Basic knowledge in housekeeping
DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar
Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty
Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management,
MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK
Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499
email: firstname.lastname@example.org , email@example.com
Importance of housekeeping
• The hotel’s main product.
• In order to be competitive in the
industry, they must have a clean and
• An image of a clean room creates an
imagery of impeccable service.
Your Safety: Lifting heavy objects
• Get help when lifting heavy items.
• Follow these safe lifting methods:
• Bend your legs , not your back, when you pick up
• Hold the heavy item close to your body.
• Move to face the heavy object before you lift
instead of twisting your body.
Doing the same motion over
• Use a cart to move linens, laundry, or
other heavy items.
• Push rather then pull carts.
• Take regular rest breaks, even just
short breaks to stretch your body.
• Take turns with other workers to do
different types of tasks.
• Pad your knees (with a mat or towel)
and change your position often when
you work on your knees.
Slippery and cluttered floors
• Clean up spills immediately.
• Keep floors dry.
• Never run or move too fast.
• Do not carry items too tall for you to see over.
• Wear shoes with non-skid soles.
• Use a ladder or footstool to reach objects up high.
• Never stand on the edge of a bathtub, bed, or
Laundry and other
• Ask for information about the chemicals you use.
• Read labels and follow instructions before using.
• If you do not understand the label, write down the
name and ask someone for help.
• Wear goggles and gloves when needed. Your
boss should provide them.
• Do not mix chemicals together.
Handling abusive guest
• If you are being yelled at or harassed by
anyone, get help from a co-worker or your
• If someone continues to harass you at work,
get help from a trusted friend or community
organization outside the workplace.
• Do not work alone in a hotel room if hotel
guests are present.
Diseases from hotel
• Wash hands with soap often, especially after
handling soiled linen or cleaning the
• When you handle trash cans or bags, watch
out for syringes, razor blades, or other things
that might hurt you or spread disease.
• Research on new technologies featured on rooms
• Provide pictures on your favorite hotel guest rooms.
Explain why it is your ideal room and provide a short
description on the features of the room.
• Why is housekeeping an important department in the
• Why do we need to learn the room attendant pre-
Types of guest rooms
• Single Rooms: A room designed for a
• Double Rooms: A room with two
double beds. Doubles beds size is
usually 54 × 75 in (4’6″ × 6’3″) or 137
× 191 cm.
• Twin Rooms: A room with two single
beds. Single bed size is usually 39 ×
75 in (3’3" × 6’3″) or 97 × 191 cm
• Suite Rooms: A complete room
usually with a foyer that connects to
one or more bedrooms. Usually,
these are the most expensive rooms
in the hotel
History of Beds
• Earliest Beds
Our earliest ancestors simply slept on the ground.
• Egyptian Beds
Piled palm leaves in their houses and slept on
them, while the pharaohs slept on flat pallets
made of hard materials such as gold.
• Roman Beds
The Romans invented the mattress, making beds
that were comfortable as well as decorative.
History of Beds
• Renaissance Beds
Roughly 1400 to 1600, beds were located in every room of the
house, doubling as couches during the day.
• Mattress History
Renaissance mattresses were filled with straw and bound with
rope. Only in the late 1700s were softer cotton mattresses
• Modern Beds
The 20th century saw the evolution of comfortable mattresses,
including foam mattresses, waterbeds and the queen-size
Bed Type US Size European Size
Single 39 × 75 in (97 × 191 cm) 35 × 79 in (90 × 200 cm)
Double 54 × 75 in (137 × 191 cm) 55 × 79 in (140 × 200 cm)
Queen 60 × 80 in (152 × 203 cm) 63 × 79 in (160 × 200 cm)
King 76 × 80 in (193 × 203 cm) 71 × 79 in (180 × 200 cm)
Brief Description Task to clean and maintain the
quality of guest room. These are
comprised mostly of chambermaids
and room attendants.
In some establishments, the
minibar team is usually under this
department (depending on the size
of the property).
This department handles all
laundry, dry cleaning and pressing
needs of the hotel and guest.
Cleans and maintains all public
areas of the hotel.
Hotel Cycle Typically, in-stay, departure and
post departure phase
Commercial needs of the hotel are
performed in all phases.
Guest laundry is mainly performed
during in-stay process of the
Performed in all phases. Lobby
cleaning is usually performed
during night time, as there is lesser
traffic in the hotel during these
Department Head Director of Rooms
Section Manager Executive Housekeeper Executive Housekeeper/Laundry
Supervisory Guest Room Supervisor Laundry Supervisor Public Area Supervisor
Rank and File Room Attendants
· In some of the hotels Room
Service attendant is part of
Public Area Attendants
• Room Cleaning
• Laundry services:
• Commercial laundry (uniforms, linens, towels, table
napkins, table cloths and others)
• Guest laundry (laundry of guest)
• Public areas
• Location and facilities of the hotel where the public
can generally use. These include the lobby, public
sitting areas, public toilets and walkways.
