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1
Cell Phone Oriented Robotic Vehicle
Project report submitted
In partial fulfillment for the degree of
Bachelor of Techno...
2
CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project report titled “Cell Phone Oriented Robotic Vehicle”
being submitted by R...
3
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Completing the project report was a mammoth task for which a lot of help was required from
many sources....
4
DECLARATION
We certify that
a. The work contained in this report is original and has been done by us under the
guidance ...
5
REPORT APPROVAL
The thesis entitled
CELLPHONE ORIENTED ROBOTIC VEHICLE
by
Reema Rani (1241015124)
Sudeshna Baliarsingh (...
6
Place:
(Departmental Seal)
PLAGIARISM CHECK CERTIFICATE
7
8
9
ABSTRACT
In the present era the usage of mobile phone is very wide, cell phone is not merely a device to
communicate wit...
10
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2. Certificate
3. Acknowledgement
4. Declaration
5. Report Approval
6. Plagiarismcheck certificate
7....
11
5 Product architecture
5.1 Task distribution and monitoring
5.2 Modular design by basic clustering
40
40
41
6 Concept g...
12
13 Prototype testing and improvement
13.1 Task distribution and monitoring
13.3 Improvement
13.4 Product cost and bill ...
13
14
LIST OF TABLES
Table No. Table Caption Page No.
Table 1.2 Learning levels 17
Table 1.3 Course outcomes 18
Table 1.4 Des...
15
LIST OF FIGURES
Sl. No. Figure Pg. no.
3.2 FAST method 32
3.3 SOP method 33
3.4 Function structure by energy diagram 34...
16
Chapter 1
Introduction
1.1 The broad statement of design problem
Cell Phone Oriented Robotic Vehicle “Connecting people...
17
Table 1.1: Student outcomes
Outcome Description
A
An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and
engineerin...
18
1.2. Student outcomes and Bloom’s taxonomy of learning levels
After the completion of this project, the we will be able...
19
backgrounds
C07 Demonstrates an awareness of professional ethics and responsibility
C08 Demonstrates an appreciation of...
20
Table 1.5: Time line for design checkpoints
Checkpoints Set time line
1 Customer needs recognition 15/02/2016-21/02/201...
21
Table 1.7: Team Charter
Team ID: 11 Section: EIE-B Semester: 8TH
We are involved:
Member 1: Reema Rani-1241015024
Membe...
22
Designation: Assistant Professor Subhaluxmi Sahoo
Assistant Professor Farida Ashraf Ali
Assistant Professor Arya Tripat...
23
Chapter 2
Customer needs recognition
2.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 2.1: Work done by each member
Work done...
24
queries of Customer,
Surveying
Competitors Product
5: Kishan Bhardwaj Collection of
journals related to
5the project, T...
25
2.2 Questionnaire method
We have prepared questions related to our product criteria, mechanism and the related
features...
26
A)Yes
B)No
* The product can’t sense the thermal activities around it.
Q. 6 Can it distinguish and recognize different ...
27
* The product is to control and operate the robot with help to cell phone
through short messaging service (SMS) techniq...
28
the product
1 No need of time to
time charging
Weekly charging
needed
Good
2 Maintenance is low Not so much
maintainanc...
29
2.4 Organising and prioritising of customer needs
Table 2.4 Prioritised customer needs
Reliability Suitable for all con...
30
Chapter 3
Function decomposition
3.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 3.1: Work done by each member
Work done by ...
31
decomposition,
Sharing ideas
related to functional
decomposition,
4: Jayanti Sahoo Identifying primary
Product function...
32
3.2 Function tree by FAST method
33
3.3 Function tree by subtract and operate procedure
Through
RS232
Data cable
Cell Phone orientedRobotic
Vehicle
Input
B...
34
3.4 Function structure by energy diagram
Data Cable 0 & 5 Volt Active Relay
(Drives the motor accordingly)
Cellphone Le...
35
Chapter 4
Product teardown and engineering specifications
4.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 4.1: Work done by ...
36
electricity as
primary input flow
block diagram,
Theory and design
of data template for
disassembly and
experimentation...
37
6: Amit Ranjan Badaik Customer Needs,
Analysis and theory
related to metrics
for the “IMPORT
HUMAN FORCE”
sub function,...
38
4.2 Product Teardown
Assembly/
Parts No
Parts Description Effect of removal
Deduced sub
function(s) &
Affected customer...
39
4.3 Engineering specification
Metric Range Units Min.Accuracy
Power supply unit 10-12 V Volts +_1.0
Speed 200rpm Rpm +_...
40
Chapter 5
Product architecture
5.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 5.1: Work done by each member
Work done by ea...
41
6:Amit Ranjan Badaik Theory related to
product Architecture,
Forming the modules
of the product.
15/02/2016 21/02/2016
...
42
5.2 Modular design by basic clustering
43
Chapter 6
Concept generation
6.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 6.1: Work done by each member
Work done by each...
44
Memory mapping,
Morphological
analysis.
Task completed with alternative arrangement:
Task name Originally assigned to R...
45
6.3 C-sketch / 6-3-5 method
46
6.4 Morphological analysis
Sub function Associated customer Weighted customer
need ratings need ratings
Detect GSM Sign...
47
Chapter 7
Concept selection
7.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 7.1: Work done by each member
Work done by each ...
48
Signature of Team Members:
Member 1: Reema Rani 1241015024 Member 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh 1241015137
Member 3:Ruby Kumar...
49
Chapter 8
Product embodiment
8.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 8.1: Work done by each member
Work done by each...
50
6: Amit Ranjan Badaik
Notifying
manufacturability
issues, quality and
economics,
Applying
mechanical
embodiment,
Docume...
51
8.2 Refining geometry and layout
52
SPATIALFORMWITH SCALE DRAWING:
CHASISWITH WHEELS
PCB LAYOUT
BATTERY
WHEEL
HOLE IN CHASISFOR MOTOR CONNECTION
CONCEPTLAY...
53
COMPLETE FORMDESIGN WITH DETAILED DRAWING:
RELAY
CIRCU
IT
RELAY
CIRCU
IT
54
8.3 Systems modeling
Data Layout
INSTALLATION PATH:
connecting
motors
parallaly in
the chasis
solderingthe
componentsin...
55
Chapter 9
Product metric model
9.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 9.1: Work done by each member
Work done by ea...
56
tables.
6:Amit Ranjan Badaik Notifying
manufacturability
issues, quality and
economics, Applying
mechanical
embodiment,...
57
58
59
Chapter 10
Design for manufacture, assembly and environment
10.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 10.1: Work done...
60
table 14.10,
Documentation and
printing.
6:Amit Ranjan Badaik Assembling and
analyzing, Redesign
of product, Creating
t...
61
GUIDELINE REASON
Minimize the number of different components.
Use of GSM modem
Use Atmel’s AT89C51 8051 Microcontroller...
62
GUIDELINE REASON
Minimize the number and length of
interconnecting wires of cables used
Flexible elements slow to remov...
63
10.3 Manufacturing cost analysis
Table 14.11 Cell Phone OrientedRoboticVehicle COSTANALYSIS
Part Tooling Material Proce...
64
GSM Modem - Rs.900 - Rs.900
Gear Motor - 480 - Rs.480
Microcontroller
Board
- 700 50 Rs.750
Battery - Rs.500 - Rs.500
R...
65
Since each of the stages are closely interlinked in terms of environmental impact, continuous
efforts are required to m...
66
Fig 10.5: Product impact Assesment flow :

2. Procurement
Basic policy
We check parts and materials that are used to m...
67
4. Packaging and logistics
Basic Policy
We are committed to:
Reducing distribution and transport.
5. Use
Basic policy
C...
68
Chapter 11
Analytical and numerical model solutions
11.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 11.1: Work done by each...
69
11.2 Programming Spreadsheet
70
71
72
73
Chapter 12
Physical prototype
12.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 12.1: Work done by each member
Work done by e...
74
Circuit Diagram
75
Chapter 13
Prototype testing and improvement
13.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 13.1: Work done by each member...
76
Member 5: Kishan Bhardwaj 1241015143 Member 6: Amit Ranjan Badaik 1351015002
13.3 Improvement.
1. IR Sensors
If IR sens...
