Argentina emerged as a wine country in later half of the 19th century due to mass immigration from Europe. Mainly Italians, swiss and spanish moved to the country and planted vineyards around Andes. Vineyards are located in the rain-shadow area of Andes thus the rainfall is less. That’s why irrigation is used. 90% vineyards attain flood irrigation with water derived from rivers and mountains around them. As the area is dry, there are fewer problems of rot or mildew, thus, the vineyards are organically treated and so are the wines. For marketing, Malbec and torrontes are promoted. Immigrants brought international varieties too like Bonarda, Barbera, Sangiovese from Italy and tempranillo from spain. Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, syrah and Chardonnay are promoted as well Argentina was the first country in S.America to have DOC. Both were in Mendoza. Production-wise, mendoza and san juan together account for 90% of Argentinean wines.
Wine production in Australia in more than 200 years old now. Potential of wine growing and making in India was first recognized in NSW by the mayor of the city. Came to notice for its quality wines. From rapid plantations and investment, construction of wineries and use of modern equipment, all came at a great speed. Small local domestic market when started. Now its grown manifolds. Introduced the idea of informative back labels and designer eye-catching front label Took over France to become biggest exporter of wines to UK. In 1984, export only 4% of total production which has now grown up to over half and is still growing Quaffable wines: wines that are meant to be consumed within 6 months from its production. Thus, a cash crop
Chile is a country in South America which is 4,300 km long and just 177km wide. The country is rich in geographic and climatic diversity rarely found in a single country.
Chile provides nearly perfect vine growing conditions in the world. This is contributed to the winds blowing from the Pacific, water from snow melt from Andes and absence of Phylloxera.
The soil composition of Chile&apos;s vineyards varies from the clay dominated landscapes of Colchagua, which is thus heavily planted with the clay-loving Merlot, to the mixture of loam, limestone and sand found in other regions. In the southern Rapel and parts of Maule, tuffeau soil is present with volcanic soil being found in parts of Curico and Bio-Bio. Chile’s geographic barriers—the Atacama Desert to the north, the Andes Mountains to the east, the Patagonian ice fields to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west—make Chile a veritable agricultural island.The climate is varied with the northern regions being very hot and dry compared to the cooler, wetter regions in the south. In the Aconcagua region there is a maritime influence due to cold Humboldt current from the Pacific which can bathe a vineyard with a blanket of cool air.
Chile&apos;s wine laws are more similar to the US appellation system than to European classification of Table wine and quality wine. Chile&apos;s system went into effect in 1995 and established the boundaries of the countries wine regions and established regulations for wine labels. There are no restrictions of grape varieties, viticultural practices or winemaking techniques. Wines are required to have at least 75% of a grape variety if it is listed on the label as well as at least 75% from the designated vintage year. To list a particular wine region, 75% is also the minimum requirement of grapes that need to be from that region. Similar to the United States, the term Reserve has no legal definition or meaning.
Central valley is the most important wine region. 905 of exports from Chile are contributed from this region.
America was not a vinegrowing country. It were the British Dutch and French immigrants who planted vineyards on the eastern seaside. Germans planted native American vines. All 50 states have vineyards, some with american vines and some with european vines on american rootstocks. America has fedral and state law system. By the fedral alcohol beureau, in 1978, American Viticultural Areas (AVA) was instituted that guarantees the source of the wines but not quality. If AVA is mentioned, 85% of the wine should come from that area. USA is the most important wine producer and consumer in the world outside Europe. Only spain italy and france makes more wines than USA. California, Washington, New York State, Canada + Mexico remain the most important wine regions. California tops the chart in terms of quality and quantity both
Canada makes the biggest proportion of Ice-Wine in the world. Ice –wine in Canada is produced in the Niagara Peninsular and Ontario which offers mild conditions with water bodies around. The wines are made using Riesling and Vidal. Canada makes over half a million litres of Ice-Wine per year. Canada also makes bone dry Riesling, some Chardonnay, Pinot noir, Cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc, merlot and Syrah. Calcareous soil aids Rieslings and Pinot Noir while Limestone is good for the Pinot family North is dominated by calcareous soil while the south enjoys limestone.
Mexico is the 4th largest viticultural area of latin america. Majority of the production goes in to distilling brandy, table grapes and making raisins. Hecho en Mexico must be put on the label if the wine is made entirely from grapes grown in Mexico. Mexico has a costal influence from the cold Alaska currents that’s causes morning fogs, humidity Drip irrigation is the major source of watering the vineyards for which water is drawn from the nearby subterranean aquifers. The most successful wines of the region are fuller bodied red wines. Petit Sirah and Zinfandel are particularly successful.
