Much of this information is not accessible to
many general search engines’ software
spiders, so we need to use specific search
tools to lead us to this hidden information.
The challenge to is find what you want, not
what Google thinks you want.
Deep Web aka Deepnet aka
Invisible Web aka hidden Web
• Be clear about what you are looking for! This
part of deep research process requires deep
• Decide what the question is
• Be as specific as you can
• Be prepared to revisit this part often
• Use thinking tools like mind maps to clarify
your search request
Tips for searching for digital
These include specialised search engines,
directories and portals and gateways, databases,
digital libraries and Web 2.0 spaces such as wikis,
blogs, Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and topic
aggregators – ScoopiT, Delicious, etc.
Tools to find information in the deep
Meta search engines combine two or more search
engines enabling a simultaneous search
• PolyCola: http://www.polycola.com/ - allows you to
search any two major search engines simultaneously.
• Dogpile: http://www.dogpile.com/ - searches four top
search engines simultaneously.
• Mamma: http://www.mamma.com/ - the mother of all
Meta search engines v’s search
engines v’s directories v’s
• The Google generation “squirrel” away information.
• There is very little critical evaluation of what is stored.
• It is claimed searching using Google will only provide 30% of internet
• Remember that Google is a business.
• Google has software to supply what it determines you want based on
your previous searches: good or bad?
Google Scholar: http://scholar.google.com.au/schhp?hl=en
Google Books: http://books.google.com.au/books?hl=en
Major search engines, beginning with
Directories list websites by category and
subcategory. This makes them great for browsing,
just like you would in a bookshop.
Directories are smaller than search engines but
information is more relevant and grouped together.
• Infomine: http://infomine.ucr.edu/
• Open Directory: http://www.dmoz.org/
• WWW Virtual Library: http://vlib.org/
• Internet Public Library: http://www.ipl.org/
• Best of the web: http://botw.org
• Galaxy: http://www.galaxy.com
A digital library is a library where collections are stored in digital
formats, not print or other media.
Some examples include:
• National Science Digital Library: http://nsdl.org/
• National Library of Australia digital collections:
• Australian pictures in Trove:
• State Library digitised collections: http://www.slv.vic.gov.au/our-
• Become a member of the State Library of Victoria
(SLV) so that you can access their eresources from
school or home: http://www.slv.vic.gov.au
• They provide access to an extensive collection of
• Fill out the online registration form.
• You will be sent your card in the mail.
• You can then use your card details to logon to the
State Library, what a treasure
You are able to customise your searching to suit
your personal learning requirements.
• Google Blogs: http://www.google.com.au/blogsearch?hl=en
• Twitter: microblogging site: https://twitter.com/
Delicious: social bookmarking: https://delicious.com/
• Scoop.it! – content creator: http://www.scoop.it/
Social networking… wikis, blogs,
Good for basic information about topics, especially
Its value in this context is to “cherry pick” sites at
the end of the entry for further information.
A word about Wikipedia
Trove- National Library of Australia:
Australian Bureau of Statistics: http://www.abs.gov.au/
WolframAlpha – computational knowledge engine:
There are many, many, many, many more.
Look for url’s ending in .edu, .gov, .org and avoid .com
Some good websites
Working out what you know and what you
need to know at the beginning of your
research is half the solution.
Be prepared to revisit all stages of
research. This is not a lineal process.
Consult with the teacher librarians to plan