77
78
Original bill of the components
79
Chapter 14
Final product
14.1 Task distribution and monitoring
Table 14.1: Work done by each member
Work done by each m...
80
14.2 Final product fabrication
Cell phone Oriented
RoboticVehicle
Testingof
components Making the
PCB layout
Solderingt...
81
14.3 : Final Product Fabrication
82
Chapter 15
Conclusions
15.1 Conclusions
The prototype of the GSM based Generator Control device was efficiently designe...
83
Kishan Bhardwaj:
Learned to co-operate with group members and how to design a circuit for a product.
Amit Ranjan Badaik...
84
Appendices
Appendix A: User Manual
Step 1: Remove the GSM Modem from the prototype by disconnecting the dc jack cable.
...
85
sbitrly1=P1^0;
sbitrly2=P1^1;
sbitrly3=P1^2;
sbitrly4=P1^3;
unsigned char i,v[80],status,k;
void main()
{
Lcdinit();
Se...
86
locate(0xc0);
write(v[k]);write(v[k+1]);write(v[k+2]);write(v[k+3]);
}
serconout(“AT+CMGD=1”,9);
serout(0x0d);
del();
i...
87
Void left()
{
locate(0x80);
display(“LEFT “,16);
locate(0xc0);
display(“MOVMENT “,16);
1_for=0;
rly2=1;
rly3=0;
rly4=1;...
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THESIS

  1. 1. 1 Cell Phone Oriented Robotic Vehicle Project report submitted In partial fulfillment for the degree of Bachelor of Technology in Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Submitted by REEMA RANI-1241016127 SUDESHNA BALIARSINGH-1241016061 RUBY KUMARI-1241016060 JAYANTI SAHOO-1241016128 KISHAN BHARDWAJ-1241015143 AMIT RANJAN BADAIK-1351015003 (8TH SEMESETER EIE B) DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS & INSRTUMENTATION ENGINEERING Institute of Technical Education and Research SIKSHA ‘O’ ANUSANDHAN UNIVERSITY Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India (May, 2016)
  2. 2. 2 CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project report titled “Cell Phone Oriented Robotic Vehicle” being submitted by Reema Rani, Sudeshna Baliarsingh, Ruby Kumari, Jayanti Sahoo, Kishan Bhardwaj ,Amit Ranjan Badaik to the Institute of Technical Education and Research, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar for the partial fulfillment for the degree of Bachelor of Technology in Electronics and Instrumentaion Engineering is a record of original bonafide work carried out by them under our supervision and guidance. The project work, in our opinion, has reached the requisite standard fulfilling the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Technology. The results contained in this thesis have not been submitted in part or full to any other University or Institute for the award of any degree or diploma. Date: Name: Mrs Farida Ashraf Ali Designation: Assistant Professor Department:EIE Name: Mrs Arya Tripathy Designation: Assistant Professor Department:EIE Name: Mr Satyaprakash Narayan Das Designation: Assistant Professor Department:EIE Seal Seal
  3. 3. 3 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Completing the project report was a mammoth task for which a lot of help was required from many sources. Fortunately we have had the fine support of our family and friends with insights and expertise of fellow members of the teaching staff at the Institute of Technical Education and Research (ITER) specially our guide Prof. Subhaluxmi Sahoo, Prof. Farida Ashraf Ali, Prof. Arya Tripathy and Prof. Satyaprakash Narayan Das which helped us greatly to complete the Project within time. Our special thanks would always go to our parents who were source of abiding inspiration and divine blessings for us. Finally we are thankful to all of them who helped us morally and practically to do this project in limited time which helped us in doing a lot of Research and we came to know about many things.
  4. 4. 4 DECLARATION We certify that a. The work contained in this report is original and has been done by us under the guidance of our supervisor(s). b. The work has not been submitted to any other Institute for any degree or diploma. c. We have followed the guidelines provided by the Department in preparing the report. d. Whenever we have used materials (data, theoretical analysis, figures, and text) from other sources, we have given due credit to them by citing them in the text of the report and giving their details in the reference. Name of the Student Registration Number Signature Reema Rani 1241015124 Sudeshna Baliarsingh 1241015137 Ruby Kumari 1241015138 Jayanti Sahoo 1241015139 KishanBhardwaj 1241015143 Amit Ranjan Badaik 1351015002
  5. 5. 5 REPORT APPROVAL The thesis entitled CELLPHONE ORIENTED ROBOTIC VEHICLE by Reema Rani (1241015124) Sudeshna Baliarsingh (1241015137) Ruby Kumari (1241015138) Jayanti Sahoo(1241015139) Kishan Bhardwaj (1241015143) Amit Ranjan Badaik (1241015002) is approved for the degree of Bachelor of Technology in Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Coordinator IDP Member EDP Member Head of the Dept. Date:
  6. 6. 6 Place: (Departmental Seal) PLAGIARISM CHECK CERTIFICATE
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9 ABSTRACT In the present era the usage of mobile phone is very wide, cell phone is not merely a device to communicate with other persons but it is also very much useful to communicate and command the machines also. This project is one of them The project mainly cites that even through a cell phone we can control and operate the robot by through short messaging service i.e. (SMS) technique, which is the special feature of the project. And above all it is fully operated with the help of battery. The appearance and capabilities of the robot vary vastly. The robot shares the feature of mechanical and movable structure under some form of structures. The robot has mainly three phases: perceptions, processing and action. Perception includes receiving commands from the cell phone, processing includes work done by microcontroller, and finally momentary actions done by motors. This project is designed with robot assembly, where SMS is sent to the GSM module attached to the robot and after receiving it the micro controller processes it with the help of level converter, data cable, relay circuit, relay. In micro controller we have programmed to get the input signal from the GSM module through the data cable and the micro controller will activate the relay through the relay driver circuit contains transistors, which acts as the switch. So it can control the relay. The relays outputs are connected to dc motors and the dc motors will drive the robot according to the command received. Level converter is nothing but RS232 the output of the cell phone signals given to level converter in which the signal are converted into 0 and 5v pulse then these signals given to micro controller. For an example, if we want to drive the robot to forward direction we have to send SMS to the GSM module which is connected to robot. After receiving the SMS the module sends the corresponding signal to micro controller through the data cable and level converter, now the micro controller activate the corresponding relay, so DC motor will be operated robot moving in the forward direction. Similarly we can drive the robot to reverse direction left side and right side as well. Keywords: GSM, AT89S52 microcontroller, Cell phone, Relays, Motor Driver Circuit
  10. 10. 10 TABLE OF CONTENTS 2. Certificate 3. Acknowledgement 4. Declaration 5. Report Approval 6. Plagiarismcheck certificate 7. Abstract Chapter Page no. 1 Introduction 1.1The broad statement of design problem 1.2Student outcomes and Bloom’s taxonomy of learning levels 1.3Design checkpoints 1.4Design team formation and team charter 16 16 17 19 20 2 Customer needs recognition 2.1 Task distribution and monitoring 2.2 Questionnaire method 2.3 Interview method 2.4 Organizing and prioritizing of customer needs 23 23 25 27 29 3 Functiondecomposition 3.1 Task distribution and monitoring 3.2 Function tree by FAST method 3.3 Function tree by subtract and operate procedure 3.4 Function Structure by energy diagram 30 30 32 33 34 4 Product teardown and engineering specifications 4.1 Task distribution and monitoring 4.2 Product teardown 4.3 Engineering Specification 35 35 38 39
  11. 11. 11 5 Product architecture 5.1 Task distribution and monitoring 5.2 Modular design by basic clustering 40 40 41 6 Concept generation 6.1 Task distribution and monitoring 6.2 Brainstorming 6.3 C-sketch method 6.4 Morphological Analysis 43 43 43 44 45 7 Concept selection 7.1 distribution and Task monitoring 7.2 Technical feasibility by applying the knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering 46 46 47 8 Product embodiment 8.1 Task distribution and monitoring 8.2 Refining geometry and layout 48 48 50 9 Product metric model 9.1 Task distribution and monitoring 9.2 Model selection by performance specifications 9.3 Constructing product models 54 54 55 56 10 Designfor manufacture, assemblyand environment 10.1 Task distribution and monitoring 10.2 Applying Design guidelines 10.3 Manufacturing cost analysis 10.4 Design for environment 58 58 59 62 63 11 Analytical and numerical model solutions 11.1 Task distribution and monitoring 11.2 Spreadsheet search 67 67 68 12 Physical prototype 12.1 Task distribution and monitoring 12.2 Mock-up materials and processes 72 72 72
  12. 12. 12 13 Prototype testing and improvement 13.1 Task distribution and monitoring 13.3 Improvement 13.4 Product cost and bill of materials 74 74 76 76 14 Final product 14.1 Task distribution and monitoring 14.2 Final product fabrication 78 78 79 15 Conclusion 15.1 Conclusions 15.2Group learning 15.3 Individual learning 81 81 81 81 References 82 Appendix-A User Manual 83 Appendix-B Data sheets Appendix-C Keil µ vision Programme 83 84
