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BLOCKCHAIN AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE,
TRADE FINANCE, AND SUPPLY CHAIN
How can a business blockchain benefit
a global trade n...
● Market Context
● Blockchain Overview
● Opportunities and Considerations
● Use Cases
● Why Ethereum
● Our Products and Se...
Market
Context
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods,
and services across international borders or territories.
It is a $...
… of which, around 1/3 benefit from Trade Finance
5
Depending on estimates, around $5tn of International
Trade benefit fro...
Rapid globalization has outpaced the industry’s ability to
standardize and digitize its system of record-tracking
6
Indust...
Trade finance: 3rd most targeted use case for DLT in finance
7
Ethereum is widely used across the commodity post
trade sector
8
Commodity trade financeEnergy commodity trading
Energy tr...
Shipping & Freight
9
GSBN
Other consortia initiatives:
- Secure Cargo (DHL, MSC, Hapag
Lloyd)
- NTT Data Corp (NYK, Kline,...
Trade Finance: a large number of consortia but some start-ups
too
10
Source: BlockData
Successful consortia initiatives are based on a strong
governance
11
-How to create solutions that can
scale?
-What techno...
Options of Governance of Initiatives
12
LIGHTHOUSE
● Single large market participant starts initiative, build PoC / first ...
Blockchain
Overview
Blockchain is a distributed and immutable ledger,
inherently resistant to attacks and malicious behaviours
14
Cryptographi...
From bilateral interactions and siloed/duplicated data
To a shared decentralised ledger and rich interactions
15Source: BL...
Public v Private Blockchains
16
● Anyone can read/write data subject to smart
contract code
● Transaction processors must ...
End-to-end flow on a decentralised blockchain
platform
17
Corporate requests financing of trade from bank, or present docu...
End-to-end flow on a decentralised blockchain
platform
18
Bank’s response to corporate
CORPORATE BANKUI & APPLICATION
STAC...
Opportunities
& Consideration
Current blockchain opportunities
20
Sharing verifiable data with privacy by design
● Shared immutable ledger
● On-chain pr...
Current challenges
21
● Early stage technology with limited
toolkit in 2018
● Greatly improved in 2019 - new
projects rely...
Looking ahead
Eventually the few successful networks that will
create significant adoption and have the technical
foundati...
Looking further ahead
23
Tokenisation of IOUs, invoices, purchase orders, documents,
physical or digital assets and paymen...
Use Cases
Trade Finance Execution
25
Trade Finance is heavily paper-based and requires a
tremendous amount of trust between transact...
26
Trade Finance Execution
Re-innovating Trade Finance
with komgo
komgo partnered with ConsenSys Solutions to build
the ko...
Track & Trace
27
Blockchain technology offers greater transparency
and a single source of truth for for participants
using...
28
Track & Trace
Proving the authenticity of
luxury items to battle fraud and
counterfeiting
The global luxury goods indus...
29
Treum, a ConsenSys formation is a blockchain-based
trust platform focused on traceability, transparency,
and tradeabili...
30
Track & Trace
FOCUS ON TREUM
Tracking intellectual property with GSK
As an industry used to license constraints and log...
31
Commodities & Logistics
CASE STUDIES
A post-trade management platform for the oil industry
Vakt is a blockchain based p...
Why
Ethereum
Largest ecosystem with the richest functionality
33
Community
Rapidly growing community
encompassing 150,000+
developers
V...
Enterprise Ethereum Alliance
34
EEA’s 350 members contribute standards &
specifications across Special Interest
industry, ...
Purpose-built enterprise implementations
35
● Open-source project led and
supported by ConsenSys, under
flexible Apache 2....
Our Products
& Services
Relevant ConsenSys products
37
Smart Contract
Development and
Security
Truffle MythX C-Diligence
Enterprise
Environments
P...
ConsenSys Solutions
38
Education
● Discovery
workshops
● Executive training
● Technical training
Advisory
● Strategy
● Use...
