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DESINGED BY
Sunil Kumar
Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty
Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management,
MAHARSHI DAYA...
carpets
 Carpets are often referred as soft floorings
/ grass floor coverings.
 They can be categorized by their
constru...
USE OF CARPETS
 GIVES PERSONALITY TO WORK PLACE RANGING FROM
BOLD TO FORMAL.
 IN HOSPITALITY SETTINGS IT CAN PROVIDE DIR...
CARPET CONSTRUCTION
 THEY HAVE THREE
COMPONENTS:
 A) UNDERLAY/
PADDING
 B) SECONDARY
BACKING
 C) PILE- (2 types)
hard,...
UNDERLAY & BACKING
CARPET PILES
Types of piles
 Plush Pile carpets, where each tuft is cut at the same
height, have long been admired for their luxurious...
TYPES OF CARPETS
CARPETS
WOVEN NON WOVEN
WILTON
AXMINSTER
ORIENTAL
TUFTED
BERBER
BONDED (3 types)
KNITTED
Bonded carpets
Bonded
Pile bonded
Electrostatically
flocked
Needle punched
carpets
CARPETS TYPES
 A) WOVEN CARPETS
 b) NON-WOVEN CARPETS
WOOVEN CARPETS
 THE HIGHEST QUALITY
CARPETS ARE MADE BY THE
WEAVING METHOD
 It is produced on loom which
is very similar...
woven wilton carpets
Woven wilton carpets
 Wilton carpets MAY BE PRODUCED AS
 PATTERENED-this are woven in a loom known as
“Jacquard”
 2. PL...
PATTERNED CARPETS
Plain wilton carpets
cord
brussels
Axminster carpet
 An Axminster carpet is woven.
 Each individual yarn colour that goes to make up the carpet
pattern is ...
types
 Axminster carpet are of two types
1. Spool
2. gripper
AXMINSTER CARPETS
CONTINUED
 SPOOL AXMINISTER - THIS IS THE MOST
POPULER ONE & CAN HAVE MANY COLOUR
COMBINATION
 GRIPPER...
spool
Gripper carpets
Difference between wilton &
axminister
 Axminister like wilton carpet, is woven.
 However the difference between the two...
WOOVEN ORIENTAL CARPETS
 TYEY ARE HAND WOVEN
 THEIR ORIGIN IS FROM
MIDDLE -EAST,& INDIAN
SUBCONTINENTS
 BASED ON COUNTR...
Countries producing carpets
 Afghan carpets
 Turkish carpets
 Spanish carpets
 French carpets
 English carpets
 Orie...
OTHER WOVEN CARPETS ARE:
 KNOTTED PILE - WEFT THREAD WILL ALTERNATE WITH A
WEFT.
 FLAT WEAVE - EXAMPLE ARE ORIENTAL CARP...
Moquette woven carpet
 moquette mean wall-to-wall carpeting.
These textiles have a low pile and are
thinner than hand kno...
EMBROIDERED CARPETS
 Unlike woven carpets, embroidery carpets are
not formed on a loom. Their pattern is
established by t...
NON WOOVEN
CARPETS
 THIS CARPETS ARE
PRODUCED BY ATTACHING
THE SURFACE PILE TO A
PRE FABRICATED
BACKING.
 THEY ARE OF 4 ...
NON WOVEN TUFTED CARPETS
 THEY ARE AVAILABLE in PLAIN OR PATTERNED &
ARE USUALLY MADE OF SYNTHETIC FIBRE WITH A
BLEND OF ...
Tufted carpets
 Tufted carpet is the more economical of the
carpet producing methods.
 Unlike Axminster and Wilton carpe...
Cut pile
Loop pile
NON WOOVEN BERBER
CARPETS
 HAVE NEUTRAL COLOURS
SUCH AS WHITE, BEIGE ,
GREY DARK BROWN ETC.
 Berber carpet is a type of
...
NON WOVEN BONDED
CARPETS
 NEITHER WOVEN NOR
TUFTED.
 THEY ARE GLUED OR HEAT-
FUSED OR IN SOME WAY
BONDED.
 ECONOMICAL F...
BONDED CARPETS CONTINUED
 PILE BONDED- PILE OF NYLON STUCK TO PVC.
 ELECTROSTATICALLY FLOCKED –
 (THOUSANDS OF SMALL FI...