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14 LIST OF TABLES Table No. Table Caption Page No. Table 1.2 Learning levels 17 Table 1.3 Course outcomes 18 Table 1.4 Design checkpoints and student outcomes 19 Table 1.5 Time line for design checkpoints 20 Table 1.6 Team allocation and problem selection 20 Table 1.7 Team Charter 21 Table 2.1 Work done by each member 23 Table 2.2 Questionnaire for the product 25 Table 2.3 Interview Form for Product 27 Table 2.4 Prioritized customer needs 29 Table 3.1 Work done by each member 30 Table 4.1 Work done by each member 35 Table 4.2 Product teardown 38 Table 4.3 Engineering specification 39 Table 5.1 Work done by each member 39 Table 6.1 Work done by each member 42 Table 6.4 Morphological Analysis 45 Table 7.1 Work done by each member 46 Table 8.1 Work done by each member 48 Table 9.1 Task distribution and monitoring 54 Table 9.2 Model Selection by performance Specifications 55 Table 10.1 Work done by each member 58 Table 10.2 DFA guidelines 59 Table 10.3 Manufacturing Cost Analysis 62 Table 10.6 Design for Manufacturing and Assembly(DFMA) 66 Table 11.1 Work done by each member 67 Table 12.1 Work done by each member 72 Table 13.1 Work done by each member 74 Table 13.4 Product cost and bill 75 Table 14.1 Work done by each member 78
  15. 15. 15 LIST OF FIGURES Sl. No. Figure Pg. no. 3.2 FAST method 32 3.3 SOP method 33 3.4 Function structure by energy diagram 34 5.2 Cluster function structure 41 6.2 Brainstorming 43 6.3 C-sketch/6-3-5 method 44 8.2 Refining Geometry and Layout 50 10.4 Design for environment 63 10.5 Product impact Assessment flow 65 12.2 Mock-up materials and processes 72 14.2 Final product fabrication 79
  16. 16. 16 Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 The broad statement of design problem Cell Phone Oriented Robotic Vehicle “Connecting people with gadgets-The functionality in physical absence.” We all are almost using mobile phones which are basically used to communicate with humans but here we are using it to interact with a robot. Here we have designed a robot in such a way that it will be able to sense the SMS- Short Messaging Service sent from any mobile and act accordingly. The robot must be designed such that it can be administered wirelessly by any Android device via SMS. The GSM module present in the robot should be able to attain the commands from the Android device and process them appropriately in order to operate the robot by varying the speed and direction of the motors. The project mainly cites that even through a cell phone we can operate any machine by only giving SMS. The appearance and capabilities of the robot vary vastly. The robot shares the feature of mechanical and movable structure under some form of controls. The robot has mainly 3 phases  Perception- involves receiving of commands from cell phone.  Processing-done by microcontroller  Action-Task is done by motors i.e. movement. Normally the wireless controlled robots have a drawback of limited frequency range and hence they only can work for a limited period of time. Even in a RCV (Remote Controlled Vehicle).It is completely and always controlled by human i.e. wherever it has to move the user has also to move with it. So the RCV does not take any positive actions autonomously.
  17. 17. 17 Table 1.1: Student outcomes Outcome Description A An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering B An ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data C An ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs within realistic constraints such as economic, environmental, social, political, ethical, health and safety, manufacturability, and Sustainability D An ability to function on multidisciplinary teams E An ability to identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems F An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility G An ability to communicate effectively H The broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context I A recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long Learning J A knowledge of contemporary issues K An ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice
  18. 18. 18 1.2. Student outcomes and Bloom’s taxonomy of learning levels After the completion of this project, the we will be able to operate a robot through a cell phone by SMS technique, thus leading to the accomplishment of a cell phone oriented robotic vehicle. Table 1.2: Bloom’s taxonomy Level Name Description L-1 Knowledge Retrieving, recognizing, and recalling relevant knowledge from long-term memory L-2 Comprehension Constructing meaning from oral, written, and graphic messages through interpreting, exemplifying, classifying, summarizing, inferring, comparing, and explaining L-3 Application Carrying out or using a procedure through executing, or Implementing L-4 Analysis Breaking material into constituent parts, determining how the parts relate to one another and to an overall structure or purpose through differentiating, organizing, and Attributing L-5 Evaluation Making judgments based on criteria and standards through checking and critiquing L-6 Creation Putting elements together to form a coherent or functional whole; reorganizing elements into a new pattern or structure through generating, planning, or producing 1.3Course outcomes Table 1.3 course outcome C01 Applies material from their discipline to the design of community-based projects C02 Demonstrates an understanding of design as a start-to-finish process C03 An ability to identify and acquire new knowledge as a part of the problem-solving/design process C04 Demonstrates an awareness of the customer in engineering design C05 Demonstrates an ability to function on multidisciplinary teams and an appreciation for the contributions from individuals from other disciplines C06 Demonstrates an ability to communicate effectively with audiences with widely-varying
  19. 19. 19 backgrounds C07 Demonstrates an awareness of professional ethics and responsibility C08 Demonstrates an appreciation of the role that their discipline can play in social contexts Table 1.4: Design checkpoints and student outcomes Checkpoints A B C D E F G H I J K 1 Customer needs recognition √ √ 2 Function decomposition √ √ 3 Engineering specification √ √ 4 Product architecture √ √ 5 Concept generation √ √ 6 Concept selection √ √ √ √ √ √ 7 Product embodiment √ √ 8 Product metric model √ √ √ √ 9 DFM, DFA, DFE √ √ √ √ √ √ 10 Analytical and numerical solution √ √ √ √ √ 11 Physical prototype √ √ 12 Testing and improvement √ √ √ 13 Final product and Final Report √ √
  20. 20. 20 Table 1.5: Time line for design checkpoints Checkpoints Set time line 1 Customer needs recognition 15/02/2016-21/02/2016 2 Function decomposition 15/02/2016-21/02/2016 3 Engineering specification 15/02/2016-21/02/2016 4 Product architecture 15/02/2016-21/02/2016 5 Concept generation 20/02/2016-27/02/2016 6 Concept selection 07/03/2016-13/03/2016 7 Product embodiment 16/01/2016-20/03/2016 8 Product metric model 16/01/2016-20/03/2016 9 DFM, DFA, DFE 20/03/2016-25/03/2016 10 Analytical and numerical solution 20/03/2016-25/03/2016 11 Physical prototype 21/03/2016-26/03/2016 12 Testing and improvement 27/03/2016-02/04/2016 13 Final product and Final Report 02/04/2016-05/04/2016 1.2 Designteam formation and team charter Table 1.6: Team allocation and problem selection Name Registration number Design Problem statement 1 Reema Rani 1241015024 Cell Phone Oriented Robotic Vehicle “Connecting people with gadgets- The functionality in physical absence.” 2 Sudeshna Baliarsingh 1241015137 3 Ruby Kumari 1241015138 4 Jayanti Sahoo 1241015139 5 Kishan Bhardwaj 1241015143 6 Amit Ranjan Badaik 1351015002 Farida Ashraf Ali Arya Tripathy Satyaprakash Narayan Das Signature of IDP with date
  21. 21. 21 Table 1.7: Team Charter Team ID: 11 Section: EIE-B Semester: 8TH We are involved: Member 1: Reema Rani-1241015024 Member 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh-1241015137 Member 3:Ruby Kumari-1241015138 Member 4:Jayanti Sahoo-1241015139 Member 5:Kishan Bhardwaj-1241015143 Member 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik-1351015002  The objective of this project is to control and operate the robot with the help of Cell phone through short messaging service (SMS) technique.  By using this technique we develop a user friendly device, as the robot can be operated by anyone from anywhere.  The project is useful for commercial purpose or defense system such as it can be developed into pick and place and fire fighting robot with water pump, also used for spying, can be used in borders for disposing hidden land mines.  To provide the advantages of robust control, working range as large as the coverage area of the service provider with no interference with other controllers . Our project guide: Subhaluxmi Sahoo Name of guide: Farida Ashraf Ali Arya Tripathy Satyaprakash Narayan Das
  22. 22. 22 Designation: Assistant Professor Subhaluxmi Sahoo Assistant Professor Farida Ashraf Ali Assistant Professor Arya Tripathy Assistant Professor Satyaprakash Narayan Das Assistant Professors of Electronics And Instrumentation Department Our goals: This project is to control the robotic vehicle in a desired position, remotely through user cell phone by using Short Messaging Service. This technology has an advantage over long communication range as compared to RF (Radio Frequency) Technology. As in case of RF Technology we have to confine the Robotic Vehicle between a particular Frequency ranges. This model is GSM based technology..i.e to develop a system which is embedded smoothly between mechanical and electronics means of technology. Declaration: We, the members of the Design Team 11, Section B, Departmentof Electronics And Instrumentation , ITER, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University, hereby declare that we have created our own Team Charter, understood it, and agree to abide by it. Signature: Member 1: Member 2: Member 3: Member 4: Member 5: Member 6:
