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Food processing


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food processing

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Food processing

  1. 1. Food Processing Definition Methods of Food Processing DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: , linkedin:- facebook:
  2. 2. Food processing Food Processing is the set of Methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food or to transform food into other forms for consumption by humans or animals either in the home or by the food processing industry. Food processing typically takes clean, harvested crops or slaughtered and butchered animal products and uses these to produce attractive, marketable and often long-life food products. Similar process are used to produce animal feed.
  3. 3. Food processing methods 1 peeling-- Removal of unwanted outer layers, such as potato peeling or the skinning of peaches. 2 Mincing-- Mincing is a cooking technique in which food ingredients are finely divided. The effect is to create a closely bonded mixture of ingredients and a soft or pasty texture. Flavoring ingredients such as garlic, ginger, and fresh herbs may be minced to distribute flavor more evenly in a mixture.
  4. 4. Food processing methods 3 Chopping or slicing— e.g. diced carrots 4 Emulsification An emulsion is a mixture of two immiscible (unblendable) liquids. One liquid (the dispersed phase) is dispersed in the other (the continuous phase). Many emulsions are oil/water emulsions, with dietary fats being one common type of oil encountered in everyday life. Examples of emulsions include butter and margarine, milk and cream, and vinaigrettes
  5. 5. Food processing methods 5 Fermentation-Fermentation in food processing typically refers to the conversion of sugar to alcohol using yeast . Fermentation usually implies that the action of the microorganisms is desirable, and the process is used to produce alcoholic beverages such as wine, beer, and cider
  6. 6. Food processing methods 6 Liquefaction-- such as to produce fruit juice e.g mango juice,orange juice etc it means to turn something into the liquid state
  7. 7. Food processing methods 7 Baking is the technique of prolonged cooking of food by dry heat acting by convection, and not by radiation, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones. It is primarily used for the preparation of bread, cakes, pastries and pies, tarts, quiches, and cookies. Such items are sometimes referred to as "baked goods," and are sold at a bakery. A person who prepares baked goods as a profession is called a baker
  8. 8. Food processing methods 8 Packaging is the science, art and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages.