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DistillationDistillation
Introduction to SpiritIntroduction to Spirit
DefinationDefination
• Spirit is defined as product of distillation of
fermented beverage.
DistillationDistillation
• Distillation is the process of separation of
two miscible liquids by using difference in
their ...
Method of DistillationMethod of Distillation
• Traditionally there are two method of
distillation.
• Pot still
• Patent st...
Pot still DistillationPot still Distillation
• The pot is made from Copper
• Size differ from place to place
• Alcohol vap...
Cont..Cont..
• The head & tail is collected in a separate vessel.
• The head contains a lot of methyl alcohol & not
suitab...
Cont..Cont..
• The spirit produced by this method
contains lot of congener element, which
contributes to flavour & body of...
Pot Still DistillationPot Still Distillation
Patent Still/Coffey/ContinousPatent Still/Coffey/Continous
• This is also known as Coffey still because
Mr. Aneas Coffey p...
Distillation
Distillation
Distillation
Distillation
Distillation
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Distillation

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Distillation

  1. 1. DistillationDistillation Introduction to SpiritIntroduction to Spirit
  2. 2. DefinationDefination • Spirit is defined as product of distillation of fermented beverage.
  3. 3. DistillationDistillation • Distillation is the process of separation of two miscible liquids by using difference in their boiling point. In present context the alcohol has to be separated from water after fermentation. • The evaporating temp. of ethyl alcohol is 78.5C where as for water is 100C.
  4. 4. Method of DistillationMethod of Distillation • Traditionally there are two method of distillation. • Pot still • Patent still/ Coffey still/ Continuous still.
  5. 5. Pot still DistillationPot still Distillation • The pot is made from Copper • Size differ from place to place • Alcohol vaporize at 78.5 c • The Vapours passes through Condenser and converted to liquid • Liquid alcohol is collected into three parts Head Heart ( 30% Alcohol remaining water) Tail •
  6. 6. Cont..Cont.. • The head & tail is collected in a separate vessel. • The head contains a lot of methyl alcohol & not suitable for consumption. • The head & tail are put back for re distillation with a fresh batch of alcohol water mixture. • The heart will be taken for a second distillation. The will also produce the same Head Heart ( 70% alcohol remaining water) Tail
  7. 7. Cont..Cont.. • The spirit produced by this method contains lot of congener element, which contributes to flavour & body of spirit. • Spirit, which produced, is Scotch malt whisky, Cognac, Dutch gin, Dark Rum, Tequila & some Polish vodka.
  8. 8. Pot Still DistillationPot Still Distillation
  9. 9. Patent Still/Coffey/ContinousPatent Still/Coffey/Continous • This is also known as Coffey still because Mr. Aneas Coffey patented it in 1830. • Aneas Coffey patented an improvement on an already existing model of which was developed by Robert Stein. • This is also known as a continuous still because the entire process of distillation gets completed in one continuous operation.

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