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Evolution of a Product:Car

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Evolution of a product

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Evolution of a Product:Car

  1. 1. By: SusmitSukthankar& <br />Thomas Hickey<br />Evolution and Life Cycle <br />of the Car<br />
  2. 2. What is an Automobile?<br />An automobile is a wheeled vehicle that carries its own motor and transports passengers.<br />Parts of modern cars:<br />All these parts are important for the car to run properly.<br />Spark Plug<br />Battery<br />Starter Motor<br />Firing Distributer<br />Plug Cable<br />Ignition Coil<br />
  3. 3. History<br />1885<br />Karl Benz creates worlds first practical automobile. <br />
  4. 4. History<br />1796<br />1832-1839<br />Cugnot’s invention was a military tractor run by a steam engine.<br />It was used by the French Army to haul artillery at a whopping speed of 2 1/2 mph on only three wheels.<br />Had to stop every 10-15 min. to work up enough power to move.<br /> Robert Anderson’s electric cars used rechargeable batteries that powered a small electric motor.<br />The vehicles were heavy, slow, expensive, and needed to stop for recharging frequently.<br />Not a very effective form of transportation.<br />
  5. 5. History<br />1876<br />1885<br /> Nicolaus Otto built the first practical four-stroke internal combustion engine called the "Otto Cycle Engine”.<br />His four-stoke engine that was universally adopted for all liquid-fueled automobiles.<br />Effective and Efficient<br />Karl Benz was a German mechanical engineer.<br />His automobile was powered by the internal combustion engine.<br /> He was the first inventor to integrate an internal combustion engine with a chassis.<br />
  6. 6. History<br />1913-1914<br />1960-1970<br />Henry Ford invented an improved assembly line and installed the first conveyor belt-based assembly line.<br />The assembly line reduced production costs for cars by reducing assembly time.<br />Ford became the world’s biggest car manufacturer<br /> Hybrid vehicles were created to reduce the problems of exhaust emissions from internal combustion engines. <br />Hybrid vehicles become more mainstream.<br />Used by companies in transportation to reduce spending.<br />
  7. 7. History<br />1990-<br />Several legislative and regulatory actions in the United States and worldwide have renewed electric vehicle development efforts.<br /> The “Big Three” are actively involved in electric vehicle development through the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV).<br />Many actions have been taking to reduce the carbon footprint of automobiles.<br />
  8. 8. The Car Through the Ages<br />
  9. 9. Today<br />Cars have become an integral part of our lives today. We cannot live without them, but this comes at a price.<br />Our environment is continually being affected adversely by CO2 emissions.<br />How long can this last?<br />
  10. 10. The Life Cycle<br />1. Raw materials are gathered.<br />2. Car is built in the assembly line.<br />3. Completed Car is taken to car dealerships.<br />4. Consumer buys ,uses, and may repair the car.<br />5. Car is stripped of parts and scrapped<br />
  11. 11. Raw Materials<br />Glass, steel, rubber, plastic, copper, lithium, silicon and aluminum are processed and used to construct the car.<br />Rubber is stripped from previous tires and reused.<br />Other reusable parts are broken down and reused in a new car.<br />
  12. 12. Assembly Line<br /> Cars are moved through different stations in a line. Parts are added individually onto the car.<br />Faster way to meet consumer’s needs through quick and efficient building.<br />Automated machines now help in speeding along production on the assembly line.<br />
  13. 13. To the Dealership<br />Manufacturers ship out cars to privately owned car dealerships.<br />Dealerships sell the vehicle for the manufacturer and share the profits with them.<br />Some dealerships allow buyers to trade in cars which continue onto other consumers or are scrapped. <br />
  14. 14. Consumer Use & Repair<br />Consumer uses the car for as long he/she sees it fit to drive.<br />Based on mileage, consumers may trade in a car for a newer one. The average car’s life is around 7.6 years.<br />To increase the life of a car, the consumer might get parts repaired.<br />After the consumer no longer needs the vehicle, it is sold or scrapped.<br />
