VECTOR of Malaria in INDIA PNEUMONICS C-An.Culicifacies M-An.Minimus S-An.Stephensi P-An.Philipinesis A-An.Annularis S-An.Sundaicus F-An.Fluvitalis V-An.Varuna D-An.Dirus CM’S PA Suffer from Viral diseases
BIONOMICS OF MALARIA VECTOR SPECIES IN MAHARASTRANAME RESTING BREEDING BITING FEEDINGOFSPECIESAn. Indoor, cattle shade, Rain water pools, After Mainlyculicifacies human dwellings irrigation dusk zoophillic ,cool places with low channels,sliggish 10.30P.M disturbances streams, barrow pits, .to rice fields. 12.30AMAn. Mainly human Clear waterfluvitalis habits, in hills found, irrigation channels, 9PM to Anthropophil resting outdoors, in grassy margins of 11PM lic irrigated tracks. slow moving streams of seepages.An. Human dwelling,& In urban areas wellsstephensi cattle shades, out ,cisterns,fountains,orna 4AM to On human or door on well walls mental tanks, artificial 6AM cattle containers, overhead depending on tanks availability.
VECTOR Species of Malaria in MAHARASTRAVECTOR SPECIES DISTRICT In all district of Maharashtra State An.culicifacies mainly in rural areas . An.Fluvitalis+ 1)Nagpur 7)Dhule 2)Nanded 8)Bhandara An.culicifacies 3)Thane 9)Solapur 4)Pune 10)Akola 5)Beed 11)Ahmednagar 6)Osmanabad 12)Gadchiroli 13)Aurangabad An.Stephensi+ Urban and Semi urban areas in An.culicifacies Maharashtra State
MOSQUITO CONTROLMEASURES CHEMICAL METHODS ADULTICIDE LARVICIDE
Adulticide ( Insecticide) formulation and their dosageS Name of Preparatio Dosa Residua No.of Requireme Area to ber. Insecticide n of ge l spray nt /jakh coveredN suspention /sq. effectin round population by 10litreso. in water M week s (inMT) to get /annu correct /ro For m dosage(Sq und 2rou .M.) nds1 DDT50%wdp 1kg/10litres 1gm 10-12 2 75 150 5002 Malathion25%wdp 2kg/10litres 2gm 6-8 3 300 900 2503 Deltamethrin2.5% 400gm/10litr 20mg 10-12 2 3 6 500 wp e4 Alphacypermethri 250gm/10litr 25mg 10-12 2 1.87 3.75 500 n5%wp es 55 Cyfluthrin10%wp 125gm/10litr 25mg 10-12 2 0.93 1.875 500 e 86 Lambdacythalothr 125gm/10litr 25mg 10-12 2 0.93 1.875 500 in10%wp e 81MT= 1000KGM
Insecticide formulation and their dosage For space spraying /foggingN Name of Commerci Preparation Equipment Remarkso Insecticid al of used e formulatio formulation n1 Pyrethrum 2.0% 1:19 i.e.part of Piit pump or hand Extract Extract 2% operated Used for indoor PyrethrumExtrac fogging(micro spray t in19 parts of discharge)machine sufficient to Kerosine/diesel spray for 400 (w/v) households.100 cu.meter indoor space/household2 Malathion Technical 5 .part of Vehicle mounted Outdoor Malathion Technical thermal fogging thermalfogging Malathion in95 machine .speed of watchfor wind parts of diesel oil vehicle6km/hour conditions before (v/v) orasrecommended fogging by machine manufactures
Larviicide formulation and their dosageSr. No. Name CommercSr Name of Comme Prepara Preparation Dosage For Freque. of larvicide rcial ial tion of rto of ready ncy of larvicid formulati formula ready spray applicatN e ontion rto formulation 1Sq.m 50 1 Hecter ion spray ete linear (diluted)o. meter formula s tion1 MLO 100%petroli As it is 20cc 1liter 200 liters Weekly um product2 Temephos 50%ec 2.5cc in 10liters of 20cc 1 liter 200 liters weekly potable water (surfacetreatment)3 B.Thuringiensi powder 250gms in 10liters 20cc 1 liter 200 liters Two s ofpotable water weekly (Bti) (2.5%susp).4 B.Thuringiensi Liquid 100mlin 10liters 20cc 1 liter 200 liters Weekly s ofpotable water (Bti)
Mosquito Control Measures Biolodical Method:-Use of Fish Guppy/ Gambusia / Bti /B- Sphericus etc. Source Reduction:- Elimination of reduction of breeding sites. Filling up burrow pits,ditches,unused irrigation cannals,wells,deweeding,chanalization etc. Personal Protection:- Use of Repellant Use of mosquito net. Application of Nylon mesh to doors and windows.
Formula for measurementof surface area of Bed net Surface Area =2 ( a + b ) +c where a=length x height b=height x width c=length x Width
Methods of Impregnation Prepare solution in optimum quality of water with required quantity of insecticides. Soak bed net in solution thoroughly. Do not hang it, dry it by spreading on a rubber sheet in a shed. Residual Efficacy:-6 months if not washed Precautions:-Avoid contamination of skin,eyes,mouth with insecticide formulation. If contaminated ,wash with soap and water.
Impregnation of Bed nets Quality of Bed nets Bednet hole size:- Not bigger than 1.2 to 1.5 mm. diameter .i.e.6 to 8 holes to 10mm linear length. Dosage:- 25 mg Deltamethrin/sq.mt. or 50mg Cyfluthrin/sq.mt.