39
Strategy
Financial
services &
asset
tokenization
Tracking,
supply
chains and
workflows
Identity and
certification
Worki...
How You Can
Get Involved
How to get involved
41
LARGE
CORPORATE
BUYERS
SME &
COMMODITIES
TRADERS
BANKS & FUNDS
SUPPLY CHAIN /
TRADE FINANCE
FUNDS
S...
Contact us
Didier Le Floch
Partner & Architect -
Trade, Supply Chain & Commodities
didier.lefloch@consensys.net
consensys....
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Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 1 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 2 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 3 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 4 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 5 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 6 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 7 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 8 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 9 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 10 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 11 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 12 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 13 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 14 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 15 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 16 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 17 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 18 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 19 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 20 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 21 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 22 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 23 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 24 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 25 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 26 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 27 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 28 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 29 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 30 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 31 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 32 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 33 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 34 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 35 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 36 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 37 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 38 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 39 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 40 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 41 Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1) Slide 42
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Blockchain and international trade, trade finance, and supply chain (1)

  1. 1. BLOCKCHAIN AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE, TRADE FINANCE, AND SUPPLY CHAIN How can a business blockchain benefit a global trade network?
  2. 2. ● Market Context ● Blockchain Overview ● Opportunities and Considerations ● Use Cases ● Why Ethereum ● Our Products and Services ● How You can get Involved Summary
  3. 3. Market Context
  4. 4. International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories. It is a $16tn market: ● 75% of various goods typically shipped by shipping containers or ground transportation ● 25% of commodities International Trade is a $16tn market... 4
  5. 5. … of which, around 1/3 benefit from Trade Finance 5 Depending on estimates, around $5tn of International Trade benefit from Trade Finance mostly from banks, financial institutions and more recently from institutional investors or funds. The Asian Development Bank highlighted the potential for growth of the global Trade Finance market by identifying a $1.6tn gap between supply and demand for trade finance, particularly for SME and midcap firms (74%) and trade flows from/to emerging markets (40% of the gap originates in Asia and the Pacific) . This gap stems primarily from: ● KYC concerns (29%) ● Lack of information and transparency (21%), ● High operational cost/poor profitability (15%) ● And a lack of alternative investors to banks despite the favorable risk profile of trade finance as an asset class (good return w/ low default rates)
  6. 6. Rapid globalization has outpaced the industry’s ability to standardize and digitize its system of record-tracking 6 Industry Challenges Operational Challenges Complexity Regulation & Compliance + Paper Based KYC High Operational Cost Could be reduced by 35% Pain Points As a result trade and financing requires a tremendous amount of trust between transacting parties to hedge against all of the vulnerabilities the industry’s complexity allows. Delays Fraud Loss of Income & Opportunity
  7. 7. Trade finance: 3rd most targeted use case for DLT in finance 7
  8. 8. Ethereum is widely used across the commodity post trade sector 8 Commodity trade financeEnergy commodity trading Energy tracking Consortium interest from 20 key- stakeholders Energy blockchain consortium Amongst 65+ affiliates • ChainTrade: forward contracts, trade finance • RWE: electric cars charging stations • TEO (Engie): renewable energy consumption tracking • Power Ledger: P2P renewable energy trading platform • Grid+: Retail Energy Provider Other Ethereum-based projects: Base metals post trade & stock financing ForceField
  9. 9. Shipping & Freight 9 GSBN Other consortia initiatives: - Secure Cargo (DHL, MSC, Hapag Lloyd) - NTT Data Corp (NYK, Kline, MOL) - APL - K&N Start-ups: - Cargo X - etc.
