Aircraft

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Aircraft

  1. 1. Homework Title / No. : 1Course Code : _HMT 555 Date of Allotment : Date of submission : _31 -08-2-11Course Instructor : JASDEEP Student’s Roll No.A-12KAUR Course Tutor (if Section No. : R 1801applicable) Declaration:I declare that this assignment is my individual work. I have not copied from anyother student’s work or from any other source except where due acknowledgmentis made explicitly in the text, nor has any part been written for me by anotherperson. Student’s Signature : Sukhdheer Rana _____________Evaluator’s comments:_____________________________________________________________________ Marks obtained : ___________ out of ______________________Aircraft : Aircraft are vehicles which are able to fly by gaining support from the air, or ingeneral, the atmosphere of a planet. An aircraft counters the force of gravity by using either staticlift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jetenginesAreas of use The major distinction in aircraft types is between military aircraft, which includesnot just combat types but many types of supporting aircraft, and civil aircraft, which include allnon-military types.A) MilitaryBoeing B-17E in flight. The Allies of World War II lost 160,000 airmen and 33,700 planesduring the air war over Europe.A military aircraft is any fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft that is operated by a legal orinsurrectionary armed service of any type.[10] Military aircraft can be either combat or non-combat:Combat aircraft are aircraft designed to destroy enemy equipment using its own armament.[10]Combat aircraft divide broadly into fighters and bombers, with several in-between types such asfighter-bombers and ground-attack aircraft (including attack helicopters).
  2. 2. Non-Combat aircraft are not designed for combat as their primary function, but may carryweapons for self-defense. Non-combat roles include search and rescue, reconnaissance,observation, transport, training and aerial refueling. These aircraft are often variants of civilaircraft such as the Douglas DC-3 airliner.Gliders and balloons have also been used as military aircraft; for example, balloons were usedfor observation during the American Civil War and World War I, and military gliders were usedduring World War II to land troops.B) CivilCivil aircraft divide into commercial and general types, however there are some overlaps.Commercial aircraft include types designed for scheduled and charter airline flights, carryingboth passengers and cargo. The larger passenger-carrying types are often referred to as airliners,the largest of which are wide-body aircraft. Some of the smaller types are also used in generalaviation, and some of the larger types are used as VIP aircraft.General aviation is a catch-all covering other kinds of private (where the pilot is not paid for timeor expenses) and commercial use, and involving a wide range of aircraft types such as businessjets (bizjets), trainers, homebuilt, aerobatic types, racers, gliders, warbirds, firefighters, medicaltransports, and cargo transports, to name a few. The vast majority of aircraft today are generalaviation types. Eurocopter EC 145 of the Rega air rescue service.Main article: Civil aviationC) ExperimentalExperimental aircraft are one-off specials, built to explore some aspect of aircraft design andwith no other useful purpose. The Bell X-1 rocket plane, which first broke the sound barrier inlevel flight, is a famous example. Main article: Experimental aircraftD) ModelA model aircraft is a small unmanned type made to fly for fun, for static display, foraerodynamic research or for other purposes. A scale model is a replica of some larger designMain article: Model aircraft
  3. 3. Lists of aircraftBy nameBy categoryCivil aircraftBy typeFuselage characteristicsDouble-deck·Wide-bodySize characteristicsMaximum Takeoff WeightLight aircraftManufacturerAirbus airlinersAirlinersAirlinersNumber of enginesTrijets ·Trimotors
  4. 4. Lists relating to aviation General Aircraft (manufacturers) ·Aircraft engines (manufacturers) ·Airlines (defunct) ·Airports ·Civil authorities ·Museums ·Rotorcraft (manufacturers) ·Timeline Military Air forces ·Aircraft weapons ·Experimental aircraft ·Missiles ·Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)Top Airline Groups by Revenuefor 2010, source : Airline Business August 2011, Flightglobal Data Research
  5. 5. Group Revenue ($B) operating result net result ($B) ($B)Lufthansa Group 36.1 1.76 1.49United Continental Holdings 34.0 1.82 0.85Delta Air Lines 31.8 2.22 0.59Air France-KLM Group 31.3 0.16 0.81FedEx Express 24.6 1.23AMR Corporation 22.2 0.31 -0.41International Airlines Group (British 19.5 0.30 0.13Airways/Iberia)Japan Airlines Corporation 16.0 2.22All Nippon Airways Group 16.0 0.80 0.27The Emirates Group 14.8 1.48 1.46 FedEx Express fleetAircraft Total NotesAirbus A300-600 71Airbus A310-200/300 53 Exiting service: 3 in 2012Boeing 727–200 67 Exiting service: 23 in 2012, 9 in 2013, 19 in 2014, 10 in 2015, 6 in 2016 Replacement aircraft: Boeing 757–200 Fitted with hush kitsBoeing 757–200 58 Entering service: 16 in 2012, 4 in 2013 (20 used Replacing Boeing 727–200 orders)Boeing 777F 12 Entry into service: 2009–2019 (28 orders) Entering service: 6 in 2012, 6 in 2013, 7 in 2014, 3 in (15 options) 2015, 3 in 2016, 3 in 2017McDonnell Douglas 58MD-10-10McDonnell Douglas 17 Exiting service: 1 in 2012, 2 in 2013, 3 in 2014MD-10-30McDonnell Douglas 64MD-11ATR 42-300/320 26 Operated as FedEx FeederATR 72–200 21 Operated as FedEx FeederCessna Caravan 208B 241 Entry into service: 5 in 2012, 5 in 2013 Operated as FedEx FeederTotal 688FedEx Express