Electro statically flocked
 . Electrostatics involves the buildup of charge on the surface of
objects due to contact with...
Needle punch
 Needle-punched carpeting is made by felting
needles into a center fabric. This forms a flat
fabric like car...
other types of carpets are:
 Saxony
 Plush/ velvet
 Frieze
 Cut & loop piles
 Cut pile
 Loop pile
 Students activit...
Other carpets (which gets their name from the origin
countries)
 Turkish
 Spanish
 French
 English
Students to search ...
SELECTION OF CARPETS
 SIZE
 PURPOSE
 COST
 AVAILIBILTY
 TRANSPORTATION
 PILE TYPE-DENSITY&
WEIGHT
 PILE FIBRE
 REP...
NEED FOR CARPET CARE
 CARPETS ATTRACTS DUST & DEBRIS.
 WHEN WET CARPETS GIVES OUT BAD ODOUR &
CAN HARBOUR MOULDS.
 PROP...
Demand for carpet cleaning
 Usually carpet cleaning services are
outsourced.
 Daily cleaning is done by HK Dept. & deep
...
Preparation before cleaning
 Collect all equipments & chemicals.
 Block the area.
 Remove furniture’s.
Frequency of cleaning
 Daily Cleaning (routine maintenance) -
superficial cleaning which includes daily
vacuuming of area...
Deep Cleaning
 Shampooing
 Hot water extraction method / steam extraction
 Dry foam method
 Dry powdering method
 Bon...
Carpet shampooing
 Carpets are
Shampooed with
Machine uniformly.
 All stains are
removed using
detergents and
spotting t...
Carpet shampoo
 Carpet shampoo is a specially-formulated liquid
detergent compound used to clean carpets and rugs.
 Carp...
Wet Extraction
 a hot water cleaning solution is forced into the carpet
and then sucked out of the carpet.
 This method ...
Dry foam method
 When a carpet cleaner
uses dry-foam, he applies
shampoo to your carpet,
allows it to dry, and then
sucks...
Bonnet cleaning
 This is another method similar
to 'Shampoo'.
 Bonnet cleaning employs an
absorbent pad ('bonnet')
attac...
dry powder method
 In the dry powder method, absorbent granules
containing dry cleaning solvent are sprinkled over a
sect...
Buying considerations
 There are certain primary things that one needs to keep in
mind while carpet shopping.
» Style - w...
DESINGED BY
Sunil Kumar
Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty
Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management,
MAHARSHI DAYA...
Carpets[1]
Carpets[1]
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Carpets[1]

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Carpets[1]

  1. 1. DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: skihm86@yahoo.com , balhara86@gmail.com linkedin:- in.linkedin.com/in/ihmsunilkumar facebook: www.facebook.com/ihmsunilkumar webpage: chefsunilkumar.tripod.com carpets
  2. 2. carpets  Carpets are often referred as soft floorings / grass floor coverings.  They can be categorized by their construction , patterns & types of yarn used.  A good carpeted floor usually enhances look & appearance of your premises .
  3. 3. USE OF CARPETS  GIVES PERSONALITY TO WORK PLACE RANGING FROM BOLD TO FORMAL.  IN HOSPITALITY SETTINGS IT CAN PROVIDE DIRECTIONAL CLUES TO MOVE PEOPLE TO THE REGISTRATION COUNTERS OR ELEVATORS.  IN HEALTHCARE DIVISON CARPETS CAN BE SOOTHING & EMOTIONAL HEALING.  IT CAN BLOCK OUT SOUND IN A SCHOOL COMPUTER LAB  IN RETAIL, CARPETS ARE A WELCOME ADDITION.  THE POPULARITY OF CARPETS HAS GROWN TREMENDOUSLY IN RESTAURANTS, HOTELS, OFFICES,SHOPS AS CARPETED FLOOR OFFERS COMFORT, INCREASES NOISE ABSORBANCY & HAS AN ASTHETIC APPEAL.
