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Presentazione luciana de_fino


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Global market of UAVs

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Presentazione luciana de_fino

  1. 1. aderente a Matera  27-­‐31  Luglio  2015   Applied  Course  on  UAVs  for  Environmental  Monitoring      
  2. 2. aderente aaderente a •  The market •  The rules •  Make business •  AI Droni Index
  3. 3. aderente a The Market
  4. 4. aderente a The Market aderente a
  5. 5. aderente a The Market
  6. 6. aderente a The Market
  7. 7. aderente a The Market
  8. 8. aderente a The Market The   aerial   drone   market   is   shiCing   steadily   away   from   a   near-­‐exclusive   focus  on  defense  customers  and  toward  commercial  applicaHons.    
  9. 9. aderente a The Market   •  Spending  on  UAVs  and  related  hardware  will  double  over  the  next  decade.       The  esHmate  builds  on  Teal's  numbers  and  made  by  BI  Intelligence  and  other   industry   observers   brings   to   a   high   forecast:   nearly   $13   billion   in   annual   spending  by  2024,  up  from  $6  billion  last  year.       •  The   civilian   share   of   the   drone   market   (which   includes   commercial   applica>ons   and   non-­‐military   government   applica>ons)   will   account   for   one-­‐fourth  of  the  drone  market  by  2024.       We  believe  the  rapid  development  of  relaHvely  inexpensive  UAVs  for  a  wide   range   of   commercial   applicaHons   will   lead   to   rapid   civilian   adopHon,   despite   regulatory  chokepoints  in  certain  markets.     Source:  BI  Intelligence  -­‐  2015     Sizing  the  UAV  Market  
  10. 10. aderente a The Market Source:  BI  Intelligence  -­‐  2015     UAV system price trends   The  price  of  a  commercial  UAV  system  based  around  a  small  drone   will  range  widely  from  $500  for  no-­‐frills  systems  to  $35,000  for  full-­‐ featured  UAV  packages  that  may  include  sophisHcated  soCware.       The   main   factor   affec>ng   average   selling   price   in   the   future   is   whether   further   deregula>on   of   small   drone   flights   will   open   up   new  market  opportuni>es.    
  11. 11. aderente a The Market The Drone industry structure
  12. 12. aderente a The Market Source:  ReboluHon  capital  report  -­‐  2015     The Stakeholder The   drone   industry   is   structured   into   dis>nct   types   of   players   from   the   construcHon   of   the   vector   itself,   using   specialized  components  and  technologies,  to  its  exploitaHon  by  qualified  operators.   •  Manufacturers   and   Assemblers   design   and   produce   drones   (vectors)   and   embedded   sensors   (payload).   Some   ensure  the  enHre  producHon,  others  only  assemble  components.   •  Component   suppliers   provide   manufacturers   and   assemblers   with     components   used   for   the   construcHon   of   vectors  and  payloads:  sensors,  engines,  ba[eries,  electronics,etc.   •  Technology  suppliers  develop  soluHons  for  controlling  and  operaHng  drones:  localizaHon  and  mapping  soluHons   to  autonomously  generate  a  map  of  an  unknown  environment  and  track  the  drone  posiHon  at  the  same  Hme,   soCware  for  the  exploitaHon  of  aerial  images  (conversion  into  geo-­‐referenced  2D  mosaics,  3D  surface  model  sand   point  clouds),  etc.   •  Operators  control  drones  from  the  ground  to  pilot  civil  or  military  operaHons.   •  Training  centers  offer  cerHficaHons  to  their  students  to  operate  drones  for  civil  and  military  missions.   •  E-­‐shops  specialized  in  drones  are  also  emerging  for  their  B2C  distribuHon  to  mass  market  consumers.  
  13. 13. aderente a The Market Top  applicaHons    Precision  agriculture:   This  term  refers  to  the  management  of  crops  to  guarantee  efficiency  of   inputs  like  water  and  ferHlizer  and  maximize  producHvity,  quality,  and   yield.  It  also  involves  the  minimizaHon  of  pests,  unwanted  flooding,  and   disease.     Energy,  mining,  and  u>li>es:   All   these   industries   have   one   thing   in   common   —   their   operaHons   involve  large  territories,  oCen  in  inaccessible  areas.     Real  estate,  construc>on,  and  land  development:   Real-­‐estate   and   property-­‐development   firms   are   also   tasked   with   managing  and  mapping  large  swaths  of  land  or  collecHons  of  buildings.     Source:  BI  Intelligence  -­‐  2015    
  14. 14. aderente a The Market Top  applicaHons     Source:  BI  Intelligence  -­‐  2015     Media  and  entertainment:     By  far,  the  industry  with  the  largest  number  of  case-­‐by-­‐case  approvals   granted   to   companies   for   commercial   drone   flights   is   the   film-­‐ producHon  category.  Film  producHon  has  a  clear  advantage  —  similar   to  that  enjoyed  by  mining  companies  and  large  agribusiness  —  in  that   UAV  flights  for  these  purposes  typically  take  place  in  Hghtly  controlled   and  demarcated  territory  (i.e.,  film  sets).       Surveying/aerial  imaging:     UAV-­‐assisted  surveying  and  mapping  is  important  to  single  out  because   it  has  so  many  potenHal  applicaHons  across  so  many  industries.    
  15. 15. aderente a The Market Top  applicaHons     Source:  BI  Intelligence  -­‐  2015       E-­‐commerce  and  logis>cs:  While  package  or  mail  deliveries  to  isolated   rural   areas   would   be   a   likely   medium-­‐term   applicaHon   for   civil   UAV   flights,  the  widespread  use  of  UAVs  in  e-­‐commerce  logisHcs  seems  to  be   a  long  way  off.       Consumer:  The  current  restricHons  on  drones  in  the  US  market  do  permit   one  type  of  acHvity:  the  use  of  drones  below  400  feet  (122  meters)  in   alHtude  by  individual  hobbyists  and  enthusiasts.  This  has  given  rise  to  a   fragmented  consumer-­‐drone  industry.       Other:  Entrepreneurs  and  aviaHon  experts  have  also  marketed  drones  for   a   wide   array   of   applicaHons,   including   foreign   aid   and   medical-­‐supply   drops,   pest   control,   private   security,   ecological   monitoring,   traffic   monitoring,  and  even  aerial  adverHsing.    
  16. 16. aderente a The Rules Source:  BI  Intelligene  -­‐  2015     USA ITALY •  The  draCed  rules  are  relaHvely  restricHve  —  they  allow  only  for  commercial  flights  by  licensed  operators  within  visual  range  of  the   aircraC  (i.e.,  no  remotely  operated  flights)  and  severely  restrict  where  the  flights  can  be  conducted.     •  The  operator  of  the  aircraC  must  be  licensed  as  a  drone  pilot   by  the  FAA,  and  the  credenHal  must  be  renewed  every  two   years.  The  licensing  process  is  not  yet  in  place  and  is  part  of   what  needs  to  be  detailed  for  the  rules  to  go  into  effect     •  The  UAV  may  not  weigh  more  than  55  pounds  (25  kilograms)     •  The  pilot  must  keep  the  UAV  within  visual  line  of  sight  at  all   >mes  during  flight     •  The  UAV  may  not  fly  any  faster  than  100  miles  per  hour  (161   kilometers  per  hour)     •  Maximum  alHtude  is  only  500  feet  (152  meters)     •  Other   government   agencies   will   need   to   study   the   privacy   implicaHons   of   the   flights   and   propose   a   framework   for   industry  self-­‐regulaHon     300  gr   <2  Kg   >2<25   >25<150   UAV   60  kilometers  per  hour     150   meters   alHtude   a n d   5 0 0   m e t e r s   distance   •  UAVs  cannot  be  flown  above  any  people  not  involved  in  the  flight  or  near  restricted  airport  or  flight  areas  (this  effecHvely  rules  out   UAV  flights  over  urban  or  even  sparsely  populated  areas)     •  The  flights  must  occur  in  daylight     •  Professional  use  “SecHon  333”  –  exempHons     possible  under  authorizaHon       60  months  <  40  y   24  months  <  50  y   12  months  <  65  y   6  months  >  65   Enac     APR  SAPR  -­‐  (remotely  piloted  aircraC  systems)   On  line  secHon    
  17. 17. aderente a The Rules aderente a   There  will  be  a  public-­‐comment  period  and  more  reviews  before  the  draC  rules,  both   American  and  European,  become  policy,  and  so  the  rules  are  subject  to  change.  But  the   draC  rules  —  along  with  case-­‐by-­‐case  approvals,  or  "exempHons,"  that  regulators  have   given  to  a  handful  of  commercial  UAV  operaHons  in  the  past  couple  of  years  —  give  the   first  clear  glimpse  into  what  the  commercial  UAV  industry  will  look  like.       In   Italy   our   AssociaHon   parHcipates   to   discussion   with   ENAC.   All   operators  must  watch  the  regulatory  process  in  order  to  boost  the   market  and  avoid  direct  internaHonal  compeHHon.  We  are  trying   to  limit  this  delay  and  align  naHonal  rules  to  European  ones.  