  10. 10. Trade Finance: a large number of consortia but some start-ups too 10 Source: BlockData
  11. 11. Successful consortia initiatives are based on a strong governance 11 -How to create solutions that can scale? -What technology choices to make? -What are the building blocks required? (e.g. identity system) -What is the governance of these solutions? -What interoperability functionalities should be implemented? -Should the platform be for profit or not? Enterprise blockchain adopters are facing non trivial implementation questions Clear consortium governance is critical ●Co owns IP, creates value for shareholders and customers. ●Board makes strategic decisions and appoints Executive team. ●Executive team is empowered on executive matters, making strategic recommendations and executive decisions based on a clear set of business outcomes / KPIs that they are incentivized to reach. The most challenging issue - what technology should be delivered and when - requires an empowered product management function with strong convictions backed by analysis. Too many ventures fail because they try to please everyone
  12. 12. Options of Governance of Initiatives 12 LIGHTHOUSE ● Single large market participant starts initiative, build PoC / first version and brings others onboard ● Successful in supply chain in particular when driven by large corporate buyers with smaller supplier partners, or with large trader and its service providers CONSORTIUM ● Multiple companies come together to build a use case/platform ● Poses significant challenges in terms of governance and ability to execute quickly and successfully ● Most consortia eventually become ventures to overcome such challenges VENTURE ● Utility vs profitable venture ● Decentralised infrastructure as utility or business model. Decentralised infrastructure can be seen in two ways (dependant on use cases, industry, etc.): ● A utility funded by market participants via equity or utility token issuances ● A core business value that can also be monetised
  13. 13. Blockchain Overview
  14. 14. Blockchain is a distributed and immutable ledger, inherently resistant to attacks and malicious behaviours 14 Cryptographically Secure Public/private key cryptography to secure identity, allowing only verifiable transactions Decentralized A peer-to-peer platform distributing the same replica of data.agreed upon by network consensus Immutable A distributed ledger that preserves an immutable record of all network transactions T Smart Contracts Business logic reflecting terms of contract between parties involved and execution is guaranteed by cryptographic signature and network consensus Key Components ● Removes the costs of intermediaries ● Reduces processing, re-work, and manual errors ● Creates new decentralised business ● Open the possibility of new products/services ● Captures potential value lost in delays ● Immutable and resistant to collusion ● Shared data with privacy by design ● Reduces double entries/human errors ● Execution of contractual terms via self- executed code ● Real time propagation of data and events ● Preserves complete audit trail ● Allows T+0 delivery vs payment Value Proposition Reduces cost Increases opportunities Reduces risk Increases speed, trust and transparency
  15. 15. From bilateral interactions and siloed/duplicated data To a shared decentralised ledger and rich interactions 15Source: BLOCKDATA
  16. 16. Public v Private Blockchains 16 ● Anyone can read/write data subject to smart contract code ● Transaction processors must invest financially to prevent fraud and spam ● Strong trust creation via Proof of Work or Proof of Stake consensus algorithms and direct economic incentive ● Process fees paid by digital currency ● Uncertainty on transaction finality (forks) ● Private blockchains also known as permissioned ● Best suited for enterprise/consortia initiatives ● Assumes minimum trust between participants ● Accountable validators incentivized by reputational risk ● Proof of Authority (PoA) or Byzantine Fault Tolerance consensus algorithms that guarantee transaction finality ● Privacy through private smart contract (i.e. off- chain) or Zero-Knowledge privacy Public Private (Permissioned)
  17. 17. End-to-end flow on a decentralised blockchain platform 17 Corporate requests financing of trade from bank, or present documents to bank CORPORATE BANKUI & APPLICATION STACK CORPORATE BLOCKCHAIN NETWORK Request trade financing / Present documents Sign and execution transaction UI & APPLICATION STACK BANK 1. Create Private Smart Contract 2. Record Transaction Data Off- Chain 3. Emit Event Capture and process event Notify user of new event 1
  18. 18. End-to-end flow on a decentralised blockchain platform 18 Bank’s response to corporate CORPORATE BANKUI & APPLICATION STACK CORPORATE BLOCKCHAIN NETWORK Notify user of Bank’s response Capture and process event / response UI & APPLICATION STACK BANK 4. Record Response 5. Execute Business Logic 6. Emit Event Sign and execute transaction w/ response Send response 2
  19. 19. Opportunities & Consideration
  20. 20. Current blockchain opportunities 20 Sharing verifiable data with privacy by design ● Shared immutable ledger ● On-chain privacy or off-chain privacy with cryptographic proof on-chain ● Public cryptographic proof of executed transactions and states ● Certify issuer and date of issuance of documents or data on-chain Real time events and business logic ● Emit smart contract events ● Near real time propagation to/processing by relevant parties ● Execute contractual clauses or conditions in smart contract ● Verifiable proof of contract execution of- chain Cryptographic signatures of documents, legally binding messages, and interactions Execution of business processes and shared data across networks via traditional interoperable layers Transaction finality, no fork via use of Enterprise consensus (IBFT, PoA, etc.)