  4. 4. CARPET CONSTRUCTION  THEY HAVE THREE COMPONENTS:  A) UNDERLAY/ PADDING  B) SECONDARY BACKING  C) PILE- (2 types) hard, looped
  5. 5. UNDERLAY & BACKING
  6. 6. CARPET PILES
  7. 7. Types of piles  Plush Pile carpets, where each tuft is cut at the same height, have long been admired for their luxurious good looks.  Twist pile . Is made by twisting two yarns  Loop Pile Each yarn remains in a loop, rather than being cut to create a tuft  Cut & loop piles combination of both cut & loop piles
  8. 8. TYPES OF CARPETS CARPETS WOVEN NON WOVEN WILTON AXMINSTER ORIENTAL TUFTED BERBER BONDED (3 types) KNITTED
  9. 9. Bonded carpets Bonded Pile bonded Electrostatically flocked Needle punched carpets
  10. 10. CARPETS TYPES  A) WOVEN CARPETS  b) NON-WOVEN CARPETS
  11. 11. WOOVEN CARPETS  THE HIGHEST QUALITY CARPETS ARE MADE BY THE WEAVING METHOD  It is produced on loom which is very similar to woven cloth  THEY ARE MADE FROM DIFFERENT COLOURED YARNS & ARE CAPABLE OF PRODUCING VERY INTRICATE PATTERNS  THERE ARE THREE TYPES OF CARPETS WILTON , AXMISTER, ORIENTAL
  12. 12. woven wilton carpets
  13. 13. Woven wilton carpets  Wilton carpets MAY BE PRODUCED AS  PATTERENED-this are woven in a loom known as “Jacquard”  2. PLAIN WILTON- they are made without the loom.  3. CORD- they have an uncut pile  4. BRUSSELS-they are patterned wilton that have an uncut pile.
  14. 14. PATTERNED CARPETS
  15. 15. Plain wilton carpets
  16. 16. cord
  17. 17. brussels
  18. 18. Axminster carpet  An Axminster carpet is woven.  Each individual yarn colour that goes to make up the carpet pattern is selected by a gripper and woven with the weft.  It is cut automatically to the required pile height.  An Axminster carpet provides quality, longevity and durability .  The quality of an axminster and the fact that a maximum of 12 colours can be used ensure that it is often the flooring of choice for prestigious buildings such as Royal residences, where durability and an element of luxury are simultaneously required.
  19. 19. types  Axminster carpet are of two types 1. Spool 2. gripper
  20. 20. AXMINSTER CARPETS CONTINUED  SPOOL AXMINISTER - THIS IS THE MOST POPULER ONE & CAN HAVE MANY COLOUR COMBINATION  GRIPPER AXMINISTER - HERE ONLY EIGHT COLOURS CAN BE USED.
  21. 21. spool
  22. 22. Gripper carpets
  23. 23. Difference between wilton & axminister  Axminister like wilton carpet, is woven.  However the difference between the two methods is the way in which the carpet is woven.  The Axminster yarn is woven into each weft and then cut to the required pile height and then reinserted when that colour is needed again – the Wilton carpet yarn is a continuous strand woven all the way through.
  24. 24. WOOVEN ORIENTAL CARPETS  TYEY ARE HAND WOVEN  THEIR ORIGIN IS FROM MIDDLE -EAST,& INDIAN SUBCONTINENTS  BASED ON COUNTRY ORIGIN THEY ARE CALLED INDIAN ,AFGHAN, PERSIAN & SO ON  THET ARE BASED ON EITHER FLORAL DESINGSOR GEOMETRIC DESIGNS  THEY ARE DURABLE BUTCOSTLY
  25. 25. Countries producing carpets  Afghan carpets  Turkish carpets  Spanish carpets  French carpets  English carpets  Oriental carpets
  26. 26. OTHER WOVEN CARPETS ARE:  KNOTTED PILE - WEFT THREAD WILL ALTERNATE WITH A WEFT.  FLAT WEAVE - EXAMPLE ARE ORIENTAL CARPETS .  HOOKED RUG -IT IS A SIMPLE CONSTRUCTION OF RUG WHICH IS HAND MADEBY PULLING THREADS OF COTTON OR WOOLEN CLOTH.THIS TYPE OF RUG IS CALLED HANDICRAFTS.
  27. 27. Moquette woven carpet  moquette mean wall-to-wall carpeting. These textiles have a low pile and are thinner than hand knotted pile carpets. This form of carpeting, made as early as the 16th century, is constructed on a mechanized loom.
