (enough to cover it) and cook for3 hours without a lid. Keep adding more water to keep it covered.7. To serve, cut open the haggis and spoon out the filling. Serve with neeps(mashed swede or turnip) and tatties (mashed potatoes). Written by Gosia Szymanska
Ahmeds story Ahmed ibn Muhammad abd Khalifa was a 14 years old child fromUnited Arab Emirates. His father was an average citizen of Abu Dhabi, ashoemaker in poor district. The family of Ahmed was very zealous, so the childgrew up as a very devoted Muslim. He has got a lot of friends, not only Muslimsbut also Christians and Buddhists. Everything in Ahmeds life was going welluntil he reached the age of 15. Groups of Islamic fanatics took to theirranks persons older than 15 years, and Ahmeds dad forced his son to join one ofthem – Al Shakira. Al Shakira consisted about 50 people who were ready to die forIslam in Jihad. Ahmed was terrified when he thought about death, but he washiding out from others. After long preparations and training, he was sent on hisfirst and last mission. A suicide mission. The situation between countries on thisterritory was stable, Ahmeds mission had no military benefits. It was the Jihadmission. On 10th February 2011 Ahmed, dressed in school uniform, enteredthe Pakistani Army training base in Mardan. He had no problem to get into thecenter, guardians did not even think of searching the student. Ahmed was notsure whether what he does is right, but if so decided his father … The boy threwthe uniform away and pushed the detonator of C4 explosives attached to hisbelt. And it was over. 31 Pakistani soldiers were killed, 42 went to the hospital. Ahmedcouldnt survived it, explosion scattered his limbs for a few metres. The wholeworld was crying, but Ahmeds father tears were filled with pain and pride.But whether it was really worth the lives of the boy and so many brave Pakistanisoldiers? In acts of terrorism on religious ground has already killed hundredsof thousands people. In the name of what? God?! If God would command to killso many of his children? Try to avoid stories such as Ahmeds. Lets doeverything we can to stop religious attacks. Written by Tomek Kleiner
Religious diversity – adventage or disadventage of todays world? Nowadays, issue of religious diversity concerns the wholeworld. Lets see what are pros and cons of it. But for first a littleintroduction. There are many religions all over the world. Christianity,Buddhism, Judaism, Islam and many others. Each one of them has alot of believers and a lot of traditions that should be respected. But intodays world persecutions on religious grounds are common,especially in countries where there is one dominating religion. From one point of view, people may share traditions withothers so culture develops, and in my opinion mixing of traditions is aprerequisite for progress - when we compare two things we maychoose the better one. Of course it is impossible to unite all religions– it would cause riots and terrorist acts. But I think that they aremany aspects which various religions agree, so why couldnt weeliminate one of flashpoints of religious war? Another advantage of religious diversity is that everybodymay choose religion which best suits to his religion views. Even ifsomebody is irreligious (agnostic or atheist), he may decide aboutwhat he wants to do. In theory, there is full freedom of religion. Inpractice, things look worse... On the other hand, there is a discrimination on religiousground. Many people suffer because of their faith – there is nounderstanding of dissimilarity. Even in Poland, we often haveprejudices to people that are not Christians, but it is not that bad as
in Arab countries. Many man were killed because they refused toconvert to Islam. There are also many religious wars, such as war ofthe Holy Land, Jerusalem. Other problem is that there are many believers whowouldnt agree for such changes as I mentioned at the beginning.They would protest that mixing religions attacks their history andculture. I am talking mainly about Muslims and their Jihad – the holywar. Their attitude to other religions is very negative and theywouldnt cooperate in a process of combining religions, and couldeven cause mentioned before Jihad. To sum up, Im not sure whether religious diversity is goodfor our world. There are many pros and many cons, but none ofthem convince me that I finally chose a clear position on this issue.But definitely discrimination because of religion must disappearimmediately for good of all of us. Written by Tomek Kleiner