  23. 23. 23 Chapter 2 Customer needs recognition 2.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 2.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team ID --11 of Section EIE-B Team leader: Reema Rani Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1: Reema Rani Collection of journals related to the project, Customer Needs, Customer Interview, Questionaries, Surveying Competitors Product 15.02.2016 21.02.2016 2: Sudeshna Baliarsingh Collection of journals related to the project, Theory related to the project Customer Interview, Customer Interview, Questionaries, Problem Defination 15.02.2016 21.02.2016 3:Ruby kumara Collection of journals related to the project, , Theory related to the project Customer Interview, Customer Needs, Questionaries Clarifying the queries of Customer 15.02.2016 21.02.2016 4:Jayanti Sahoo Collection of journals related to the project, Questionaries, Problem Defination, Clarifying the 15.02.2016 21.02.2016
  24. 24. 24 queries of Customer, Surveying Competitors Product 5: Kishan Bhardwaj Collection of journals related to 5the project, Theory related to the project Customer Interview , Customer Needs,Questionaries, Surveying Competitors Product 15.02.2016 21.02.2016 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik Collection of journals related to the project, Customer Interview, Questionaries, Problem Defination, Clarifying the queries of Customer 15.02.2016 21.02.2016 Task completed with alternative arrangement: Task name Originally assigned to Reason for non- completion Member, who completed it 1: Clarifying the queries of Customer Ruby Kumari Health Problem Kishan Bhardwaj 2: Surveying Competitors Product Kishan Bhardwaj Special Exam Sudeshna Baliarsingh Signature of Team Members: Member 1:Reema Rani Member 2: Sudeshna Baliarsingh Member 3: Ruby Kumari Member 4:Jayanti Sahoo Member 5: Kishan Bhardwaj Member 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik
  25. 25. 25 2.2 Questionnaire method We have prepared questions related to our product criteria, mechanism and the related features We sat together, discussed all these questions, chose, modified, and prepared the final questionnaire. This questionnaire was circulated among 30 customers physically and some responses were collected via email and Google docs. All the responses were collected and the requirements were summed up to form the final product. Table 2.2: Questionnaire for the product Q. 1 Is the product water resistant? A) Yes B) No *The product is not totally wtrer resistant since it is made up of PCBs, 12 volt battery and other electronic components which are not water resistant. Excess Humidity and lethal liquids may damage the parts or electronic circuits in the device Q. 2 If the product is not found usable ,will the product be taken back by the company? A)Yes B)No *The product totally depends upon the usability of the customer .i.e how they operate it, and if further some issues like some parts of the product do not work properly which lead to malfunction of the robot then appropriate service will be provided Q. 3 Does the company provide breakage warranty? A)Yes B)No * The company is not solely responsible for any undesirable breakage condition Q. 4 What is the warranty period for this product? The warranty of the product is upto 2years from the date of purchasing Q. 5 Is the product sensible to thermal activities around it?
  26. 26. 26 A)Yes B)No * The product can’t sense the thermal activities around it. Q. 6 Can it distinguish and recognize different things? A)Yes B)No C)May be *The device till now can’t recognize thing, but if it is used as a fire fighting robot then it will sense the different activities along with thermionic effects. Q. 7 Can the robot be operated in both manual and automatic mode? A)Yes B)No C)Both * Yes the robot can be operated both the ways ,but if it is operated manually then it wiil require long connecting wires which are not so handy and more over it will act like a remote controlled robot only for playing purpose and for automatic and omni movement a microcontroller with GSM technique is used. Q. 8 Can it be used for pick and place of different objects? A) Yes B) No  Yes the product can be used for pick and place objects. Q. 9 How the Product communicate with the user? A)through GSM Mode of communication B)Through CDMA mode of communication C)Both ways D)Self Operated
  27. 27. 27 * The product is to control and operate the robot with help to cell phone through short messaging service (SMS) technique. cell phone is connected to micro controller through data cable and level converter. Data cable is the cable, which is communicating between cellular phone and microcontroller. By using data cable we can send and receive commands to cell phone and from cell phone Q. 10 Can it be used for defense system? A)Yes B)No C)May be * can be used in the borders for disposing hidden land mines. * The robot issmall insize socan be usedforspying 2.3 Interview method One interview per team member was conducted per team member for the customers who used parking lots to park their vehicles. The likes, dislikes and suggestions were collected from the customers and the product was designed according to the requirements. The column 2 of the interview form was filled up. Table 2.3: Interview Form for Product Customer Name: Er.Pradipta Kumar Parida Address: Plot No.4413/2345 SBI colony Soubhagya Nagar Phase-2 Near City Womens Colllege Bhubaneswar-751007 Interviewer: Reema Rani Sudeshna Baliarsingh Date: 12/02/16 Questions Customer response to question Interpreted need statement by interviewer Importance rating assigned by customer What are the uses of the current product or similar product? 1.High efficiency 2.Low maintenance 3.Pick and Place Questions that expose the LIKES of
  28. 28. 28 the product 1 No need of time to time charging Weekly charging needed Good 2 Maintenance is low Not so much maintainance needed Must 3 Fully Automatic Works Automaticaly Must 4 No harm to the nature Ecofriendly Good 5 Less power consumption to start Fully operated by battery Good 6 Need Charging Battery needs energy to start Should Questions that expose the DISLIKES of the product 1 Heavy Should be light weighted Should not 2 Portability Should be easy to carry Shoul not 3 Need of good network zone Network problem may delay the command Should be Suggestions for improving the current product 1.Better product with relevant programming in the chip 2.Should be automatically deactivated during the night
  29. 29. 29 2.4 Organising and prioritising of customer needs Table 2.4 Prioritised customer needs Reliability Suitable for all condition and environments Reliable Human effort Less manual efforts Measurements of extra vital parameters Size Compact Less area Design Light Less complex Adjustable Cost Cost efficient Affordable Value for money Maintenance Less maintenance
  30. 30. 30 Chapter 3 Function decomposition 3.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 3.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team ID 11 of Section EIE B Team leader: Reema Rani Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1: Reema Rani Identifying primary Product function ,Identifying sub functions by fast method, Creating function tree by fast method , Sharing ideas related to functional decomposition 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 2: Sudeshna Baliarsingh Identifying primary Product function ,Identifying sub functions by fast method, Creating function tree by fast method, Gathering theory related to functional decomposition, Sharing ideas related to functional decomposition 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 3: Ruby Kumari Identifying primary product function, Gathering theory related to functional 15/02/2016 21/02/2016
  31. 31. 31 decomposition, Sharing ideas related to functional decomposition, 4: Jayanti Sahoo Identifying primary Product function ,Identifying sub functions by fast method, Sharing ideas related to functional decomposition 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 5: Kishan Bhardwaj Identifying primary Product function ,Identifying sub functions by fast method, Sharing ideas related to functional decomposition 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik Identifying sub functions by fast method, Gathering theory related to functional decomposition, Sharing ideas related to functional decomposition, Print out of all tables 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 Signature of Team Members: Member 1: Reema Rani 1241015024 Member 2: Sudeshna Baliarsingh 1241015137 Member 3: : Ruby Kumari 1241015138 Member 4: Jayanti Sahoo 1241015139 Member 5: Kishan Bhardwaj 1241015143 Member 6: Amit Ranjan Badaik 1351015002
  32. 32. 32 3.2 Function tree by FAST method
  33. 33. 33 3.3 Function tree by subtract and operate procedure Through RS232 Data cable Cell Phone orientedRobotic Vehicle Input Battery Power Microcontroller Relaydriver Circuit DC Motor Power transmission to GSM Module Power Transmissionof Microcontroller Relay Circuit GSM modem Motor AT command issentfrom GSM modem Flash Memory Operate as a switch Controles temperat ure Voltage regulator Drives the motor