  28. 28. EMBROIDERED CARPETS  Unlike woven carpets, embroidery carpets are not formed on a loom. Their pattern is established by the application of stitches to a cloth (often linen) base. The tent stitch ( is a type of an embroidery stitch) and the cross stitch are two of the most common.  Embroidered carpets were traditionally made by royal and aristocratic women in the home, but there has been some commercial manufacture since steel needles were introduced.
  29. 29. NON WOOVEN CARPETS  THIS CARPETS ARE PRODUCED BY ATTACHING THE SURFACE PILE TO A PRE FABRICATED BACKING.  THEY ARE OF 4 TYPES tufted, berber,flocked & knitted.  ECONOMICAL
  30. 30. NON WOVEN TUFTED CARPETS  THEY ARE AVAILABLE in PLAIN OR PATTERNED & ARE USUALLY MADE OF SYNTHETIC FIBRE WITH A BLEND OF WOOL.  THEY DO NOT FRAY & ARE CUT INTO ANY SHAPE.  This type of carpet is produced on a tufting machine using a single colour yarn .
  31. 31. Tufted carpets  Tufted carpet is the more economical of the carpet producing methods.  Unlike Axminster and Wilton carpet, a tufted carpet is produced by adding yarn onto a pre- existing backing using a special adhesive. This method is an extremely fast (one roll of Axminster might take 8 hours to make whereas one roll of tufted takes approx 1 hr) way of manufacturing carpet
  32. 32. Cut pile
  33. 33. Loop pile
  34. 34. NON WOOVEN BERBER CARPETS  HAVE NEUTRAL COLOURS SUCH AS WHITE, BEIGE , GREY DARK BROWN ETC.  Berber carpet is a type of weave of carpet, not a type of carpet. The fibers of this carpet can be made of wool, nylon, polyester.
  35. 35. NON WOVEN BONDED CARPETS  NEITHER WOVEN NOR TUFTED.  THEY ARE GLUED OR HEAT- FUSED OR IN SOME WAY BONDED.  ECONOMICAL FLOOR COVERING.  THEY ARE OF 3 TYPES PILE BONDED--- ELECTROSTATICALLY FLOCKED, NEEDLE PUNCHED
  36. 36. BONDED CARPETS CONTINUED  PILE BONDED- PILE OF NYLON STUCK TO PVC.  ELECTROSTATICALLY FLOCKED –  (THOUSANDS OF SMALL FIBRES ARE ELECTROSTATICALLY BONED TO AN ADHESIVE COATED BACKING.)  NEEDLE PUNCHED – THE NEEDLE LOOM IS USED FOR BONDING.
  37. 37. Electro statically flocked  . Electrostatics involves the buildup of charge on the surface of objects due to contact with other surfaces. It is the effect of charge exchange.  Flocking is the process of depositing many small fiber particles (called "flock") onto a surface. It also refers to the texture produced by the process. ...  Flocking is where short, chopped fiber or flock is adhered, usually by electrostatic processes, to a base fabric resulting in a very short pile material with a velvety texture. Flocked carpet resembles velour. Flocked carpets are resilient and crush-resistant. A secondary backing material usually is applied to this structure, adding body and dimensional stability. A few flocked carpets are made for bedrooms and bathrooms, but the majority is used in vehicles: cars, planes, and buses.
  38. 38. Needle punch  Needle-punched carpeting is made by felting needles into a center fabric. This forms a flat fabric like carpet mainly used for indoor-outdoor carpeting, artificial grass surfaces, and some carpet tiles. Needle-punched carpet can be printed, flocked or embossed. Different textural effects, can be attained by mixing fiber and angling the needle in various ways. A coating of weather-resistant latex or similar material is applied to the back
  39. 39. other types of carpets are:  Saxony  Plush/ velvet  Frieze  Cut & loop piles  Cut pile  Loop pile  Students activity : to find out about the above mentioned carpets.
