India on the Path to Disaster Resilience
NDMA Tableau during Republic Day Parade, 2009
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National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) AN
R M AGE TE
R M AGE
National Disaster Management Authority
NDMA Bhawan, A-1, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi-110029, India
http://www.ndma.gov.in Government of India
IT NA Y
Phones: +91-11-26701700 Fax: +91-11-26701729 NA
SEP 2009 INDIA
NDMA Control Room: +91-11-26701728
GENESIS NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY
On 23rd December 2005, the Government of India took a defining step by piloting the enactment of the Disaster CHAIRMAN
Management Act 2005, which envisaged the creation of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), VICE CHAIRMAN
headed by the Prime Minister of India, State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs) headed by the Chief Ministers,
and District Disaster Management Authorities (DDMAs) headed by District Collectors and Co-chaired by the elected
representatives of the local authorities, to spearhead and implement a holistic and integrated approach to disaster LT GEN(Retd) Dr. J R BHARDWAJ
Shri B BHATTACHARJEE
Dr MOHAN KANDA
Prof N V C MENON
Smt. P JYOTI RAO
Shri M S REDDY
Shri K M SINGH
Shri J K SINHA
• Chemical • Nuclear • National Policy • Earthquakes • Community • Cyclones • NDRF • Civil Defence
management. • Biological • Radiological & Plans • Tsunami • Urban Flooding • Awareness • Fire Services
• Medical Preparedness • Early Warning & • NGOs • Risk Transfer Generation (Media) • Incident Command System
• Avalanches & • Minimum Standards
Composition of NDMA • Psycho-Social Care
• GIS & IT
• Micro Financing
• Mitigation Reserve • NCC, NSS & NYKS
• Mock Drills Exercises
• Microzonation • Corporates
Uttar Pradesh Rajasthan West Bengal Tamil Nadu Madhya Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Bihar Gujarat
Uttarakhand Punjab Maharashtra Kerala Karnataka Orissa Jammu & Kashmir Himachal Pradesh
STATES & UTs Delhi
Haryana Dadra & Nagar Haveli Sikkim Puducherry Lakshadweep Goa N. E. States
A & N Islands Chhattisgarh
Chandigarh Daman & Diu Jharkhand
Shri Anil Bhushan Prasad
Shri Suresh Kumar Sepuri Dr. G.S.G. Ayyangar Advisor (Operations and Communications) Shri Amit Jha Shri Sunil Kumar Kohli
Advisor (Policies & Plans) Advisor (Mitigation Projects) (Not Yet Posted) Joint Secretary (Admn. & Capacity Building) Financial Advisor
The Disaster Management Act, 2005 was enacted to provide the requisite institutional mechanisms for formulating and
monitoring the implementation of the disaster management plans, ensuring measures by various wings of the
Government for preventing and mitigating the effects of disasters and for undertaking a holistic, coordinated and
prompt response to any disaster situation.
Dr. Manmohan Singh The National Vision is to build a Safer and Disaster Resilient India by developing a Holistic, Proactive, Multi-hazard
Hon'ble Prime Minister of India and Technology-Driven strategy for disaster management. This will be achieved through a culture of Prevention,
Mitigation and Preparedness to generate a prompt and efficient response at the time of disasters. The entire process will
centre-stage the communities and will be provided momentum and sustenance through collective efforts of all
Vice Chairman: government agencies and non-governmental organizations.
Mandate of NDMA
v Policy and Guidelines.
To lay down
Approve National Disaster Management (DM) Plan and DM Plans of Ministries and Departments of GOI.
To coordinate enforcement and implementation of Policies and Plans.
Superintendence, Direction and Control (including Administrative Control) of the NDRF rest with the NDMA.