  34. 34. 34 3.4 Function structure by energy diagram Data Cable 0 & 5 Volt Active Relay (Drives the motor accordingly) Cellphone Level Converter RS232 Microcontroller Drive CircuitDC Motor LCD
  35. 35. 35 Chapter 4 Product teardown and engineering specifications 4.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 4.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team ID 11 of Section EIE-B Team leader: Reema Rani Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1: Reema Rani Customer Needs, Theory related to product teardown and analysis, Design of metrics for the “IMPORT HUMAN FORCE” sub function, Analysis and theory related to product hierarchy with electricity as primary input flow, Design of product hierarchy with electricity as primary input flow block diagram Theory and design of data template for disassembly and experimentation table 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 2: Sudeshna Baliarsingh Customer Needs, Design of product teardown table, Analysis and theory related to product hierarchy with electricity as primary input flow, Design of product hierarchy with 15/02/2016 21/02/2016
  36. 36. 36 electricity as primary input flow block diagram, Theory and design of data template for disassembly and experimentation table 3: Ruby Kumari Customer Needs, Design of List of possible measurements for the set-up table, Theory and designof Worksheet for choosing measurement tools table 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 4: Jayanti Sahoo Customer Needs Analysis and theory related to possible measurements for the set-up, Design of metrics for the “IMPORT HUMAN FORCE” sub function, Theory and design of Customer needs for the “IMFORCE “sub function table 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 5: Kishan Bhardwaj Customer Needs, Design of List of possible measurements for the set-up table, Theory and design of Customer needs for the “IMFORCE “sub function table 15/02/2016 21/02/2016
  37. 37. 37 6: Amit Ranjan Badaik Customer Needs, Analysis and theory related to metrics for the “IMPORT HUMAN FORCE” sub function, Design of product hierarchy with electricity as primary input flow block diagram, Theory and designof Worksheet for choosing measurement tools table, Printout of material 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 Task completed with alternative arrangement: Task name Originally assigned to Reason for non- completion Member, who completed it 1: Customer Needs Ruby Kumari Health problem Amit Ranjan Badaik 2: Theory and design of Customer needs for the “IMFORCE “sub function table. Kishan Bhardwaj Fever Amit Ranjan Badaik Signature of Team Members: Member 1: Reema Rani 1241015024 Member 2: Sudeshna Baliarsingh 1241015137 Member 3: Ruby Kumari 1241015138 Member 4: Jayanti Sahoo 1241015139 Member 5: Kishan Bharadwaj 1241015143 Member 6: Amit Ranjan Badaik 1351015002
  38. 38. 38 4.2 Product Teardown Assembly/ Parts No Parts Description Effect of removal Deduced sub function(s) & Affected customer needs A Battery 12 volts No power supply Power supply to the circuit A1 GSM Modem Receiving and sending commands can’t be done Customer can’t even give commands B Relay Driver Circuit Relay can’t act as a switch Rigid mechanical effect on motor C LED Can’t detect circuit break down Can detect the on/off position of product D Microcontroller Can’t interface with Gsm Moddem Product will not carry the commands of GSM modem E Resister Flow of current is uncontrolled Control the flow of current F Motor drive Motor can’t get the required voltage Motor can get the required voltage H Chassis The whole product Framework will be destroyed Very Difficult to carry even balance and work I Motors rotation of motor hamperd movement of wheels is impossible.
  39. 39. 39 4.3 Engineering specification Metric Range Units Min.Accuracy Power supply unit 10-12 V Volts +_1.0 Speed 200rpm Rpm +_ 0.5 Programmable Memory 4kb on chip ROM 128 bytes internal RAM - +_1.0 Command Receiving Depends upon network AT Commands _ Movement By Wheels Infinity Length in meters _
  40. 40. 40 Chapter 5 Product architecture 5.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 5.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team ID 11 of Section EIE B Team leader: Reema Rani Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1:Reema Rani Theory related to product Architecture, Analysis and theory related to possible Layouts of product, Creating fig 9.13 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Theory related to product Architecture, Creating effective Layouts of subsystems, Creating fig 9.13, Printing all the tables and figures 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 3:Ruby Kumari Theory related to product Architecture, Creating rough geometric layout of the product, Creating fig 9.14. 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 4:Jayanti Sahoo Theory related to product Architecture, Forming the modules of the product, Creating fig 9.14. 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 5:Kishan Bhardwaj Theory related to product Architecture, Creating rough geometric layout of the product 15/02/2016 21/02/2016
  41. 41. 41 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik Theory related to product Architecture, Forming the modules of the product. 15/02/2016 21/02/2016 Task completed with alternative arrangement: Task name Originally assigned to Reason for non- completion Member, who completed it 1: Analysis and theory related to possible Layouts of product. Reema Rani Health Problem Ruby Kumari 2: Forming the modules of the product Amit Ranjan Badaik Fever Sudeshna Baliarsingh 3: Creating rough geometric layout of the product. Kishan Bhardwaj Lab Exam Ruby Kumari 4: Forming the modules of the product Jayanti Sahoo Family Problem Sudeshna Baliarsingh Signature of the Members: Member 1:Reema Rani Member 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Member 3:Ruby Kumari Member 4:Jayanti Sahoo Member 5:Kishan Bharadwaj Member 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik
  42. 42. 42 5.2 Modular design by basic clustering
  43. 43. 43 Chapter 6 Concept generation 6.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 6.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team ID 11 of Section EIE-B Team leader:Reema Rani Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1:Reema Rani Information gathering and brainstorming, Memory mapping. Morphological analysis, Creating Fig 10.6. 20/02/2016 27/02/2016 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Information gathering and brainstorming, Memory mapping, C- Sketch/6-3-5 method, Morphological analysis, Creating Fig 10.6, Print out of all tables. 20/02/2016 27/02/2016 3:Ruby Kumari Information gathering and brainstorming, C- Sketch/6-3-5 method, Morphological analysis, Creating Table 10.2, Print out of all tables. 20/02/2016 27/02/2016 4:Jayanti Sahoo Information gathering and brainstorming, C- Sketch/6-3-5 method, Morphological analysis, Creating Table 10.2. 20/02/2016 27/02/2016 5:Kishan Bhardwaj Information gathering and brainstorming, Morphological analysis. 20/02/2016 27/02/2016 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik Information gathering and brainstorming, 20/02/2016 27/02/2016
  44. 44. 44 Memory mapping, Morphological analysis. Task completed with alternative arrangement: Task name Originally assigned to Reason for non- completion Member, who completed it 1: 06 Reema Rani Health Problem Sudeshna Signature of Team Members: Member 1: Reema Rani Member 2: Sudeshna Baliarsingh Member 3: Ruby Kumari Member 4: Jayanti Sahoo Member 5: Kishan Bhardwaj Member 6: 6.2 Brainstorming
  45. 45. 45 6.3 C-sketch / 6-3-5 method
  46. 46. 46 6.4 Morphological analysis Sub function Associated customer Weighted customer need ratings need ratings Detect GSM Signal 5, 4, 4, 2 15 Notifies user about 4, 4, 3 ,1 12 The GSM signal Convert GSM signal 4, 4, 1 9 Electrical energy Convert Electrical energy 5, 4, 1 10 To mechanical energy Alert user about the 5, 4, 4 13 GSM signal Notifies user about the 4, 3,1 8 Battery status
  47. 47. 47 Chapter 7 Concept selection 7.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 7.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team ID 11of Section EIE B Team leader: Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1:Reema rani Collection of journals related to the project, Table 11.2, Components Design, 07/03/2016 13/03/2016 2: Sudeshna Baiarsingh Collection of journals related to the project, Table 11.2, Table 11.4, Components Design 07/03/2016 13/03/2016 3:Ruby Kumari Collection of journals related to the project, Table 11.3, Components Design 07/03/2016 13/03/2016 4:Jayanti Sahoo Collection of journals related to the project, Theory related to project, Table 11.3, Components Design 07/03/2016 13/03/2016 6: Amit Ranjan Badaik Collection of journals related to the project, Theory related to project, Table 11.4, Components Design 07/03/2016 13/03/2016
  48. 48. 48 Signature of Team Members: Member 1: Reema Rani 1241015024 Member 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh 1241015137 Member 3:Ruby Kumari 1241015138 Member 4:Jayanti Sahoo 1241015139 Member 5: Kishan Bhardwaj 1241015143 Member 6: Amit Ranjan Badaik 1351015002 7.2 Technical feasibility by applying the knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering Not Applicable for this project.