  18. 18. aderente a The Rules aderente a In  European  markets,  regulaHon  of  UAV  flights  is  typically  at  a  similar   preliminary   stage.   Each   naHonal   aviaHon   regulator   is   in   charge   of   crea>ng  rules  for  non-­‐military  small  UAV  or  RPAS  flights  (remotely   piloted  aircraC  systems).     Numerous   European   authoriHes   have   taken   the   approach   of   cerHfying  drone  flights  or  operators  on  a  case-­‐by-­‐case  basis.     In   early   2014,   there   were   ~1,400   cer>fied   non-­‐military   UAV   operators   across   the   European   Union,   according   to   UVS-­‐ InternaHonal,   an   industry   trade   group   that   tracks   European   regulaHons.     There  are  excepHons  to  the  rule,  and  some  countries  have  actually   been   more   strict   and   more   liberal:   Switzerland,   which   is   not   a   European   Union   state,   has   made   all   UAVs   weighing   less   than   30   kilograms  or  66  pounds  subject  to  model-­‐aircraC  and  visual-­‐line-­‐of-­‐ sight  rules,  which  in  effect  liCed  most  restricHons  on  flights  of  small   commercial   UAVs,   making   Switzerland   one   of   the   least   restricHve   countries.     Commercial  flights  are  banned  but  hobbysts  can  fly  drones  for  recrea>onal  purposes  below  400  feet  in  al>tude   and  away  from  airports.  In  Italy  this  pushes  towards  illigal  development.  
  19. 19. aderente a The Rules aderente a What  Europe  thinks  about  UAV?    The   Commi[ee   on   Civil   LiberHes,   JusHce   and   Home   Affairs   calls   on   the   Commi[ee   on   Transport   and   Tourism,   as   the   commi[ee   responsible,   to   incorporate  the  following  suggesHons  into  its  moHon  for  a  resoluHon:   A.  whereas  Remotely  Piloted  AircraC  Systems  (RPAS)  can  be  used  for  a  range  of   civil  (nonmilitary)  purposes,  such  as  criHcal  infrastructure  and  civil  protecHon,   disaster   management   and   search   and   rescue,   environmental   protecHon,   law   enforcement  and  surveillance,  journalism,  commercial  acHviHes  and  leisure;     B.   whereas,   notwithstanding   the   potenHal   and   benefits   of   RPAS,   their   use   entails  significant  risks  and  specific  challenges  when  it  involves  the  processing   of  personal  data,  as  it  interferes  with  fundamental  rights,  namely  the  rights  to   privacy  and  data  protec>on;   Source:  Commi[ee  on  Civil  LiberHes,  JusHce  and  Home  Affairs  on  safe   use   of   remotely   piloted   aircraC   systems   (RPAS),   in   the   field   of   civil   aviaHon  (2014/2243(INI))  
  20. 20. aderente a The Rules aderente a What  Europe  thinks  about  UAV?     Source:  Commi[ee  on  Civil  LiberHes,  JusHce  and  Home  Affairs  on  safe   use   of   remotely   piloted   aircraC   systems   (RPAS),   in   the   field   of   civil   aviaHon  (2014/2243(INI))   Source:  Commi[ee  on  Civil  LiberHes,  JusHce  and  Home  Affairs  on  safe   use   of   remotely   piloted   aircraC   systems   (RPAS),   in   the   field   of   civil   aviaHon  (2014/2243(INI))   1.  