A marriage before the legal age of marriage which may
differ from country to country (For India, it is 21 years
for males and only 18 years for females).
Any act of commission or omission that endangers
or impairs a child’s physical or emotional health
Any sort of work that deprives children of their childhood,
their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to
their physical and mental development.
ILL-EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE
Health Problems (Physical/Mental)
1) Physical health problems like headaches, gynaecological problems,
hepatitis and heart diseases.
2) Mental health problems like personality disorders, depression etc.
Aggression, Violence and Criminal Behaviour
More likely to be violent and involved in criminal activities.
Higher rates of suicidal behaviour in adult survivors of child abuse.
Alcohol and substance abuse
ILL-EFFECTS OF CHILD MARRIAGE
1) Increased maternal and infant health risks recorded in case of child brides.
2) Higher chances of getting exposed to various STDs like HIV/AIDS.
Increased population due to unwanted pregnancies.
Deprivation of Education
Inability to complete even Primary Education. Hence getting
deprived of their future (more profound in girls).
Greater exposure to domestic and sexual violence
ILL-EFFECTS OF CHILD LABOUR
Decrease in Life Expectancy
The child labourers don’t survive for an average normal life.
Hindered Physical and Mental Growth
Working long hours, child labourers are often denied a basic school
education, normal social interaction, personal development and
emotional support from their family.
Wastage of Human Resource
The child labourers can’t work anywhere after attaining an age of
approx. 24 years.
SOME HARSH FACTS
an absolute increase of 181 million in the country’s
population has been recorded during the decade 20012011, there is a reduction of 5.05 millions in the population
of children aged 0-6 years during this period.
the period 1991-2011, child sex ratio declined from
945 to 914, whereas the overall sex ratio showed an
improvement from 927 to 940.
per 2012 survey, Female infants experienced a higher
mortality rate than male infants in all major states.
CHILD ABUSE – FACTS & FIGURES
48,338 child rape cases from 2001 to 2011 with 336% increase of child
rape cases from 2001 to 2011. Apart from this, the percentage of girl
victims was much higher than that of the boys.
Child Rape Cases
FORMS OF CHILD ABUSE
Child Abuse Cases
in India in 2012
Child Marriage – Facts & Figures
For Young children under the age of 5 years , the risk of malnutrition is higher in
children born to young mothers (married before 18 years).
Neo-Natal Mortality Rate
Infant Mortality Rate
Under five Mortality Rate
SHAMEFUL FACTS OF CHILD MARRIAGE
In India, approx. 40% of women aged 20 to 24 are married
before the age of 18.
In rural areas of our country, less than one third of the girls in the
15-17 age group attend school. 5.8 % of girls in the age group 617 years in rural areas dropped out of school as they got married.
Every sixth women within the age group of 15-19 years had
begun child-bearing, 12 per cent had become mothers and 4 per
cent were pregnant with their first child during 2011-12.
CHILD LABOUR – FACTS & FIGURES
A report (in 2012) by the International Confederation of
Free Trade Unions says there are as many as 60 million
children working in India's agricultural, industrial and
In India, children under 14 years of age account for
about 4% of the total labour force in the country. Of
these children, nine out of every ten work in their own
rural family settings.
Our India is the home to the largest child labour force in
the world, with an estimated 30% of the world's working
kids living here.
CHILD LABOUR DISTRIBUTION
The pie chart depicts the involvement of Indian children in
various sectors (as by 2012).
Sector Wise Distribution
STRATEGIES TO STOP CHILD ABUSE
Enforcing Child Abuse Laws
The existing child labour laws must be followed strictly.
Parents should be responsible
The parents should take utmost care of their children where
their children shouldn’t go.
To make the Society Cooperative
In order to provide a healthy environment to the
children, the people residing in the society should cooperate
STRATEGIES TO STOP CHILD MARRIAGE
Enacting and Enforcing Laws
The laws like The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 and Child
Marriage Restraint Act need to be enforced, and people must be made
aware of the same.
Educating and Empowering Girls
Improving girls’ access to quality schooling will increase girls’ chances
of gaining a secondary education and helps to delay marriage.
Mobilising and Educating Communities
Laws alone won’t end child marriage. People must be made aware of
the harmful impacts it puts on children.
STRATEGIES TO STOP CHILD LABOUR
Enforcing Child Labour Laws
The existing laws should be implemented and hence followed strictly.
. Hence, by eliminating poverty we
can vanish this vicious cycle.
Easy Access to Education
The basic ingredients (meal, books, uniform etc.) should be made
accessible to the deprived category.
It would put a curb on population and hence a better family
environment may be ensured to the children.
Our India has several temples like Bal Hanuman, Bal
Krishna etc. In spite of this, “Bal” is not provided
adequate respect here; rather they’re deprived of their
Stop it now
If we want our India back competing with other