  49. 49. 49 Chapter 8 Product embodiment 8.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 8.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team ID 11of Section EIE B Team leader: Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1: Reema rani Creating design process, Applying mechanical embodiment, Creating figure 12.1. 16/03/2016 20/03/2016 2: Sudeshna Baliarsingh Creating design process, Creating geometric layout, Creating figure 12.6, 16/03/2016 20/03/2016 3: Ruby Kumari Notifying manufacturability issues, quality and economics, Applying mechanical embodiment. Creating figure 12.6 16/03/2016 20/03/2016 4: Jayanti Sahoo Creating geometric layout, Creating figure 12.1, Documentation and print out of all tables. 16/03/2016 20/03/2016 5: Kishan Bhardwaj Creating geometric layout, Notifying manufacturability issues, quality and economics, Documentation and print out of all tables 16/03/2016 20/03/2016
  50. 50. 50 6: Amit Ranjan Badaik Notifying manufacturability issues, quality and economics, Applying mechanical embodiment, Documentation and print out of all tables. 16/03/2016 20/03/2016 Signature of Team Members: Member 1: Reema Rani 1241015024 Member 2: Sudeshna Baliarsingh 1241015137 Member 3: : Ruby Kumari 1241015138 Member 4: Jayanti Sahoo 1241015139 Member 5: Kishan Bhardwaj 1241015143 Member 6: Amit Ranjan Badaik 1351015002
  51. 51. 51 8.2 Refining geometry and layout
  52. 52. 52 SPATIALFORMWITH SCALE DRAWING: CHASISWITH WHEELS PCB LAYOUT BATTERY WHEEL HOLE IN CHASISFOR MOTOR CONNECTION CONCEPTLAYOUT
  53. 53. 53 COMPLETE FORMDESIGN WITH DETAILED DRAWING: RELAY CIRCU IT RELAY CIRCU IT
  54. 54. 54 8.3 Systems modeling Data Layout INSTALLATION PATH: connecting motors parallaly in the chasis solderingthe componentsin PCB Testing of components Installationof GSMModem and the Microcontroller connecting batterywith PCB Relay ckt Conneting PCB with Motors Checking the subsystem Connecting the µc with modem via data cable
  55. 55. 55 Chapter 9 Product metric model 9.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 9.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team ID 11 of Section EIE-B Team leader: Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1:Reema Rani Creating design process, Applying mechanical embodiment, Creating figure 12.1. 16/03/2016 20/03/2016 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Creating design process, Creating geometric layout. Creating figure 12.6. 16/03/2016 20/03/2016 3:Ruby Kumari Notifying manufacturability issues, quality and economics, Applying mechanical embodiment, Creating figure 12.6. 16/03/2016 20/03/2016 4:Jayanti Sahoo Creating geometric layout, Creating figure 12.1, Documentation and print out of all tables. 16/03/2016 20/03/2016 5:Kishan Bhardwaj Creating geometric layout, Notifying manufacturability issues, quality and economics, Documentation and print out of all 16/03/2016 20/03/2016
  56. 56. 56 tables. 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik Notifying manufacturability issues, quality and economics, Applying mechanical embodiment, Documentation and print out of all tables. 16/03/2016 20/03/2016 Signature of Team Members: Member 1:Reema Rani Member 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Member 3:Ruby Kumari Member 4:Jayanti Sahoo Member 5:Kishan Bhardwaj Member 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik 9.2 Model selectionby performance specifications Signal Units GSM Modem MHz Microcontroller 128 bytes,4KB Relay V,A Battery V Motor RPM 9.3 Constructing product models
  57. 57. 57
  58. 58. 58
  59. 59. 59 Chapter 10 Design for manufacture, assembly and environment 10.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 10.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team ID 11 of Section EIE-B Team leader:Reema Rani Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1:Reema Rani Creating design process, Redesign of product, Analyzing impact of product in environment, Creating table 14.10. 21/03/2016 26/03/2016 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Creating design process, Creating design for manufacture, Completing XPI analysis, Creating table 14.11. 21/03/2016 26/03/2016 3:Ruby Kumari Assembling and analyzing, Redesign of product, Completing XPI analysis, Creating table 14.11. 21/03/2016 26/03/2016 4:Jayanti Sahoo Creating design for manufacture, Analyzing impact of product in environment, Creating table 14.10, Documentation and printing. 21/03/2016 26/03/2016 5:Kishan Bhardwaj Creating design for manufacture, Assembling and analyzing, Creating 21/03/2016 26/03/2016
  60. 60. 60 table 14.10, Documentation and printing. 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik Assembling and analyzing, Redesign of product, Creating table 14.10, Documentation and printing. 21/03/2016 26/03/2016 Signature of Team Members: Member 1:Reema Rani Member 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Member 3:Ruby Kumari Member 4:Jayanti Sahoo Member 5:Kishan Bhardwaj Member 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik 10.2 Applying Designguidelines TABLE 15.1 : PRODUCT STRUCTUREGUIDELINES : GUIDELINE REASON Design a product to be multifunctional More efficient than many unique function products. Minimize the number of parts. Create multifunctional parts. Reduces disassembly time and resources Make designs as modular as possible, with separation of function. Allows options of service, upgrade, or recycling Design power-down features for different subsystems in a product when they are not in use. Eliminate unnecessary power consumption for idle components. Access and break points should be made obvious Logical structure speeds disassembly and training Lump individual parts with the same materials Eliminates the need for disassembly during recycling. Neighbour parts may be ground or melted as a group. TABLE 15.2 : MATERIAL SELECTION GUIDELINES :
  61. 61. 61 GUIDELINE REASON Minimize the number of different components. Use of GSM modem Use Atmel’s AT89C51 8051 Microcontroller. Use voltage regulator. Hazardous parts should be clearly marked and easily removed. Cost effective To send command to the microcontroller Easy to code and program the device with Keil. For current limiting and thermal shutdown purpose. Rapidly eliminate parts of negative value. TABLE 15.3 : LABELING AND FINISH GUIDELINES : TABLE 15.4 : FASTENING GUIDELINES
  62. 62. 62 GUIDELINE REASON Minimize the number and length of interconnecting wires of cables used Flexible elements slow to remove ; copper contaminates steel etc Connections can be designed to break as an alternative to removing fasteners Fracture is a fast disassembly operation If two parts can not be compatible , make them easy to separate They must be separated for simulation process Fasteners should be easy to remove Save time in disassembly Fastening points should be easy to access Awkward movements slow down manual disassembly GUIDELINE REASON Minimize the number and length of interconnecting wires of cables used Flexible elements slow to remove ; copper contaminates steel etc Connections can be designed to break as an alternative to removing fasteners Fracture is a fast disassembly operation If two parts can not be compatible , make them easy to separate They must be separated for simulation process Fasteners should be easy to remove Save time in disassembly
  63. 63. 63 10.3 Manufacturing cost analysis Table 14.11 Cell Phone OrientedRoboticVehicle COSTANALYSIS Part Tooling Material Processing Total Fastening points should be easy to access Awkward movements slow down manual disassembly Subassembly/Part Operation Approach Held? Tightening Repetitions XPI Score XPI Tools GSM Modem 01 Top No Fitting 1 2 MAXRS232 02 Top Yes Fitting 2 3 74LS14- LEVELCONVERTER 03a Top No Fitting 1 1 BC548 03b Top No Soldering 1 2 Capacitors 03c Top No Soldering 6 3 DB9 03d Top No Fitting 1 4 Resistors 03e Top No Soldering 11 4 LED 03f Top No Soldering 1 3 LCD-LCM160B 04 Top No Fitting 2 3 Battery 05 Top No Connected 8 4 LM7805 Voltage Regulator 06 a Top No Fitting 1 3 BC548 NPN Transistor 06b Top No Soldering 4 2 CRYSTAL 12 MHZ 06c Top No Fitting 1 2 Relay 06d Top No Soldering 4 3 PCB FR-4 Family 06e Top No Fitting 4 4 1N4007 Diode 06f Top No Soldering 5 4 Wires 07 To Yes Connected 1 3
  64. 64. 64 GSM Modem - Rs.900 - Rs.900 Gear Motor - 480 - Rs.480 Microcontroller Board - 700 50 Rs.750 Battery - Rs.500 - Rs.500 RelayBoard 100 Rs.150 Rs.50 Rs.300 Chassis - 30 - Rs.30 Wires - 50 - Rs.50 Rs.3010 10.4 Designfor environment Our Project Group is committed to reducing environmental impact at all stages of the life cycle of our product. This is the guiding principle of the group's manufacturing activities.