To take Measures for
Ø Prevention Ø Preparedness
Gen N C Vij Ø Development
Capacity Ø Mitigation
PVSM UYSM AVSM (Retd) Ø Generation
Awareness Ø Rehabilitation and Recovery
Ø National Executive Committee (NEC) will coordinate the Response on behalf of NDMA. In case
of grave disasters, this will be done by the National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) headed by the
Cabinet Secretary. NDMA will cover the gaps and coordinate the entire effort.
The Vice Chairman of the Authority
Ø Recommend provision of Funds for the purpose of Mitigation (At National and State Level).
has the status of a Union Cabinet Ø Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM)- To function under broad guidelines of the NDMA.
Minister and the Members of the Objectives of NDMA
Authority have the status of Union The National Vision on DM envisions a paradigm shift from erstwhile Response-Centric approach to the Holistic
Management of disasters with emphasis on Prevention, Preparedness and Mitigation. Flowing from the National Vision
Ministers of State of the Government and the Mandate, as spelt out by the Disaster Management Act 2005, the objectives of NDMA are:
of India. v policy and guidelines.
v the plans prepared by Central Ministries and Departments.
v the culture of prevention and preparedness.
With the then Hon'ble President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam v Institutionalizing mitigation measures.
Mainstreaming disaster management into developmental planning process.
vplace a streamlined institutional techno-legal framework and ensuring its compliance.
v appropriate early warning systems backed by fail-safe communications and IT support.
v partnership with all stakeholders to create greater public awareness on disaster management.
Ensuring prompt and efficient response with a caring and humane approach.
Ensuring post-disaster reconstruction as an opportunity to build disaster resilient structures, and
v recovery to bring back the community to a better and safer level than the pre-disaster stage.
Paradigm Shift in Disaster Management
NDMA has initiated several pioneering steps to bring about a paradigm shift from the, hitherto, post-disaster relief-
centric regime to strengthening pre-disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation measures and coordinating Release of Cyclone Guidelines by the then Release of Biological Disasters Guidelines by the
prompt and efficient emergency response. Union Minister for Earth Sciences Shri Kapil Sibal then Union Home Minister Shri Shivraj V. Patil
National Disaster Management Policy
NDMA has prepared a "National Disaster Management Policy" which has been submitted to the Government of India for
approval and release. This Policy document has been circulated to Ministries and Departments of Government of India and
State Governments and is likely to be released shortly.
National Disaster Management Guidelines
Guidelines issued by NDMA
v of Civil Defence – December 2006.
v for NIDM – April 2006.
v – May 2007.
Earthquakes Release of the Nuclear and Radiological Emergencies Release of National Guidelines on Landslides and
v (Industrial) Disasters – May 2007.
Chemical Guidelines by the National Security Advisor Snow Avalanches by Union Minister for
v of State DM Plans – August 2007.
Formulation Shri M.K. Narayanan Mines Shri B.K. Handique
Medical Preparedness and Mass Casualty Management – November 2007. Guidelines in Progress
v – April 2008.
Cyclones By December 2009
v Disasters – August 2008.
Psycho-Social and Mental Health Care. v
v Radiological Emergencies (Part I) – February 2009.
Nuclear and v Based Disaster Management.
Community vManagement System.
v and Snow Avalanches - 23 June 2009.
Nuclear and Radiological Emergencies (Classified). v
v (Terrorism) Disasters Management - 4th August 2009.
Before June 2010
Role of NGOs in Disaster Management. vPost-Disaster Reconstruction.
v of Heritage Monuments.
Protection v Disaster Management in Education Curricula.
v Disaster Communication and IT Network.
National v Standards of Relief.
Preparation of Plans
Based on these Guidelines, the Plans are being prepared at all three levels, i.e. National, State and District levels.
The Plans prepared by the Central Ministries will be approved by the NDMA and the State Plans by the respective
State Disaster Management Authorities.