Supports  the  Commission  proposal  to  swi[ly  modify  Regula>on  (EC)  No  216/2008  on   common  rules  in  the  field  of  civil  aviaHon  by  reconsidering  its  lack  of  competence  for   regulaHng  RPAS  under  150  kilograms  so  as  to  ensure  that  the  EU  can  properly  regulate   the  integra>on  of  RPAS  into  the  civil  avia>on  system  by  addressing  the  safety,  security,   privacy  and  data  protec>on  precondi>ons  for  the  civil  use  of  RPAS;   2.   Reiterates   that   when   personal   data   are   processed   by   RPAS   operated   in   the   EU,   including  for  law  enforcement  purposes,  the  right  to  the  protec>on  of  personal  data   enshrined  in  ArHcle  8  of  the  Charter  of  Fundamental  Rights  of  the  EU  and  ArHcle  16  of   the  Treaty  on  the  FuncHoning  of  the  European  Union  (TFEU)  applies  and  that  the  EU  legal   framework  for  data  protec>on  is  to  be  fully  complied  with;   3.   Calls   on   the   Commission   to   ensure   that,   in   the   development   of   any   EU   policy   on   RPAS,  privacy  and  data  protec>on  guarantees  are  embedded,  by  making,  as  a  minimum   requirement,  impact  assessments  and  privacy  by  design  and  by  default  compulsory;  
  21. 21. aderente a The Rules aderente a What  Europe  thinks  about  UAV?     Source:  Commi[ee  on  Civil  LiberHes,  JusHce  and  Home  Affairs  on  safe   use   of   remotely   piloted   aircraC   systems   (RPAS),   in   the   field   of   civil   aviaHon  (2014/2243(INI))   Source:  Commi[ee  on  Civil  LiberHes,  JusHce  and  Home  Affairs  on  safe   use   of   remotely   piloted   aircraC   systems   (RPAS),   in   the   field   of   civil   aviaHon  (2014/2243(INI))   4.  Considers  that  rules  at  EU  and  na>onal  level  should  clearly  indicate  the  provisions   applicable   to   RPAS   in   rela>on   to   the   internal   market   and   interna>onal   commerce   (produc>on,  sale,  purchase,  trade  and  use  of  RPAS),  safety  and  security  (pilot  licenses,   flight   authoriza>on,   iden>fica>on   and   monitoring   of   RPAS   and   of   RPAS   flights,   including   in   no-­‐fly   zones,   such   as   airports   and   other   cri>cal   infrastructure,   and   rules   that   should   be   followed   when   opera>ng   a   drone,   such   as   those   on   visual   contact),   privacy   and   data   protec>on   and   also   any   other   applicable   law,   such   as   criminal,   intellectual  property,  avia>on,  and  environmental  law,  which  should  be  specified  in  a   no>ce  for  buyers;     5.  Strongly  recommends  that  the  current  discussions  between  EU  and  na>onal  policy   makers  and  regulators,  industry,  SMEs  and  commercial  opera>ons  should  be  opened   up  and  that  a  public  debate  should  be  launched  with  the  par>cipa>on  of  ci>zens  and   other  relevant  stakeholders,  to  take  note  and  address  the  concerns  related  to  the  use   of  RPAS.  
  22. 22. aderente a The Rules aderente a Regolamento  ENAC   “MEZZI  AEREI  A  PILOTAGGIO  REMOTO”   LAST  DOCUMENT  ISSUED  07.16.2015   •  ENAC   Ente   Nazionale   Aviazione   Civile   –   has   the   task   to   issue   licenses   to   pilots,   perform   theoreHcal   and   pracHcal   tests,   cerHfy   and   control   the   manufacturing   companies,   cerHfy   and   monitor   maintenance   companies,   legislate   in   the  technical,  safety  and  security  fields.  
