Verb Tenses

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Verb Tenses

  1. 1. Verb TensesVerb TensesHow to distinguish different verbHow to distinguish different verbtenses when tutoringtenses when tutoring
  2. 2. WHY THE TOPIC?• During the tutoring session, I believethat many tutees often write theiressays with wrong verb tenses.• I want to learn it myself.
  3. 3. IMPORTANCE FORCORRECT VERB TENSES• Clear and easy to understand• Consistency• To express the event with properverb tenses
  4. 4. HOW TO FIND THE VERB?• Underline the possible verbs that show orimply some action.• Change the time of the sentence and findthe word that changes.• *Some verbs may contain two words “ex: Iam going to school.”(from Judy’s grammarpackage)
  5. 5. EDITING ADVICE• Do all the verbs belong to the time cluster(present, past, or future) in one paragraph?• If yes, ask yourself that does each verb conveyprecisely the time you had in mind, therelationship to other times or actions, and theidea of an action completed or in progress?• If no, look carefully at the verbs that do not fit.Is there a reason for the switch in time? Then,rewrite the verb that provides the appropriateindication of time.(from Ann Raime’s grammar toublespots)
  6. 6. OVERVIEW1. Present2. Past3. future
  7. 7. OVERVIEWA. Simple tensesB. Progressive tensesC. Perfect tensesD.*Perfect progressive tenses(decided not to cover here)
  8. 8. NOWFUTUREPAST
  9. 9. 1.ASSIGNMENTS THATMAY USE PRESENT TENSES• The assignment that talks about“who I am.”• The assignment that compares thenew grading system with the oldone (writing about the new system).• The assignment that introducesourselves.
  10. 10. (1A)SIMPLE PRESENT(1A)SIMPLE PRESENTTENSETENSE
  11. 11. MEANING• Activities or events that occurringin the present.• Summarizing pieces of writing,films, plays.• Stating ongoing opinions, beliefs,habits, and facts.• Ex: I ride a bike to schooleveryday.• (from Judy’s grammar package)
  12. 12. Verbs in the simplepresent tense• Singular:• Writes• Studies• walks• Plural:• Write• Study• Walk
  13. 13. (1B)PRESENT(1B)PRESENTPROGRESSIVE TENSEPROGRESSIVE TENSE
  14. 14. MEANING• One thing happened in the past,and is in progress at thepresent time, and probably willcontinue.• Ex: I am washing the dishes.
  15. 15. Examples for verbs in thepresent progressive sentencesam walkingis + doingare staying(verb + ing)
  16. 16. (1C)PRESENT(1C)PRESENTPERFECT TENSEPERFECT TENSE
  17. 17. MEANING• The action happened beforenow.• The exact time is notimportant.• Ex: She has alreadydropped the class.
  18. 18. PARTICIPLE• wanted, turned, dropped• hurt, come, build• felt, gone, hidden• blown, grown, known• begun, rung, swum
  19. 19. (2)ASSIGNMENTS THATMAY USE PAST TENSES• The assignment that comparesthe new grading system withthe old one (writing about theold system).• The assignment that talks aboutchildhood.
  20. 20. (2A)SIMPLE PAST TENSE(2A)SIMPLE PAST TENSE
  21. 21. MEANING• At one particular time inthe past, it happened. Itbegan and ended in past.• Ex: I walked to schoolthis morning.
  22. 22. Verbs in the simplepast tense• Regular:played, walked,noticed• Irregular :• became, began• blew, grew• thought, taught• cut, hurt, let
  23. 23. (2B) PAST(2B) PASTPROGRESSIVE TENSEPROGRESSIVE TENSE
  24. 24. MEANING• One thing happenedbefore and was in processat a particular time in thepast, and it continued.• Ex: I was doing myhomework.
  25. 25. Examples for verbs in thepast progressive sentences• was typing+ leaving• were working(verb + ing)
  26. 26. (2C) PAST PERFECT(2C) PAST PERFECTTENSETENSE
  27. 27. MEANING• The action was completelydone before another timein the past.• Ex: He had alreadyfinished his exam before Imet him.
  28. 28. Verbs in the pastperfect tensehad + (participles)
  29. 29. PARTICIPLE• wanted, turned, dropped• hurt, come, build• felt, gone, hidden• blown, grown, known• begun, rung, swum
  30. 30. (3)ASSIGNMENTS THATMAY USE FUTURE TENESES• The assignment that talks aboutwhat do we want to do in thefuture.
  31. 31. (3A)SIMPLE FUTURE(3A)SIMPLE FUTURETENSETENSE
  32. 32. MEANING• At one particular time inthe future, it willhappen.• Ex: Jason will go to bedat 12 o’clock.
  33. 33. Verbs in the simplefuture tensewillbe going to
  34. 34. (3B)FUTURE(3B)FUTUREPROGRESSIVE TENSEPROGRESSIVE TENSE
  35. 35. MEANING• One thing will happen in thefuture, and it will be inprocess at a particular timein the future, and it willprobably continue.• Ex: Katie will be sleepingwhen her father comes home.
  36. 36. Verbs in the futureprogressive sentenceswill be + (verb + ing)
  37. 37. (3B)FUTURE PERFECT(3B)FUTURE PERFECTTENSETENSE
  38. 38. MEANING• The action will be completelydone before another time in thefuture.• Ex: Albert will already havetaken shower before he goes tobed.
  39. 39. Verbs in the futureperfect tensewill + have +(participle)
  40. 40. PARTICIPLE• wanted, turned, dropped• hurt, come, build• felt, gone, hidden• blown, grown, known• begun, rung, swum
  41. 41. MODALSMODALS
  42. 42. EXAMPLES FOR MODALS• to write about the wishes.• The assignment that talksabout one thing thatchanges one person’s life.
  43. 43. What are they?• should• could• would
  44. 44. SHOULD• Advisability• Ex: You should do yourhomework instead of going tothe movies.
  45. 45. SHOULD• 90% certainty(expectation)• Ex: He should attend themeeting tomorrow.
  46. 46. COULD• past ability• Ex: I could get up early whenI was young.
  47. 47. COULD• polite request• Ex: Could you teach me withthis math problem?
  48. 48. COULD• suggestion (affirmative only)• Ex: You could do someresearch about this topic tosee whether you have theright answer.
  49. 49. COULD• less than 50% certainty• Ex: She could be in heroffice.
  50. 50. COULD• impossibility (negative only)• Ex: That couldn’t be his dogbecause his dog was deadyesterday.
  51. 51. WOULD• polite request• Ex: Would you please pass methe salt?
  52. 52. WOULD• preference• Ex: I would rather die thanget married with him.
  53. 53. WOULD• repeated action in the past• Ex: She would take a walkevery morning when she wasyoung.
  54. 54. WOULD• polite for “want” (with like)• Ex: I would like to have sometea, please.
  55. 55. WOULD• unfulfilled wish• Ex: I would have learned moreabout how to use proper verbtenses before coming to theU.S.
  56. 56. CITATION• The sources are from BettySchrampfer Azar’schartbook.
  57. 57. SPECIAL THANKSEVERYONE!!

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