Release of Earthquake Guidelines by the then Release of National Disaster Management Guidelines - At the National level, the National Response Plan is being prepared by the (NEC) Ministry of Home Affairs, the
Union Home Minister Shri Shivraj V. Patil and Management of Chemical (Terrorism) Disaster by Mitigation Plans by the respective Ministries and the National Capacity Building Plan by the National Institute of
Union Minister for Earth Sciences Shri Kapil Sibal Union Minister of Defence Shri A.K. Antony
Disaster Management (NIDM). All this effort will be guided by the NDMA. Assistance will be provided to Central
Ministries and States to engage Knowledge Centres to assist them in the preparation of Plans.
Mainstreaming of Disaster Management in Development Planning
v Ministries/Departments and the States are now preparing Disaster Management Plans in accordance
with the Guidelines.
The measures for prevention or mitigation arising out of these plans will be funded from the annual/ five year plans.
v also form part of the National Mitigation projects being drawn up by NDMA.
Release of Flood Guidelines by the then Release of Chemical (Industrial) Disaster Guidelines by
Union Minister for Water Resources the then Minister of State for Labour and Employment
Disaster management is being mainstreamed into the developmental planning process through:
Prof. Saifuddin Soz (Independent Charge) Shri Oscar Fernandes (a) Structural Measures, (b) Non Structural Measures and (c) Mitigation Projects.
Structural Measures All these tasks are being performed with good results. NDRF units are also being deployed proactively in anticipation of
In the structural measures, disaster management concerns are addressed in three ways: disasters. While the handling of natural disasters rests with all the NDRF battalions, four battalions are being equipped and
v All new projects/programmes would be revisited to build in disaster management concerns to ensure disaster resilience. trained to respond to situations arising out of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear emergencies. This training will
v of ongoing projects/programmes will also similarly be audited, and Projects/Programmes already
The design be extended to all Battalions subsequently. During the Kosi floods in Bihar in 2008, NDRF personnel were the first ones to
completed would be revisited selectively on priority to address DM concerns. be deployed and they rescued and evacuated over 100,000 people. The performance of NDRF during Orissa and Assam
v reduction measures will also be incorporated into developmental programmes involving construction of
Disaster risk floods in 2008, the Cyclone Aila in West Bengal and Bagmati floods in Bihar in August 2009 was commendable.
buildings etc., such as Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Indira Awas Yojana, Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission etc. Community Preparedness Programmes by NDRF
Non-structural Measures NDRF teams are conducting community capacity building and public
Non-structural measures would include legislation and other such instruments as building bye-laws, land use awareness programmes in a major way in almost all the states in the
regulations which create the enabling regulatory environment. country. During the last two years upto June 2009, the NDRF teams have
Mitigation Projects trained 3,20,000 persons under this programme. The target group under
Mitigation projects both at the National and State levels will be carried out to improve level of preparedness (Details on this programme include villagers, school children and volunteers
the following pages). selected by the State administration. The programme aims at providing
exposure to the emergency first aid, basics of search and rescue, flood
11th Five Year Plan preparedness and use of improvised equipment for life saving.
The Eleventh Five Year Plan aims at consolidating the process by earmarking plan funds to projects and programmes which
not only include the mitigation projects but also projects/schemes on IEC programme, Microzonation of major cities,
Project preparation, Facility/Research Programme Studies, Vulnerability Assessment schemes, International Cooperation, NDRF Personnel undergoing Heli-slithering
Training at Para Bn of Army
Infrastructure of NDRF Battalions, Revamping of Civil Defence and Upgradation of NIDM and other institutions.
Introduction of Disaster Management into Educational Curricula
Whereas, it has already been done in the schools, NDMA is now working on the modalities with the Ministry of Human
Resource Development (MHRD), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoH & FW) and other agencies concerned to
ensure that the subject of DM is included in the curricula of all Higher, Technical & Medical Education.
Scientific and Technological Initiatives
The Risk Assessment and Vulnerability Analysis of the country's exposure to natural and man-made disasters are being
integrated with basic tools of science and technology for holistic management of disasters. The major initiatives are in
the following fields:
v of India at Required Scales (1: 10,000 and 1:2,000) and Contour Intervals of 0.5m.
v of Upgraded Hazard Maps showing Mutli Hazard Prone Districts in India.