  21. 21. Current challenges 21 ● Early stage technology with limited toolkit in 2018 ● Greatly improved in 2019 - new projects rely on low-level blockchain toolkits and focus efforts on development of business layers, product design and UX/UI ● Interoperability: many consortia on the same topics, and users may not want to use several platforms Technical Challenges ● Adoption of decentralised network and applications depends on product value that depends on adoption ● Need to consider functional flows in and out and on/off platform, engage with non-onboarded user, demonstrate value and incentivise users to join ● Interoperability between platforms/networks, with internal systems and with industry standard systems and protocols Adoption ● Legal value of: ○ Cryptographic proofs on-chain ○ Digital documents and data ● Paper still rules for now: the first step is to handle parallel flows of paper and digital documents, gradually moving towards pure digital documents and data over time ● Recognition of digital documents by P&I clubs (eB/L), legal systems and industry bodies ● Standardisation vs customisation Use Case Specific Challenges
  22. 22. Looking ahead Eventually the few successful networks that will create significant adoption and have the technical foundation to evolve and grow with the technology and leverage on it will remain. The future is in building applications on existing permissioned or public networks to aggregate and maximise adoption and create exponential value on the fulfilment of the promises of blockchain technology. 22
  23. 23. Looking further ahead 23 Tokenisation of IOUs, invoices, purchase orders, documents, physical or digital assets and payment via stablecoins/digitised FIAT currencies Creating primary and secondary marketplaces for such digital assets, increase liquidity and transparency Metric and analytics by collecting aggregated and anonymised data via blockchain or Trusted Execution Environments that can be used to assess asset valuations Interoperability across networks and functional layers (instant delivery vs payment, transfers of claims and digital assets across networks) Open permissioned networks to third-party application developers/service providers (AppStore model) Increase adoption of permissioned networks with business based on utility token economics and network economic incentives Supply chain/trade finance funds could raise funds from alternative investors via regulated token issuance of funds shares on public or permissioned networks
  24. 24. Use Cases
  25. 25. Trade Finance Execution 25 Trade Finance is heavily paper-based and requires a tremendous amount of trust between transacting parties to hedge against all of the vulnerabilities the industry’s complexity creates. Blockchain can provide speed, security, efficiency through shared registry, standardized products and tailor made functionalities to build a paper-less open source financing platform - that will execute transactions with greater assurance, lower premiums, faster settlements and more financing options.
  26. 26. 26 Trade Finance Execution Re-innovating Trade Finance with komgo komgo partnered with ConsenSys Solutions to build the komgo platform, and leveraged Kaleido’s enterprise blockchain solution to deploy a flexible and scalable interface. As an open finance platform, komgo creates a secure, streamlined, and digital network on which only authorized parties  can exchange data and transaction records. The platform enables significantly increased transparency, while its “privacy by design” architecture permits private peer-to-peer transactions. CASE STUDY
  27. 27. Track & Trace 27 Blockchain technology offers greater transparency and a single source of truth for for participants using supply chain networks. Intelligent track and trace of orders, goods and delays via blockchain could expedite the sending and receipt of goods. In particular, blockchain can be used to reduce counterfeiting ; enhance supply transparency & process tracking ; regulatory compliance & reporting ; enable efficient ownership & licensing ; drive efficiencies in product recalls.