  15. 15. End of the Line<br />Parts recycled will include the alloy wheels, rubber, plastics and metals. <br />These parts/materials will be sold on to companies that can reclaim the materials for further use. <br />The waste of the car is removed and all other metal is melted down to be removed.<br />
  16. 16. Sources<br />Bellis, M. (2005, April 10). The History of the automobile. Retrieved from http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aacarssteama.htm <br />Abdullah, A. (2007, September 17). Know the basic car components. Retrieved from http://ezinearticles.com/?Know-the-Basic-Car-Components&id=1810281<br />Bottorff, W.W. (2003, January 31). The First car- a history of the automobile. Retrieved from http://www.ausbcomp.com/~bbott/cars/carhist.htm<br />Automobile history- invention of the automobile. (2005, March 8). Retrieved from http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/automobile.htm<br />Farrelly, L. (2009, September 21). How Do assembly lines put together car bodies?. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/how-does_5438168_do-put-together-car-bodies.html <br />Ryan, V. (2007). The Life cycle of a product. Retrieved from http://www.technologystudent.com/prddes1/lifecy1.html <br />Production of high quality secondary raw materials. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/bioenergy/doc/tyre_recycling/017bm_215_1992.pdf <br />How the Automobile is made. (2007). Retrieved from http://www.madehow.com/Volume-1/Automobile.html <br />
  17. 17. Picture Links<br />http://0.tqn.com/d/inventors/1/0/7/M/cugnot.jpg<br /> <br />http://0.tqn.com/d/inventors/1/0/B/M/lenoir.jpg<br /> <br />http://0.tqn.com/d/inventors/1/5/D/M/daimlermotorcycle.jpg<br /> <br />http://listverse.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/karl-benz-car.jpg.jpeg<br /> <br />http://www.uh.edu/engines/model-t.gif<br /> <br />http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/avta/images/fsev/elcar.gif<br /> <br />http://www.treehugger.com/galleries/tesla-model-s-electric-car-photo-ss002.jpg<br /> <br />http://files.cabreraplace.com/files/mustang/wiring_diagram_sm.gif<br />
  18. 18. Picture Links<br />http ://blogs.discovermagazine.com/intersection/files/2009/05/28-time-management.jpg<br />http://www.psychologytoday.com/files/u45/time_travel.jpg<br />http://staticp3.fotolia.com/jpg/00/00/03/06/400_F_30689_YSlHZE2uv56HI5yc9Aoqr0tXhEs2vw.jpg<br />http://polardiscovery.whoi.edu/poles/images/emission_graph-lg.jpg<br />http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/blogs/greeninc/epichart.jpeg<br /> http://www.anythingaboutcars.com/images/cugnotpic.jpg<br />http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/electric-car-history-3.jpg<br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/18/Henry_ford_1919.jpg<br />http://images.hemmings.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/oo1964Battronic.jpg<br />http://www.scienceclarified.com/images/uesc_06_img0320.jpg<br />http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_UGAj0lem1rc/TER0zEG_xeI/AAAAAAAAAAU/YR-YPZyHYRw/s1600/Carl-Benz_coloriert.jpg<br />http://www1.umassd.edu/engineering/mne/images/electric.jpg<br />http://images.thetruthaboutcars.com/2009/08/2009-toyota-corolla-s.jpg<br />http://www.brownsnout.com/archives/welding-rodeo-raw-materials.jpg<br />
  19. 19. Picture Links<br />http://www.griffith.edu.au/__data/assets/image/0011/148682/car-assembly-line_web.jpeg<br />http://www.nlcs.k12.in.us/oljrhi/brown/manufacturing/robots.jpg<br />http://www.ianrussell.com.au/images/ian_russell_dealership_moruya.jpg<br />http://images.thetruthaboutcars.com/2009/03/dealership.jpg<br />http://assets.lifehack.org/wp-content/files/2008/04/mileage.jpg<br />http://www.ifranchisenet.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/v_jiffy_01.jpg<br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/Auto_scrapyard_1.jpg<br />http://www.abc.net.au/mediawatch/img/2007/ep25/car2.jpg<br />http://www.velocityjournal.com/images/logos/nissan.jpg<br />http://www.cartype.com/pics/3155/full/ford_2.jpg<br />http://www.dailycomedy.com/images/jokes/b/LogoToyota.jpg<br />http://www.listphile.com/Fortune_500_Logos/General_Motors/image/003_GM.png<br />http://cdn.venturebeat.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/Honda-Logo.jpg<br />http://www.adrants.com/images/chevrolet_logo_1.jpg<br />

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