Preparation Rescue & Relief Works by NDRF Personnel Community Capacity Building Programme by
during Kosi Flood of Bihar, 2008 NDRF towards Flood Preparedness
v Development of Geographical Information System platform over the Digital Base Maps for All Multi - Hazard Prone
Districts of the country (GIS for remaining districts to follow). Civil Defence
v Seismic Microzonation (based on Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis (PSHA), coupled with Geo-technical Civil Defence personnel will contribute by providing assistance in response, training the community, and also in
Investigations) of Indian Land Mass (Microzonation with respect to other hazards to follow). assisting state administration in logistics. Having realized the potential of the Civil Defence to provide assistance to the
v Risk Assessment and Vulnerability Analysis of different parts of the Country with respect to various hazards. district administration during disasters, the Government of India has decided to revamp Civil Defence in India and
v Development of Knowledge-Based National Disaster Management Information System (NDMIS) to generate expand its scope and presence to cover the entire country. A High Power Committee headed by Shri K M Singh,
informed decisions/Decision Support System (DSS) for various stakeholders at different levels of administration. Member, NDMA prepared a “National Policy Approach Paper” which was accepted by the Government of India. The
v from Science and Technology community for better understanding of all natural disasters leading to
Assistance Civil Defence Act, 1968 has been amended to include disaster management in the charter of work of Civil Defence
improved modelling for Advance Forecasting Capability and faster Capacity Building (in terms of both Human personnel. The Government of India has sanctioned a project of Rs. 100 Crores in the first phase to revamp Civil
Resource Development and Infrastructure Development). Defence in 100 districts of the country.
National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) The Civil Defence is being converted into a district-centric organisation from its earlier role as a town-centric
For the purpose of specialised response to a threatening disaster organisation. Civil Defence training institutions are being strengthened and a revised curriculum has been prepared.
situation or disasters/ emergencies, both natural and man-made such Their training at National Civil Defence College, Nagpur is commencing shortly. NDMA is also working out the
as those of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear origin, a modalities for distance education through setting up of virtual classrooms to reach large numbers of people getting
National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) has been constituted. enlisted as Civil Defence volunteers.
NDRF is a dedicated stand-alone Force with personnel on Mitigation Projects
deputation. This Force is being trained and equipped with state-of-
the-art life saving equipment. Presently, the NDRF comprises eight NDMA has commenced the preparation of Detailed Project Reports on a number of mitigation projects to be carried
battalions and further expansion by another two Battalions stands out during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period. Following mitigation projects are being taken up on priority at the
approved by the Government. The primary tasks of NDRF include: National level.
(i) training of the community, National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP)
(ii) imparting training to the State Disaster Response Forces,
It has been drawn up with World Bank Assistance for about USD 350 million to cover all 13 Cyclone –prone Coastal
(iii) deployment in case of impending disasters and
States & Union Territories. The main objectives are to strengthen the structural and non-structural cyclone mitigation
(iv) provide specialised response in case of disasters.
efforts and it has three main components:
Component-A: Improvement of early warning dissemination system. v also proposed two pilot projects:
Component–B: Investments on mitigation measures, such as construction of cyclone shelters, roads and bridges, Ø Mobile hospitals for Mass Casualty Management at Disaster Sites.
saline embankments, shelterbelt plantation, mangrove regeneration etc. Ø of two model CBRN Casualty Treatment Centres at Delhi, one in a large Civil Hospital and another in
Component-C: Technical assistance for hazard risk management and capacity building. the Army Hospital (Research & Referal).