„Mysterious universe” An interview with Piotr Bizoń, an astrophysicist from Jagiellonian UniversityLet’s talk about universe! What Interacting Massive Particles.is it made of? We hope to discover them in Large Hadron Collider.In 5% it consists of stuff we aremade of – protons, neutrons, You said that we don’t see it,electrons – ordinary matter. but it’s there. How do we20% of it is dark matter, which know that?we don’t see but know it exists. When we look at galaxies andThe rest is made of dark energy. how they move, we observeDoes the universe have a that they pull on each other ascenter? if there was about 4 times more matter than we see. ItsNo. In fact, it looks basically the movement would be different ifsame from any point of view – there was no dark matter.galaxies moving away from usin all directions. What is dark energy?What is dark matter? Well, from observations we know that the universe isWe don’t know, but we have expanding. One would expectsome ideas. Most cosmologists that this expansion should slowthink that dark matter consists down because galaxies thatof so called WIMPs – Weekly
move apart pull on each others. antimatter right after the bigThus it was a great surprise bang, beginning of the universe.when in 1998 it was discovered But when matter meetsthat in fact it’s the opposite – antimatter they annihilate andthe universe accelerates. We produce radiation. The fact thatbelieve that this acceleration is there is 5% of matter is leftcaused by the energy of empty means that there was morespace, and that’s what dark matter than antimatter at theenergy is. It has a negative big bang, but we don’t knowgravitational effect, which the origin of this antisymmetry.means that its gravity pushesthings apart rather than pullsthings together. The problem isthat all attempts to compotethis energy give a result whichis much, much larger than theobserved value. It’s one of thebiggest mysteries in cosmology.That is fascinating! Are thereother mysteries?Yes, of course. For example wedon’t understand why 5% ofthe universe is composed ofordinary matter. According tophysics of elementary particles,there should be the sameamount of matter and Written by Julia Bizoń
Are there other universes? Our universe may seem gigantic to us, but there’s a possibilitythat it’s just one of many others. There are lots of theories andstudies trying to decide whether or not they really exist. The term forthis is “multiverse”, which was invented in 1960 by Andy Nommo. Itsoriginal definition is “an apparent universe, a multiplicity of which, goto make up the whole universe”. Recently London scientists published 2 papers detailing how tosearch for signatures of other universes. In the CBA (cosmicmicrowave background radiation) they discovered four patterns, thatmay be the places where our universe crashed into other. Imaginebubbles, next to each other, existing in the same time – universesmay be like that. If they collide with each other, they create bruisesthat can be seen in the CBA. Thanks to NASA satellites the map ofmultiverse was created. One of the scientists said: “"The workrepresents an opportunity to test a theory that is truly mind-blowing:that we exist within a vast multiverse, where other universes areconstantly popping into existence." Scientists Thibault Damour and Sergey Solodukhin suspectthat what some of the black holes could be actually wormholes. Ablack hole is an object with an enormous gravitation field thatnothing can escape. They cannot be seen, but can be identified bythe way matter swirls around them. Wormhole, on the other hand, is
a kind of a rift in space, a bridge connecting two places. Damour andSolodukhin were trying to find out how a wormhole connecting twouniverses might look like and they discovered, that it would look somuch like a black hole that it would be impossible to tell thedifference between them. According to “The Many-Worlds Interpretation of QuantumMechanics” by Hugh Everett, if something didn’t happen, but could,happens in a parallel universe. Every choice you make might createother universes in which you chosed differently. Those universes canbe either very similar, eg. The only difference between them is that inone you’re having a pizza and in other a bagel, or it can becompletely different – eg. You don’t even exist. Actually, that’s howsome scientists explain existence of human kind or anything weknow, even our planet – so many things influenced life on earth that,when you think, there was a small possibility for us to turn out as wedid. But when you think of our universe as just a one between manyothers, in some of which there is eg. no life, it may seem less surreal. To sum up, there’s not a lot of facts that we can be sure ofwhen it comes to multiverse. Studies are continuing and the chancesof a great discovery are just as high as the possibility that we willnever know for sure. For now we can be intrigued by the mysterypowered by our own imagination. Written by Julia Bizo