  28. 28. 28 Track & Trace Proving the authenticity of luxury items to battle fraud and counterfeiting The global luxury goods industry is dealing with growing challenges (such as counterfeiting & IP) when it comes to protecting brand value and authentic relationships between customers and brands. ConsenSys​, in partnership with ​LVMH and ​Microsoft​, recently announced AURA, a platform that makes it possible for consumers to access the product history and proof of authenticity of luxury goods — from raw materials to the point of sale, all the way to second-hand markets. Several brands of the LVMH Group are currently involved, and advanced discussions are underway to onboard additional luxury brands globally. CASE STUDY
  29. 29. 29 Treum, a ConsenSys formation is a blockchain-based trust platform focused on traceability, transparency, and tradeability, building the supply chains of the future. Its traceability feature seamlessly records an asset’s end-to-end source information. Its transparency capability allows manufacturers to verify that their supply chain meets product goals. All together, Treum is able to give both companies and consumers the full product story. Track & Trace FOCUS ON TREUM
  30. 30. 30 Track & Trace FOCUS ON TREUM Tracking intellectual property with GSK As an industry used to license constraints and logistics risks, a transparent supply chain management system for the pharmaceutical industry can help to better ensure products are protected. Treum partnered with GlaxoSmithKline to use blockchain to track intellectual property (IP) licenses used by scientists as well as ensure that products are produced, transported, and stored in proper conditions. Tracking food sources with WWF Treum teamed up with WWF to bring traceability and transparency to the fishing industry in Fiji. The supply chain process, actors and the tuna attributes were modeled on the Treum platform to generate smart contracts needed for tracking, enforcing and recording the steps along the journey of the tuna. The result was immutable, verifiable proof that the yellowfin tuna was caught in sustainable waters, shipped in cold storage, and arrived in a safe window to consume the food. CASE STUDIES
  31. 31. 31 Commodities & Logistics CASE STUDIES A post-trade management platform for the oil industry Vakt is a blockchain based post-trade platform designed for the oil industry. As a post trade platform, it connects key parties to trades allowing them to handle every step between the initiating trade and final settlement. This includes deal recap, confirmation, contract, logistics, and invoicing. Standardizing and digitizing the global agricultural shipping transactions ABCD composed of Archer Daniels Midland, Bunge, Cargill, COFCO, and Louis Dreyfus are investigating ways to standardize and digitize global agricultural shipping transactions for the benefit of the entire industry. The initiative will initially be focused on developing technologies to automate grain and oilseed post-trade execution processes, significantly reducing costs and resources needed to move documents around the globe. A post-trade inventory management system Forcefield is a metals post-trade blockchain consortium project from Accenture, ABN Amro, Anglo American, CMST International, Hartree Partners, ING Bank, Mercuria and OCBC Bank. It is an inventory management system that will implement blockchain, Internet of Things (IoT) sensors, and near-field communication (NFC) for post-trade processing.
