Disaster Drama

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This presentation was created in partnership with H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design. Jo Ann Howard, Principal of H2O, simplifies the complexity of disaster prevention by comparing paralleling it with theatre and the human drama of politics and our system.

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Disaster Drama

  1. 1. ADISASTERDRAMA<br />IN THREE ACTS<br />
  2. 2. TOWNIES<br />What<br />disaster?<br />It’s been<br />5 years since the flood…<br />Yesterday<br />wasa long<br />time ago!<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  3. 3. STATIES wear different hats.<br />Legislative<br />Sombreros<br />Governor<br />Crowns <br />Barrister<br />Wigs<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  4. 4. UNCLE SAM<br />Presidential<br />Executive Agency<br />Commander-in-Chief<br />Congressional<br />Federal Courts<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  5. 5. PRIVATE BUSINESS<br />Infrastructure Players<br />Power Companies<br />SUBSTATE GOVERNMENTS<br />Health Care Institutions<br />Counties/<br />Parishes<br />Regional<br />Development Authorities<br />(Councils of Governments)<br />Transportation<br />NONPROFITS/<br />CHARITABLE GROUPS<br />Communications<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  6. 6. Sometimes an actor tries<br />to don the costume and role of another actor…<br />Katrina<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  7. 7. STAGE<br />BACKGROUND<br />
  8. 8. THE CONSTITUTION =<br />MASTER SCRIPT<br />
  9. 9. SET DESIGN IS A WORK<br />IN PROGRESS.<br />
  10. 10. PREAMBLE TO CONSTITUTION<br />Government Powers<br />Individual Rights<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  11. 11. STATIES on stage first.<br />
  12. 12. 3 MODELS OF FEDERAL SYSTEM<br />All power at national level<br />UNITARY<br />CONFEDERATION<br />Equal states share power<br />FEDERAL<br />Power divided<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  13. 13. FEDERALISM<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  14. 14. WHAT KIND OF CAKEIS FEDERALISM?<br />National<br />States<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  15. 15. THE POWER QUESTION<br />?<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  16. 16. The American Disaster Management System represents Shared<br />or Concurrent Powers.<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  17. 17. ACT ONE:<br />Introduce actors and tension mounts.<br />
  18. 18. Danger in the wings!<br />
  19. 19. Emergency Management is essentially a role played by local governments.<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  20. 20. Locals remain in charge of an event –<br />even if it’s one of “national significance.”<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  21. 21. Local Governments’ failures are largely<br />pre-disaster inactions.<br />So many duties,<br />so little time..<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  22. 22. Local Governments are lead disaster actors but must know their lines.<br />
  23. 23. The Federal Government SUPPLEMENTS<br /> – not supplants.<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  24. 24. POSSE COMITATUS<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  25. 25. The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act – Public Assistance<br />I declare a disaster!<br />
  26. 26. Stafford ActPublic AssistanceGrants to Statesfrom Uncle.Staties andTownies have topaytheir shareof recovery costs.<br />
  27. 27. Federal Program crosses into Townie stage.<br />NATIONAL<br />FLOOD<br />INSURANCE<br />PROGRAM<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  28. 28. STATES’ ROLES<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  29. 29. States manage their own financial resources and also federal funds.<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  30. 30. Emergency<br />Response<br />Mitigation<br />STATES HAVE CRITICAL ROLES<br />IN DISASTERS INCLUDING:<br />Long-Term<br />Disaster Recovery<br />Grants<br />Management<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  31. 31. Preparedness<br />Mitigation<br />4 PHASES OF<br />HAZARDS MANAGEMENT<br />Recovery<br />Response<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  32. 32. NATIONAL INCIDENT<br />MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (NIMS)<br />FEDERAL<br />STATE<br />LOCAL<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  33. 33. States, locals and private actors manage the majority of critical infrastructures in the U.S.<br />STATE<br />LOCAL<br />FEDERAL<br />PRIVATE ACTORS<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  34. 34. MITIGATION<br />PREPARED<br />-NESS<br />RECOVERY<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  35. 35. What function<br />isgovernment<br />performing?<br />What’s the cause of the disaster?<br />What’s the scale of the disaster?<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  36. 36. ROWBOAT FEDERALISM<br />If all levels of government don’t row…<br />WE ALL SINK.<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  37. 37. WHOOOOO PAYS?<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  38. 38. ACT TWO<br />Pratfalls on the disaster stage…<br />
  39. 39. CRITICS CITE PERCEIVED MISSTEPS<br />Mitigation opportunities lost by allowing / encouraging rebuilding in high-risk areas<br />Environmental protection lost out in priority in the recovery process<br />Layers of federal bureaucracy and “red tape”<br />CDBG funding did not include significant mitigation programs<br />National Flood Insurance enables floodplain development<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  40. 40. UNCLE SAM: VILLAIN OR HERO?<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  41. 41. Which actor can best keep Danger away?<br />Who should pay when Danger comes?<br />Who should be center stage when Danger strikes?<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  42. 42. Whoooooooo pays?<br />We all pay.<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  43. 43. BUILD A SUSTAINABILITY SET<br />HEALTH<br />SAFETY<br />ECONOMICS<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  44. 44. ACT THREE <br />Hope brings down the curtain.<br />
  45. 45. GET STANDING OVATIONS –<br />NOT BOOS!<br />Bravo!<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  46. 46. DISASTER DRAMA CAN HAVE HAPPIER ENDINGS.<br />Tie Federal Aid to Mitigation and Environmental Protection Measures <br />Public Assistance Conditioned on Mitigation in Rebuilding<br />Keep CDBG as Discretionary Disaster Assistance Funding<br />Have Rainy Day Funds for Grant Matches<br />Amend Stafford Act (PA) for Cat Events<br />Adopt EMACs<br />Award Pre-Event Competitively-Procured Contracts <br />Utilize PA Workflow/Expenditure Tracking Systems to Expedite PA Grants<br />Identify and Mitigate Risks<br />Define Disaster Roles and Responsibilities and Practice <br />Improve Public/Private Partnerships Pre- and Post-Incident<br />Push for More Mitigation Funds and Financial Aide for Disaster Recovery<br />© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />
  47. 47. We all have a part to<br />play onstage.<br />
  48. 48. CREDITS<br /><ul><li>BrightSpot Info Design (www.sunnibrown.com)
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  56. 56. Credit</li></ul>© 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design<br />

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