South Africa lies in Southern hemisphere. It must be noted that wine has been made in this country by over 350 years but it it still classed under new World. comes
which was implemented in 1973 with a hierarchy of designated production regions, districts and wards.
Introduction to new world wine
Introduction to New World
Where in the world
• Old World vs New World
• Example: Argentina, Australia, Canada,
Chile, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa
and the United States
PAST PRESENT FUTURE
• First recognised in 1788 in NSW
• Quickly gained sight on the world map
• Promote grape variety than region
• Wine legislation: Geographical Indication (GI)
• Biggest exporter to UK
• Introduced screwcap
• 90% produce quaffable wines
• Phylloxera hit in 1875
• Western Australia
• South Australia
• New South Wales
Clay, Loam, Limestone, Tuffeau
Maritime influence, Mediterranean climate, Humboldt current
Red: Pais, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Carménère, Zinfandel,
Petite Sirah, Cabernet franc, Pinot noir, Syrah, Malbec, Carignan
White: Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Sémillon, Riesling,
Viognier, Torontel, Pedro Ximénez, Gewürztraminer and Muscat
• Not based on European system
• Minimum 75% of grape variety, vintage and region mentioned.
Major Wine Styles Produced
Fruity clean reds and whites, pink, sparkling and sweet (late harvest)
Major Wine Producing Areas
Aconcagua Region- The region contributes excellent whites from
Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay and reds from Pinot Noir.
Central Valley Region- most important, 90% exports from here.
Outanding source of old Cabernet vines, Merlot and Carmenère.
Southern Region- Produces aromatic whites from Riesling and
•Casillero del Diablo
Clay, Sand & Shale
Mediterranean climate, Coastal influence
Red: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinotage, Pinot noir, Shiraz, Ruby Cabernet
White: Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Sémillon, Muscadel, Hanepoot
• 60 appellations within the Wine of Origin (WO) system
Major Wine Styles Produced
Fruity clean reds and whites, pink, sparkling and sweet (late harvest) wines.
Major Wine Producing Areas
Constantia: The region contributes excellent whites from Sauvignon Blanc.
Stellenbosch: well known for Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinotage and
Shiraz. Whites used are Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc & Chenin Blanc
Franschhoek Valley: Full flavoured whites with noticeable acidity.
Breede River Valley: Chardonnay, Shiraz, Muscadel & Hanepoot wines
Overberg: Sauvignon Blanc from Elgin
Paarl: Produces Fortified wines
Wines of India
• Indian wines getting Recognition
• Growth rate is 9%
• Maximum export to European Countries
• Grover Vineyards' (Bangalore based Winery)
premier red wine, La Reserve, has been named
as one of the top-ranking wine brands in the
world market by the Decanter magazine.
• Nasik (Maharastra State): Biggest wine producing
region in India. This region includes Pune, Nasik and
Ahmed Nagar. It is above 800 meter sea level. Several
top wineries are located in this area including Chateau
Indage and Sula Wines.
• Sangali (Maharastra State): This region includes
Solapur, Sangali, Satara and Latur. It is above 800 meter
• Bangalre (Karnataka State): Nandi Hills located about
around 45 kilometer North of Bangalore City. Grover
Vineyards is located in Nandi Hills. It is above 800 meter
• Himachal : It is located at Northern India. It is upcoming
state for the wine production. Temperature varies from
20 C to 40 C. Unique Climate of this region attracts the
wine make to produce delicate wine grapes.
Wine Brands in India
• Indage Wines- Indage, based in Narayangaon
- on the Pune-Nashik Road. The famous
‘Chantilli’ came out in the year 1989. The wine
brand was the first to make wines that were
‘bottled in India’,
• Grover Vineyards- Grover Vineyards, the
Bangalore-based winery, was established in
the year 1989.
• Sula Wines- Sula Wines, launched in the year
2000, wineries based in Maharashtra.
• Sankalp Wines- The Company is situated
in the Vinchur Wine Park, on the outskirts
of the Nashik city of Maharashtra. It
launched its brand Vinsura Wines in 2003.
• Vintage Wines- Vintage Wines, yet
another winery situated near Nashik, has
been given the credit of producing one of
the best wines in India today.