Wines of Germany
• The German vineyard is located in the southwest and owes
their origin to the Roman
• In the 12th century the religious orders took over and
nurtured the vines.
• While the former was more concerned with the quantity
the latter was more concerned with the quality.
• In 1803 Napoleon III secularized the vineyard but the
influence of the church is still seen in the name of many
• The vineyards are located on the hillside and the steeper and are south
facing to trap the sunshine.
• 6 million hectares of vineyards in Europe but only 0.8% of it is
present in Germany.
• France has around 35 times more than it
• Italy has around 34 times more than it.
• Lacking in quantity Germany is famous for its quality white wines.
• Two rivers affectionately called as father Rhine and mother
Moselle dominate German vineyards.
• Germany is bordered in south west by France in the west by Belgium,
in the North West by Holland in the north by south sea Denmark and
the Baltic sea in the north east by Poland east by the ex
Czechoslovakia, south east and south by Austria and south west and
south by Switzerland.
• Winter is longer
• Summer is short
• Plenty of rainfall
• Very little sunshine
• Vines susceptible to a lot of frost and hail.
• Very poor nothing but vine survives in the
• The soil is made up of decomposed granite,
slate, sand, clay and lime stone or a
combination of them .
• Vintage is towards late October to early
• Mosllen vines are trained high; around 2
meters where as the Rhine vines are
trained low on wire stands.
• For making White wines
• Muller Thureau ( For white
• For making red wines
• Pinot noir also called as
• The addition of cane sugar to the must
has been legalized in Germany since 25th
• Chaptalization has to take place between
1st of October and the 31st of January.
• The sugar may be added to the must or
the wine. These wines are called as
“verbessert” or improved wines.
• The opposite of Verbessert is Naturwein
or natural wine.
• Tafelwein: A term that literally means table wine, may
• Landwein: one step above the Tafelwein in quality
and may be chaptalized.
• Qualitatswein Bestimmter Anbaugebiete:(Q.b.A)-
(must come from one of the 13 specified regions),
grape variety, examination by authorities. may be
• Qualitatswein Mit Pradikat (Q.m.P):
• This designation is reserved for wines of
the highest quality with special attributes
and they are not chaptalization.
• The Q.m.P German is equivalent of the
French AOC wine laws.
• Pradikat means degree of ripeness.
There are 6 Pradikats or grapes of different ripeness.
• Kabinett: must weight of 65 to 85degree Oeschsle
• Spatlese: must weight of 76 to 95degree Oeschsle.
• Auslese: must weight of 83 to 105degree Oeschsle.
• Beerenaulese: (BA) must weight 110 to 128degree
• Trockerbeerenauslese: (TBA). In this case they are
dried or shriveled by the action of “Botrytis
Cinerea”. Noble rot in German language is called
“Edelfaule”. The wine must attain minimum must
weight of 150degree Oeschsle.
• Eiswein: The name is reserved for the wine made
from the grapes of BA and TBA categories picked
and harvested frozen. These frozen grapes produce a
wine that is sweeter and more concentrated than the
average Pradikat wines.
• Rhine and its tributary Nahe.
• Moselle and its tributary Ruwer and Saar.
• Franconia or Steinwein
• Ahr valley
• German language the region is
called as Rhein.
• The Rhine wines are called as
Hocks. The word Hocks
originated from the name of the
• These wines are marketed in tall
amber coloured bottles. The
Hocks are produced from three
• This is the classic area producing the best
Hocks, full of body, bouquet and finesse.
Examples are: (all white)
• .i) Marcobrunn
• ii) Schloss johannisberg- Schloss means castle
• Most of the German wines that
are exported are made in this
region. Examples are: (all
• i) Niersteiner Auflagen
• ii) Liebfraumilch: “Milk of the
blessed mother” it is the
semisweet white wine made
from 51% of Riesling plus
Sylvaner and Muller Thurgau
Rheinpflaz or Palatinate
• Most of the good quality
wines are from Slvaner
and Muller Thurgau
grapes. Examples are:
• i)Forst Jesuitengurten
(Garden of Jesus)
• ii) Durkheimer Speilberg
• Sold in green coloured bottles. They
include the wines Ruwer and Saar. They
have a pleasant but slight bitterness and
a strong bouquet. They normally have an
alcoholic strength of 10degreeGL.
E.g. (All white)
• Piesporter lay: Comes from the middle
Moselle and is a glorious, fruity and
gentle white wine.
• Berkasteler Dokter: Best wine of Moselle.
• Zaltinger Schlossberg: made from
Riesling and comes from middle Moselle.
Franconia or Steinwein
• Popularly known as Steinwein.
• The whites are dry to medium dry
• Sold in flat-sided flagon shaped bottle called as
• The wines are made from Riesling and Sylvaner
• Earthy taste.
• They age well and are compared to Moselles
and sometimes Chablis.
Examples are: (all white)
• Wurzberger Stein
• Wurzberger Heisten
• The northern most German wine
• Produces both red and white
wines but the reds is superior to
the white ones.
• The reds are made from
spatburgunder or pinot noir
E.g. (all red)
• Walportheimer Honigberg
• Ahrweiler Daubhaus
• Grape's regional origin
• The year the wine was made
• Vintner's name
• Grape growing conditions
• Method used to make the wines.
• Classification/ Grades
• Sekt- Term used for sparkling wine in Germany
• Troken- Dry
• Halb-troken- Semi dry
• Bereich- District
• Grosslage- Collective site
• Gemeinde- Village
• Einzellage- Individual Site
• APNr- Amtliches Preifungs Nummer