Save the Childhood


Published on

This presentation deals with the issues of children like Child Abuse, Child Marriage and Child Labor. Apart from this, feasible solutions to all these vicious problems have been provided.

Published in: Education

Save the Childhood

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. BASIC DEFINITION   Child Marriage A marriage before the legal age of marriage which may differ from country to country (For India, it is 21 years for males and only 18 years for females).  2 Child Abuse Any act of commission or omission that endangers or impairs a child’s physical or emotional health and development. Child Labour Any sort of work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to their physical and mental development.
  3. 3. ILL-EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE  Health Problems (Physical/Mental) 1) Physical health problems like headaches, gynaecological problems, hepatitis and heart diseases. 2) Mental health problems like personality disorders, depression etc.  Aggression, Violence and Criminal Behaviour More likely to be violent and involved in criminal activities.  Suicidal Tendency Higher rates of suicidal behaviour in adult survivors of child abuse. 3  Alcohol and substance abuse
  4. 4. ILL-EFFECTS OF CHILD MARRIAGE  Health Issues 1) Increased maternal and infant health risks recorded in case of child brides. 2) Higher chances of getting exposed to various STDs like HIV/AIDS.  Population Control Increased population due to unwanted pregnancies.  Deprivation of Education Inability to complete even Primary Education. Hence getting deprived of their future (more profound in girls).  Greater exposure to domestic and sexual violence 4
  5. 5. ILL-EFFECTS OF CHILD LABOUR Decrease in Life Expectancy The child labourers don’t survive for an average normal life.  Hindered Physical and Mental Growth Working long hours, child labourers are often denied a basic school education, normal social interaction, personal development and emotional support from their family.  Wastage of Human Resource The child labourers can’t work anywhere after attaining an age of approx. 24 years.   Increases Illiteracy 5
  6. 6. SOME HARSH FACTS an absolute increase of 181 million in the country’s population has been recorded during the decade 20012011, there is a reduction of 5.05 millions in the population of children aged 0-6 years during this period.  While  During the period 1991-2011, child sex ratio declined from 945 to 914, whereas the overall sex ratio showed an improvement from 927 to 940.  As per 2012 survey, Female infants experienced a higher mortality rate than male infants in all major states. 6
  7. 7. CHILD ABUSE – FACTS & FIGURES 48,338 child rape cases from 2001 to 2011 with 336% increase of child rape cases from 2001 to 2011. Apart from this, the percentage of girl victims was much higher than that of the boys. Child Rape Cases Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Uttar Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Chhatisgarh Delhi 7
  8. 8. FORMS OF CHILD ABUSE Neglect 59% Sexual Abuse 7.7% Medical Neglect 0.9% Physical Abuse 10.8% Of all the Forms, Neglect comes first. Psychological Maltreatment 4.2% Others 17.4% Child Abuse Cases in India in 2012 8
  9. 9. Child Marriage – Facts & Figures For Young children under the age of 5 years , the risk of malnutrition is higher in children born to young mothers (married before 18 years). 100 80 60 40 20 <20 Years 20-29 Years 0 Neo-Natal Mortality Rate Infant Mortality Rate Under five Mortality Rate 9
  10. 10. SHAMEFUL FACTS OF CHILD MARRIAGE  In India, approx. 40% of women aged 20 to 24 are married before the age of 18.  In rural areas of our country, less than one third of the girls in the 15-17 age group attend school. 5.8 % of girls in the age group 617 years in rural areas dropped out of school as they got married.  Every sixth women within the age group of 15-19 years had begun child-bearing, 12 per cent had become mothers and 4 per cent were pregnant with their first child during 2011-12. 10
  11. 11. CHILD LABOUR – FACTS & FIGURES  A report (in 2012) by the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions says there are as many as 60 million children working in India's agricultural, industrial and commercial sectors.  In India, children under 14 years of age account for about 4% of the total labour force in the country. Of these children, nine out of every ten work in their own rural family settings.  Our India is the home to the largest child labour force in the world, with an estimated 30% of the world's working kids living here. 11
  12. 12. CHILD LABOUR DISTRIBUTION The pie chart depicts the involvement of Indian children in various sectors (as by 2012). Sector Wise Distribution 2% 7% 25% 7% 59% Agriculture Non-Domestic work Domestic Work Industry Not Defined 12
  13. 13. STRATEGIES TO STOP CHILD ABUSE Enforcing Child Abuse Laws The existing child labour laws must be followed strictly.  Parents should be responsible The parents should take utmost care of their children where their children shouldn’t go.  To make the Society Cooperative In order to provide a healthy environment to the children, the people residing in the society should cooperate one another.  13
  14. 14. STRATEGIES TO STOP CHILD MARRIAGE  Enacting and Enforcing Laws The laws like The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 and Child Marriage Restraint Act need to be enforced, and people must be made aware of the same.  Educating and Empowering Girls Improving girls’ access to quality schooling will increase girls’ chances of gaining a secondary education and helps to delay marriage.  Mobilising and Educating Communities Laws alone won’t end child marriage. People must be made aware of the harmful impacts it puts on children. 14
  15. 15. STRATEGIES TO STOP CHILD LABOUR Enforcing Child Labour Laws The existing laws should be implemented and hence followed strictly.   Eliminating Poverty . Hence, by eliminating poverty we can vanish this vicious cycle. Easy Access to Education The basic ingredients (meal, books, uniform etc.) should be made accessible to the deprived category.  Family Planning It would put a curb on population and hence a better family environment may be ensured to the children.  15
  16. 16.  Our India has several temples like Bal Hanuman, Bal Krishna etc. In spite of this, “Bal” is not provided adequate respect here; rather they’re deprived of their childhood. Stop it now  If we want our India back competing with other countries. 16