  23. 23. aderente a The Rules aderente a SAPR:  remotely  piloted  aircraC  systems   UAV  specific  regula>on   The  SAPR  need  to  be  compliant  to  the  following  set  of  rules:   ü ENAC  Technical  RegulaHon     ü ENAC  RegulaHon  “Rules  of  the  Air”   ü ENAC  RegulaHon  “Aerial  Traffic  Services”   ENAC    
  24. 24. aderente a The Rules aderente a ENAC    The   main   objecHve   of   the   legislaHon   regarding   the   UAV   is   to   provide  answers  about  the  acHviHes  conducted  through  SAPR  with   a  balanced  approach  to  safety  and  security.     SAFETY  and  SECURITY  in  terms  of:     -­‐  technical  and  operaHonal  characterisHcs     -­‐  condiHons  of  airspace  employment      -­‐  management  skills  of  the  operator  and  the  qualificaHon  of  pilots  
  25. 25. aderente a The Rules ENAC     •  Specialized  operaHons  conducted  with  UAV  in  this  category   are  not  considered  criHcal  in  all  operaHonal  scenarios   •  ALWAYS  OTHERWISE  PROHIBITED  overflying  gatherings  of   people   •  The  operaHons  must  always  be  conducted  by  pilots  in   possession  of  valid  cerHficates   Sapr  <  2kg  
  26. 26. aderente a The Rules ENAC     • They  may  be  used  for  specialized  operaHons  (commercial  operaHons)  both  in   condiHons  of  VLOS  that  under  condiHons  of  BLOS   • They  can  be  used  in  the  case  of  criHcal  operaHons  and  is  in  the  non-­‐criHcal   • You  MUST  be  in  possession  of  a  "CerHficate  of  remote  UAV  Pilot"  in  the  case   of  mass  less  than  25  kg  and  of  a  “Pilot  License  remote  UAV  "in  the  event  of  a   mass  greater  than  25  kg   • It  is  forbidden  to  transport  dangerous  goods   Sapr  >=  25kg  Sapr  <=  25kg  
  27. 27. aderente a The Rules ENAC     NON  CRITICAL  OPERATIONS   Specialized  opera.ons  are  those  that   do   not   provide   overflight,   even   in   the   event   of   failures  and  malfunc.ons  of:   •  congested  areas,  gatherings  of  people,  urban  infrastructure   The  operator  is  responsible  for  assessing  the  risk   associated  with  the  transac.ons  and  the   persistence  of  condi.ons  that  suggest  non-­‐     CRITICAL  OPERATIONS   Specialized  opera.ons  are  those  opera.ons   in  VLOS  who  do  not  comply,  even,  to  the   non  opera.ons  characteris.cs.   The   level   of   safety   of   these   opera.ons   is   determined  by  all  the  contribu.ons  made  by  UAV   technology,   by   the   pilot,   by   the   opera.onal   managerial   procedures   of   flight   opera.ons   together  with  the  environmental  condi.ons   The   UAV   must   be   equipped   with   a   means   of   termina.on   of   the   flight   that   is   func.onally   independent   by   the   primary   system   of   command   and  control  of  the  vehicle  
  28. 28. aderente a The Rules ENAC    The   applica.on   for   authoriza.on   (   areas)   or   the   declara.on   for   carrying   out   specialized   opera.ons   (non   areas)   may   be   submiIed   to   ENAC   only   aMer   the   operator  has  successfully  completed  its  flight  test   In  case  of  Authoriza.on  applica.on,  the  operator  is  required  to  aIach:   •  system  descrip.on  and  configura.on   •  types  of  specialized  opera.ons  it  intends  to  play   •  the  flight  manual  of  the  APR   •  the  results  of  the  analysis  of  the  level  of  risk  associated  with  the  planned  opera.on   •  The  Opera.ons  Manual  
  29. 29. aderente a The Rules ENAC     TesHng  acHviHes  are  conducted  by  the  pilot  that  the  operator  intends  to  use   § It  establishes  an  adequate  capacity  of  control  by  the  pilot  who  is  responsible  of  the   experimental   §     It  is  conducted  by  the  pilot  in  possession  of  cer.ficate   Test  acHvity  
  30. 30. aderente a The Company aderente a
  31. 31. aderente a The Company aderente a Air  Drone  srl  è:   "   una  società  di  capitali  con  sede  legale  in  Basilicata  e  sede  operaHva  in  Veneto   "   società   fondatrice   dell’Associazione   Italiana   Droni   -­‐   associazione   di   categoria,   con   rappresentanza  nazionale  e  sedi  operaHve  in  Veneto,  a  Padova,  ed  in  Basilicata  vicino   Potenza,  e  con  l’adesione  in  corso  di  altre  Regioni.     A.I.   DRONI   Rappresenta   il   Polo   di   Competenze   e   di   Collaborazione   di   alto   livello   industriale   e   con   la   vocazione   alla   qualità   dei   sistemi   e   servizi.   Tra   i   vari   a[ori   della   “filiera   industriale”:   Produ[ori   di   tecnologie   e   di   mezzi   di   volo,   EnH   normaHvi,   EnH   di   Controllo,  Operatori,  Sviluppatori  di  soCware,  UtenH  della  Pubblica  Amministrazione  e   PrivaH,  Organi  di  Formazione  ed    Informazione  troveranno  un  tavolo  comune  a[orno  al   quale  individuare  le  migliori  soluzioni  per  uno  sviluppo  rapido  ed  equilibrato  che  porterà   importanH  benefici  ad  innumerevoli  applicazioni   "   associata  a  Confindustria  Basilicata   "   associata  a  CSIT  –  Confindustria  Servizi  InnovaHvi  e  Tecnologici  (Nazionale)  