  40. 40. Other carpets (which gets their name from the origin countries)  Turkish  Spanish  French  English Students to search details of the above mentioned carpets
  41. 41. SELECTION OF CARPETS  SIZE  PURPOSE  COST  AVAILIBILTY  TRANSPORTATION  PILE TYPE-DENSITY& WEIGHT  PILE FIBRE  REPUTATION OF THE DEALER  AESTHETICS- COLOUR, TEXTURE ETC.  RESILIENCE-( ability of the pile to return to its original appearance)  DYEING  BACKING  PADDING  INSTALLATION
  42. 42. NEED FOR CARPET CARE  CARPETS ATTRACTS DUST & DEBRIS.  WHEN WET CARPETS GIVES OUT BAD ODOUR & CAN HARBOUR MOULDS.  PROPER CARPET CARE CAN SUPPORT GREEN CLEANING & HELP IMPROVE INDOOR AIR QUALITY.  KEEPING THE INDOOR ENVIRONMENT DRY IS ESSENTIAL FOR HYGIENE .
  43. 43. Demand for carpet cleaning  Usually carpet cleaning services are outsourced.  Daily cleaning is done by HK Dept. & deep cleaning is given to specialised companies.  With increasing awareness carpet users are laying stress on professional cleaning. Students should find out at least 5 names of such outsourced companies.
  44. 44. Preparation before cleaning  Collect all equipments & chemicals.  Block the area.  Remove furniture’s.
  45. 45. Frequency of cleaning  Daily Cleaning (routine maintenance) - superficial cleaning which includes daily vacuuming of areas at regular intervals.  Weekly Cleaning- will include spot cleaning .  Monthly Cleaning ( periodic maintenance) - deep cleaning programs.
  46. 46. Deep Cleaning  Shampooing  Hot water extraction method / steam extraction  Dry foam method  Dry powdering method  Bonnet cleaning method
  47. 47. Carpet shampooing  Carpets are Shampooed with Machine uniformly.  All stains are removed using detergents and spotting techniques.  Spray shampoo solution or pre-spray carpet to moisten the surface.
  48. 48. Carpet shampoo  Carpet shampoo is a specially-formulated liquid detergent compound used to clean carpets and rugs.  Carpet shampoo is often used in conjunction with a rotary-style carpet cleaning machine or a cylindrical model which uses compressed air to generate foam before agitation.  The general idea of using carpet shampoo is to create a thick foam which will attract and suspend dirt particles scrubbed out of the carpet pile. Once this dirty foam has dried, the residue can be cleaned away.
  49. 49. Wet Extraction  a hot water cleaning solution is forced into the carpet and then sucked out of the carpet.  This method is also referred to as steam cleaning even though stream is not used.  Some of the disadvantages of wet extraction are overwetting, shrinking, streaking, stretched carpet, color changes, mold/mildew.  The carpet may take 8 hours to 3 days to dry, depending on humidity.  The second carpet cleaning method is called dry extraction / dry foam method.  .
  50. 50. Dry foam method  When a carpet cleaner uses dry-foam, he applies shampoo to your carpet, allows it to dry, and then sucks the dried shampoo into a vacuum.  This method can leave a residue in your carpet, which is one reason dry foam is not very effective.
  51. 51. Bonnet cleaning  This is another method similar to 'Shampoo'.  Bonnet cleaning employs an absorbent pad ('bonnet') attached to the bottom of a rotary machine.  Detergent solution is sprayed onto the carpet ad the rotary pad is used to agitate and remove the soil suspended in the solution from the carpet.  Once one side of the pad gets soiled, the sides can be reversed. And when both sides get soiled, the pad can be replaced and later cleaned.
  52. 52. dry powder method  In the dry powder method, absorbent granules containing dry cleaning solvent are sprinkled over a section of carpet and worked into the pile by mechanical or hand brush.  The dry cleaning solvent dissolves oils and greasy soil. These are then absorbed by the granules. When thoroughly dry, the carpet is vacuumed. A powerful vacuum is essential for total removal of cleaning granules.
  53. 53. Buying considerations  There are certain primary things that one needs to keep in mind while carpet shopping. » Style - wall to wall carpeting requires a different material and style than an accent carpet or area rug. » Material - Natural materials, such as wool, cotton and silk have much greater durability than synthetics. » Traffic or the purpose of the carpet as per your lifestyle is another determining factor. » Selecting the right dealer is as important for an authentic dealer practically tackles all these problems on his own and advises accordingly  budget  Easy to clean & maintain  Maintenance cost should be reasonable
  54. 54. DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: skihm86@yahoo.com , balhara86@gmail.com linkedin:- in.linkedin.com/in/ihmsunilkumar facebook: www.facebook.com/ihmsunilkumar webpage: chefsunilkumar.tripod.com

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