  65. 65. 65 Since each of the stages are closely interlinked in terms of environmental impact, continuous efforts are required to make incremental improvements and to achieve technological innovation. Our project group aims to make such efforts throughout its operations in order to continuously deliver eco-conscious products to customers. Further improvements in energy-saving performance during product use, and enhancement in the reusability, recyclability, and collection system for either products or consumables. 1. Development and design Basic policy Our product is developed and designed to: It is essential to apply at the design stage, environmental considerations for the entire life cycle of a product. For certain key criteria in the product environmental assessments, target values are set at the initial stage of development and design. Improvements must be achieved when compared with those products of the previous generation.
  66. 66. 66 Fig 10.5: Product impact Assesment flow :  2. Procurement Basic policy We check parts and materials that are used to make products, to ensure: -friendly process. In this way, we give priority to purchasing parts and materials. 3. Production Basic policy All manufacturing facilities of our group have ISO 14001 environmental management systems. Products are manufactured within that global system with due consideration being given to:
  67. 67. 67 4. Packaging and logistics Basic Policy We are committed to: Reducing distribution and transport. 5. Use Basic policy Consideration for our customers' use of our products: do not consume excessive energy; and our products can be used safely, conveniently and comfortably. We also endeavor to disclose overall environmental information about products. 6 Collecting and recycling Basis Policy As considerations for the end of life of a product, we make efforts to: The DFE analysis showed that the Cell p[hone oriented Robotic Vehicle can easily be recycled and does not waste many materials. The motor and Microcontroller do not appear to be specifically designed for this system and so they could potentially be used in other products. The Plywood casing can be recast and the plastic parts can be recycled. The entire system was not built to be disassembled because it is difficult to take apart and a seal has to be broken in order to fix any internal parts. The chosen materials are robust, therefore it seems that it was meant to last a long time without failure, but not be fixed after breaking. Table 10.6 Design for Manufacturing and Assembly(DFMA) Design Decision Room for improvement Standardize Component Standard bolt sizes All bolts/nuts are same Commonize Product Line Additional features on custom components pieces can be used in different models Could make sure that parts are multifunctional between models Standardize design features Standard bolt sizes ---- Keep design simple 4 wheels, a 12 v battery Small battery Multifunctional parts Relay,Microcontroller ------ Ease of Fabrication Plywood and plastic Iron Casting
  68. 68. 68 Chapter 11 Analytical and numerical model solutions 11.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 11.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team NO 11 of Section B Team leader: Reema Rani Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1:Reema Rani Creating Finite Element Method 20/03/2016 25/03/2016 Validating Result 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Creating Finite Element Method 20/03/2016 25/03/2016 Creating Finite Difference Method 3: Ruby Kumari Model Analysis 20/03/2016 25/03/2016 Operating Dynamic Simulation Optimization 4:Jayanti Sahoo Creating Finite Difference Method 20/03/2016 25/03/2016 Validating Result 5: Kishan Bhardwaj Model Analysis 20/03/2016 25/03/2016 Documentation and print out of all tables. 6: Amit Ranjan Badaik Operating Dynamic Simulation Optimization 20/03/2016 25/03/2016 Documentation and print out of all tables. Signature of Team Members: Member 1:Reema Rani Member 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Member 3:Ruby Kumari Member 4:Jayanti Sahoo Member 5:Kishan Bhardwaj Member 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik
  69. 69. 69 11.2 Programming Spreadsheet
  70. 70. 70
  71. 71. 71
  72. 72. 72
  73. 73. 73 Chapter 12 Physical prototype 12.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 12.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team No 11of Section B Team leader:Reema Rani Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1:Reema Rani Creating table 17.3 21/03/2016 26/03/2016 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Creating table 17.3 21/03/2016 26/03/2016 3:Ruby Kumari Creating table 17.3 21/03/2016 26/03/2016 4:Jayanti Sahoo Creating table 17.3 21/03/2016 26/03/2016 5:Kishan Bhardwaj Documentation and printing 21/03/2016 26/03/2016 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik Documentation and printing 21/03/2016 26/03/2016 Signature of Team Members: Member 1:Reema Rani Member 2:Sudeshna Bakiarsingh Member 3: Ruby Kumari Member 4: Jayanti Sahoo Member 5:Kishan Bhardwaj Member 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik 12.2 Mock-up materials and processes : H-Bridge:
  74. 74. 74 Circuit Diagram
  75. 75. 75 Chapter 13 Prototype testing and improvement 13.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 13.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team ID 11 of Section B Team leader: Reema Rani Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1: Reema rani Experimental uncertainties, Monitoring and analyzing 27/03/16 02/04/16 2 Sudeshna Baliarsingh Design of experiments, Formalize the results of testing. 27/03/16 02/04/16 3: Ruby Kumari Experimental uncertainties, Bring out improvements in the product. 27/03/16 02/04/16 4: Jayanti Sahoo Bring out improvement in the product, Monitoring and analyzing 27/03/16 02/04/16 5: Kishan Bhardwaj Design of experiments, Monitoring and analyzing 27/03/16 02/04/16 6: Amit Ranjan Badaik Monitoring and analyzing, Experimental uncertainties. 27/03/16 02/04/16 Signature of Team Members: Member 1: Reema Rani 1241015024 Member 2: Sudeshna Baliarsingh 1241015137 Member 3: Ruby Kumari 1241015138 Member 4: Jayanti Sahoo 1241015139
  76. 76. 76 Member 5: Kishan Bhardwaj 1241015143 Member 6: Amit Ranjan Badaik 1351015002 13.3 Improvement. 1. IR Sensors If IR sensors are used they can automatically detect & avoid obstacles.the robot goes beyond line of sight. This avoids damage to the vehicle if we are maneuvering it from a distant place. 2. Password Protection Project can be modified in order to password protect the robot so that it can be operated only if correct password is entered. Either cell phone should be password protected or necessary modification should be made in the assembly language code. This introduces conditioned access and increases security to a great extent. 3. Adding a Camera If the current project is interfaced with a camera (e.g. a Webcam) robot can be driven beyond line-of-sight & range becomes practically unlimited as GSM networks have a very large range. 13.4 Product cost and bill SL NO COMPONENT SPECIFICATION QUANTITY COST 1 GSM MODEM Quad band SIM900A GSM modem, RS232 output 01 900 2 Gear Motor Brushless, 12V,7Amp,10RPM. 4 480 3 Microcontroller Board AT89S52 1 750 4 Relay Board A21CCQ,12VDC, 4 300 5 Battery 12V,7Amp 1 500 6 Chassis Sun Board 1 30 7 Wires -- As Per Req. 50 TOTAL 3010
