Er. Amit Chhabra
Assistant Professor CSE
Intellectual rights is a term sometimes used to refer to the legal protection afforded to owners of
This notion is more commonly referred to as “intellectual property”, though "intellectual rights"
more timely describes the nature of the protections afforded by most nations.
Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of mind : inventions, literary and artistic works, and
symbols, names, images and designs in commerce.
Intellectual property is divided into two categories:-
Industrial Property- which includes
Copyright- which includes
•Literary and artistic work such as novels, poems, plays, films, musical works, drawings,
paintings, photographs, sculptures and architectural designs.
•Rights related to copyright includes performing artists, producers of phonograms, broadcasters of
radio and television programs.
A patent is a form of right granted by the government to an inventor, giving the owner the right
to exclude others from making, using, selling, offering to sell, and importing an invention for a
limited period of time, in exchange for the public disclosure of the invention.
An exclusive right granted by a country to the owner of invention to make, use, manufacture and
market the invention.
An invention is a solution to a specific technical problem, which may be a product or a process
and generally has to fulfil three main requirements: it has to be new, not obvious and there needs
to be an industrial applicability.
The patent right is territorial (related to ownership) in nature.
Patent provide incentives to individuals by recognizing their creativity and these incentives
An industrial design right (sometimes called "design right") protects the visual design of objects
that are not purely functional.
An industrial design consists of the creation of a shape, configuration or composition of pattern
or color, or combination of pattern and color in three-dimensional form containing theory of art
An industrial design can be a two- or three-dimensional pattern used to produce a product,
industrial commodity or handicraft.
It makes an article attractive and appealing so that they can add to the commerical value of a
product and increase its marketability.
Any technical features of the article not protected by it.
A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin
and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
The use of a geographical indication may act as a certification that the product possesses certain
qualities, is made according to traditional methods, or enjoys a certain reputation, due to its
The Geographical Indication of products (Registration and Protection) Act came into being 2000.
Registration of GI: 10 years and renewable.
“The exclusive right given by law for a certain term of years to an author, composer etc. to print,
publish and sell copies of his original work.”
Copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an original
work exclusive rights for its use and distribution. This is usually only for a limited time.
The Indian CopyrightAct, 1957 governs the system of copyrights in amended in 1982, 1984,
1992, 1994 and 1999.
It is a right which Grants protection to the unique expression of Ideas.
The word original in the copyright law means that the work originated with the author.
There is no requirement for novelty or uniqueness as there in the patent law.
Copyright law protects the expression of an idea. Not the idea itself.
Register a copyright by completing a simple application form, along with the appropriate fee.
Need not send a copy of your work.
It may appear with the same title, but if each work has been created independently, each will
have its own copyright protection.
Duration of Copyright
The duration of a copyright spans the author's life plus 50 to 100 years (that is, copyright
typically expires 50 to 100 years after the author dies, depending on the authority).
50 years for films and sound recordings.
25 years for typographical arrangementsof a published edition.
Copyright protection always expires on December 31 of the last calender year of protection.
What is “Fair Use”?
Gives permissions to use copyrighted materials if certain criteria are met.
Protects freedom of speech.
Promotes public benefits like education.