National Earthquake Risk Mitigation Project ( NERMP) v
NDMA played an active role in the Governmental effort in the management of Influenza A (H1N1) India. NDMA has
issued the following Documents and Guidelines:
It covers 22 high seismic risk States and Union Territories with over 229 districts in seismic zones IV and V for structural
measures; and for capacity building, all the districts in zones II to V will be covered. NERMP aims at creating greater Ø on Swine Flu - 28/04/2009
earthquake preparedness in the country through training and capacity building of over 90,000 engineers, 25,000 Ø Prevention and Management of Influenza A (H1N1) - 01/05/2009
architects and over 300,000 lead masons and masons, launching public awareness campaigns on earthquake risk and Ø Management of H1N1 Pandemic - 05/05/2009
vulnerability, strengthening the techno-legal regime and carrying out structural safety audit of critical lifeline Ø Guidelines on Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic Preparedness for Business Continuity in Non-Health
infrastructure and seismic strengthening and retrofitting of one hospital building in each district in zones IV and V. Sectors - 19/05/2009
National Disaster Information and Communication Network (NDICN) v
A “Workshop on the Pandemic Preparedness for Business Continuity in Non-Health Sectors” was hosted and
conducted by NDMA in coordination with Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of Health & Family Welfare on 1st
It aims at providing fail safe communication channels with multiple redundancy and last mile connectivity for assured
June 2009. Various issues related to preparedness in health as well as non health sectors were discussed.
information and IT dissemination to disaster-prone communities/districts.
vcollaboration with Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR), MOH & FW has initiated the preparation
National Disaster Response Reserves of syllabus and training modules for Medical Officers in the field of Disaster Management.
These are proposed to cater for the emergency relief needs of 400,000 persons, including 150,000 persons in the hilly Urban Flooding
regions in the wake of grave disasters.
v conceptualized Urban Flooding as a separate subject, delinking it from riverine floods in rural areas for
National School Safety Pilot Project the first time, keeping in view their increasing frequency and significant impact in India. Direct inputs were obtained
It is proposed to be launched to strengthen the earthquake preparedness of schools in high seismic risk districts in zones for the first time from various countries by organizing a joint Indo-US Workshop (NDMA and USAID) in January 7-9, 2009.
IV and V. Herein it is proposed to formulate a National School Safety Policy and prepare manual with checklists and Search and rescue efforts in the urban areas also require specialized training. State Governments/UTs concerned
formats for school safety, carry out training and capacity building of critical stakeholders on school safety, and should accord priority for improving drainage systems and other areas of concern.
undertake structural safety audit of all school buildings from the selected districts and carry out retrofitting of selected Preparedness Activities in the States
school buildings, etc. It also lays down emphasis on non-structural measures like evacuation drills etc.
v the vulnerability profile and multi-hazard proneness of the North Eastern states, preparedness activities
National Landslide Risk Mitigation Project (NLRMP) have been initiated in the region by the NDMA in concert with eight State Governments and the North-Eastern
In order to evolve a comprehensive strategy for landslide hazard risk mitigation, NDMA has drawn up a National Council. Sensitization workshops have also been held in 25 states with a view to explain to them the nuances of the
Landslide Risk Mitigation Project (NLRMP). Important activities under NLRMP encompass developing a strategy and Disaster Management Act and the Envisaged Paradigm Shift. The roles and responsibilities of NDMA and State
plan for mapping and assessing landslides, proposing a monitoring mechanism for active landslides, modalities for Disaster Management Authorities have also been discussed.
assessment of loss including compiling and evaluating information on economic impacts of landslide hazards etc. The v
It is also planned to develop eight districts as Model Districts in multi-disaster prone states of the North East, West
other components will include capacity development and awareness generation among the stakeholders/affected Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Jammu & Kashmir, Haryana, etc. for DM initiatives.
communities. These can be replicated in other districts.