  32. 32. aderente a L’Associazione persegue i seguenti scopi: •  la riunione in organismo Associativo di diversi soggetti, sia pubblici sia privati, interessati o coinvolti nei Sistemi Aeromobili a Pilotaggio Remoto; •  l’analisi dei problemi e delle opportunità, la formulazione di proposte e la diffusione di informazioni e conoscenze sul tema dei Sistemi Aeromobili a Pilotaggio Remoto mirati al miglioramento tecnologico, industriale e della sicurezza. aderente a The Association
  33. 33. aderente a L’Associazione Italiana Droni a fronte di una consultazione interna propone all’attenzione di tutti le seguenti questioni, strategiche, politiche e formali: •  Simmetria informativa e completezza dell’informazione •  Sinergia e collaborazione tra stakeholder •  Miglioramento dei processi documentali •  Innovazione tecnologica !!! aderente a
  34. 34. aderente a •  AIDRONI mette a disposizione i propri canali di comunicazione come ‘vetrina ENAC’ di riferimento per le organizzazioni •  AIDRONI, in virtù anche del Know-How espresso dalle aziende associate, si propone alle Autorità centrali e locali come consulente per lo sviluppo della legislazione sui temi dei Sistemi Aeromobili a Pilotaggio Remoto Simmetria informativa e completezza dell’informazione aderente a
  35. 35. aderente a •  AIDRONI sta procedendo all’iscrizione al registro della trasparenza; incontrerà così la rappresentanza italiana a Bruxelles e parteciperà a livello istituzionale alla formazione del regolamento ultimo europeo •  In questo contesto potrà coordinare con ENAC alcune attività presso la Commissione Europea •  Potrà promuovere attività di benchmarking Omogeneizzazione della regolamentazione dell’UE aderente a
  36. 36. aderente a •  Favorire nell’ambito di CSIT collaborazioni e sinergie con le altre componenti del sistema confederale e con le altre associazioni per rafforzare la filiera APR anche attraverso consultazioni trasversali per evoluzioni tecnologiche e di servizio •  AIDRONI e ASAS Associazione per i servizi, le applicazioni e le tecnologie ICT per lo Spazio hanno firmato un protocollo d’intesa per favorire la sinergia tra le tecnologie satellitari di OT e le tecnologie APR •  AIDRONI ha promosso l’ingresso in Associazione di centri di ricerca, università, assicurazioni •  Per favorire l’addizione di valore sono stati attivati rapporti di collaborazione con i Talent Garden e Fondazione Comunica Sinergia e collaborazione tra stakeholder aderente a
  37. 37. aderente a Ai Droni ed ASAS (Associazione per i servizi, le applicazioni e le tecnologie ICT per lo Spazio) hanno firmato un protocollo di intesa con l’obiettivo di: 1.  attuare azioni sinergiche sul tema droni-satellite a livello istituzionale, legislativo e divulgativo; 2.  costituire un tavolo tecnico permanente droni-satellite cui partecipano le aziende interessate delle due associazioni con lo scopo di concertare proposte regolamentari o di delineare possibili progetti trasversali; 3.  prevedere la possibilità di “cross association”. Focus sinergia Ai DRONI - ASAS aderente a
  38. 38. aderente a AIDRONI si propone come supporto: •  alla stesura della nuova eventuale documentazione tecnica •  alla dematerializzazione dei processi •  all’individuazione degli ostacoli allo sviluppo dei SAPR Semplificazione aderente a
  39. 39. aderente a AIDRONI anche coerentemente alle linee guida esposte nella recentissima dichiarazione di Riga, sugli Aeromobili a Pilotaggio Remoto chiede che: •  i droni vengano trattati con regole basate sul rischio associato a ciascuna operazione; •  che vengano identificate linee specifiche di sostegno agli investimenti sul tema DRONI, la loro tracciabilità, le applicazioni, la sicurezza e le tecnologie ancora da sviluppare per giungere ad una piena integrazione •  ci si confronti sul concetto di rischio endogeno alle operazioni. Innovazione tecnologica aderente a
  40. 40. aderente a Thank you for your attention aderente a