  6. 6. IATAFXICAOFDXCallsignFEDEXFounded 1971 (as Federal Express)Commenced April 17, 1973operationsHubs "SuperHub" Memphis International Airport Asia Pacific: Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Canada: Toronto Pearson International Airport Central/Eastern Europe: Cologne Bonn Airport Europe/Middle East/Africa: Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport Latin America/Caribbean: Miami International Airport United States: Fort Worth Alliance Airport Indianapolis International Airport Newark Liberty International Airport Oakland International Airport Ted Stevens Anchorage
  7. 7. International AirportFleet size 688Destinations 375+Company slogan The World On TimeParent company FedEx CorporationHeadquarters Memphis, TN, USAKey people David J Bronczek, President and CEO of Express divisionAirbus A 300-600Role Wide-body jet airliner Primary users FedEx ExpressNational origin Multi-national UPS AirlinesManufacturer Airbus Korean Air 28 October 1972 Thai Airways International China Eastern Airlines Produced 1974–2007First flight Number built 561[1]Introduction 30 May 1974 with Air France Variants A300-600ST BelugaStatus Out of production, in active Airbus A310 service Developed into Airbus A3302)
  8. 8. Airbus 310 Role Wide-body jet airliner Air India Pakistan International Manufacturer Airbus Produced 1983–2007 First flight 3 April 1982 Number built 255 Introduced April 1983 Developed from Airbus A300 Status Out of production, in active service Variants A310 MRTT Primary users FedEx Express CC-150 Polaris Air Transat3)
  9. 9. Boing 727-200 Role Airliner Cargojet Airways National United States originManufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes Produced 1963–1984 First flight February 9, 1963 Number built 1,831 Introduction February 1, 1964 with Eastern Variants Boeing C-22 Airlines Status Out of production, in servicePrimary users FedEx Express Capital Cargo International Airlines Kelowna Flightcraft Air Charter
  10. 10. Boing 757 Boeing 757-200 of launch customer British Airways Role Narrow-body jet airliner National United States originManufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes First flight February 19, 1982 Introduction January 1, 1983 with Eastern Air Lines Status Out of production, in active servicePrimary users Delta Air Lines American Airlines United Airlines UPS Airlines
  11. 11. Produced 1982–2004 Number built 1,050[1] Unit cost 757-200: US$65 million (2002) 757-300: US$80 million (2002) Variants Boeing C-325)Boing 777Boeing 777–200 of United Airlines, the 777s launchPrimary users customer Emirates Singapore Airlines Role Wide-body jet airliner Air France United Airlines National origin United States Produced 1993–present Manufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes Number built 949 as of July 2011 First flight June 12, 1994 Unit cost 777-200ER: US$232.3 million Introduced June 7, 1995 with United Airlines 777-200LR: US$262.4 million Status In production 777-300ER: US$284.1 million 777F: US$269.1 million[
  12. 12. 6) McDonnell Douglas MD-10-10 Role Wide-body jet airliner Primary users FedEx Express Omni Air International National United States Biman Bangladesh Airlines origin Produced 1968–1988Manufacturer McDonnell Douglas Number built DC-10: 386[1] First flight August 29, 1970 KC-10: 60[1] Introduction August 5, 1971 with American Variants KC-10 Extender Airlines Developed McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Status Out of production, in service into7)
  13. 13. McDonnell Douglas MD 10-30 Role Wide-body jet airliner Primary users FedEx Express Omni Air International National United States Biman Bangladesh Airlines origin Produced 1968–1988Manufacturer McDonnell Douglas Number built DC-10: 386 First flight August 29, 1970 KC-10: 60 Introduction August 5, 1971 with American Variants KC-10 Extender Airlines Developed McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Status Out of production, in service into8)
  14. 14. A FedEx Express MD-11F Role Wide-body jet airliner Primary users FedEx Express UPS Airlines National origin United States World Airways Lufthansa Cargo Manufacturer McDonnell Douglas/Boeing Produced 1988–2000 First flight January 10, 1990 Number built 200 Introduction December 1990 with Finnair Developed from McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Status Out of production, in service
  15. 15. ATR 42-300/320 Role Regional Airliner Airlinair TRIP Linhas AéreasManufacturer ATR Aeromar First flight 16 August 1984 Produced 1984-present Introduced 1985 Number built 413+ Status In revenue service Unit cost 42-500: $12 - 16 million (2008)Primary users FedEx Feeder Variants ATR 72
  16. 16. ATR 72–200 Role Regional airlinerManufacturer ATR First flight 27 October 1988 Introduced 27 October 1989 (Finnair) Status In revenue servicePrimary users American Eagle Kingfisher Airlines Binter Canarias Aer Arann AirlinairNumber built 508 Unit cost 72–500: $16.5 – 20 million (2008) [1]
  17. 17. Developed ATR 42 from Role Light transport turbopropManufacture Cessna r First flight 8 August 1982 Introduced 1984Primary user FedEx Feeder (253)Number built 2,000 Unit cost US$2,022,450 (Base price, Caravan 675, 2011 price) Variants Soloy Pathfinder 21
  18. 18. Referenceswww.iata.comwww.fedex.comwww.aircraft.comwww.aviation.comwww.googleimage.comwww.wickipidia.com

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