Sociolinguistic relativity


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Sociolinguistic relativity

  1. 1. Sociolinguistic Relativity By, Tam Suet Yet (GS26565)
  2. 2. DEFINITION <ul><li>Sociolinguistic relativity refers to the set of conventions, rules and patterns unique to a community which they use in conducting communication. </li></ul><ul><li>A field of study that looks at the connection between language and society. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Questions to think about <ul><li>Does language shape culture? </li></ul><ul><li>Does culture shape language? </li></ul><ul><li>Does language shape our cognition, effecting the very way that we see the world? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Theories for these questions <ul><li>Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Whorfian Theories </li></ul><ul><li>Sapir-Whorf </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic Determinism </li></ul>
  5. 5. Linguistic relativity <ul><li>Linguistic relativity originally focused on controlled comparisons between contrasting linguistic traditions and related patterns of behavior in a culture, often with an emphasis on the historical impact of cultural categories on the evolution of language. ( Sapir & Whorf) </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing on LANGUAGE STRUCTURE </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sociolinguistic Relativity <ul><li>Substantive links between thought and language use. </li></ul><ul><li>Hymes sees language (language use) and culture as inextricably linked </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is it? <ul><li>Different social background = different value systems of speech and social behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Different value = Different judgements </li></ul><ul><li>The more we know of a culture, the more we understand the question of being different is BEING different and not whose culture is better or worse = cultural relativity </li></ul><ul><li>So, different value systems of speech (sociolinguistic) + understanding diffirence in culture (cultural relativity) = sociolinguistic relativity </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>EXAMPLES: </li></ul><ul><li>The structure of society may influence our use of and attitudes toward particular kinds of language, especially accents - Dell Hymes </li></ul><ul><li>Language may then be used to </li></ul><ul><li>- discriminate against </li></ul><ul><li>- control </li></ul><ul><li>Certain linguistic markers associated with one group </li></ul><ul><li>- speech quality </li></ul><ul><li>- English spoken with a foreign accent is labeled &quot;broken&quot; English (Reich, 2000). </li></ul><ul><li>- Nasal resonance is labeled unpleasant and unclear (Blood & Hyman, 1977). </li></ul><ul><li>- Speech with glottal sounds is labeled as harsh speech. </li></ul><ul><li>- Speech spoken quickly may be labeled pushy and aggressive (Tannen, 1990). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sociolinguistic Diversity <ul><li>The varied language learning since birth based on the culture. </li></ul><ul><li>People from same speech community judge others based on their language standards </li></ul><ul><li>Intercultural misunderstanding happens even if speaking same language </li></ul>
  10. 10. English NESA WOLFSON
  11. 11. Example <ul><li>Taken from the text of How to Teach Speaking, Scott Thornbury, pg 2 </li></ul>
  12. 12. More examples <ul><li>Americans compliments with far greater tendency </li></ul><ul><li>People of other cultures from Americans view as mistrust, insincere </li></ul>
  13. 13. SO… <ul><li>People don’t take offense if word is pronounced wrongly/ wrong usage of vocabulary [language structure] </li></ul><ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>An expected apology/ compliment is not noted, then it is offensive [rules of speaking  sociolinguistic diversity) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Rules are not meant to be broken… <ul><li>Violations of sociolinguistic rules = BIG NO NO </li></ul><ul><li>Occupations that deal with different culture = flawed character </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent experience with certain manner = stigmatized towards the whole group of the particular speech community even if there are chances of the individual not being so.. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sociolinguistic diversity across culture <ul><li>English spoken by non-native speakers </li></ul><ul><li>None native speakers are of different cultural background </li></ul><ul><li>Each cultural background stems different ethnic values </li></ul>
  17. 17. Any Questions?
  18. 18. THANK YOU