Room Assignment Priority
•Early make up request is the request of the guest to
“make up room” of the guest.
•VIP rooms are guestrooms that require extra
attention since the occupants are considered Very
•Blocked rooms are guestrooms that are reserved for
guest with special requirements or needs.
•Vacant and dirty rooms are checked out rooms to be
blocked by front office for prospective guest.
Room Assignment Priority
• Late Checkout rooms are guestrooms are request
made by the occupant and subsequently granted
extension of check-out beyond the standard check-
• DND (Do not disturb) as per request of
guest(signage), rooms are not to be cleaned until
specific request of guest.
• No service rooms are guestrooms requested by
guest that his room not be cleaned.
• What are the different types of guestrooms?
• Discuss the history of Bed
• What are the different sizes of bed?
• Select one job in housekeeping and research on his
• What are the different room assignment priorities?
Why do we need to know this as future room
• What are the different housekeeping activities?
Toilet bowl cleaner
• A toilet Bowl cleaner kills
germs and get out hard
water deposits such as
bowl ring in the toilet bowl.
• Most toilet bowl cleaners
may contain hydrochloric
or phosphoric acids.
These acids aids in
removing all kinds of dirt,
stains, rust and others
from bowls and urinals.
• An effective toilet bowl
cleaner kills a wide range
of disease-and odor-
causing bacteria. There
are commercial cleaners
readily available in stores.
For larger hotels,
distributors and suppliers
sell industrial cleaners.
All purpose cleaner
• An all purpose cleaner
purpose cleaner should
be gentle on the hands
and be tolerable for any
furniture surface. A good
number of all purpose
cleaners have a PH level
of 11 to 12.
• Most of the all-purpose
cleaners nowadays are
equipped will germ killing
• A glass cleaner is meant
for windows, mirrors,
tabletops, display cases
and other glass
surfaces. Some contain
ammonia solution and
alcohol content to clear
away grease, dirt and
• The cleaner is usually
partnered with the
squeegee for fast and
effective cleaning of
• Use polish only if the
furniture starts to look
dull, worn-out and seedy.
Chrome & brass polisher
• Metal polishes contain
solvents and detergents to
remove tarnishes, mild
abrasives and oil to
brighten and slow down the
tarnish process in metals.
1. Chamois and non-abrasive
2. Chamois absorbs liquid up to
seven times their weight. It is
used for drying various
surfaces such as granite,
marble, mirror and glassware.
3. Toilet brush, Toilet swab,
4. Toilet brush is a bristle brush
often uses to clean inside the
5. Toilet swab or Johnny mop is
a ball of rayon, acrylic or
cotton at the end of long
handle. The tool is designed
to clean the bowl without
scratching its surface.
6. Complete set of rags:
1. One (1) for toilet
2. One (1) for dusting wooden
3. One (1) for drying marbles
4. Two (2) for glass and mirrors
6. Tool designed to swipe dry
glass and windows.
• Basic room amenities are stocked in their
housekeeping cart for replenishment of used items.
• Room amenities would include linens, towels, room
forms, stationary, pencils, bath toiletries and others
• Room amenities would vary from one property to
• Amenities in the hotel room are based also on the
number of occupants. For example, if there are two
people in the room bathroom supplies and
amenities should be adequate for two people.
Entering guest room
1. Rooms are accessed according to the property’s
Entering a guestroom is the first contact with guest. If
done professionally, this will leave a lasting impression
with the guest.
2. Find out if the guest is in the room.
•If a Do Not Disturb (DND) sign is displayed at the door,
note it on your worksheet and return to the room later.
•Ask your supervisor to call the guest if DND sign is still
displayed on the door.
Entering guest room
3. Properly introduce yourself in entering the room.
• Knock the door announcing “Housekeeping” and step back
for about three feet from the main door so that the guests
can see you from the door eye viewer.
• If there is no reply from the room, after 10 seconds knock
for the second time announcing “Housekeeping”.
• After the third attempted knocking the door, simultaneously
use your master key and announcing “Housekeeping” in
opening the room. When you are reasonably sure that there
is no occupant, open the door wide.
Entering guest room
4. If the guest is inside the room ask permission if you can clean
• Introduce yourself and politely ask if you can clean the room.
• “Good morning/ afternoon/evening (guest name). Is it alright if
I can clean your room?”
• If the guest gives a later time, note the time on your room
assignment sheet. Thank the guest, and quietly leave the
room and return on the specified time given by the guest
• Sometimes the guest will be sleeping or in the bathroom. If so
leave quietly, close the door and return on later to clean the
Entering guest room
5. Prop open the guest room door
• Use doorstopper
• Time and motion from going to the housekeeping cart
6. Position your cart
• Blocks the room from possible intruders