National Flood Risk Mitigation Project (NFRMP) IEC Activities
NDMA has formulated a National Flood Risk Mitigation Project (NFRMP) as a comprehensive project for strengthening The objective is to create awareness about disaster management using conventional as well as innovative mediums.
flood preparedness, mitigation and management in the country. The NFRMP aims to assist the Central Awareness Campaigns on Floods, Earthquakes, Cyclones and other disasters are carried out through audio/ video spots
Ministries/Departments and State Govts to address the issues of preparedness and mitigation of floods with a view to and documentaries in radio and TV, news papers, magazines, brochures, exhibition panels etc. In addition, States are
minimize vulnerability to floods and consequent loss of lives, livelihood systems, property and damage to also being given financial assistance to carry out IEC campaigns locally.
infrastructure and public utilities. Currently, NDMA is engaged in the process of selection of a lead consultant for
preparation of DPR for NFRMP.
Strengthening Disaster Preparedness
NDMA has taken the following initiatives in the field of medical preparedness:
vAn International workshop on “Pandemic Preparedness beyond Health” in April 2008 was held in collaboration
with the United Nations Disaster Management Team (UNDMT), Pandemic Influenza Contingency Team (PIC) and
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
vTraining programmes on Basic Life Support (BLS) and Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) for the Medical Officers
have been conducted on a regular and periodic basis in collaboration with MOH & FW and Trauma Centre, AIIMS.
v Medical Preparedness for Emergency Medical Response to CBRN Casualties for Medical Officers has
been initiated in collaboration with Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Ministry of
Defence (MOD), and Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC). Mock Exercise on Urban Fire in Kanpur Mock Exercise on Cyclone in Orissa (Cyclone Shelter)
Mock Drills and Exercises
v been coordinating mock exercises in the States, in cooperation with State Governments and other
NDMA has Members - NDMA
stakeholder groups, to prepare them for efficient response in the event of disasters. These drills also emphasize and
ensure the coordination aspects in disaster management. The mock exercises pertain to Earthquakes, Floods,
Cyclones, Chemical (Industrial) Disasters, Terrorist attacks including scenarios of Gas Leakage and Firing (like in
Metro Stations and Industrial areas) and Urban Fire in high rise buildings/malls.
v exercises have been conducted, covering 87 districts, and involving more than 11.18 lakh people from
various strata of society including local communities. Mock drills and exercises have also been carried out in
26 schools in Delhi and Uttarakhand. This scope will be increased manifold during 2009-2010. Mock exercises
have also been carried out in the Delhi and Kolkata metros. Detailed feedback is conveyed to the Central and State
Government officials after the exercises. One of the major areas of success has been the creation of DM facilities
Lt Gen (Dr.) J. R. Bhardwaj Shri B. Bhattacharjee Dr. Mohan Kanda Prof. N. Vinod Chandra Menon
within industries and emphasis on "off-site" evacuation plans (i.e in the immediate vicinity of the plants) jointly by PVSM, AVSM, VSM, PHS (Retd) IAS (Retd)
the industry and the respective district administrations.
Mock Exercise on Chemical (Industrial) Mock Exercise on Fire in Srinagar
Disasters in NOIDA Smt. P. Jyoti Rao Shri M. Shashidhar Reddy Shri K. M. Singh Shri Jyoti K. Sinha
IAS (Retd) MLA IPS (Retd) IPS (Retd)
Secretary - NDMA
Mock Exercise on School Safety Mock Exercise in Delhi Metro
vnumber of Table Top and Mock Exercises have been planned during the current year throughout the
country on various types of disasters. 112 mock exercises are planned in 2009-2010.
v planned to encourage district authorities to run these exercises on their own, but under the format as
It is also
drawn out by the NDMA. This will be attempted through a number of meetings and interactions with them.
Shri Anil Bhushan Prasad
Right now a very wide variety of activities are in progress to build a solid foundation of disaster preparedness and IAS
management. With the launch of the mitigation projects and introduction of disaster management in education
curricula, coupled with many other initiatives like mainstreaming of DM in developmental process, India should be on
the path to disaster resilience in not too distant future.