  32. 32. Why Ethereum
  33. 33. Largest ecosystem with the richest functionality 33 Community Rapidly growing community encompassing 150,000+ developers Vendor-neutral Ethereum is developed by a non-profit organization not related to any suppliers Smart Contracts Improved capabilities thanks to Smart Contracts and formally specified security Governance Private and permissioned Ethereum blockchain can answer specific enterprise and governmental use cases Interoperability Compatibility between public and private Ethereum blockchain Enterprise Ethereum Alliance is growing faster than all other blockchain consortia Trust Multi-billions dollar of value are protected on the public network Tokenization Ethereum is the dominant platform for the “token ecosystem”
  34. 34. Enterprise Ethereum Alliance 34 EEA’s 350 members contribute standards & specifications across Special Interest industry, Technical Specification and Legal Advisory working groups. It also established a Test Net and Certification process to validate compliance against standard . V2 of Client Spec Standard contributed by 50+ authors
  35. 35. Purpose-built enterprise implementations 35 ● Open-source project led and supported by ConsenSys, under flexible Apache 2.0 license ● Brand new client written in Java ● Built for both public and private blockchains ● Supports network permissioning (live) and transaction privacy (beta) ● Zero knowledge proofs to be integrated in 2019 ● Transaction finality with IBFT 2.0 consensus ● Enterprise license and support plans available ● High throughput (100s of transactions/s) (1) ● Open-source project led by JP Morgan, under LGPL license ● Fork of go-ethereum ● Built for private/permissioned blockchain ● Supports network permissioning and transaction privacy (Tessera, Constellation) ● Transaction finality with RAFT or IBFT 1.0 consensus ● High throughput (100s of transactions/s) (1) Pantheon by (1) For reference Paypal = 193 transactions/s ● Blockchain Business Cloud that’s radically simplified the creation and operation of private blockchain networks for Enterprise. ● Full-stack platform for building and running cross-cloud, hybrid enterprise ecosystems ● Cloud partnerships with AWS and Azure ● Offers no-charge access to their SaaS platform for business organizations to register, spin up, and configure a custom blockchain environment in a matter of minutes.
  36. 36. Our Products & Services
  37. 37. Relevant ConsenSys products 37 Smart Contract Development and Security Truffle MythX C-Diligence Enterprise Environments Pantheon Kaleido Transaction Orchestration CoreStack Interoperability CoreStack Bridge CoreStack Relay Integratable Supply Chain API Treum Smart Contract Oracle Rhombus Embeddable Legal Frameworks OpenLaw Global Liquidity Management Adhara Decentralized Identity Private Key Custody uPort Enterprise ID Trustology MetaMask User Identity, Asset, & Data Management Asset Digitisation CoDeFi
  38. 38. ConsenSys Solutions 38 Education ● Discovery workshops ● Executive training ● Technical training Advisory ● Strategy ● Use case discovery ● Solution architecture & design Products ● Protocol and infrastructure components ● Blockchain platform as a service ● Identity ● Tokenization ● Track & trace Development ● Product and project management ● Agile application development ● Token design ● Smart contract auditing ● Co-investment Scaling ● Venture scale-up ● Ongoing support ● Maintenance and upgrades ● Full managed service Helping corporates and governments understand and adopt blockchain technology through the journey of building new solutions that harness the power of Ethereum.
  39. 39. 39 Strategy Financial services & asset tokenization Tracking, supply chains and workflows Identity and certification Working with high profile Enterprise & Government partners
  40. 40. How You Can Get Involved
  41. 41. How to get involved 41 LARGE CORPORATE BUYERS SME & COMMODITIES TRADERS BANKS & FUNDS SUPPLY CHAIN / TRADE FINANCE FUNDS START-UPS - Build Track & Trace application/ platform for your industry - Contact us to discuss tokenised reverse factoring programs for the benefit of your suppliers - Closely monitor the evolving landscape in this space - Build Track & Trace application/ platform for your industry - Join existing trade finance platforms - Join existing trade finance platforms - Start your own initiative and build an application on an existing network - Contact us to discuss Trade finance asset issuance and distribution marketplace use cases opened to alternative investors - Join existing trade finance platforms and benefit from digital exchange of documents and execution of transactions to reduce operational costs - Possibly raise funds via regulated token issuances - Contact us if you want to use ConsenSys products or discuss potential opportunities to collaborate
  42. 42. Contact us Didier Le Floch Partner & Architect - Trade, Supply Chain & Commodities didier.lefloch@consensys.net consensys.net Guillaume Dechaux Venture Partner Trade, Supply Chain & Commodities guillaume.dechaux@consensys.net
  • JamalMekkaoui

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Blockchain and International Trade, Trade Finance and Supply Chain. How can a business blockchain benefit a global trade network?

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