  77. 77. 77
  78. 78. 78 Original bill of the components
  79. 79. 79 Chapter 14 Final product 14.1 Task distribution and monitoring Table 14.1: Work done by each member Work done by each member of Team ID 11 of Section EIE-B Team leader: Reema Rani Team member Task(s) to be performed Task assigned date Task completed on 1:Reema Rani Verifying the product, Confirming Product teardown, 02/04/2016 5/04/2016 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Verifying Product fabrication, Monitoring and Analyzing 02/04/2016 5/04/2016 3:Ruby Kumari Verifying the product 02/04/2016 5/04/2016 4:Jayanti Sahoo Confirming Product teardown, Monitoring and Analyzing 02/04/2016 5/04/2016 5:Kishan Bhardwaj Substantiate the results 02/04/2016 5/04/2016 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik Checking for any improvements, 02/04/2016 5/04/2016 Signature of Team Members: Member 1:Reema Rani Member 2:Sudeshna Baliarsingh Member 3:Ruby Kumari Member 4:Jayanti Sahoo Member 5:Kishan Bhardwaj Member 6:Amit Ranjan Badaik
  80. 80. 80 14.2 Final product fabrication Cell phone Oriented RoboticVehicle Testingof components Making the PCB layout Solderingthe components Connecting PCB with Motor Connecting Motors in chassis Assembling Batterywith relayckt Installationof GSM modem Connecting LCD toµ Connecting Batteryto µ Checkingand verifyingthe Project Coveringitas a product Programming of µ Interfacingµ with GSM
  81. 81. 81 14.3 : Final Product Fabrication
  82. 82. 82 Chapter 15 Conclusions 15.1 Conclusions The prototype of the GSM based Generator Control device was efficiently designed. This prototype has facilities to be integrated with a Generator thus making it truly mobile. The toolkit accepts the SMS, stores it, validates it and perform specific operations. The SMS is deleted from the phone each time it is read, thus making room for the next SMS. 15.2Group learning We learnt how to work in a team with a team co ordination .We gained knowledge about our project in deep. We also had knowledge on how to implement our ideas into a certain things. We got to know about the components which we used in our projects in details. We also got to know how to implement GSM modem with Microcontroller.  Learn to break complex tasks and steps. 15.3 Individual learning Reema Rani : Learned to work with a team as a team leader and also learned about how to implement a software simulated circuit into a hardware. Sudeshna Baliarsingh: Learned to work into a team with good co-ordination and also came to know about the circuit and the components used in details. Ruby Kumari: Learned to implement the basic knowledge of ours in the form of product and also learned co- ordinate with team. Jayanti Sahoo: Learned to work with group of people and how to calculate the values of components used in product.
  83. 83. 83 Kishan Bhardwaj: Learned to co-operate with group members and how to design a circuit for a product. Amit Ranjan Badaik: Learned to work with group of people and how to calculate the values of components used in product. References [1] GSM based Robotic Car by Awab Fakih, Jovita Serrao [2] Design Analysis of a Remote Controlled “Pick and Place” Robotic Vehicle 1B.O.Omijeh, 2R.Uhunmwangho, 3M.Ehikhamenle 1,2,3Department of Electrical/Electronic Engineering, University of Port Harcourt. [3]Edwin Wise, Robotics Demystified (Mc-Graw Hill, 2005) and V. Subramanyam, Electric Drives (Mc-Graw Hill,)( 1996). [4]K. J. Ayala, 8051 Microcontroller (Delmar Learning, Thomson, 3rd Edition) [5] Cell phone operated land rover Electronics For You’ Magazine , Edition (july 2008). [6] S. A. Nasar, I. Boldea, Electric Drives (CRC/Taylor and Francis, 2006) [7] Schenker, L "Pushbutton Calling with a Two-Group Voice-Frequency Code", The Bell system technical journal 39 (1): 235–255, ISSN 0005-8580, (1960). [8] ETS 300 502. European Digital Cellular Telecommunication System (Phase 2); Teleservices Supported by a GSM Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN). European Telecommunications Standards Institute. September (1994). [9] A. Clark and R. Harun, Assessment of kalman-_lter channel estimators for an HF radio link," IEE Proceedings, vol. 133, pp. 513{521, Oct (1986). [10] Introduction to Robotics – P.J.Mc Kerrow, Addisson Wesley, USA, 1991 Bernard Sklar, Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications, Prentice Hall, (2001). [11] Jörg Eberspächer and Hans-Jörg Vögel. GSM switching, services and Protocols. John Wiley and Sons, (1999).
  84. 84. 84 Appendices Appendix A: User Manual Step 1: Remove the GSM Modem from the prototype by disconnecting the dc jack cable. Step 2: Now Insert the SIM in the SIM slot. Step 3: Send the SMS from Any Cell phone to the GSM modem carrying the SIM. i.e. FORWARD REVERSE LEFT RIGHT OR STOP accordingly. Step 4: Now the motors are activated and the robot moves accordingly. Appendix B: Data Sheets Data sheets 1) GSM Modem SIM 900A 2) Microcontroller 3) Battery 4) PCB 5) LED 6) LCD 7) Relay 8) Tansistor-BC548 Appendix C: Keil µ vision Software Programming #include<AT89X52.H> #include<lcd.h> void forward(); void reverse(); void left(); void right(); void stop();
  85. 85. 85 sbitrly1=P1^0; sbitrly2=P1^1; sbitrly3=P1^2; sbitrly4=P1^3; unsigned char i,v[80],status,k; void main() { Lcdinit(); Serinit(); Locate(0x80); Display(“GSMCONTROLLED”,16); Locate(0xc0); Display(“ROBOTIC VEHICLE”,16); Delay(65000);delay(65000); Serout(‘A’);serout(‘T’);serout(0x0d);del(); Serconout(“AT+CMGD=1,4”,11);serout(0x0d);del(); Serconout(“AT+CMGF=1”,9);serout(0x0d);del(); Serconout(“AT+CPMS=”,8); Serout(“”);serout(‘S’);serout(‘M’);serout(“”); Serout(0x0d);del(); While(1) { i=1; status=ES=0; serconout(“AT+CMGR=1”,9); serout(0x0d); i=EA=ES=1; del();del(); if(i) { Locate(0x80); Display(“MsgReceived “,16); For(k=60;k<=80;k++) { If(v[k]==’F’&& v[k+1]==’O’&& v[k+2]==’R’) {status=1; goto end;} If(v[k]==’R’&& v[k+1]==’E’&& v[k+2]==’V’) {status=2;goto end;} If(v[k]==’R’&& v[k+1]==’I’&& v[k+2]==’G’) {status=3;goto end;} If(v[k]==’L’&& v[k+1]==’E’&& v[k+2]==’F’) {status=4;goto end;} If(v[k]==’S’&& v[k+1]==’T’&& v[k+2]==’O’) {status=5;goto end;} } Status=0; Locate(0xc0);display(“Invalid Format“,16); Del();del(); end: locate(0xc0); display(“ “,16); if(status) {
  86. 86. 86 locate(0xc0); write(v[k]);write(v[k+1]);write(v[k+2]);write(v[k+3]); } serconout(“AT+CMGD=1”,9); serout(0x0d); del(); i=1; locate(0x80); display(“GSMCONTROLLED”,16); locate(0xc0); display(“ROBOTIC VEHICLE”,16); } If(status==1) forward(); else if(status==2) reverse(); else if(status==3) right(); else if(status==4)left(); else if(status==5) stop(); } } Void forward() { locate(0x80); display(“FORWARD “,16); locate(0xc0); display(“MOVMENT “,16); rly1=0; rly2=1; rly3=1; rly4=0; } Void reverse() { locate(0x80); display(“REVERSE “,16); locate(0xc0); display(“MOVMENT “,16); rly1=1; rly2=0; rly3=0; rly4=1; } Void right() { locate(0x80); display(“RIGHT “,16); locate(0xc0); display(“MOVMENT “,16); rly1=1; rly2=0; rly3=1; rly4=0; }
  87. 87. 87 Void left() { locate(0x80); display(“LEFT “,16); locate(0xc0); display(“MOVMENT “,16); 1_for=0; rly2=1; rly3=0; rly4=1; } Void stop() { locate(0x80); display(“VEHICLE “,16); locate(0xc0); display(“MOVMENT “,16); 1_for=1; rly2=1; rly3=1; rly4=1; }

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