MotivationMotivation
Theories and Practice,
DESINGED BY,
MR.P.SURESH,LECTURER
Theories About MotivationTheories About Motivation
Wide range of theories
– Abraham Maslow (1908-1970)
• Hierarchy of nee...
Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow
Physical (comfort) needs
Safety and shelter
Love and belonging
Hierarchy of needs
S...
Self actualisation needsSelf actualisation needs
be enthusiastic and supportive
encourage projects and plans
be positiv...
Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow
Physical (comfort) needs
Safety and shelter
Love and belonging
Hierarchy of needs
S...
Self-esteem needsSelf-esteem needs
encourage independence
praise appropriately whenever possible
welcome ideas
treat s...
Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow
Physical (comfort) needs
Safety and shelter
Love and belonging
Hierarchy of needs
S...
Love and Belonging (FeelingLove and Belonging (Feeling
Accepted) NeedsAccepted) Needs
show you care
promote interaction ...
Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow
Physical (comfort) needs
Safety and shelter
Love and belonging
Hierarchy of needs
S...
Safety and Shelter (Safe from harm)Safety and Shelter (Safe from harm)
needsneeds
maintain confidentiality/privacy as
nec...
Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow
Physical (comfort) needs
Safety and shelter
Love and belonging
Hierarchy of needs
S...
Physical (comfort) needsPhysical (comfort) needs
provide adequate breaks
ensure comfort
arrange seats according to need...
Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow
Physical (comfort) needs
Safety and shelter
Love and belonging
Hierarchy of needs
S...
McClellandMcClelland’s ‘Need for’s ‘Need for
Achievement’ theoryAchievement’ theory
Three needs
– Need for authority and ...
Herzberg’s ‘Motivation-Hygiene’ theoryHerzberg’s ‘Motivation-Hygiene’ theory
Two independent scales:
– Satisfaction and N...
Comparison of Hygiene andComparison of Hygiene and
MotivatorsMotivators
 Hygiene Factors
– College policies
– Teacher hab...
Reading for Motivation/ClassroomReading for Motivation/Classroom
Management.Management.
 Petty, G. (2004) Teaching Today ...
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  • Ppt mtivation

    1. 1. MotivationMotivation Theories and Practice, DESINGED BY, MR.P.SURESH,LECTURER
    2. 2. Theories About MotivationTheories About Motivation Wide range of theories – Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) • Hierarchy of needs – David Clarence McClelland (1917-1998) • Need for achievement – Frederick Hertzberg (1923-2000) • Dual factor theory
    3. 3. Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow Physical (comfort) needs Safety and shelter Love and belonging Hierarchy of needs Self-esteem Self- actualisation
    4. 4. Self actualisation needsSelf actualisation needs be enthusiastic and supportive encourage projects and plans be positive about the future promote optimism teach students how to learn
    5. 5. Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow Physical (comfort) needs Safety and shelter Love and belonging Hierarchy of needs Self-esteem Self- actualisation
    6. 6. Self-esteem needsSelf-esteem needs encourage independence praise appropriately whenever possible welcome ideas treat students with dignity celebrate good work by students
    7. 7. Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow Physical (comfort) needs Safety and shelter Love and belonging Hierarchy of needs Self-esteem Self- actualisation
    8. 8. Love and Belonging (FeelingLove and Belonging (Feeling Accepted) NeedsAccepted) Needs show you care promote interaction between students promote a cohesive class climate use team building exercises
    9. 9. Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow Physical (comfort) needs Safety and shelter Love and belonging Hierarchy of needs Self-esteem Self- actualisation
    10. 10. Safety and Shelter (Safe from harm)Safety and Shelter (Safe from harm) needsneeds maintain confidentiality/privacy as necessary treat students fairly observe and chart accurate information give students a clear structure to work in follow safety rules when necessary
    11. 11. Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow Physical (comfort) needs Safety and shelter Love and belonging Hierarchy of needs Self-esteem Self- actualisation
    12. 12. Physical (comfort) needsPhysical (comfort) needs provide adequate breaks ensure comfort arrange seats according to need be alert to heating and ventilation requirements
    13. 13. Motivation - MaslowMotivation - Maslow Physical (comfort) needs Safety and shelter Love and belonging Hierarchy of needs Self-esteem Self- actualisation
    14. 14. McClellandMcClelland’s ‘Need for’s ‘Need for Achievement’ theoryAchievement’ theory Three needs – Need for authority and power – Need for affiliation – Need for achievement Link to parental expectations Research by Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968)
    15. 15. Herzberg’s ‘Motivation-Hygiene’ theoryHerzberg’s ‘Motivation-Hygiene’ theory Two independent scales: – Satisfaction and No Satisfaction • These are the motivators – Dissatisfaction and No Dissatisfaction • Hygiene or maintenance factors
    16. 16. Comparison of Hygiene andComparison of Hygiene and MotivatorsMotivators  Hygiene Factors – College policies – Teacher habits – Working conditions – Relationship with peers – Status – Security These factors contribute to dissatisfaction.  Motivators – Recognition – Achievement – Work itself – Responsibility – Opportunity for advancement – Growth These factors contribute to satisfaction.
    17. 17. Reading for Motivation/ClassroomReading for Motivation/Classroom Management.Management.  Petty, G. (2004) Teaching Today 3rd Ed. Cheltenham, Nelson Thornes Chapters 6 & 8  Reece, I. & Walker,S. (2000) Teaching Training and Learning: a practical guide 4th Ed.,Sunderland Business Education Publishers Ltd. Chapter 2 section 8; Chapter 5 section 13;  Atherton, J. S. (2004) Teaching and Learning: Motivation [On- line] UK: Available: http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/motivation.htm Accessed: 5 July 2005

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